sankshipt sandesh seva

motorola aaraejedaaar mobile phone par praapt tihra s
sabse saamaanya mobile keepaid varnamaala leaaut hai.

sankshipt sandesh seva (tihra s) (ऍsaऍmaऍs) ya saral mobile sandesh ek sanchaar protokaul (communications protocol), mobile telephone upakaranon ke beech laghu lekh sandeshon ka aadaan-pradaan karne ki anumati deta hai. is grah par 2;4 arab sakriya upabhoktaon sahit athva sabhi mobile phone ke graahakon ke 74% apne -apne fonon par sandesh bhejane evam praapt karne ke liye upayog karte hain. tihra s praudyogiki ne paath sandesh (text messaging) ke vikaas aur vruddhi ko aasaan bana diya hai. paath sandesh ki sankalpana aur prodyogiki ko kaarya ke roop mein upayog kiya jaane laga hai bhale hi kisi alag protokaul ka upayog kiya jaata raha ho.

aadhunik haindasaiton par prayukt kiye gaye tihra s ki mool \]03.40">GSM 03,40, sankshipt sandesh seva (SMS) ka takaneeki ehsaas</ref> par 160 corrector (space sahit) tak ke sandesh praapt karne aur bhejane ke liye upayog kiya jaata tha. tabase is seva ke liye sahayog ko vaikalpik mobile jaise eenaesaaai CDMA nekatavark (ANSI CDMA networks) aur dijeetal eemapeees (Digital AMPS) ke saath-saath upagrah (satellite) aur laindalaain (landline) network ko bhi shaamil kar diya gaya hai. adhikaansh tihra s sandesh ek mobile se doosare mobile par paath sandesh hote hain jismein sandesh prasaaran ki maanak sahayog waali anya kismon ka upayog kiya jaata hai.

anukram

itihaas

GSM ke bhaga ke roop mein tihra s

mobail upayogakartaaon ki sevaaon mein paath sandesh ko jodne ka vichaar 1980 ke dashak ke praarambh mein mobile sanchaar sevaaon ke bahut se samudaayon mein prachalit tha. in samudaayon mein bahut se samudaayon ke visheshagyon ne un charchaaon mein apna yogadaan diya jispar GSM sevaaen honi chaahiyen. kisi ek mobile upayogakarta ko alert karne ke saadhan ke roop mein tihra s ke adhikaansh vichaar udaaharan ke taur par pehle se surakshit vhaais mel par aadhaarit the jabki doosaron mein teleemetri (telemetry) jese apekshaakrut adhik jatil anuprayogon ko dhyaan mein rakha jaata tha. lekin kuchh ka maanana hai ki tihra s ka prayog M mobile upayogakarta se doosare mobile upayogakarta ke paas sandesh bhejane ke liye kiya jaae.

J ki adhyakshata me February 1985 ke aarambh mein GSM upasamooh dabalyoopi 3, par pehle hi charcha hone ke baad iska upayog hone laga tha. odasted ka kehna hai ki nai dijeetal selyoolar pranaali ke liye ek sambhaavit seva ke roop mein pramukh GSM samooh mein tihra s par vichaar kiya jaata tha. GSM dastaavej mein GSM pranaali ,[1] ke antargat upalabdh karaai jaane waali sevaaen aur suvidhaaen jo donon hi mobile prajanit aur sthagit hain ke antargat sankshipt sandesh GSM teleservices ki taalika par prakat hote hain.

GSM sevaaon par charchaaon ko GSM peeelaemaen (PLMN)[2] dvaara sahayog praapt GSM 02;03 teleesirvej ki sifaarishon mein shaamil kar liya gaya tha. yahaaain teenon sevaaon ka ek alpaviksit vivran diya gaya hai.

  1. laghu sandesh mobile sthagit (SMS-emati)/ bindu se bindu tak mein kisi bhi mobile phone par laghu sandesh prasaarit karne vaale network ki kshamata hoti hai. fon dvaara athva ek software anuprayog dvaara sandesh bheja ja sakta hai.
  2. mobile janit laghu sandesh (SMS-emao)/ bindu vaale network mein kisi mobile phone dvaara bheje gaye sandesh ko</ref> ke samay se hi kor network ke maadhyam se laghu ko kemal SMS mein sahayog dene ke liye viksit kiya gaya hai. mein teleenar aur beeteeselanet (jo ab o2 UK hai) ne baad mein 1993 mein ki thi.

haalaanki praarambh mein iski vruddhi dheemi thi jismein keval 1995 graahak GSM ke prati graahak ke taur par ausat roop se ek maheene[3] mein 0;4 sandesh hi bhej paate the. tihra s ko dheemi gati se praapt karne ka ek kaaran aapretaron dvaara chaarjing pranaali ki sthaapana dheemi gati se karna tha visheshakar preeped graahakon ke liye aur bill mein dhokhaadhadi ko door karte the jo doosare aapretaron ki esaemaesasi ka upayog karne ke liye niji haindasaito par esaemaesasi (SMSC) ki saiting ko badalne se hi sambhav tha.

samay beetane ke saath-saath esaemaesasi par bill banaae jaane ko svich biling se badal diya gaya jismein esaemaesasi ke andar hi kuchh nai visheshataaen theen jo videshi mobile yoojron ko iske dvaara sandesh bhejane ki anumati ko rok deti theen. varsh 2000 ke ant tak prati yoojr prati maas[3] tak sandeshon ki ausat sankhya 35 ho gayi aur christmas diwas 2006 tak 205 million lekh keval akele UK[4] mein bhi bheje gaye the.

yeh bhi kaha gaya hai ki aaranbhink dinon mein roming graahakon ko videshon mein chhuttiyon ke baad unke tihra s ke liye kabhi kabhi hi bill milte the jise vhaais call ke vaikalpik roop ke taur par lekh sandeshon ko jabaradast pronnati mili thi

tihra s ko mool roop se GSM ke ang ke roop mein design kiya gaya tha kintu ab 3 ji (3G) network sahit network ki vibhinn shreniyon par upalabdh hai. haalaanki sabhi lekh sandesh pranaali tihra s ka upayog naheen karti hain aur is avadhaarana ki kuchh ullekhaneeya vaikalpik kaaryaanvayan mein J-phone (J-Phone) ki skaaimaal (SkyMail) tatha enateeti dokoma (NTT Docomo) ki short mel (Short Mail) jo donon hi Japan mein hai shaamil ki gayi hain. enateeti dokomo ki I-mod (i-mode) aur aaraaaiem ki blekaberi (BlackBerry) dvaara lokapriyta waali phone par E-mel sandesh seva bhi teeseepi/aaipi ([[:en: shaamil hote hain jaiseti vi matadaan tihra s sandesh aur kaaryakshamata va laagat ke saath saath sandesh sevaaon ke star par vichaar karte hue tihra s getave aapoortikrtaaon ko egreegetars athva esaesa7 (SS7) aapoortikrta ke taur par vargeekrut kiya ja sakta hai.

egreegetar model mobile kairiyr ke saath bahu samajhoton par aadhaarit hai jismein 2-maarg vaale tihra s treki ko aapretar ke tihra s platform (sankshipt sandesh seva kendra (Short Message Service Centre) ke andar evam baahar aadaan-pradaan kiya jaata hai. ise sthaaneeya sthgan model bhi kehte hain. egreegetars ke paas esaesa7 (SS7) protokaal ki seedhi pahunch ki kami hoti hai jo aisa protokaal hai jahaan tihra s sandeshon ka vinimay kiya jaata hai. in aapoortikrtaaon ka sandesh delivery par na to koi niyantran hota hai aur na hi drushyata jisse delivery guaranty dene mein ayogya ho jaate hain. SMS sandesh aapretar ke SMS-si mein dileevar kiye jaate hain na ki graahak ke haindasait par.

SMS dwaar (SMS gateway) aapoortikrtaaon ki ek anya kism tihra s sandeshon ka maarg prashast karne ke liye esaesa7 (SS7) kanekteeviti par aadhaarit hai jise antararaashtreeya sthagan model.bhi kaha jaata hai. is model ka laabh esaesa7 (SS7) ke maadhyam se data ko seedhe bhejane ki yogyata hai jo sevaadaata ko tihra s bhejate samay sampoorn maarg par poorn niyantran aur drushyata pradaan karti hai. iska arth yeh hua ki tihra s sandeshon ko logon ke beech seedhe bheja ja sakta hai jiske liye doosare mobile aapretaron ke tihra s kedron ka sahaara naheen lena padta hai. isliye sandeshon ki sampoorn delivery aur aadarsh maarg prastut karne ki guaranty pradaan karne ke liye sandeshon mein vilamb aur unke kho jaane se bacha naheen ja sakta hai jisse aarda maarg aueejaana yeh model khaaskar us samay kushal hota hai jab iska upayog mission ki mahatvapoorn sandesh seva aur kaarporet sanchaar mein upayog kiya jaata hai1 .

anya network ke saath paraspar sambandh

sandesh seva kendra intaravarking evam getave emaesasi (MSCs) ke maarg se hote hue saarvajanik laindalaain mobile network (peeelaeman) (Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN)) athva peeesateeen (PSTN) ke saath sanchaar karte hain.

graahak janit sandeshon ko ek haindaset se seva kendra tak bheja jaata hai aur inhein sthir network athva moolya sanvardhit sevaadaata (veeeesachi) (Value-Added Service Providers (VASPs)) ke mobile yoojr athva graahakon ke liye bhi banaaya ja sakta hai. graahak sthagit sandeshon ko seva kandr se gantavya haindasait tak le jaaya jaata hai aur inki utpatti sthir network vaale graahakon athva veeeesapi jaise anya sroton vaale mobile user se ho sakti hai.

kisi graahak ke phone par E-mel ka upayog karte hue sandesh bhejana bhi isse sambhav hai. eti end ti, T - mobile aur kuchh anya apni website mel sarvar ke maadhyam se ise karne ki sakshamata pradaan karte hain. udaaharan ke liye yadi aapne eteeend ti graahak se imel ki ichha prakat ki hai jiska phone nan0 555-555-5555 tha tab aap sandesh ko 5555555555@txt.att.net. par bhejeinge. sandesh bhejane ke liye aapko bhugataan karne ki aavashyakta naheen hai kintu iski seema 140 varn hai. .

lekh saksham fiksd line haindaset ki jaroorat lekh praaroop mein sandesh praapt karne ke liye hoti hai. lekin, paath se vaak parivartan (text-to-speech conversion).[5] ke upayog se gair sakriya phone par bhi sandesh bheje ja sakte hain.

sankshipt sandeshon ka upayog ringaton (ringtone) athva prateekon ke saath saath over the iyar program (Over-the-air programming) (oteee) athva vinyaas data jaisi dviaadhaari saamagri ko bhejane ke liye bhi kiya ja sakta hai. is prakaar ke upayog GSM maapadandon ke aapoortikrta vishesh vistaar hote hain aur inmein bahu poorn maanak hote hain haalaanki nokiya (Nokia) ki smart sandesh (Smart Messaging) seva sabse adhik prachalit hai. is prakaar ki aadhaarbhoot saamagri ko bhejane ka ek vaikalpik upaaya iemaes (EMS) sandesh seva hai jo maanakeekrut hai aur aapoortikrtaaon par nirbhar naheen hai.

aaj, SMS ka upayog machine (machine) se masheeni sanchaar (communication) ke liye bhi kiya jaata hai. udaaharan ke liye SMS dvaara niyantrit ki jaane waali ek elaidi disple machine hoti hai aur vaahan ki khoj (vehicle tracking) karne waali kuchh companiyon apne data parivhan (transport) athva teleemetri (telemetry) jarooraton ke liye SMS ka upayog karti hain. in uddeshyon ke liye SMS ka upayog dheere dheere jeepeeaaraes (GPRS) sevaaon ki kul keematakam hone ke kaaran ghat gaya hai.

aajnyaaaon mein

kai mobile aur upagrah traanseevar ikaaiyaan hes command set (Hayes command set) ke vistaarit roop ka upayog SMS bhejane aur praapt karne ke liye karti hain. terminal upakaran aur traanseevar ke beech sambandh ko ek seeriyl kebal se mahasoos kiya ja sakta hai (yaaniyooesabi), ek blootooth (Bluetooth) kadi, ek avarakt link, aadisaamaanya eti command mein eti + seeemajeees (sandesh bhejein), eti + seeemaesaes + (bhandaaran se sandesh bhejana), eti + seeemajeeel + (soochi sandesh) aur eti + seeemajeeaar (sandesh padha hai)[6] shaamil hain.

tathaapi, sabhi aadhunik yantr sandesh praapti ko sahayog naheen dete hain yadi sandesh ki kshamata udaaharan ke liye aantarik smruti eti command ka upayog karne par pahunch se baahar hai.

premium star ke chhote

sankshipt sandeshon ka upayog kisi telephone network ki graahakon ko premium dar sambandhi sevaaen upalabdh karaane ke liye kiya ja sakta hai.

mobile sthgit sankshipt sandeshon ka upayog khabaron ki soochana dene, vitteeya soochanaaon, logoprateekon aur ringaton ki delivery dene mein kiya ja sakta hai. saamagri upalabdh karaane wala moolya sanvardhit seva pradaata (Value-added service provider) (veeeesapi) (TCP/IP) mobile aapretar ke esaemaesasi ko sandesh prastut karta hai iske liye vah teeseepi/aaipi (short message peer-to-peer protocol) jese sankshipt sandesh vaale samaan protokaal (External Machine Interface (EMI)) (esaemapeepi) athva baahya machine intarafes (EMI) ka upayog karta hai. saamaanya mobile sthagan delivery prakriya ka upayog karte hue esaemaesasi lekh bhej deta hai. is premium saamagri ke liye graahak se alag se paisa liya jaata hai aur is raashi ko mobile network aapretar (mobile network operator) tatha veeeesapi ke beech raajasv baantakar ya nirdhaarit parivhan shulk ke dvaara baant diya jaata hai.

mobile janit sankshipt sandeshon ka upayog premium moolyaankit vidhi mein teleevoting (televoting) jaisi sevaaon ke liye kiya ja sakta hai. is maamale mein seva pradaan karne wala veeeesapi telephone network aapretar se short code (Short Code) praapt karta hai or graahak us number par lekh bhejate hain. kairiyron ko kiya jaane wala bhugataan badalta rahata hai aur bhugataan ki gayi pratishat nyoonatam premium SMS sevaaon par sabse adhik hoti hain. adhikaansh soochana pradaataaon ko kairiyr tak premium SMS ki laagat ke lagbhag 45 pratishat bhaag bhugataan karne ki apeksha karni chaahiye. esaemaesasi ko lekh ka prastuteekaran maanak emao sankshript sandesh prastuteekaran ke sadarsh hota hai kintu ek baar jab lekh esaemaesasi par aa jaata hai tab seva kendra premium seva ke roop mein short code ki pehchaan karta hai. ise baad SC lekh sandesh ki saamagri ko veeeesapi ke paas bhej deta hai jismein esaemapeepi athva iemaaaai jaise aaipi (IP) protokaal ka upayog kiya jaata hai. is prakaar ke sandeshon ko bhejane ke liye graahakon se pesa liya jaata hai jismein raajasv ko network aapretar aur veeeesapi ke beech baant diya jaata hai. sankshipt kodon ki seemaaon mein raashtreeya seemaaon ke pratibandh (chhote code ko abhiyaan vaale pratyek desh mein sakriya karna hota hai) aur saath hi mahangi hone ke liye mobile oparetaron ke saath hastaakshar karne hote hain.

aane vaale SMS ke liye ek vikalp lambi sankhya (Long numbers) (antararaashtreeya sankhya praaroop par aadhaarit hai jaise +44 7624 805000) vibhinn anuprayogon mein SMS praapti ke liye upashyog kiya ja sakta hai jaise ti vi matadaan utpaad pronnati tatha abhiyaan. lambi sankhya (Long numbers) antararaashtreeya star par upalabdh hain, saath hi vyaapaar ko apna khud ka number lene ke yogya banaati hain na ki chhote code jinhein aamtaur par bahut se braandon saath baant liya jaata hai. iske atirikt, lambi sankhya (Long numbers) gair premium waali in-baaund sankhyaaen hoti hain.


upagrah phone network mein SMS

ACeS (ACeS) aur OptusSat (OptusSat) SMS ka poori tarah samarthan.ko chhodkar sabhi vaanijyik saitelaait phone (Satellite phone) network haalaanki shuruaati iridiym (Iridium) haindaset keval aane vaale SMS mein hi sahayog dete hain jabki baad vaale model unhein bhi bhej sakte hain. alag alag network ke liye pratyek sandesh ki keemat praaya: 25 aur 50 sent prati sandesh hoti hai. kuchh anya mobile phone network ki tarah antararaashtreeya SMS bhejane athva kisi doosare upagrah network vaale phone par SMS bhejane ke liye koi atirikt shulk naheen liya jaata hai. SMS kabhi kabhi un kshetron se bhi bheja ja sakta he jahaan dhvani call karne ke liye signal bahut kam hote hain.

setelaait phone network mein praaya: web aadhaarit athva imel aadhaarit SMS portal hoti hai jahaan aap aap us vishesh network par phone par muft SMS bhej sakte hain.

kamjoriyon

October 2005 mein penasilveniya state university (Pennsylvania State University) ke shodhakartaaon ne SMS ka kshamataaparak selyoolar network[7] mein sambhaavnaaon ka ek vishleshan prakaashit kiya tha. shodhakartaaon ne afavaah felaai ki hamlaavar in netavarkon ki khuli kaaryakshamata ko nuksaan pahuncha sakte hain taaki raashtreeya star par network ko baadhit athva vifal kiya ja sake.

yeh bhi dekhein

vivran

sambandhit protokaul

sambandhit praudyogiki

sandarbh

  1. sandarbh truti: <ref> ka galat prayog; GSM_28.2F85 naam ke sandarbh mein jaankaari naheen hai.
  2. GSM teees 02,03, GSM mobile network (peeelaemaen) .teleservices dvaara sahayog praapt hai.
  3. a aa GSM vishv press vigyapti
  4. vhaais laindalaain par beeti trial mobile tihra s January 2004, the rajistar
  5. SMS tyootoriyl : eti command, besik command tatha vistaarit command ka parichay
  6. SMS mein saksham selular network : jo SMS suvidha saksham selular network ko shoshan karta hai (2 sitanbara2005) ke anusaar kamjoriyon ka vishleshan

baahya links