samasteepur

samasteepur
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
janasankhya
ghanatv
33,94,793 (2001 tak )
• 1169
kshetrafal 2904 sq. kms ki.mee²

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 25°a54′aN 86°a05′aE / 25.90°aN 86.08°aE / 25.90; 86.08 samasteepur Bhaarat ganaraajya ke Bihar praant mein darabhanga pramandal sthit ek shahar evam jila hai. samasteepur ke uttar mein darabhanga, dakshin mein ganga nadi aur Patna jila, pashchim mein mujaffarapur evam vaishaali, tatha poorv mein begoosaraaya evam khagadiya jile hai. yahaaain shiksha ka maadhyam hindi, urdoo aur angreji hai lekin bol-chaal mein bajjika aur maithili boli jaati hai. mithila kshetr ke paridhi par sthit yeh jila upajaaoo krushi pradesh hai. samasteepur poorv madhya railway ka mandal bhi hai. samasteepur ko mithila ka praveshadvaar bhi kaha jaata hai.

anukram

naamaakaran

samasteepur ka paramparaagat naam saraisa hai. iska vartamaan naam madhya kaal mein Bengal evam uttari Bihar ke shaasak haaji shamsuddeen iliyaas ((1345-1358 isvi) ke naam par pada hai. kuchh logon ka maanana hai ki iska praacheen naam somavati tha jo badalkar som vasteepur fir samavasteepur aur samasteepur ho gaya.

itihaas

samasteepur raaja janak ke mithila pradesh ka ang raha hai. videh raajya ka ant hone par yeh vaishaali ganaraajya ka ang bana. iske pashchaat yeh magadh ke maurya, shung, kanv aur gupt shaasakon ke mahaan saamraajya ka hissa raha. hvenasaang ke vivranon se yeh pata chalta hai ki yeh pradesh harshavardhan ke saamraajya ke antargat tha. 13 veen sadi mein pashchim Bengal ke musalmaan shaasak haaji shamsuddeen iliyaas ke samay mithila evam tirhut kshetron ka baintavaara ho gaya. uttari bhaag sugauna ke oinavaar raaja (1325-1525 isvi) ke kabje mein tha jabki dakshini evam pashchimi bhaag shamsuddeen iliyaas ke adheen raha. samasteepur ka naam bhi haaji shamsuddeen ke naam par pada hai. shaayad hindu aur musalmaan shaasakon ke beech bainta hone ke kaaran hi aaj samasteepur ka saampradaayik charitra samarasataapoorn hai. oinavaar raajaaon ko kala, sanskruti aur saahitya ka badhaava dene ke liye jaana jaata hai. shivsinh ke pita devasinh ne laheriyaasaraaya ke paas devakuli ki sthaapana ki thi. shivsinh ke baad yahaaain padmasinh, harisinh, narasinhadev, dheerasinh, bhairavasinh, raamabhadr, lakshmeenaath, kaamasanaaraayan raaja hue. shivsinh tatha bhairavasinh dvaara jaari kiye gaye sone evam chaaaindi ke sikke yahaaain ke itihaas gyaan ka achha srot hai. angreji raaj kaayam hone par san 1865 mein tirhut mandal ke adheen samasteepur anumandal banaaya gaya. Bihar raajya jila punargathan aayog ke report ke aadhaar par ise darabhanga pramandal ke antargat 14 November 1972 ko jila bana diya gaya. angreji sarkaar ke viruddh hue svatantrata aandolan mein samasteepur ke kraantikaariyon ne mahati bhoomika nibhaayi thi. yahaaain se karpoori thaakur Bihar ke poorv mukhyamantri rahe hain.

bhoogol

samasteepur 25.90 uttari akshaansh evam 86.08 poorvi deshaantar par avasthit hai. saara jila upajaaoo maidaani kshetr hai kintu himaalaya se nikalkar bahanevaali nadiyaaain barasaat ke dinon mein baadh laati hai.

  • nadiyaaain: samasteepur jile ke madhya se budhi gandak nadi, uttar mein baagamati nadi evam dakshini tat par ganga bahti hai. iske alaava yahaaain se baaya, jamuaari, noon, kareh aur shaanti nadi bhi bahti hai jo barasaat ke dinon mein ugr rup dhaaran kar leti hai.
  • prashaasanik vibhaajan: yeh jila 4 tahaseelo (anumandal), 20 prakhandon, 380 panchaayaton tatha 1248 gaaainvon mein bainta hai.

anumandal- dalasinh saraaya, shaahapur patori, rosada, samasteepur sadar
prakhand- dalasinhasaraaya, ujiyaarapur, vidyaapatingar, patori, mohanapur, moinuddeenanagar, roshada, hasanapur, bithaan, singhiya, vibhooteepur, shivaajeenagar, samasteepur, kalyaanapur, vaarisnagar, khaanapur, poosa, taajapur, morava, saraayaranjan

janasaankhyiki

2001 ki janaganana ke anusaar is jile ki janasankhya 33,94,793 hai jismein purush ki aabaadi 17,60,692 evam 16,34,101 striyaaain hai.[1] 18·aa52% janasankhya anusoochit jaati ki tatha 0·aa1% janasankhya anusoochit janajaati ki hai. maanav vikaas soochikaank kaafi neeche hai jiski pushti in aaainkado se hoti hai:-

  • saaksharata: 45·aa13% (purush-57·aa59%, stri- 31·aa67%)
  • janasankhya vruddhi dar: 2·aa52% (vaarshik)
  • stri-pu‍aarush anupaat: 928 prati 1000
  • ghanatv: 1169 prati varg kilometer
mahatvapoorn vyaktitv:

shiksha

raashtreeya star par khyaati praapt Rajendra krushi vishvavidyaalaya[2] samasteepur jile mein poosa naamak sthaan par hai, iske aalaava koi anya uchch stareeya takaneeki shiksha sansthaan yahaaain naheen hai. praathamik shiksha ki sthiti santoshajanak hai. 2001 ki janaganana ke anusaar jile me saaksharata dar[3] 45.67% (purush: 57.83, stri: 32.69) hai. samasteepur tatha poosa mein kendreeya vidyaalaya tatha berauli mein Jawahar navodaya vidyaalaya sthit hai. lalit naaraayanan mithila vishvavidyaalaya darabhanga ke antargat jile mein nimnalikhit angeebhoot degree mahaavidyaalaya hain:

  • aachaarya narendradev mahaavidyaalaya shaahapur patori
  • baliraam bhagat mahaavidyaalaya samasteepuraj
  • samasteepur college samasteepur
  • mahila mahaavidyaalaya samasteepur
  • aar N A aar college samasteepur
  • da lohiya karpoori visheshvaradaas mahaavidyaalaya taajapur
  • di bi ke N mahaavidyaalaya narahan
  • aar bi college dalasinhasaraaya
  • ji M aar di college mohanapur
  • aar bi S college mohiuddeenanagar
  • uma Pande college poosa
  • you aar college roshada
  • singhiya college singhiya

paryatan sthal

  • vidyaapatingar: Shiv ke ananya bhakt evam mahaan maithil kavi vidyaapati ne yahaaain ganga tat par apne jeevan ke antim din bitaae the. aisi maanyata hai ki apni bimaari ke kaaran vidyaapati jab gangaatat jaane mein asamarth the to ganga ne apni dhaara badal li aur unke aashram ke paas se bahne lagi. vah aashram logon ki shraddha ka kendra hai.
  • dholi mahaadev mandir: dholi mahaadev mandir, gram harihrapur khedhi, prakhand khaanapur, jila samasteepur, Bihar. yeh Baba ka sthaan samasteepur se 20 kilometer door sthit hain yahaaain ke paas main masina kothi hain jo angrej ke samay ka kothi hain yahaaain par us samay main neel ki kheti karavaate the lekin desh aajaad hone ke baad yahaaain par ab makke ki kheti evam anya fasal ka anusandhaan kendra ban gaya hain yahaaain ke dvaara taiyaar kiya hua beej door door tak pahuchaaya jaata hain. iske nikat ke gaaainv bhorejayaraam hain jiski kheti karne ka jameen 22 so ekar ke aas paas hain jaha makke ki kheti ki jaati hai. yeh sthaan boodhi gandak nadi ke kinaare sthit hain
  • kariyn: mahaamahishi kumaarilbhatt ke shishya mahaan daarshanik udayanaachaarya ka janm 984 isvi mein shivaajeenagar prakhand ke kariyn gaaainv mein hua tha. udayanaachaarya ne nyaaya, darshan evam tark ke kshetr mein lakshamanamaala, nyaayakushamaanjili, aatmatatvavivek, kirnaavali aadi pustakein likhi jinpar anginat sansthaanon mein shodh chal raha hai. durbhaagya se yeh mahatvapoorn sthal sarkaar ki upeksha ka shikaar hai.[4]
  • maaleenagar: yahaaain 1844 mein bana shivmandir hai jahaaain pratyek varsh raamanavami ko mela lagta hai. maaleenagar hindi saahitya ke mahaan saahityakaar babu devaki nandan khatri evam shikshaavid Ram soorat thaakur ki janm sthali bhi hai.[5]
  • mangalagadh: yeh sthaan hasanapur se 14 kilometer door hai jahaaain praacheen kile ka avashesh hai. yahaaain ke sthaaneeya shaasak mangaladev ke nimantran par mahaatma buddh sangh prachaar ke liye aae the. unhonne yahaaain raatri vishraam bhi kiya tha. jis sthaan par buddh ne apna upadesh diya tha vah buddhapura kahalaata tha jo ab apabhransh hokar doodhapura ho gaya hai.
  • jageshvarasthaan (bibhootipur): narahan railway station se 15 kilometer ki doori par bibhootipur mein jageshvareedevi ka banavaaya Shiv mandir hai. angrejon ke samay ka narahan ek rajavaada tha jiska bhavya mahal bibhootipur mein maujood hai. jageshvari devi narahan state ke vaidya bhaav mishr ki beti thi.
  • morava anchal mein kundaneshvar mahaadev mandir ki sthaapana ek muslim dvaara yahaaain shivling milne par ki gayi thi. mandir ke saath hi mahila muslim sant ki majaar hindu aur muslim dvaara ek saath poojit hai
  • musareegharaari: raashtreeya raajamaarg 28 par sthit yeh ek kasba hai jahaaain ka muhararm tatha durga pooja ka bhavya aayojan hota hai.
  • singhia hanuman mandir
  • sant dariyaasaaheb ka aashram: Bihar ke soofi sant dariya saaheb ka aashram jile ke dakshini seema par ganga tat par basa gaaainv dhamaun mein bana hai. yahaaain niranjan svaami ka mandir bhi hai.
  • thaaneshvar shivmandir, khaatoo-shyaam mandir evam kaaleepeeth samasteepur jila mukhyaalaya ka mahatvapoorn pooja sthal hai.

yaataayaat suvidhaaeain

sadak maarg

samasteepur Bihar ke sabhi mukhya shaharon se raajamaargon dvaara juda hua hai. yahaaain se vartamaan mein do raashtreeya raajamaarg tatha teen raajakeeya raajamaarg gujarte hain. mujaffarapur, motihaari hote hue Lucknow tak jaanevaali raashtreeya raajamaarg 28 hai. raashtreeya raajamaarg 103 jile ko chakalaalashaahi, jandaaha, chakasikndar hote hue vaishaali jile ke mukhyaalaya Hajipur se jodta hai. Hajipur se raashtreeya raajamaarg 19 par mahaatma gaaaindhi setu se hokar rajdhani Patna jaaya jaata hai. jile mein raajakeeya raajamaarg sankhya 49, 50 tatha 55 ki kul lanbaai 87 kilometer hai.

rel maarg:

samasteepur bhaarateeya rel ke [nakshe] ka ek mahatvapoorn jankshan hai. yeh poorv madhya railway ka ek mandal hai. Delhi-Guwahati root par sthit rel laainein ek or shahar ko mujaffarapur,Hajipur, chhapada hote hue Delhi se aur doosari or barauni, katihaar hote hue Guwahati se jodti hai. iske atirikt yahaaain se mumbai, chennai, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Jammu, amrutasar, Guwahati tatha anya mahatvapoorn shaharon ke liye seedhi trainein upalabdh hai.

vaayu maarg:

samasteepur ka niktasth havaai adda 65 kilometer door Patna mein sthit hai. lokanaayak jayaprakaash havaai kshetr Patna (IATA code- PAT) se antardesheeya tatha seemit antarraashtreeya udaane upalabdh hai. Indian, Kingfisher, jet air, spaais jet tatha indigo ki udaanein Delhi, Kolkata aur raaainchi ke liye upalabdh hain.

sandarbh

  1. [1] samasteepur ek najar mein
  2. Rajendra krushi vishvavidyaalaya jaalaprushth
  3. Bihar me saaksharata dar
  4. [2] udayanaachaarya ki janmabhoomi par jaagaran samaachaar
  5. [3] angreji vikipeediya par samasteepur

baahari kadiyaaain