sandhi shoth

sandhishoth
vargeekaran va baahari sansaadhan
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sandhivaat rogi haath
anya naam aarthraaitis, gathiya, sandhivaat
aaiseedi-10 M00.-M25.
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emaiesaech D001168

sandhi shoth yaani "jodon mein dard" (laitin, jarman, angreji: Arthritis / aarthraaitis) ke rogi ke ek ya kai jodon mein dard, akadn ya soojan aa jaati hai. is rog mein jodon mein gaanthein ban jaati hain aur shool chubhane jaisi peeda hoti hai, isliye is rog ko gathiya bhi kehte hain.

sandhishoth sau se bhi adhik prakaar ke hote hain. asthisandhishoth (osteoarthritis) inmein sabse vyaapak hai. anya prakaar ke sandhishoth hain - aamavaatik sandhishoth ya 'rumeti sandhishoth' (rheumatoid arthritis), soriyaasis sandhishoth (psoriatic arthritis).

sandhishoth mein rogi ko aakraant sandhi mein asahya peeda hoti hai, naadi ki gati teevr ho jaati hai, jvar hota hai, vegaanusaar sandhishool mein bhi parivartan hota rahata hai. iski ugraavastha mein rogi ek hi aasan par sthit rahata hai, sthaanaparivrtan tatha aakraant bhaag ko chhoone mein bhi bahut kasht ka anubhav hota hai. yadi saamayik upachaar na hua, to rogi khanj-lunj hokar rah jaata hai. sandhishoth praaya: un vyaktiyon mein adhik hota hai jinmein rogarodhi kshamata bahut kam hoti hai. stri aur purush donon ko hi samaan roop se yeh rog aakraant karta hai.

anukram

prakaar

sandhishoth do prakaar ke hote hain :

  • (1) teevr sankraamak (acute infective) sandhishoth,
  • (2) jeern sankraamak (chronic infective) sandhishoth

teevr sankraamak sandhishoth

kisi bhi teevr sankraman ke samay yeh shoth ho sakta hai. nimnalikhit prakaar ke sankraamak sandhishoth adhik vyaapak hain :

  • (k) teevr aamavaatik (rheumatic) sandhishoth,
  • (kh) teevr streptokaukel (streptococcal) sandhishoth,
  • (g) teevr staifilokaukel (staphylococcal) sandhishoth,
  • (gh) gaunokaukel (gonococcal) sandhishoth,
  • (ङ) lohit jvar (scarlet fever), pravaahika (dysentry) athva taaifaaid yukt sandhishoth tatha
  • (ch) seeramarog (serum sickness).

jeern sankraamak sandhishoth

yeh shoth praaya: shareer ke anek angon par hota hai. paairiya (pyorrhoca), jeern unduk shoth (appendicitis), jeern pittaashaya shoth (cholecystitis), jeern vaayukotar shoth (sinusitis), jeern taansil shoth (tonsillitis), jeern grasani shoth (pharyngitis) ityaadi.

aartharaaitis ke lakshan

  • jodon mein dard ya narami (dard ya dabaav) jismein chalte samay, kursi se uthate samay, likhte samay, type karte samay, kisi vastu ko pakadte samay, sabjiyaan kaatate samay aadi jaise hilne dulane ki kriyaaon mein sthiti kaafi bigad jaati hai.
  • shoth jo jodon ke soojan, akadn, laal ho jaane aur/ya garmi se dikhaai padta hai.
  • visheshakar subah-subah akadn
  • jodon ke lacheelepan mein kami
  • jodon ko jyaada hila dula naheen sakana
  • jodon ki vikruti
  • vajan ghatna aur thakaan
  • avishisht bukhaar
  • khad-khadaana (chalne par sandhi shoth vaale jodon ki aavaaj)

sandhi shoth ka upachaar tatha prabandhan

sandhishoth ke kaaranon ko door karne tatha sandhi ki sthaaneeya avastha theek karne ke liye chikitsa ki jaati hai. inke atirikt rogi ke liye poorn shaareerik aur maanasik vishraam, paushtik aahaar ka sevan, dhoop sevan, halaki maalish tatha bhautik chikitsa karna atyant aavashyak hai.

  • sandhi shoth (aartharaaitis) ki beemaari ki vivekapoorn prabandhan aur prabhaavi upachaar se achhi tarah jeevan-yaapan kiya ja sakta hai.
  • sandhi shoth (aartharaaitis) beemaari ke vishay mein jaankaari rakhakar aur uske prabandhan se vikruti tatha anya jatiltaaon se nipta ja sakta hai.
  • rakt pareekshan aur ex-re ki sahaayata se sandhi shoth (aartharaaitis) ki dekharekh ki ja sakti hai.
  • Doctor ke paraamarsh ke anusaar davaaiyaan niyamit roop se lein.
  • shaareerik vajan par niyantran rakhein.
  • svaasthyaprad bhojan karein.
  • Doctor dvaara diye gaye nirdeshon ke anusaar niyamit vyaayaam karein.
  • niyamit vyaayaam karein tatha tanaav mukt rahane ki takaneek apanaaen, samuchit vishraam karein, apne kaaryon ko yojanaabaddh tareeke se poora karke tanaav se mukt rahein.
  • aushadhiyon ke prayog mein anupoorak roop mein yog tatha anya vaikalpik rog ke upachaaron ko vaigyaanik tareeke se lipibddh kiya gaya hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

  • vaatarakt ya gaaut (Gout)
  • ghutanon ka dard
  • sarvaaikal spaandilaaitis

sandarbh


baahari kadiyaaain