sanaatan dharm

Om sanaatan dharm ka prateek chinh hi naheen balki sanaatan parampara ka sabse pavitra shabd hai.

sanaatan dharm: (hindu dharm, vaidik dharm) apne mool roop hindu dharm ke vaikalpik naam se jaana jaata hai.[1]vaidik kaal mein bhaarateeya upamahaadveep ke dharm ke liye 'sanaatan dharm' naam milta hai. 'sanaatan' ka arth hai - shaashvat ya 'hamesha bana rahane wala', arthaat jiska na aadi hai na ant.[2]sanaatan dharm moolat: bhaarateeya dharm hai, jo kisi jmaane mein poore vruhattar Bhaarat (bhaarateeya upamahaadveep) tak vyaapt raha hai. vibhinn kaaranon se hue bhaari dharmaantaran ke baad bhi vishv ke is kshetr ki bahusankhyak aabaadi isi dharm mein aastha rakhati hai. sindhu nadi ke paar ke vaasiyo ko iraanavaasi hindu kehte, jo 's' ka uchchaaran 'h' karte the. unki dekha-dekhi arab hamlaavar bhi tatkaaleen bhaaratavaasiyon ko hindu aur unke dharm ko hindu dharm kehne lage. Bhaarat ke apne saahitya mein hindu shabd koi 1000 varsh poorv hi milta hai, uske pehle naheen. hindutv sanaatan dharm ke roop mein sabhi dharmon ka moolaadhaar hai kyonki sabhi dharm-siddhaanton ke saarvabhaum aadhyaatmik satya ke vibhinn pahaluon ka ismein pehle se hi samaavesh kar liya gaya tha.[3]

anukram

itihaas

yeh path sanaatan hai. samast devata aur manushya isi maarg se paida hue hain tatha pragati ki hai. he manushyon aap apne utpann hone ki aadhaararoopa apni maata ko vinsht na karein.

—arigved-3-18-1

sanaatan dharm jise hindu dharm athva vaidik dharm bhi kaha jaata hai, ka 1960853110 saal ka itihaas hain. Bhaarat (aur aadhunik Pakistani kshetr) ki sindhu ghaati sabhyata mein hindu dharm ke kai chinh milte hain. inmein ek agyaat maatrudevi ki moortiyaaain, Shiv pashupati jaise devata ki mudraaeain, ling, peepal ki pooja, ityaadi pramukh hain. itihaasakaaron ke ek drushtikon ke anusaar is sabhyata ke ant ke dauraan madhya Asia se ek anya jaati ka aagaman hua, jo swayam ko aarya kehte the aur sanskrut naam ki ek hind Europeeya bhaasha bolte the. ek anya drushtikon ke anusaar sindhu ghaati sabhyata ke log swayam hi aarya the aur unka moolasthaan Bhaarat hi tha.[4]

praacheen kaal mein bhaarateeya sanaatan dharm mein gaanapatya, shaivadev:koti vaishnav,shaakt aur saur naam ke paaainch sampradaaya hote the.gaanapatya ganeshaki, vaishnav vishnu ki, shaivadev:koti Shiv ki, shaakt shakti ki aur saur soorya ki pooja aaraadhana kiya karte the. par yeh maanyata thi ki sab ek hi satya ki vyaakhya hain. yeh na keval rigved parantu raamaayan aur mahaabhaarat jaise lokapriya granthon mein bhi spasht roop se kaha gaya hai. pratyek sampradaaya ke samarthak apne devata ko doosare sampradaayon ke devata se bada samajhte the aur is kaaran se unamein vaimanasya bana rahata tha. ekta banaae rakhane ke uddeshya se dharmaguruon ne logon ko yeh shiksha dena aarambh kiya ki sabhi devata samaan hain, vishnu, Shiv aur shakti aadi devi-devata paraspar ek doosare ke bhi bhakt hain. unki in shikshaaon se teenon sampradaayon mein mel hua aur sanaatan dharm ki utpatti hui. sanaatan dharm mein vishnu, Shiv aur shakti ko samaan maana gaya aur teenon hi sampradaaya ke samarthak is dharm ko maanane lage. sanaatan dharm ka saara saahitya ved, puraan, shruti, smrutiyaaain,upanishd, raamaayan, mahaabhaarat, geeta aadi sanskrut bhaasha mein racha gaya hai.

kaalaantar mein bhaaratavarsh mein musalmaan shaasan ho jaane ke kaaran devabhaasha sanskrut ka hraas ho gaya tatha sanaatan dharm ki avanati hone lagi. is sthiti ko sudhaarane ke liye vidvaan sant tulaseedaas ne prachalit bhaasha mein dhaarmik saahitya ki rachana karke sanaatan dharm ki raksha ki.

jab aupaniveshik british shaasan ko isaai, muslim aadi dharmon ke maanane vaalon ka tulanaatmak adhyayan karne ke liye janaganana karne ki aavashyakta padi to sanaatan shabd se aparichit hone ke kaaran unhonne yahaaain ke dharm ka naam sanaatan dharm ke sthaan par hindu dharm rakh diya.

'sanaatan dharm', hindu dharm ka vaastavik naam hai.

svaroop

satya do dhaatuon se milkar bana hai sat aur tat. sat ka arth yeh aur tat ka arth vah. donon hi satya hai. ahan brahmaasmi aur tatvamasi. arthaat main hi brahm hooain aur tum hi brahm ho. yeh sampoorn jagat brahmamaya hai. brahm poorn hai. yeh jagat bhi poorn hai. poorn jagat ki utpatti poorn brahm se hui hai. poorn brahm se poorn jagat ki utpatti hone par bhi brahm ki poornata mein koi nyoonata naheen aati. vah shesh roop mein bhi poorn hi rahata hai. yahi sanaatan satya hai.[5]

sanaatan mein aadhunik aur samasaamayik chunautiyon ka saamana karne ke liye ismein samay samay par badlaav hote rahe hain, jaise ki raaja Ram mohan rai, svaami dayaanand, svaami vivekaanand aadi ne sati pratha, baal vivaah, asprushyata jaise asuvidhaajanak paramparaagat kureetiyon se asahaj mahasoos karte rahe. in kureetiyon ki jado (dharmashaastro) mein maujood un shloko -mantro ko "kshepak" kaha ya fir inke artho ko badla aur inhein tyaajya ghoshit kiya to kai puraani paramparaaon ka punaruddhaar kiya jaise vidhva vivaah, stri shiksha aadi. yadyapi aaj sanaatan ka paryaaya hindu hai par bauddh, jain dharmaavalambi bhi apne aap ko sanaatani kehte hain, kyonki buddh bhi apne ko sanaatani kehte hain.[6]yahaaain tak ki naastik joki chaarvaak darshan ko maanate hain vah bhi sanaatani hain. sanaatan dharmi ke liye kisi vishisht paddhati, karmakaand, veshabhoosha ko maanana jaruri naheen. bas vah sanaatanadharmi parivaar mein janma ho, vedaant, meemaansa, chaarvaak, jain, bauddh, aadi kisi bhi darshan ko maanata ho bas uske sanaatani hone ke liye paryaapt hai.[7]

sanaatan dharm ki gutthiyon ko dekhte hue kai baar ise kathin aur samajhne mein mushkil dharm samjha jaata hai. haalaanki, sachchaai to aisi naheen hai, fir bhi iske itne aayaam, itne pahaloo hain ki logabaag kai baar ise lekar bhramit ho jaate hain. sabse bada kaaran iska yeh ki sanaatan dharm kisi ek daarshanik, maneesha ya rishi ke vichaaron ki upaj naheen hai, na hi yeh kisi khaas samay paida hua. yeh to anaadi kaal se pravaahamaan aur vikaasamaan raha. saath hi yeh keval ek drushta, siddhaant ya tark ko bhi vareeyata naheen deta.[8]

maarg

vigyaan jab pratyek vastu, vichaar aur tatv ka moolyaankan karta hai to is prakriya mein dharm ke anek vishvaas aur siddhaant dharaashaayi ho jaate hain. vigyaan bhi sanaatan satya ko pakadne mein abhi tak kaamayaab naheen hua hai kintu vedaant mein ullekhit jis sanaatan satya ki mahima ka varnan kiya gaya hai vigyaan dheere-dheere usase sahamat hota najar aa raha hai.

hamaare rishi-muniyon ne dhyaan aur moksh ki gahari avastha mein brahm, brahmaand aur aatma ke rahasya ko jaanakar use spasht taur par vyakt kiya tha. vedon mein hi sarvapratham brahm aur brahmaand ke rahasya par se parda hataakar 'moksh' ki dhaarana ko pratipaadit kar uske mahatva ko samajhaaya gaya tha. moksh ke bagair aatma ki koi gati naheen iseeliye rishiyon ne moksh ke maarg ko hi sanaatan maarg maana hai.[9]

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Lester R. Kurtz, Gods in the global village: the world's religions in sociological perspective, Pine Forge Press, 2007, aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9781412927154, http://books.google.com/books?id=7dEAk-C3hdwC, "... Hinduism — or Sanatana Dharma, as some believers prefer to call it — is a religious tradition that encompasses layers of complex deposits from many different cultures over the centuries. Its remarkable diversity and doctrinal tolerance ..."
  2. sanaatanamenamahurutaadya syaat punanrav (adharvaved 10/8/23) arthaat - sanaatan use kehte hain jo, jo aaj bhi naveekrut hai.
  3. vishv hindu samaaj (web portal), sheershak:hin‍aadut‍aav athva hin‍aadoo dharm
  4. hindi, hindu, Hindustan (web portal), lekhak: shankhanaadi suneel Dixit, sheershak: hindu dharm ka 1960853110 saal ka itihaas hain
  5. poornamad: poornamidan poornaat poornamudachyate. poornasya poornamaadaaya poornamevaavashishyate..- ish upanishd
  6. "S dhammo sanantano" (dhammapad, gaatha -5)
  7. J. Zavos, Defending Hindu Tradition: Sanatana Dharma as a Symbol of Orthodoxy in Colonial India, Religion (Academic Press), Volume 31, Number 2, April 2001, pp. 109-123; see also R. D. Baird, "Swami Bhaktivedant a and the Encounter with Religions", Modern Indian Responses to Religious Pluralism, edited by Harold Coward, State University of New York Press, 1987)
  8. geeta ki boli, sanaatan dharm
  9. vebaduniya hindi (jal patrika), sheershak: sanaatan dharm ka satya, lekhak: aniruddh Joshi shataayu

baahya kadiyaaain