sachchidaanand vaatsyaayan

upanaam: ajnyaeya
janm: 7 March 1911
kusheenagar, devariya, uttar pradesh, Bhaarat
mrutyu: 4 April 1987
Delhi, Bhaarat
kaaryakshetr: kavi, lekhak
raashtreeyata: bhaarateeya
bhaasha: hindi
kaal: aadhunik kaal
vidha: kahaani, kavita, upanyaas, nibandh
vishay: saamaajik, yathaarthavaadi
saahityik
aandolan
:
nai kavita,
prayogavaad
pramukh kruti(yaaain): aaaingan ke paar dwaar, kitni naavon mein kitni baar
hastaakshar: Hastaksharagyeya.jpg
saahitya academy tatha jnyaaanapeeth dvaara sammaanit

sachchidaanand heeraanand vaatsyaayan "ajnyaeya" (7 March, 1911- 4 April, 1987) ko pratibhaasampann kavi, shaileekaar, katha-saahitya ko ek mahattvapoorn mod dene vaale kathaakaar, lalit-nibndhakaar, sampaadak aur safal adhyaapak ke roop mein jaana jaata hai.[1] inka janm 7 March 1911 ko uttar pradesh ke devariya jile ke kusheenagar naamak aitihaasik sthaan mein hua. bachapan Lucknow, Kashmir, Bihar aur Madras mein beeta. bi.S.si. karke angreji mein M.A. karte samay kraantikaari aandolan se judkar bam banaate hue pakade gaye aur vahaaain se faraar bhi ho gaye. san1930 E. ke ant mein pakad liye gaye. ajnyaeya prayogavaad evam nai kavita ko saahitya jagat mein pratishthit karne vaale kavi hain. anek Japani haaiku kavitaaon ko ajnyaeya ne anoodit kiya. bahuaayaami vyaktitv ke ekaantamukhi prakhar kavi hone ke saath-saath ve ek achhe photographer aur satyaanveshi paryatak bhi the.

anukram

shiksha

praarambhik shiksha-deeksha pita ki dekh rekh mein ghar par hi sanskrut, faarasi, angreji aur baangla bhaasha va saahitya ke adhyayan ke saath hui. 1925 mein Punjab se entreins ki pareeksha paas ki aur uske baad Madras krischan college mein daakhil hue. vahaaain se vigyaan mein intar ki padhaai poori kar 1927 mein ve bi.SC. karne ke liye Lahore ke fairaman college ke chhaatr bane. 1929 mein bi. SC. karne ke baad M.A. mein unhonne angreji vishay liya; par kraantikaari gatividhiyon mein hissa lene ke kaaran padhaai poori na ho saki.

kaaryakshetr

1930 se 1936 tak vibhinn jailon mein kate. 1936-37 mein sainik aur vishaal Bhaarat naamak patrikaaon ka sanpaadan kiya. 1943 se 1946 tak british sena mein rahe; iske baad Allahabad se prateek naamak patrika nikaali aur all India radio ki naukri sveekaar ki. desh-videsh ki yaatraaen keen. jismein unhonne California vishvavidyaalaya se lekar Jodhpur vishvavidyaalaya tak mein adhyaapan ka kaam kiya. Delhi laute aur dinmaan saaptaahik, navabhaarat times, angreji patra vaak aur evareemains jaisi prasiddh patra-patrikaaon ka sanpaadan kiya. 1980 mein unhonne vatsalanidhi naamak ek nyaas ki sthaapana ki jiska uddeshya saahitya aur sanskruti ke kshetr mein kaarya karna tha. Delhi mein hi 4 April 1987 ko unki mrutyu hui. 1964 mein aaaingan ke paar dwaar par unhein saahitya academy ka puraskaar praapt hua aur 1978 mein kitni naavon mein kitni baar par bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar.[2]

pramukh krutiyaan

kavita sangrah:-bhagnadoot 1933, chinta 1942,ityalam1946,hari ghaas par kshan bhar 1949, baavara aheri 1954,indradhanu raunde huye ye 1957,ari O kasrna prabhaamaya 1959,aaaingan ke paar dwaar 1961, kitni naavon mein kitni baar (1967), kyonki main use jaanta hooain (1970), saagar mudra (1970), pehle main sannaata bunata hooain (1974), mahaavruksh ke neeche (1977), nadi ki baaaink par chhaaya (1981), prijn dej end adar poyams (angreji mein,1946).[3]

  • kahaaniyaaain:-vipthaga 1937, parampara 1944, kothareeki baat 1945, sharanaarthi 1948, jayadol 1951
  • upanyaas:-shekhar ek jeevani-pratham bhaag 1941, dviteeya bhaag 1944,nadeeke dweep 1951, apne - apne ajnabi 1961.
  • yaatra vrutaant:- are yaayaavar rahega yaad? 1943,ek booaind sahasa uchhali 1960.
  • nibandh sangrah : sabarang, trishanku, aatmanepad, aadhunik saahitya: ek aadhunik paridrushya, aalavaal,
  • aalochna:- trishanku 1945, aatmanepad 1960, bhavanti 1971, adyatan 1971 E..
  • sansmaran: smruti lekha
  • daayariyaan: bhavanti, antara aur shaashvati.
  • vichaar gadya: sanvat‍aasar
  • naatak: uttarapriydarshi

sanpaadit granth:- aadhunik hindi saahitya (nibndh sangrah)1942, taar saptak (kavita sangrah) 1943, doosra saptak (kavita sangrah)1951, teesara saptak (kavita sangrah), sampoorn 1959, naye ekaanki 1952, roopaanbara 1960.

unka lagbhag samagr kaavya sadaaneera (do khand) naam se sankalit hua hai tatha anyaanya vishyon par likhe gaye saare nibandh sarjana aur sandarbh tatha kendra aur paridhi naamak grantho mein sankalit hue hain. vibhinn patra-patrikaaon ke sanpaadan ke saath-saath ajnyaeya ne taarasaptak, doosra saptak aur teesara saptak jaise yugaantarakaari kaavya sankalanon ka bhi sanpaadan kiya tatha pushkarini aur roopaanbara jaise kaavya-sankalanon ka bhi. ve vatsalanidhi se prakaashit aadha darjan nibandh- sangrahon ke bhi sampaadak hain. prakhyaat saahityakaar ajnyaeya ne yadyapi kahaaniyaan kam hi likheen aur ek samay ke baad kahaani likhna bilkul band kar diya, parantu hindi kahaani ko aadhunikta ki disha mein ek naya aur sthaayi mod dene ka shreya bhi unheen ko praapt hai.[4] nissandeh ve aadhunik saahitya ke ek shalaaka-puroosh the jisne hindi saahitya mein bhaarateindu ke baad ek doosare aadhunik yug ka pravartan kiya.

sandarbh

  1. mishr, vidyaanivaas (March 1999). ajnyaeya pratinidhi kavitaaen evam jeevan-parichay. Delhi: raajapaal end sanj. pa॰ aavaran.
  2. saamaanya gyaan evam vyakti parichay. upakaar prakaashan. pa॰ 37. https://books.google.co.in/books?id=BJx6BwAAQBAJ&lpg=PA37&ots=H1tfQhdgKG&dq=%E0%A4%85%E0%A4%9C%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%9E%E0%A5%87%E0%A4%AF%201978%20%E0%A4%9C%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%9E%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%A8%E0%A4%AA%E0%A5%80%E0%A4%A0&pg=PA37#v=onepage&q=%E0%A4%85%E0%A4%9C%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%9E%E0%A5%87%E0%A4%AF%201978%20%E0%A4%9C%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%9E%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%A8%E0%A4%AA%E0%A5%80%E0%A4%A0&f=false. abhigman tithi: 29 December 2015.
  3. hindi saahitya aur samvedna ka vikaas, raamasvaroop chaturvedi, pru-281
  4. meri priya kahaaniyaaain. Delhi: raajapaal end sanj. 2010. pa॰ prastaavana.

baahari kadiyaaain