saarvajanik domen

anukram

saarvajanik domen

utpaad nirmaan jaankaari vipnan prakriya mein ek kadam hai. pablik domen jaankaari taiyaar utpaadon se jo aap aarthik laabh praapt kar sakte hain ki ek maaloom hota hai antaheen aapoorti pradaan kar sakte hain. vahaaain kai aavashyakataaon ki ek rachanaatmak kaam se pehle apne swayam ke naam mein punarprakaashit kiya ja sakta hai mile kiya jaana chaahiye rahe hain. yadi aap in hups ke maadhyam se kood karne ke liye upeksha tum apne aap ko ek bade mukadama se kam ant par pa sakte hain.

pehla mudda yeh nirdhaarit karne ke liye hai agar is utpaad ko saarvajanik kshetr mein vaastav mein hai hai. yadi pustak mein 1923 se pehle likha gaya tha to yeh svachaalit roop se saarvajanik domen mein gir jaata hai hai. yadi kaupeeraait fir varsh ki ek nishchit sankhya ke baad naveekaran naheen kiya gaya tha pustak saarvajanik domen mein gir jaaega.

aap ameriki kaupeeraait kaaryaalaya muft online khoj hai, jahaan aap paaenge ki 1950 ke beech sabse adhik kaam karta hai ke liye vartamaan detaabes mein darj kiya gaya hai par ek praarambhik khoj kar sakte hain. vahaaain site par ek chhoti tyootoriyl karne ke liye tumhein sikhaane yeh kaise upayog karne ke liye hai.

ek baar jab aap apni santushti ke liye nirdhaarit kiya hai ki kitaab ko aap ek digital pratilipi banaane ki prakriya shuroo karna chaahate ho sakta hai saarvajanik domen mein hai. aap apne nae kaam ki ek pratilipi ko prakaashan aur vipnan se pehle karna chaahiye ek pramaanit Congress ke pustakaalaya hai ki apne kaam pramaanit se utpann report aapke anurodh ke samay mein saarvajanik domen mein hai. is report kaupeeraait savaal mein aana chaahiye karne ke liye apne hiton ki raksha ke liye aavashyak ho jaaega.

saarvajanik domen jaankaari ka upayog karne ke liye vitteeya laabh kaafi paryaapt kiya ja sakta hai. Matt Furey ya ted Ciuba par ek khoj kar raha hai aur aap un do vishesh vipnak mil jaaega saarvajanik domen se kitaabein le liya aur unke aaspaas ek saamraajya ka nirmaan.

Matt Furey chalta hai ki saarvajanik domen mein gir gaya tha kushti ki ek pustak mein paaya gaya. vah usaki jaankaari jodi, punarprakaashit aur baaki itihaas hai. ted Ciuba prasiddh pustak "socho aur ameer ho jaana" nepoliyn hil ne kiya. is pustak digital svaroop mein aasaani se upalabdh hai. ted Ciuba ise ka ek tukada reworked, ise punarprakaashit aur yeh uske naam ke tahat kaupeeraait. vah us kitaab se siddhaanton ke chaaron or ek poora vyaapaar banaaya gaya hai.

pustakein sambhaavana hi naheen rahe hain. kala tukade ki aur punarprakaashit becha ja sakta hai, filmon hai ki MP4 faailon ke liye banaaya ja sakta hai aur PSP khilaadiyon par khela, sangeet hai ki MP 3 faailein ke liye remastered kiya ja sakta hai. ek anya vikalp puraane bachchon ke klaasiks ke kuchh audio kitaabein ho sakta hai. sambhaavit faailon ke maadhyam se dekho aur apni kalpana ka prayog.

aap in kaaryon ko kaise pata karooain? vahaaain kai jagahon par tum shuroo kar sakte hain. pariyojana Gutenburg par ve 1700 se adhik ebooks hai ki saarvajanik domen mein giraavat ki ek digital pustakaalaya kamaaya hai. tum bhi bulaaya pustakein bak karne ke liye hai ki saarvajanik domen mein hain sabhi rachanaatmak kaaryon ke anya sroton ko khojane ke liye online store ke maadhyam se braauj kar sakte hain.

saarvajanik domen jaankaari ka upayog laagat prabhaavi ho sakta hai agar aap ek kitaab hai ki pehle se hi digital praaroop karne ke liye kiya gaya hai pa sakte hain. tum apne aap ko ek computer mein kitaab likhne ki chunauti par le agar yeh digital naheen hai sakta hai ya Elance se ek taaipist ka upayog karein. sabse bada kharch Congress ke pustakaalaya se pramaanit report hai. July 2006 mein shuroo ve kaafi kam se kam $ 75.00 se unki keematon mein vruddhi hui $ 300.00 ke liye ek pramaanit report ke liye. jaahir hai saarvajanik domen jaankaari ka upayog aasmaan chhoo raha hai aur Congress ke pustakaalaya ki aapoorti aur maang ke kaanoonon ka laabh le ja raha hai.

yahaan tak ​a​aki ek pramaanit saarvajanik domen se kaam ka upayog kar report ke kharch ke saath apne prayaas karne ke liye prabhaavi jodne aur vishvasaneeyata laagat ja sakta hai. yeh ek sansaadhan hai ki aaj baajaar ke liye asli kshamata rakhati hai.


itihaas

17 veen sadi ke madhya tak saarvajanik domen ek shabd ke roop mein upayog karne ke liye naheen aaya tha, haalaanki ek avadhaarana ke roop mein yeh praacheen roman kaanoon vaapas pata lagaaya ja sakta hai ek poorv nirdhaarit sampatti sahi pranaali mein shaamil pranaali ke roop mein. "romanon ek bade maalikaana adhikaar pranaali jahaaain ve bahut si baatein hai ki niji taur par naheen kiya ja svaamitv sakta hai " race kamyoons ke roop mein paribhaashit kiya tha, race publicae aur race universitatis. shabd race kamyoon ke roop mein paribhaashit kiya gaya tha ki aamtaur par maanav jaati ke dvaara aanand uthaaya ja sakta hai jaise dhoop, hava aur saagar baatein,. "avadhi race publicae cheejein hain jo sabhi naagrikon aur shabd ke dvaara saajha kiya gaya ke liye bheja race universitatis baatein ki Rome.When ki nagar paalikaaon dvaara svaamitv mein kiya gaya ek aitihaasik pariprekshya se saarvajanik domen par talaash karne ke liye, ek saka race kamyoon ki avadhaaranaaon se ankurit "saarvajanik domen" ke vichaar ka nirmaan kehte hain, race publicae aur race universitatis jaldi roman kaanoon mein.

paribhaasha

kaupeeraait ke sambandh mein saarvajanik domen, ya bauddhik sanpada ki seemaaon ki paribhaasha ko aur adhik aam taur par, ek nakaaraatmak antariksh, ki, yeh kaam karta hai ki kaupeeraait ki avadhi mein naheen rah rahe hain ya kaupeeraait kaanoon dvaara sanrakshit kiya gaya kabhi naheen hote hain ke roop mein saarvajanik domen ke sambandh mein.James bauyal ke anusaar is paribhaasha shabd saarvajanik domen ke aam upayog ko rekhaankit aur saarvajanik sampatti aur kaupeeraait mein [niji sampatti ke liye kaam karta hai ke liye saarvajanik domen equates hai. haalaanki, shabd saarvajanik domen ka upayog adhik baareek udaaharan ke liye mein kaam karta hai kaupeeraait kaupeeraait apavaad ke dvaara ki anumati ka upayog karta hai sahit, ho sakta hai. is tarah ki ek paribhaasha kaupeeraait mein niji sampatti ke uchit upayog ke svaamitv par adhikaar aur seema ko vishay ke roop mein kaam karne ka sambandh hai. "yeh vyaktigat rachanaatmak abhivyakti ke liye abhayaaranya ki jagah, ek niji viniyog ki aisi abhivyakti ki dhamaki di ki taakaton ke khilaaf sanrakshan pradaan karne ke sakaaraatmak abhayaaranya hona chaahiye: ek vaichaarik paribhaasha Lange, jo saarvajanik domen kya hona chaahiye par dhyaan keindrit se aata hai. paitarasan aur lindabarg saarvajanik domen ka varnan ek "kshetr" ke roop mein naheen, balki ek avadhaarana ke roop mein: "kuchh saamagri rahe hain hava mein ham saans, dhoop, baarish, antariksh, jeevan, creations, vichaaron, bhaavanaaon, vichaaron, shabdon, sankhyaaon - niji svaamitv ke adheen naheen hai saamagri hai ki hamaari saanskrutik viraasat ki rachana ke liye sabhi jaivik astitv ke liye aavashyak baat naheen ki tulana mein kam upayog karne ke liye mukt hona chaahiye. ". shabd saarvajanik domen bhi interchangeably ke saarvajanik kshetr "ya" kaumans "" man ki kaumans "," bauddhik kaumans "ke roop mein avadhaaranaaon sahit, ke roop mein anya sharton ke saath imprecise aur ya aparibhaashit ho sakta hai istemaal kiya ja aur" jaankaari kaumans

moolya

  • nae gyaan ke srujan ke liye bilding block, udaaharan deta, tathyon, vichaaron, siddhaanton aur vaigyaanik siddhaant shaamil hain.
  • praacheen yoonaani granthon aur mojaart symphonies ke roop mein soochana sansaadhan ke maadhyam se saanskrutik viraasat ke liye pravesh.
  • jaankaari, vichaaron aur vaigyaanik siddhaanton ke prasaar ke maadhyam se shiksha ko badhaava dene.
  • navaachaar par paalan ke maadhyam se udaaharan ke liye, saksham karne peteint aur kaupeeraait samaapt ho gaya hai.
  • maalik ka pata lagaane ke liye ya udaaharan ke liye ke maadhyam se nikaasi adhikaar aur bhugataan rauyalti, baatcheet karne ki aavashyakta ke bina jaankaari ke liye kam laagat ka upayog ko saksham karne se kaupeeraait samaapt ho gayi hai.
  • saarvajanik svaasthya aur suraksha jaankaari aur vaigyaanik siddhaanton ke maadhyam se badhaava dena.
  • samaachaar, kaanoonon, viniyman aur nyaayik rai ke maadhyam se lokataantrik prakriya aur moolyon ko badhaava dena.
  • pratiyogi nakali saksham, ke maadhyam se udaaharan ke liye peteint aur kaupeeraait samaapt ho gayi hai, ya saarvajanik roop se khulaasa praudyogikiyon ki peteint sanrakshan ke liye yogya naheen hai.

kaupeeraait kaam karta hai ke liye aavedan

kaupeeraait kaanoon dvaara kavar naheen kaam karta hai

antarnihit vichaar hai ki vyakt ki hai ya ek kaam ke nirmaan mein prakat aam taur par kaupeeraait kaanoon ka vishay naheen ho sakta hai vichaar - abhivyakti vibhaajan dekhte hain. ganiteeya sootr isliye aam taur par saarvajanik kshetr ka hissa had tak hai ki software ke roop mein unki abhivyakti kaupeeraait dvaara kavar kiya jaata hai.

kaupeeraait aur peteint kaanoon ke astitv se pehle banaaya nirmaan bhi saarvajanik kshetr ka hissa hai. udaaharan ke liye, baaibil aur aarkimideej ke aavishkaar ke saarvajanik kshetr mein hain, lekin kaupeeraait in kaaryon ke anuvaad ya nae faarmoolon mein maujood ho sakta hai.

kaupeeraait se nishvaasan

ek kaupeeraait ki samaapti hai ki ek peteint ke tulana mein adhik jatil hai. aitihaasik sanyukt raajya nirmaan ya prakaashan ke baad varsh ki ek sankhya ke sandarbh nirdisht, is sankhya ko kai baar badha di gayi hai. adhikaansh anya deshon ke antim jeevit nirmaata ki maut ke baad varsh ki ek sankhya ki drushti se nirdisht, yeh sankhya ek desh se doosare (50 saal aur 70 saal ke sabse aam hain) badalta hai aur unamein se kai mein bhi badha di gayi hai. deshon kaupeeraait lanbaai ki soochi dekhein. kaanooni paranparaaon ki saarvajanik domen mein ek kaam ho sakta hai iske kaupeeraait bahaal alag. America aur Australia se avadhi vistaar ko aam taur par kaam karta hai saarvajanik domen se hataaya naheen hai, balki yeh karne ke liye kaam karta hai ke alaava deri.iske vipreet, Europeeya sangh kaupeeraait sanrakshan ki avadhi taalamel nirdesh pratikriya laagoo kiya gaya tha, bahaal karne aur saamagri par kaupeeraait ke maamale mein saarvajanik kshetr mein pehle se vistaar.