saddaam husain

saddaam husain

saddaam husain abd al-maajid al-tikriti (arabi: صaaدaaاaaم حaaسaaيaaن عaaبaaد اaaلaaمaaجaaيaaد اaaلaaتaaكaaرaaيaaتaaي) do dashak tak (16 July, 1979 se 9 April, 2003 tak) iraak ke raashtrapati rah chuke hai. unhein 30 December 2006 ko uttari Baghdad mein sthaaneeya samay ke anusaar subah 6 baje faaainsi di gai gayi[1][2].

31 varsh ki aayu mein saddaam husain ne general Ahmad al bakr ke saath mil kar Iraq ki satta haasil ki. 1979 mein vah khud Iraq ke raashtrapati ban gaye. san 1982 mein Iraq mein hae dujail janasanhaar maamale mein faaainsi ki saja mili.

jeevani

saddaam husain ka janm 28 April 1937 ko bagdaad ke uttar mein sthit tikrit ke paas al-oja gaanv mein hua tha. unke majadoor pita unke janm ke pehle hi divangat ho chuke the. unki maan ne apne devar se shaadi kar li thi lekin bachche ki paravarish ki khaatir use jald hi teesare vyakti se shaadi karni padi. us daur ka tikrit apni veebhatsataaon ke liye kukhyaat tha. in paristhitiyon ne saddaam ko bachapan mein hi bhayaanak roop se shakki aur nirdayi bana diya. bachchon ke haathon pitne ke bhaya se baal saddaam hamesha apne paas ek lohe ki chhad rakhata tha. aur jab-tab isse jaanvaron ki pitaai kiya karta tha.

kishoraavastha mein kadam rakhate-rakhate vah vidrohi ho gaya aur british niyantrit raajatantr ko ukhaad feinkane ke liye chal rahe raashtravaadi aandolan mein kood pada. haalaanki pashchim ke akhbaar is aandolan ko gunde-badmaashon ki toli hi kehte hain. 1956 mein vah baath soshalist party mein shaamil ho gaye. baath party arab jagat mein saamyavaadi vichaaron ki vaahak fauj thi. saddaam usamein vaichaarik pratibaddhata ke kaaran naheen, apni deerghakaalik rananeeti ke tahat shaamil hue.

varsh 1958 mein Iraq mein british samarthit sarkaar ke khilaaf vidroh bhadka aur Brigadier abdul kareem kaasim ne raajashaahi ko hataakar satta apne kabje mein kar li. saddaam tab Baghdad mein padhaai karta tha. tabhi usane 1959 mein apne gang ki madad se kaasim ki hatya karne ki asafal koshish ki. vah desh se bhaag kar mistr pahunch gaye. chaar saal baad yaani 1963 mein kaasim ke khilaaf baath party mein fir bagaavat hui. baath party ke Colonel abdal salaam mohammad aarif gaddi par baithe aur saddaam ghar laut aae. isi beech saddaam ne saajida se shaadi ki jisse unke do putr aur teen putriyaan huin.

saddaam jyaada din chain se naheen rah paae. ek baar fir baath party mein bagaavat hui aur saddaam ko nai hukoomat ne jail mein daal diya. vah tab tak jail ki hava khaate rahe jab tak ki 1968 mein baath party ke major general Ahmad hasan al bakar ne takhta palat kar satta naheen hathiya li. al bakar unke chachere bhaai bhi lagte the. vah al bakar ki rivaulyooshanari command kaaunsil ke pramukh sadasya ban gaye. sach baat to yeh bhi hai ki vahi bakar ki satta ke asli kartta-dhartta the. shuruaat mein vah bade udaar the lekin dheere-dheere apne asli roop mein aa gaye. bakar beemaar the aur satta ki chaabuk ka vahi istemaal karte the. unhonne sunni jagat mein apni alag chhavi banaai aur parade ke peechhe apna ek alag samooh taiyaar karte rahe. 16 July 1979 ko al bakar ko satta se hata kar vah swayam Iraqi gaddi par baith gaye. vah chaahate to is satta parivartan ko svaabhaavik hinsaarahit takhtaapalat ka roop de sakte the lekin unhein to yeh sandesh dena tha ki ab satta mein saddaam aa gaya hai, isliye bagaavati tevar vaale saavdhaan ho jaaen. unhonne ek ke baad ek 66 deshadrohiyon ko maut ke ghaat utaar diya. apne shaasan ke aaranbhik varshon mein saddaam husain America ke laadle the. unhonne Iran se yuddh mol liya aur America se madad li. ronaald regan ne unki madad ki. kaisa vidroop hai ki haal mein jab regan ki mrutyu hui to vah usi ameriki satta ki jail mein maut ka intajaar kar rahe the.

saddaam husain par shiyaaon ke saath bhedabhaav karne ka aarop hai. 1982 mein ek baar dujail gaanv mein unke oopar hamla hua tha. jiske javaab mein unhonne vahaan 148 shiyaaon ki hatya karva di. vahi faisala aaj unki faansi ka kaaran bana. isi tarah kurdon ke oopar bhi unke julmon ki kathaaen kam dardanaak naheen hain. haalaanki das varsh tak vah lagaataar Iran se ladte rahe, jisse unki chhavi ek jujhaaroo ladaake ki bani lekin unki ulati ginti tab shuroo hui jab unhonne 1990 mein Kuwait par kabja kar liya. isse vah ameriki satta pratishthaanon ki najaron mein aa gaye aur jaldi hi khaadi yuddh shuroo ho gaya. 42 din ke yuddh ke baad Iraq ameriki gathabandhan senaaon se paraajit to hua par saddaam husain naheen jhuke. isi vajah se baar-baar America ko lagta raha ki vah fir chunauti ban sakte hain. lihaaja unke khilaaf 2003 mein fir yuddh hua aur uske baad ki kahaani hamaare saamane hai. vah ek taanaashaah to the lekin jis tarah se unhonne khud ko antararaashtreeya falak par pesh kiya aur America ke aage naheen jhuke, usane uhein vaakai arab jagat ka naayak bana diya. dekhna yeh hai ki unhein itihaas kis tarah yaad rakhata hai

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain