safed baagh

safed baagh
A सफ़ेद बाघ
A safed baagh
sanrakshan sthiti
vaigyaanik vargeekaran
jagat: Animalia
sangh: Chordata
varg: Mammalia
gan: Carnivora
kul: Felidae
prajaati: Panthera
jaati: P. tigris
dvipd naam
Panthera tigris
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Historical distribution of tigers (pale yellow) and 2006 (green).[2]
Historical distribution of tigers (pale yellow) and 2006 (green).[2]
Subspecies

P. t. tigris
P. t. corbetti
Panthera tigris jacksoni
P. t. sumatrae
Panthera tigris altaica
Panthera tigris amoyensis
Panthera tigris virgata
P. t. balica
P. t. sondaica

paryaaya
Felis tigris Linnaeus, 1758[3]

Tigris striatus Severtzov, 1858

Tigris regalis Gray, 1867

safed baagh (white tiger/white tiger) ek aisa baagh hai jiska pratisaari pitraik (risesiv pitraik) ise halka rang pradaan karta hai. ek anya aanuvanshik abhilkshan baagh ki dhaariyon ko bahut halka rang pradaan karta hai; is prakaar ke safed baagh ko barf-sa safed ya "shuddh safed" kehte hain. safed baagh vivrn naheen hote hain aur inki koi alag up-prajaati naheen hai aur inka sanyog naarangi rang ke baaghon ke saath ho sakta hai, haalaanki (lagbhag) is sanyog ke parinaamasvaroop janm grahan karne vaale shaavakon mein se aadhe shaavak pratisaari safed pitraik ki vajah se vishmayugmaji ho sakte hain aur inke roen naarangi rang ke ho sakte hain. ismein ekamaatr apavaad tabhi sambhav hai jab khud naarangi rang vaale maata/pita pehle se hi ek vishmayugmaji baagh ho, jisse pratyek shaavak ko ya to dohara pratisaari safed ya vishmayugmaji naarangi rang ke hone ka 50 pratishat avsar milega. agar do vishmayugmaji baaghon ya vishmayugmajon ka sanyog hota hai to unase janme shaavakon mein se 25 pratishat shaavak safed, 50 pratishat vishmayugmaji naarangi (safed pitraik vaahak) aur 25 pratishat safed pitraik viheen samayugmaji naarangi rang ke honge. 1970 ke dashak mein shashi aur ravi naamak naarangi rang ke vishmayugmaji baaghon ki ek jodi ne Alipur chidiyaaghar mein 13 shaavakon ko janm diya jismein se 3 safed rang ke the.[4] agar do safed baaghon ka sanyog karaaya jaata hai to unke sabhi shaavak samayugmaji aur safed rang ke honge. safed pitraik wala ek samayugmaji baagh kai vibhinn pitraikon ki vajah se vishmayugmaji ya samayugmaji bhi ho sakta hai. ek baagh vishmayugmaji (vishmayugmaj) hai ya samayugmaji (samayugmaj), yeh is baat par nirbhar karta hai ki kis pitraik par charcha ki ja rahi hai. ant:sanyog samayugmata ko badhaava deta hai jiska istemaal safed baagh paida karne mein kiya jaata hai.

safed pitraik viheen naarangi rang ke baaghon ki tulana mein safed baagh janm ke aur poorn vayask ho jaane par, donon hi samay aakaar mein bade hote hain.[5] apne asaamaanya rangat ke baavajood unhein jungle mein apne is bade aakaar se faayda ho sakta hai. naarangi rang ke vishmayugmaji baaghon ka aakaar bhi naarangi rang ke anya baaghon ki tulana mein bada ho sakta hai. 1960 ke dashak ke dauraan nai Delhi chidiyaaghar ke nideshak Kailash saankhala ne kaha, "safed pitraik ke kaaryon mein se ek kaarya inki aabaadi mein ek aakaar pitraik rakhana ho sakta hai, basharte agar kabhi iski jaroorat pade."[6]

gahre rang ki dhaariyon vaale safed baaghon ko Bengal tiger ki up-prajaati mein bakhoobi shaamil kar liya gaya hai jo royal Bengal ya Indian tiger (painthera taaigris taaigris ya pi. ti. beingaaleinsis) ke naam se mashahoor hai, ye gahre rang ki dhaariyaan kaid saaiberiyn tiger (painthera taaigris altaika) mein bhi dekhne ko mil sakti hain aur ho sakta hai itihaas ban chuki kai anya upaprajaatiyon mein bhi inke paae jaane ki khabar ho. safed romacharm ka Bengal ya Indian upaprajaatiyon se bahut gahra sambandh hai. maujooda samay mein duniya bhar mein sainkadon safed baagh kaid kiye gaye hain, inmein se 100 Bhaarat mein hain aur inki sankhya lagaataar badh rahi hai. inki aadhunik aabaadi mein vishuddh Bengal aur sankar Bengal-saaiberiyn donon hi shaamil hain, lekin yeh aspasht hai ki safed rang ka pratisaari pitraik keval Bengal se aaya hai ya inke kisi saaiberiyaai poorvajon se.

safed baagh ke anokhe rang ne inhein chidiyaagharon aur aakarshak jaanvaron ka pradarshan karne vaale manoranjak kaaryakramon mein lokapriya bana diya hai. sigfraaid end Roy (Siegfried & Roy) jaadoogar apne pradarshan ke liye do safed baaghon ko paalne aur unhein prashikshit karne ke liye prasiddh hain, jo inhein "royal white tiger" (raajasi shvet baagh) kehte hain, shaayad isa‍aliye ki ye safed baagh kisi tarah reeva ke mahaaraaja se jude hue hain. asaadhaaran-baagh ke pradarshan waali echabeeo vruttachitr film, kait daansars ke vishay vyakti, raun hauleede, jauya hauleede aur chak leeja ki tikdi ne is film mein ek safed baagh se saath kaam kiya jisne is film ke dauraan unamein se do ko maar daala.

anukram

jungle mein safed baagh

Singapore chidiyaaghar mein do safed beingaals

15 November 1905 ko journal of the Bombay necharal history society ke misleniys nots mein ek aalekh prakaashit hua, jisse pata chala ki udeesa ke dheinkaanal raajya ke mulin up-mandal ke jungle mein ek safed baaghin ki tasveer li gayi thi. yeh report moolat: May 1909 ko Indian faurestar mein prakaashit hui thi aur ise van adhikaari shri baavis Singh ne taiyaar kiya tha. safed baaghin ki prushthabhoomi ke rang ka varnan khaalis safed aur dhaariyon ko gahari laalima liye hue kaale rang ka bataaya gaya tha. yeh tasveer bhainse ko maarane ke dauraan li gayi thi aur "vah achhi haalat mein thi aur usamein beemaari ka koi lakshan naheen dikhaai de raha tha." Colonel ef. ti. polak ne wild sports of barma end asam mein likha hai, "kabhi-kabhaar hi safed baaghon se mulaakaat hoti hai. mainne vimpol street ke edavin vaards mein ek shaanadaar khaalavaale baagh ko dekha aur kosiya evam jinteh hills ke sahaayak aayukt shreemaan shedavaul ne bhi do khaalis safed khaalavaale baagh ko dekha hai." shreemaan ledekar ne game eneemals of India mein paanch aur safed baagh ki tvacha par likha: "lagbhag 1820 mein ekjetar change mein ek safed baagh ko jinda dekha gaya tha; lagbhag 1892 mein poona mein ek doosare baagh ko maar daala gaya tha; March 1899 mein oopari asam mein ek safed baagh ko goli maar di gayi thi aur usaka chamada Calcutta bheja gaya tha, jahaan lagbhag usi samay chautha namoona praapt hua tha. koochabihaar mahaaraaja ke paas bhi ek safed baagh ka khaal tha.[7] 1820 mein London ke ekjetar change mein pradarshit safed baagh Europe ka pehla safed baagh tha.

the book of Indian enimls (1948) mein S. H. pretar ne likha ki "madhya Bhaarat ke kuchh shushk jangalon mein safed ya aanshik safed baagh asaamaanya naheen hain.[8] yeh mithk hai ki safed baagh jungle mein naheen palate-badhte. Bhaarat ne reeva ke nikat vishesh roop se aarakshit ek jungle mein is vasheebhoot-nasl ke safed baaghon ko fir se paida karne ki yojana banaayi.[9] jungle mein safed baaghon ko paida kiya gaya aur kai peedhiyon tak unka sanyog karaaya gaya. A. A. danabar braandar ne wild enimls in central India (1923) mein likha ki "safed baagh kabhi-kabhaar hote hain. reeva raajya aur maandala evam vilaasapur jilon ke sangam sthal par amarakantak ke pados mein in jaanvaron ka niyamit roop se sanyog karaaya jaata hai. aakhiri baar 1919 mein jab main maandala mein tha, us samay vahaan ek safed baaghin aur do-tihaai viksit safed shaavak jeevit the. 1915 mein ek nar baagh ko reeva raajya ne pakad liya aur use kaid kar liya. Bombay necharal history society ke journal ke khand XXVII ke ank 47 mein bhaarateeya police ke shreemaan Scott ne is jaanavar ka utkrusht vivran diya hai."[10]

the journal of the Bombay necharal history society ke "misleniys not‍aas: nan. 1-A white tiger in kaiptiviti (tasveer ke saath)" ke poorv charchit lekh kehta hai ki "reeva ki kaid mein jo safed baagh tha use December 1915 mein is suhaagapur ke nikat raajya ke jungle se pakada gaya tha. us samay vah lagbhag do saal ka tha. dakshini reeva mein is baagh se jude aur bhi do safed baagh the, lekin aisa maana jaata tha ki is pashu ki maan safed naheen thi. .. lagbhag 10 ya 12 saal pehle dakshini reeva ke sohaargapur tahaseel mein ek sardaar ne ek safed baagh ko maar daala tha. shaahadol aur annoopur, B.N.Ry. ke atyant nikat anya do baagh dikhaai pade, lekin svargavaasi mahaaraaj ka aadesh tha ki unki hatya na ki jaae. annoopur (bheelam dungaari jungle) ke ek baagh ke baare mein kaha jaata tha ki vah kaid kiye gaye baagh ka bhaai tha. ye safed baagh central provins ke padosi britaaniya jilon mein ghuma karte hain aur ve maikal parvat shrrunkhalaaon ke aaspaas rahate hain." iske paryaapt saboot hain ki jangalon mein vayask safed baaghon ka astitv tha.[11][12] 1900 ke dashak mein polok taiyaar ki gayi riporton mein meghaalaya ki jinteinh pahaadiyon aur barma mein safed baaghon ke dekhe jaane ki khabar thi. 1892 aur 1922 ke beech, poona, oopari asam, udeesa, balispur aur koochabihaar mein safed baaghon ko goli maari gayi. 1920 aur 1930 ke dashak mein vibhinn anchalon mein safed baaghon ko goli maari gayi. isi samayaavadhi mein Bihar mein pandrah baaghon ko goli maari gayi. Calcutta sangrahaalaya aur Bihar ke tisri sthit meeka shivir mein traufiyon ki pradarshani lagi hui hain. raulaind ward ke rikaurds of big game mein safed baaghon ke aur bhi pramaan darj hain.

Victor H. kaahalane ne 1943 mein uttari cheen mein safed baaghon ke baare mein bataaya: "... uttar cheen mein badi taadaad mein nishchit roop se halake bhoore rang ke dhaariyon vaale rangaviheen baagh paida hue hain. melaanisteek (kaale) baagh bahut hi durlabh hain."[13] haalaanki, safed baagh rangaheen naheen hote. ye baagh amur baagh ki upaprajaati (painthera taaigris altaaika) ke safed baagh the, jinhein saaiberiyaai baagh ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. uttari cheen aur Korea mein safed baaghon ke hone ki khabar mili thi.[14][15] donon deshon mein safed baaghon ka saanskrutik mahatva hai. ve sumaatra aur jaava ki lokakathaaon ka bhi hissa hain.

jim kaurbet ne jungle mein ek safed baaghin par ek film banaaya, jiske naarangi rang ke do shaavak the. is film ke footage ko 1984 ki naishanal jyograafik film main itars of India mein istemaal kiya gaya tha, jo jim kaurbet dvaara 1957 mein isi naam se likhi gayi kitaab par aadhaarit thi. yeh jangalon mein safed baaghon ke astitv aur unke sanyog ka ek aur saboot hai. madhya pradesh ke reeva raajya ki poorv riyaasat mein Bandhavgadh raashtreeya udyaan ke website mein safed baaghon ki tasveerein dikhaai gayeen hain aur kaha gaya hai "Bandhavgadh ke jungle ateet mein safed baaghon ke jungle the." aaj, Bandhavgadh mein 46 se 52 naarangi rang ke baagh nivaas kar rahe hain, jo Bhaarat mein kisi bhi raashtreeya udyaan mein baaghon ki aabaadi mein sabse badi sankhya hai.[16]

safed saaiberiyaai baagh

jangali saaiberiyaai baaghon ke kshetron mein safed baaghon ke kabhi-kabhaar dekhe jaane ki khabaron ke baavajood shuddh safed saaiberiyaai baagh ka astitv vaigyaanik roop se siddh naheen kiya gaya hai. is baat ki kaafi sambhaavana hai ki saaiberiyaai baaghon mein safed rangat vaale pitraik naheen hote hain, kyonki pichhle kuchh dashakon ke dauraan saaiberiyaai baaghon ki bade paimaane par sanyog karaae jaane ke baavajood bandi avastha mein ek bhi shuddh safed baagh ka janm naheen hua hai. 20veen shataabdi ke madhya ke dauraan jangali saaiberiyaai baagh ki aabaadi lagbhag lupt hone lagi thi, at: yeh bhi sambhav hai ki safed rangat vaale pitraik ka vahan karne vaale saaiberiyaai baagh is dauraan mar gaye hon. vaigyaaniko dvaara saaiberiyaai baaghon ki aanuvanshik sanrachana ko poori tarah se samajhne ke liye abhi aur adhik anusandhaan ki aavashyakta hai.

bandi-avastha mein paae gaye prasiddh safed saaiberiyaai baagh vaastav mein vishuddh saaiberiyaai baagh naheen hain. daraasal ve Bengal tiger ke saath saaiberiyaai baaghon ke milan ke parinaam hain. Bengal tiger mein safed rangat vaale pitraik bahut aam hain, lekin jungle mein Bengal tiger ka praakrutik janm abhi bhi ek bahut hi durlabh ghatna hai, jahaan safed baagh chayanasheelata ke aadhaar par sanyog naheen karte hain. pitraik-samooh (jeenom) mein ek dohara pratisaari yugmaviklpi (eleel) hone ki vajah se safed baagh paida hote hai. ganana se pata chalta hai ki 10,000 jangali baaghon mein se lagbhag ek baagh safed baagh ke roop mein paida hota hai.

safed baagh ko baaghon ka ek upaprajaati naheen maana jaata hai, balki yeh maujooda baagh upaprajaatiyon ka ek utparivrti roop hai. yadi koi shuddh safed saaiberiyaai baagh paida hua ho to baagh sanrakshan kaaryakramon ke tahat chayanit aadhaar par aisa naheen hua hoga. adhik safed saaiberiyaai baagh paida karne ke prayaas mein sanbhavat: kaaryakram ke baahar kisi chuninda sthaan mein sanyog hua hoga. safed baaghon ki lokapriyta ke kaaran, darshakon ko chidiyaagharon ki or aakarshit karne ke liye unka istemaal kiya jaata hai aur ummeed ki jaati hai ki isse baaghon aur unki sthiti ke baare mein jaagrukta badhaai ja sakegi.

dhaareeviheen safed baagh aur sunahare dhaareedaar baagh

the miraaj par lagbhag ek bindhaari ke baagh ka pradarshan

ek atirikt aanuvanshik avastha safed baagh ki adhikaansh dhaariyon ko hata sakti hai, jisse yeh jaanavar lagbhag vishuddh safed ban jaaega. aisa hi ek namoona 1820 mein England ke ekjetar change mein pradarshit kiya gaya tha aur jaurjes kuviyr dvaara iska vivran is tarah diya gaya tha, "baagh ki ek safed kism kabhi-kabhi kaafi dhundhali dhaariyon ke saath dekhi jaati hai aur prakaash ke kuchh khaas konon ko chhodkar anya kisi bhi kon se ye dhaariyaan dikhaai naheen deti."[17] prakrutivid richrd ledekar ne kaha ki, "1820 mein ekjetar change ke puraane mainejari mein ek safed baagh ko pradarshit kiya gaya tha, jiske roen kreem jaisi rangat liye hue tha aur saath hi saath iske kuchh hisson mein inki dhaariyaan aam taur par dhundhali-si dikhaai de rahi thi."[18] haimiltan smith ne kaha, "1820 mein ekjetar change mainejari mein ek poornataya safed baagh ko pradarshit kiya gaya tha jiski dhaariyon ki rooparekha keval pratibinbit prakaash mein hi dikhaai dene yogya tha, uske dhaariyon ki yeh rooparekha ek safed dhaareedaar billi ke dhaariyon ki rooparekha ki tarah thi," aur John George vud ka kehna tha ki, "kreem ke rang ke safed baagh ki dhaariyaan itni feeki hoti hai ki unhein keval kuchh khaas prakaash mein hi dekha ja sakta hai." edavin henari laindasiyr ne bhi 1924 mein is baaghin ki rooparekha ka varnan kiya.

sinsinaati chidiyaaghar ke bhaai-bahan bheem aur sumita ke baar-baar ke maithun se nai nasl ke barf-jaise safed baaghon ka janm hua. usase sanbanddh pitraik unke aanshik-saaiberiyaai poovarj tauni ke jariye saaiberiyaai baagh se aaya hoga. maaloom hota hai ki lagaataar ant:sanyog ki vajah se hi pratisaari pitraik ki utpatti hui hai jiski vajah se yeh dhaareeviheenata dekhne ko milti hai. bheem aur sumita ke lagbhag ek-chauthaai bachche dhaareeviheen the. duniya bhar ke chidiyaagharon mein beche gaye unke dhaareedaar safed bachche bhi dhaareeviheen pitraik ke vaahak ho sakte hain. choonki tauni ke pitraik-samooh (jeenom) safed baaghon ki kai naslon mein maujood hain, isliye ho sakta hai ki anya bandi safed baaghon mein bhi yeh pitraik maujood ho. nateejatan, check ganaraajya, Spain aur maiksiko jaise door-daraaj ke chidiyaagharon mein bhi dhaareeviheen safed baaghon ko dekha gaya hai. manch par jaadoo dikhne vaale jaadoogar sigfraaid end Roy (Siegfried & Roy) aise pehle jaadoogar the jinhonne chayanaatmak roop se dhaareeviheen baaghon ki nasl paida karne ki koshish ki; unke paas sinsinaati chidiyaaghar (sumaatra, mantra, miraaj aur Akbar-Kabul) aur maiksiko ke gvaadalajara (vishnu aur jahaan) se laae gaye barf-sa safed Bengal taaigaron ke saath-saath Apollo naam ka ek dhaareeviheen saaiberiyaai baagh bhi tha.[19]

2004 mein Spain ke elikaint ke ek vanya jeev sharanasthal mein ek neeli aankhonvaala dhaareeviheen safed baagh paida hua. iske maata-pita saamaanya naarangi rang ke Bengal tiger the. is shaavak ka naam aartiko ("aarkatik") rakha gaya.

bheem evam sumita ki beti aur sigfraaid end Roy (Siegfried & Roy) ki dhaareeviheen safed baaghin, sitaara dvaara bachche janane tak dhaareeviheen safed baaghon ko baanjh maana jaata tha. safed baaghon ki nasl se utpann ek doosari kism ka baagh "golden taibi tiger" kahalaane wala asaamaanya roop se halke naarangi rangon wala baagh tha. ye sanbhavat: naarangi rang ke baagh hain jo ek pratisaari pitraik ke roop mein dhaareeviheen safed pitraik ka vahan karte hain. Bhaarat ke kuchh safed baagh safed aur naarangi ke rang ke beech ke rang ke aur bahut gahre rang ke hote hain.

aanuvanshiki aur vivrnata

ek joo mein white tiger ka bandhana.dhaariyon ki upasthiti se sanket milta hai yeh sach ke vivrn naheen hai.
Singapore chidiyaaghar mein white tiger

aam dhaarana ke vipreet, safed baagh vivrn naheen hote hain kyonki vaastavik vivrn baaghon mein dhaariyaan naheen hoti hain. yahaan tak ki aaj jise "dhaareeviheen" safed baagh ke roop mein jaana jaata hai, unki dhaariyon ka rang vaastav mein bahut halka hota hai.

kathit taur par chinchila pitraik (safed ke liye) ki pehchaan galati se vivrn shrrunkhala (1980 ke dashak se pehle ke prakaashan ise ek vivrn pitraik ke roop mein sandarbhit karte hain) ke ek yugmaviklpi ke roop mein kiye jaane ki vajah se kuchh bhram ho jaata hai. utparivrtan saamaanya rang se pratisaari ya aprabhaavi hota hai, jiska arth yeh hai ki utparivrti pitraik ka vahan karne vaale do naarangi baagh safed baaghon ko janm de sakte hain aur do safed baaghon ke milan se sirf safed shaavak hi paida honge. anya pitraikon ke prabhaav aur ant:kriya ki vajah se dhaariyon ke rang mein antar hota hai.

jabki avarodhak ("chinchila") pitraik baal ke rang ko prabhaavit karta hai, ek alag tarah ka "wide band" pitraik bhi hota hai jo egooti ke baalon ke gahre rang samoohon ke beech ki doori ko prabhaavit karta hai.[20] is wide band pitraik ki do pratiyon ko viraasat mein paane wala ek naarangi baagh sunahara dhaareedaar ho jaata hai; in do pratiyon ko viraasat mein paane wala safed baagh lagbhag ya poori tarah se dhaareeviheen ho jaata hai. sanyog ke kaaran pratisaari pitraikon ka prabhaav saamane aata hai, fir bhi safed baaghon mein prushthabhoomi aur dhaariyon ke rang mein bhinnata hoti hai.

1907 ke bilkul shurooaat mein prakrutivid richrd ledekar ne vivrn baaghon ke astitv par sandeh vyakt kiya tha.[21] haalaanki hamaare paas sahi maayane mein vivrnata ki ek report hai: 1922 mein, journal of the Bombay necharal history society mein "misleniys not" mein Victor N. Narayan ke anusaar koochabihaar jila ke tisri sthit mika camp mein do gulaabi aankhon vaale vivrn shaavakon ki unki maan ke saath goli maar di gayi thi. in vivrn baaghon ke baare mein bataaya gaya tha ki ve up-vyask baagh dekhne mein beemaar lag rahe the, unki gardan lambi aur aankhein gulaabi thi.

safed baagh, syaam desh ki billiyon aur himaayal ke kharagoshon ke roen mein kuchh khaas tarah ke enjaaim hote hain jo taapamaan ke saath pratikriya kar thand mein unhein gahra rang pradaan karte hain. Bristol chidiyaaghar mein mohini naam ki ek safed baaghin apne kreem rangat vaale rishtedaaron ki tulana mein kaheen adhik safed thi. ho sakta hai aisa isliye hua ho kyonki vah jaade mein bahut kam samay baahar bitaati thi.[22] safed baagh taayarosines ka ek utparivrtit roop paida karte hain, yeh ek aisa enjaaim hai jo melaanin ke utpaadan mein istemaal hota hai, jo nishchit taapamaan (98 degree faurenahaait se neeche) par hi kaarya karta hai. yahi vajah hai ki syaam desh ki billiyon aur himaalaya kshetr ke kharagoshon ke chehare, kaan, pair aur poonchh (rang vaale hisse) ke rang gahre hote hain, jahaan thand aasaani se pravesh kar jaati hai. ise ekromelaanijm kehte hain aur himaalaya kshetr ki aur snoshoo billi jaisi syaami billiyon se vyutpann anya billiyon ki nasl bhi isi sthiti ko darshaati hain.[23] 1960 ke dashak mein nai Delhi chidiyaaghar ke nideshak ke. S. saankhala ne dekha ki reeva ke safed baagh hamesha, yahaan tak ki nai Delhi mein paida hokar vaapas vahaan bheje jaane par bhi, safed hi hote the. "dhool bhare aangan mein rahane ke baavajood ve hamesha barf jaise safed rahate the."[9] safed baaghon ki rangat mein I kami ka sambandh pratyaksh roop se ek kamzor pratirksha tantr se hota hai.

aanuvanshik mudde

Bhaarat ke baahar, safed baaghon ki aankhein tirchhi hua karti hain, jise tiryakadrushti kehte hain, yeh "klaarens the krausd-aaid lauyan" ki ek misaal hai,[24] aisa iseeliye hota hai kyonki safed baaghon ke dimaag mein drushya pathon ki trutipoorn jamaghat lagi rahati hai. baagh prashikshak Andy goldafaarb ke anusaar atyadhik thakaan ya ulajhan mein hone se sabhi safed baagh apni aankhein tirchhi kar lete hain. unki yeh tiryakadrushti mishrit Bengal/saaiberiyaai poorvajon se sambaddh hai. mohini ki beti revati hi ekamaatr shuddh Bengal white tiger thi jiski aankhein kathit taur par tedhi thi. tiryakadrushti ka pratyaksh sambandh safed pitraik se hai aur yeh ant: sanyog ka koi alag parinaam naheen hai.[25][26][27] safed baaghon ke naarangi shaavakon mein tiryakadrushti ke lakshan naheen hote hain. adhyayan kiye gaye syaami billiyon aur vivrnon ki pratyek prajaatiyon mein se sabhi mein safed baaghon ki tarah hi drushyagat path ki asaamaanyata ka pradarshan karte hain. kuchh vivrn ferat (nevale ki jaati ka ek jaanavar) ki tarah hi syaami billiyon ki aankhein bhi tedhi hoti hai. safed baaghon mein drushya path asaamaanyata ki pramaan sabse pehle moni naamak safed baagh ki mrutyu ke baad uske mastishk mein mila tha, haalaanki usaki aankhein saamaanya sanrekhan ki theen. asaamaanyata ka taatparya drushtigt vyatyaasika mein kisi vyavadhaan se hai. moni ke mastishk ki jaanch se pata chala ki syaami billiyon ki apeksha safed baaghon mein vyavadhaan kam gambhir hota hai. drushya maarg asaamaanyata ke kaaran, jisse kuchh drushtigt tantrikaaen mastishk ki galat disha mein chali jaati hain, safed baaghon mein sthaanik unmukheekaran ki samasya hoti hai aur unki drushti tab tak dhakke khaati rahati hai jab tak ve iski kshatipoorti karna seekh naheen lete. kuchh baagh apni aankhein tirchhi karke kshatipoorti karte hain. jab tantrika-koshikaaen retina se hokar mastishk mein jaati hain aur drushtigt vyatyaasika tak pahunchati hain, kuchh ise paar kar jaati hain aur kuchh naheen karateen, jisse drushya chhaviyaan mastishk ke galat golaarddh mein prakshepit ho jaati hain. safed baagh aam baaghon ki tarah achhi tarah naheen dekh paate hain aur vivrn baaghon ki tarah ye bhi prakaashabheeti (fotofobiya) se peedit hote hain.[28]

loss Vegas ke jaadoogar dirk aarthar ne havaai ke paana'eva renafaurest joo ko tedhi aankho vaale namaste naam ka ek nar safed baagh daanasvaroop pradaan kiya tha jiska vajan 450 pound hai.[29] sigfraaid end Roy (Siegfried & Roy) ki pustak "maastaring the imapausibl" mein ek safed baagh ki tasveer hai jo sirf ek taraf se bheinga dikhaai deta hai. toni ki bahan skaaralet O'haara naamak safed baaghin sirf daayeen or se bheingi thi. joon 1977 mein Kingdom 3, henari County, jaurjiya pashu park mein paida teen safed baaghon mein skaaralet hi akeli jeevit bachi thi. skaaralet ki aankh ko theek karne ke liye do maansapeshiyon ko kasane aur dheela karne ke liye skaaralet ka ek operation kiya gaya tha, jo maanav jaati ke liye kaafi had tak ek saamaanya operation hai. use Atlanta ke gredi memoriyl aspataal ke pashu anusandhaan klinik mein bheja gaya. usaka maalik bairan jooliys vaun uhal us park mein Singh prashikshak tha aur uske netr shalya chikitsak ne operation kiya.[30] skaaralet par sanjnyaaaheenata (enestheesiya) ka ulta asar hua aur usaki mrutyu ho gayi. Atlanta joo ke pashuchikitsak mortan silbaramain ne kaha, "anya aanuvanshik dosh hone ki hamesha sambhaavana hoti hai" aur inmein se kuchh ne usaki enestheesiya ko sahan karne ki kshamata ko prabhaavit kar diya hoga.[31] baagh prashikshak elan gold ne kaha ki safed baaghon mein shalya chikitsa ke maadhyam se bheingi aankhon ko sahi karne ke prayaas asafal rahe hain, kyonki samasya unki aankhon mein naheen, balki unke dimaag mein hai. safed baaghon ki aankhein janm se hi bheingi naheen hoteen; balki unke jeevanakaal ke kisi padaav mein is sthiti ka vikaas ho sakta hai. kesari ke 1976 ke vansh samooh se aaika naamak ek nar safed baagh apne shaishavakaal mein bheinga naheen tha. balki aage chalakar usamein yeh tiryakadrushti ki samasya ka vikaas hua. revati bhi apne shaishavakaal mein bheingi naheen thi. tirchhi aankhonvaale safed baagh ke baare mein sinsinaati joo ke nideshak Ed maarooska ne kaha: 52 navajaat safed baaghon mein se chaar baaghon ko tiryakadrushti ki samasya thi, in sabhi ye sabhi chaaron safed shaavak keshari aur tauni ke bachche the. bheem aur sumita (bhaai-bahan) vaise hi bane rahe aur pehle paida hue shaavakon mein se ek nar shaavak ko chhodkar baaki sabhi shaavakon ki aankhein saamaanya thi. choonki tiryakadrushti ka maamala shaayad hi kabhi saamane aata hai aur shaayad iska sambandh safed rangat vaale pitraik se hota hai, isliye is baat ki sambhaavana hai ki aage chalakar yeh chayanaatmak sanyog dvaara kam ya yahaan tak ki samaapt ho jaae."[32]

daanton ki suraakh ko bharne ke dauraan enestheesiya (sanjnyaaaheenata) ki jatilta ki vajah se 1992 mein sain entoniyo joo mein sinsinaati joo mein paida hue bheem aur sumita ke bete, chetan naam ke ek nar safed baagh ki maut ho gayi. aisa lagta hai ki safed baaghon mein enesthesiya ke prati ajeeb tarah ki pratikriya hoti hai. kisi baagh ko nishchal karne ki sarvotkrusht dava seeaai744 (CI744) hai, lekin kuchh baaghon, vishesh roop se safed baaghon, ko 24-36 ghanton ke baad fir se dard nivaarak dava deni padti hai.[33] chidiyaaghar ke pashu chikitsak David Taylor ke anusaar aisa isliye hota hai ki ye taairosinej naamak enjaaims, vivrn pashuon mein ek khaas lakshan hai, utsarjit karne mein asamarth hote hain. Germany ke stukenabrok fritj vurm ke safaari park mein unhonne sinsinaati joo ke ek jodi safed baaghon mein sailmonela baikteriya ke jahar ka ilaaj kiya tha, jin par enesthesiya ka ajeeb tarah ka asar hua tha.[34]

1960 mein mohini mein chediyaak-higaashi sindrom ki jaanch ki gayi, lekin nateeja anirnaayak hi raha.[35][36] yeh sthiti vivrn utparivrtanon jaisa hi hai aur iske kaaran khaal ka rang kadkati bijli ki tarah neelaapan hota hai, tirchhi najar liye hue hote hain aur surgery ke baad lambe samay tak khoon bahata rahata hai. saath hi chot lagne ki sthiti mein bhi khoon ke jamane ki prakriya dheemi ho jaati hai. yahi sthiti paalatoo billi mein bhi dekhi gayi hai, lekin chediyaak-higaashi sindrom vaale safed baagh ke maamale mein aisa kabhi naheen hota. milvauki County joo se mili khabar ke anusaar keindreeya drushtiptal sambandhi vikaar vaale safed baagh ka keval ek hi maamala saamane aaya hai, jo aankhon mein ranjakata ki kami se sambandhit ho sakta hai.[36][37] yeh maamala sinsinaati joo se laaye gaye mota naamak ek safed nar baagh bhi is savaal ke ghere mein tha.

ek mithk hai ki safed baaghon ke shaavakon ki mrutyu dar 80% hai. haalaanki safed baaghon ke shaavakon ki mrutyu dar kaid mein rahanevaale aam naarangi baaghon se paida honevaale shaavakon ki mrutyu dar ki tulana mein bahut jyaada naheen hai. sinsinaati joo ke nideshak Ed maarooska ne kaha: "hamalogon ne apne safed baaghon ko aparipkv aayu mein marate naheen dekha hai. hamaare sangrah mein janme bayaalis jaanavar aaj bhi jeevit hai. mohan naamak ek bahut bada safed baagh 20 saal poora karne se thoda pehle hi mar gaya, itni badi umr kisi bhi up-prajaati ke nar ke liye bahut badi baat hai, kyonki kaid mein rahane vaale jyaadaatar nar jaanavar bahut kam din jinda rahate hain. doosare sangrahon mein aparipkv mrutyu ka kaaran pijde ki paryaavaraneeya sthiti ho sakti hai... 52 mein se chaar mrut paida hue, jismein se ek rahasyamaya nuksaan tha. iske atirikt hamalogon ne do shaavakon ko vaayaral nyoomoniya mein kho diya, jo koi bahut badi baat naheen hai. gair-ant:sanyog se paida honevaale baaghon ke aankadon ke bina kisi sateek roop se yeh tay karna mushkil hai ki yeh taadaad adhik hai ya kam."[38] Ed maarooska ne vikruti ke mudde ko bhi sambodhit kiya: "ek safed nar baagh ko honevaale nitmb durviksan (hip displesiya) ke maamale ko chhodkar kisi bhi tarah ki shaareerik vikruti ya kisi tarah ke shaareerik ya mastishk sambandhit vikaar se hamalogon ka saamana naheen hua hai. anya sangrahon mein kuchh utparivrtit baaghon ki beemaari ke maamale mein yeh seedhe sahajaateeya sanyog ya anupayukt paalan-poshan prabandhan ka nateeja ho sakta hai."[39]

anya anuvaanshik samasyaaon mein agale pairon ki nason mein khinchaav, club pair, gurde ki samasyaaen, reedh ki haddi ka dhanushaakaar ya vakr hona aur gardan mein ainthan shaamil hain. jaanemaane "tiger main" Kailash saankhala ka kehna hai, vishuddh-Bengal safed baagh mein ant:sanyog avasaad ke kaaran sanyog kshamata ghatati hai aur garbhapaat ho jaata hai.[9] badi billiyon (baaghon) ke ant:sanyog se judi, "star gaijing" naam ki ek sthiti kathit taur par safed baagh mein bhi paayi gayi hai.[40] uttari America mein paida hue kuchh safed baagh chapati naak, baahar ki or ubhare hue jabade, gunbadaakaar sir badi-badi aankhon ke saath donon aankhon ke beech mein kharoj sahit vuladaug ka chehara liye paida hue. haalaanki inmein se kuchh lakshan ant:sanyog ke bajaae aparyaapt aahaar se jude ho sakte hain.

ant:sanyog aur sankar-sanyog

fraans ke joopaark de biyuval mein white tiger
Delhi ke chidiyaaghar mein white tiger

jungle mein rahane vaale safed baaghon mein yugmaviklpi ki atidurlabhata ke kaaran,[9] kaid mein rahane vaale alpasankhyak safed baaghon ki maujooda sanyog kshamata seemit ho gayi hai. Kailash saankhala ke anusaar, jungle mein aakhiri baar dekhe gaye safed baagh ko 1958 mein goli maar di gayi thi.[9][41][42] in dinon chidiyaagharon ke pinjadon mein itni badi sankhya mein safed baagh kaid hain ki ant:sanyog ab jaroori naheen rah gaya hai. abhi haal hi mein, ho sakta hai ki central hil mein ek safed amoor baagh ka janm hua ho aur isse safed amoor baaghon ki nasl mein vruddhi hui ho. daayeen taraf ki tasveer mein dikhaai dene wala safed baagh France ke joo park di biyooval mein hai jo central hil se aaya tha. Robert baudi naam ke ek vyakti ko anubhav hua ki uske baaghon mein safed pitraik tha jab uske dvaara inglaind ke maaravel joo ko beche ek baagh mein safed dhabbon ka vikaas hua aur usane usi tarah unka sanyog karaaya.[43] Robert baudi ke baaghon se utpann safed amoor baaghon mein se chaar baagh taampa be ke lauri park joo mein hain.

safed baaghon ke asanbaddh naarangi baaghon ke saath sankar sanyog dvaara safed-pitraik sanchaya mein vruddhi karna aur fir inke shaavakon ka upayog aur safed baaghon ko paida karna bhi sambhav ho gaya hai. Ranjit, bharat, priya aur bheem sabhi safed baagh sankar the; kuchh misaalein ek se adhik baaghon ki bhi hai. bharat ko sain Francisco joo ke Jack naamak ek asanbaddh naarangi baagh se sanyog karaaya gaya tha aur usaki kanchan naam ki ek naarangi beti thi.[44] bharat aur priya ko bhi noksavil joo ke ek asanbaddh naarangi baagh ke saath sanyog karaaya gaya tha aur Ranjit ko bhi isi baagh ki bahan ke saath sanyog karaaya gaya tha, vah bhi noksavil joo ki baaghin thi. bheem, sinsinaati joo ki kimanthi naam ki ek asanbaddh naarangi baaghin ke saath sanyog kar kai shaavakon ka pita bana. omaaha joo ki kai baaghinon ke saath Ranjit ka yaun-sambandh tha.[45]

Bristol joo ke safed baaghon ke antim vanshaj sankar-sanyog se utpann naarangi rang ke baaghon ka jhund tha jise ek Pakistani senator ne khareedkar Pakistan bhej diya. sinsinaati joo mein paida hone wala, priteriya joo ka safed baagh, raajiv ka bhi sankar sanyog karaaya gaya tha aur vah pritoriya joo mein ek saath paida hue kam se kam do naarangi rang ke shaavakon ka pita tha. ant:sanyog se aur adhik sankhya mein safed baagh paida karne ke uddeshya se sankar sanyog karna jaroori naheen hai.

Miami metrojoo par white tiger

sankar-sanyog, safed nasl ke baaghon mein shuddh rakt laane ka ek tareeka hai. nai Delhi chidiyaaghar ne sankar-sanyog ke liye Bhaarat ke kuchh behtar chidiyaagharon ko safed baagh diya tha aur sarkaar ko ya to safed baaghon ko ya unke naarangi rang ke shaavakon ko vaapas karne ke liye chidiyaagharon ko majaboor karne ke liye ek anudesh jaari karna pada tha.

sigfraaid end Roy (Siegfried & Roy) ne kam se kam ek sankar sanyog karaaya tha.[46] 1980 ke dashak ke madhya mein unhonne safed baagh ki ek svasth nasl ke nirmaan mein Bhaarat sarkaar ke saath kaam karne ki peshakash ki. bataaya gaya ki Bhaarat sarkaar ne peshakash ko sveekaar kar liya,[47] baharahaal, nai Delhi chidiyaaghar mein dhanushaakaar peeth aur jude hue pair ke saath shaavakon ke paida hone ke kaaran unhein sukhamrutyu dene ki jaroorat mahasoos kiye jaane ke baad Bhaarat ne safed baaghon ke sanyog par rok laga di thi.[48] sigfraaid end Roy (Siegfried & Roy) ne naishavil joo ke sahayog se safed baagh paida kiye aur uparokt chidiyaaghar mein paida hue shaavakon ke saath ve lairi King kaaryakram mein dikhaai diye.

aitihaasik record

luisiyaana mein nyu oraliyans ke audoobon chidiyaaghar mein white tiger

ek shikaari ki daayari mein 1960 se pachaas saal pehle reeva mein 9 safed baaghon ka jikr hai. the journal of the Bombay necharal history society ki khabar ke anusaar 1907 aur 1933 ke beech 17 safed baagh goli ke shikaar hue. E. pi. gi ne jungle mein rahane vaale 35 safed baaghon ka 1959 tak ka vivran ikattha kiya, ismein asam, jahaan unka chai baagaan tha, ki sankhya ko shumaar naheen kiya gaya hai, haalaanki asam ke aardrataavaale jungle ko gi dvaara kaale baaghon ke basere ke liye upayukt bataaya gaya hai. jungle mein rahane vaale kuchh baaghon mein laalanuma dhaariyaan theen, unhein "laal baagh" ke naam se jaana jaata hai. 1900 ke dashak ke shuroo mein do safed baaghon ko goli maarane ke baad unke naam par oopari asam ke ti estate ka naam boga-baagh ya "white tiger" pad gaya. orthar lok ke lekhan "the tiger of trenagaanu" (1954) mein safed baaghon ka jikr hai.

kuchh kshetron mein, yeh jaanavar sthaaneeya parampara ka ek hissa hai. cheen mein ise pashchim ke devata baihoo (Japan mein baayakkoo aur Korea mein back-ho) ke roop mein sammaan diya jaata hai, jo untamoon aur dhaatu se sambaddh hai. dakshin Korea ke raashtreeya jhande mein taigavek prateek ke roop mein safed baagh ko darshaaya gaya hai – safed baagh buraai ka prateek hai, iske vipreet hara draigan achhaai ka. bhaarateeya andhavishvaas mein safed baagh hindu devata ka avataar maana gaya hai aur maana jaata hai jo koi ise maarega vah saal bhar ke andar mar jaaega. sumaatra aur jaava ke shaahi gharaane ko safed baaghon ka vanshaj hone ka daava kiya jaata tha aur in jaanvaron ko shaahi gharaane ka punarjanm maana jaata tha. jaava mein safed baagh ko vilupt hindi saamraajyon aur bhoot-pret se sambaddh kiya jaata tha. satrahaveen sadi ke raajadarabaar ke sanrakshak ka prateek bhi yahi tha.

mugal saamraajya (1556-1605) ke dauraan Bhaarat ke jangalon mein kaali dhaareevaale safed baagh dekhe gaye the. gvaaliyr ke nikat shikaar karte hue Akbar ki 1590 saal ki ek peinting mein chaar baagh dikhaai dete hain, jinmein se do safed lagte hain.[12] is chitrakaari ko aap http://www.messybeast.com/genetics/tigers-white.htm mein dekh sakte hain. iske alaava 1907 aur 1933 ke beech Bhaarat ke vibhinn kshetron: udeesa, bilaasapur, sohaagapur aur reeva, mein safed baaghon ke adhik se adhik 17 udaaharan darj kiye gaye. 22 January 1939 ko Nepal ki taraai ke barada shivir mein Nepal ke pradhaanamantri ne ek safed baagh ko goli maar di. aakhiri baar dekhe gaye jangali safed baagh ko 1958 mein goli maar di gayi thi aur maana jaata hai ki jungle se baagh vilupt ho chuke hain.[9] tab se Bhaarat mein jungle mein rahane vaale safed baaghon ke baare mein kahaaniyaan banti rahi hain, lekin inhein kisi ne vishvaasayogya naheen maana hai. aupachaarik roop se bataaya gaya hai ki jim kaurbet apne "main-itar of kumaaoon" (1964)[49] mein ek safed baaghin ka sandarbh dete hain ki unke liye safed baagh saamaanya se adhik kuchh bhi naheen the, unhonne do naarangi shaavakon ke saath is safed baaghin par film banaaya tha. kaurbet ki yeh shvet-shyaam film ki footage jungle mein rahane vaale safed baagh ki shaayad ekamaatr aisi film hai jo astitv mein hai. isse yeh bhi saaf hota hai ki jungle mein safed baaghon ka astitv tha aur vahaan unhonne bachche bhi paida kiye the. is film ka istemaal naishanal jiyograafi ke dastaaveji-naatya roopaantar "main-itars of India" (1984) mein kiya gaya tha jo ki kaurbet ke jeevan ke baare mein aur unki 1957 ki isi naam ki ek pustak par aadhaarit tha. safed baagh ka ek siddhaant kehta hai ki ve ant:sanyog ke soochak the, kyonki atyadhik shikaar aur praakrutik aavaas ke khatm hone ke parinaamasveeroop baaghon ki aabaadi kam hoti chali gayi. 1965 mein Washington di. si. mein hilvud estate, jo ab ek myujiym ki tarah sanchaalit hai, mein maarjori mereevedar post ke "India kalekshan" mein ek chair tha jiski gaddi safed baagh ke chamade ki thi. iski ek rangeen tasveer life patrika ke 5 November 1965 ke ank mein chhapi thi.[50] October naishanal jiograafi ke 1975 ke ank mein sanyukt arab ameeraat ke rakshaamantri ke daftar ki prakaashit tasveeron mein safed baaghon ki bharamaar hai.[51] abhineta seejar romero ke paas ek safed baagh ki khaal thi.

lokapriya sanskruti

safed baaghon ko saahitya, video game, television aur kaumik kitaabon mein aksar pesh kiya jaata hai. aise misaalon mein sveedish rock band keint bhi shaamil hai, jisne 2002 mein apne sabse adhik briki hue elabam vepen end emuneshan ke kavar par safed baagh ko dikhaaya. yeh band ki or se haavathron sarkas ke mukhya aakarshan ko unke apne shahar eskilstoona ke sthaaneeya chidiyaaghar mein laaye gaye safed baagh ke liye shraddhaanjali thi. America ke sinth-rock band the keelar ne bhi apne "hyuman" geet ke video mein safed baagh ko dikhaaya. 1980 ke dashak mein safed baagh ke naam par America ke ek aakarshak dhaatu ka bhi naam white tiger rakha gaya.

Arvind adiga ke upanyaas "the white tiger" ne 2008 mein main bukar prize jeeta. mukhya kirdaar aur sootradhaar apne aapko "the white tiger" kehta hai. yeh bachche ke roop mein use diya gaya ek upanaam tha jo darshaata hai ki "jungle" (usaka shahar) mein vah anokha tha, yeh bhi ki vah doosaron se kaheen adhik hoshiyaar tha.

safed baaghon se sambandhit khelon mein joo taaikoon (Zoo Tycoon) aur vaarakraaft yunivrs (Warcraft universe) shaamil hain. maaiti morafin power reinjars aur Japani super seintaai donon shrrunkhalaaon mein white tiger ki theem waali meka (mecha) ka istemaal kiya gaya hai, power reinjar shrrunkhala ki utpatti super seintaai se hi hui hai. Power Rangers: Wild Force aur iske seintaai pratiroop se utpann white reinjar mein bhi white tiger ki theem wala meka ke saath-saath white tiger ki shakti bhi hai.

Canada ke ontaariyo ke bomainavil joo ke ek prashikshit safed baagh ka upayog enimorfs TV shrrunkhala mein kiya gaya tha. heroes of maait end maijik IV mein bhi safed baaghon ko dikhaaya gaya hai, jahaan ve nechar team ki leval 2 unit hain. yahaan tak ki dekstars laiboretari mein white tiger aur the Justice freinds the aur eneeme raunin warriors mein white blej naam ke ek safed baagh ko kai baar dikhaaya gaya hai. gild vaars faikshans mein white taaigars ko ek jangali, paalanelaayak "paalatoo" saathi ke roop mein dikhaaya gaya hai. ant mein, safed baaghon ki lokapriyta ke kaaran niji upayogakartaaon ne Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion ke mauds ya khel paich banaane ke liye khajit prajaatiyon ke baaghon mein parivartan karke unamein vaastavik lagne waali oonchaai aur maanak shaareerik aakaar sahit safed baaghon ke abhilkshanon ka samaavesh karna shuroo kiya.

isi tarah beast vaars ka paatr tigotron jo white tiger kaumik book ka hero hai, safed baagh ke roop mein badal jaata hai. The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe film mein safed baagh ko white vich ke liye ladte hue dikhaaya gaya hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

  • sankar sanyog avasaad
  • bandi safed baagh

sandarbh

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! ek durlabh white tiger ka svaamitv vivaadit." the detraayat news 11 fravari 1975 ansh A prushth. 3;

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!: bhaarateeya baagh ki kahaani/Kailash saankhala New York Simon & shoostar c1977. (oopar ka sandarbh dekhein)

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the baalteemor san, somvaar 28 joon 1976 prushth C.1;

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