saharasa

saharasa
shahar
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Bihar
jila saharasa
jilaadhikaari vinod Singh gunjayaal
saansad
janasankhya
ghanatv
1506418 (2001 tak )
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)
1661 ki.mee²
• 41 meter

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 25°a53′aN 86°a36′aE / 25.88°aN 86.6°aE / 25.88; 86.6

saharasa Bhaarat ke Bihar praant ka ek jila evam shahar hai. jile ke roop mein saharasa ki sthaapana 1 April 1954 ko hui thi jabki 2 aktubar 1972 se yeh koshi pramandal ka mukhyaalaya hai. Nepal se aane waali koshi nadi ke maidaanon mein faila hua koshi pramandal itihaas ke pannon mein to ek samru‍aaddh pradesh maana jaata raha hai kintu vartamaan mein yeh ati pichhde kshetron mein aata hai. yahaaain kandaaha mein soorya mandir evam prasiddh maaain taara sthaan mahishi gram mein sthit hai. praacheen kaal se yeh sthaan aadi shankaraachaarya tatha yahaaain ke prasiddh vidvaan mandan mishr ke beech hue shaastraarth ke liye bhi vikhyaat raha hai.

anukram

itihaas

aarambh mein saharasa kshetr anguttarap kahalaata tha aur uttar Bihar ke prasiddh vaishaali mahaajanapad ki seema par sthit tha. ang desh ke shaktishaali hone par yeh iske paas raha lekin jald hi magadh saamraajya ke vistaaravaad ka shikaar ho gaya. banamanakhi-faarabisganj road par sikleegadh mein evam kishnaganj police station ke paas maurya stambh milne se yeh baat pramaanit hai. 1956 mein prasiddh itihaasakaar aar ke chaudhuri ke nirdeshan mein ho rahe khudaai ke dauraan godhoghaat evam patauha mein aahat sikke mile hain.[1] magadh saamraajya mein bimbisaar ke samay bauddh dharm ke raajadharm banane par yahaaain bhi bauddh prabhaav badhane laga. jile ka biraatapur, budhiyaagadhi, budhanaaghaat, pithaahi aur mathaai jaisi jagahon par bauddh chinh mile hain. 7veen sadi mein jab aadi shankaraachaarya Bhaarat bhraman par nikalkar shaastraarth dvaara hindu dharm ki punarsthaapana karne lage tab unka aagaman saharasa jile ke mahishi gram mein hua. kaha jaata hai jab aadi shankaraachaarya ne yahaaain ke prasiddh vidvaan mandan mishr ko hara diya tab unki patni, jo ki ek vidushi theen, ne unhe chunauti di tatha shankaraachaarya ko paraajit kar diya.

bhoogol evam janasaankhyiki

saharasa jila koshi pramandal evam jila ka mukhyaalaya shahar hai. iske uttar mein madhubani evam supaul, dakshin mein khagadiya, poorv mein madhepura evam pashvim mein darabhanga aur samasteepur jila sthit hai. jile ka kul kshetrafal 1,661.3 varg ki0mee0 hai. Nepal ki or se aane waali nadiyon mein praay: har saal aane waali baadh aur bhookamp jaisi bhaugolik aapadaaon se prabhaavit hota raha hai. baadh ke dinon mein naav durghatana se prativrsh darjanon log kaal ke gaal mein sama jaate hain.[2] varsh 2008 mein koshi baaaindh tootane se utpann baadh laakhon logon ke liye tabaahi evam maut ka paryaaya ban gayi.

  • pramukh nadiyaaain: koshi, dhemara evam koshi ki vitrikaaeain
  • pramukh shahari adhivaas: saharasa, simri bakhtiyaarapur, mahishi, sonabarasa raaj, saurabajaar evam nauhatta


janasaankhyiki

2001 ki janaganana ke anusaar is jila ki kul janasankhya 15,06,418 hai jismein shahari kshetr tatha dehaati kshetr ki janasankhya kramash: 1,24,015 evam 13,82,403 hai.

prashaasanik vibhaajan:

saharasa jile ke antargat 2 anumandal evam 10 prakhand hain.

  • anumandal- saharasa sadar (7 prakhand) evam simri bakhtiyaarapur (3 prakhand)
  • prakhand- kehara, sattar kataiya, sooor baajaar, pataar ghaat, mahishi, sonabarasa, nauhatta (sabhi saharasa anumandal antargat), simri bakhtiyaarapur, salkhuaa evam banama itahari

paryatan sthal

  • taara sthaan (mahishi)- saharasa se 16 kilometer pashvim sthit mahishi gram mein sthit ati praacheen taara sthaan logon ki shraddha ka sabse bada kendra hai. yahaaain maaain taara ke saath ekajata aur neel sarasvati pratimaaeain poojit hain.
  • mandan-bhaarati sthaan (mahishi)- mahishi prakhand mein sthit yeh sthaan advaitavaad ke pravarttak shankaraachaarya evam mandan mishr aur unki patni bhaarati ke beech hue shaastraarth ka gavaah hai.
  • soorya mandir (kandaaha)- *Bhaarat praacheen kaal se hi saanskrutik vividhtaaon wala desh raha hai. is sanskruti ke kuchhek pahaloo abhi bhi achhi tarah se gyaat naheen hai. inhi mein se ek praacheen soorya mandir ke roop mein saharasa jile ke kandaaha gaaainv mein maujood hai.

kandaaha ek chhota sa gaaainv hai jahaaain ke logon ka mukhya pesha machhali pakadna hai. parantu is gaaainv ko Bhaarat ke ek praacheenatam aur anupam soorya mandir ke svaamitv ka gaurav praapt hai. is atulaneeya soorya mandir ka nirmaan 14 veen shataabdi mein mithila ke raaja harisinh Dave ne kiya tha. yeh saharasa jila mukhyaalaya se lagbhag 12 kilometer pashchim mein avasthit hai. mahaabhaarat aur soorya puraan ke anusaar is soorya mandir ka nirmaan 'dvaapar yug' mein ho chuka tha. pauraanik maanyata ke anusaar Bhagwan Krishna ke putr 'shaamb' kisi tvacha rog se peedit the jo maatr yahaaain ke soorya koop ke jal se theek ho sakti thi. yeh pavitra soorya koop abhi bhi mandir ke nikat avasthit hai. is ke pavitra jal se abhi bhi tvacha rogon ke theek hone ki baat bataai jaati hai. yeh soorya mandir soorya Dave ki pratima ke kaaran bhi adbhut maana jaata hai. mandir ke garbh gruh mein soorya Dave vishaal pratima hai, jise is ilaake mein ' Baba bhaavaaditya' ke naam se jaana jaata hai. pratima mein soorya Dave ki donon patniyon 'sangya' aur 'kalh' ko darshaaya gaya hai. saath hi 7 ghode aur 14 lagaam ke rath ko bhi darshaaya gaya hai. is pratima ki ek badi visheshata yeh hai ki yeh bahut hi mulaayam kaale patthar se bani hai. yeh visheshata to konaark evam Dave ke soorya mandiron mein bhi dekhne ko naheen milti. parantu sabse adbhut evam rahasyamayi hai mandir ke chaukhat par utkeern lipi jo abhi tak naheen padhi ja saki hai. parantu durbhaagya se is pratima ko bhi aurangajeb kaal mein anya anek hindu mandiron ki tarah hi kshatigrast kar diya gaya. isi kaaran se pratima ka baaainya haath, naak aur janeoo ka theek prakaar se pata naheen chal paata hai. is pratima ke anya anek bhaagon ko bhi aurangajeb kaal mein hi todkar nikat ke soorya koop mein feink diya gaya tha, jo 1985 mein soorya koop ki khudaai ke baad mile hain. 1985 ke baad yeh mandir bhaarateeya puraatatv sarvekshan vibhaag ke adheen aa gaya. puraatatv vibhaag ne mandir ki dekh rekh ke liye ek karmachaari ko niyukt kar rakha hai. parantu sarkaar ki taraf se is mandir ke jeernodhaar evam vikaas ke prati upeksha hi barati gayi hai. vah to yahaaain ke kuchh graameenon ki jaagrukta evam sahayog ke kaaran mandir apne vartamaan svarup mein maujood hai. iname nunoon jha evam jayaprakaash varma samet anek graameenon ka sahayog saraahaneeya raha hai. is mandir ko Bihar sarkaar ke taraf se pratham sahayog tab mila jab ashok Kumar Singh paryatan mantri bane. unhonne is mandir ke vikaash ke liye 2003 mein 300000 (teen lakh) ru0 ka anudaan diya. parantu yeh rakam mandir ke vikaas ke liye prayaapt naheen thi. fir bhi is rakam se mandir parisar ko durust kiya gaya. saath hi mukhya dwaar ka nirmaan ho saka. parantu abhi bhi is mandir evam is pichhde gaaainv ke liye bahut kuchh kiya jaana baaki hai, jisse ki is adbhut mandir ki ginti Bihar ke mukhya paryatan sthal ke roop mein ho sake.

  • kaaru khirhari mandir
  • lakshmeenaath gonsaai sthal (banagaaainv)
  • devan van Shiv mandir
  • Shiv mandir (nauhatta)
  • durga mandir (udaahi)
  • matasyagandha mandir (saharasa)

neelkanth mandir, chainpur (saharsa)

yaataayaat suvidhaaeain

baahari kadiyaaain