saalset dweep

saalset, (Goa ke ek taaluka) se yeh alag hai.
Salsette
Native name: saashti
Bombaycitydistricts.png
The metropolis of Mumbai (formerly Bombay) and the city of Thane lie on Salsette Island.
bhoogol
[[Image:
साल्सेट द्वीप is located in भारत
saalset dweep (Bhaarat

)

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sthiti Arabian Sea
nirdeshaank 20°aN 72°aE / 20°aN 72°aE / 20; 72
kshetrafal 436 kimi2 (168 varg meal)
sarvochch shikhar Sanjay Gandhi National Park (468 mi (1,535 fut))
desh
India
sabse bada shahar Mumbai
janasaankhyiki
janasankhya 13,000,000
ghanatv 29,800 /kimi2 (77,000 /varg meal)
jaateeya samooh Maharashtrians (53%), Gujaratis (22%), North Indians (17%), Tamilians (3%), Sindhis (3%), Tuluvas/Kannadigas (2%)

saalset dweep (maraathi: saashti, Sashti [?]) Bhaarat ke Maharashtra pradesh mein pashchimi tat par sthit ek dweep hai. Mumbai ka mahanagar (bhootapoorv Mumbai) aur thaane shahar is dweep par sthit hain, jisse yeh kenya ke mijingo dweep, Hongkong, cheen ke aip li chaaoo aur maaladeev ke maale dweep ke baad vishv ka 7vaan sabse ghani basti wala aur 13vaan sarvaadhik janasankhya wala dweep ban gaya hai.

anukram

sthiti

vartamaan dweep pehle kai chhote dveepon se milkar bana tha, jinhein 19veen aur 20veen sadi ke praarambh mein jod kar ek dweep mein badal diya gaya. is dweep ke uttar mein vasai khaadi, uttarapoorv mein ulhaas nadi, poorv mein thaane khaadi aur Mumbai bandargaah, tatha dakshin aur pashchim mein arab mahaasaagar hain. Mumbai shahar is dweep ke dakshini chhor par ek praayadveep par basa hai aur Mumbai ke upanagar dweep ke baaki adhikaansh bhaag par base hain. isi dweep par boreevali national park, jise sanjaya Gandhi national park bhi kehte hain, sthit hai. thaane shahar dweep ke uttar-poorv kone par thaane khaadi par sthit hai. raajaneetik roop se dweep ka adhikaansh bhaag Mumbai nagarapaalika mein aata hai. yeh nagarapaalika do bhinn jilon, Mumbai shahar aur Mumbai upanagaron mein vibhaajit hai. dweep ka uttari bhaag thaane jile mein aata hai, jo vasai aur thaane khaadiyon par se hota hua mukhya ilaake tak faila hai.

itihaas

mumbai ka itihaas bhi dekhein

sasaashti (sankshipt mein saashti) naam ka arth hai, 'chhaansath gaanv' jin par kisaan, karshak. taadi nikaalne vaale, kaareegar, machhuaare aadi raha karte the jinhonne san 55 E. mein pashchim Maharashtra ke uttari konkan mein isaamaseeh ke shishya seint baartholomyoo ke aane par isaai dharm apnaaya tha aur jinhein baad mein chaar upadeshak vargon -dominiknon, fraansiskaanon, agastineeyanon aur jesuiton dvaara, jo 15veen sadi mein purtagaaliyon ke saath aae the - roman Catholic bana diya gaya. saalset dweep ke ye mool nivaasi poorv bhaarateeya Catholic aur koli hain. Mumbai ka dweep shahar saalset dweep ke dakshini bhaag mein tha aur maahim ki khaadi use is dweep se alag karti thi. Mumbai ka vartamaan shahar in sab kshetron se mil kar bana hai jo mool roop se saat chhote dweep the. traambe ka dweep saalset ke dakshinpoorv mein tha haalaanki adhikaansh daladal bhare sthaanon ko bharakar ab bhoomi mein badal diya gaya hai.

doosari shataabdi ke samay ki 109 bauddh gufaaen jinmein kaanheri ki gufaaen bhi shaamil hain, is dweep par pai ja sakti hain. is dweep par lagaataar kai hindu raajaagharaanon ka shaasan raha, jinmein se antim raajagharaana silhaaron ka tha. 1343 mein, ye dweep Gujarat ki muslim saltanat ke kabje mein chale gaye. 1534 mein, Gujarat ke sultaan bahaadur shaah se purtagaaliyon ne in dveepon ka shaasan hathiya liya. saashti purtagaali Bhaarat ke uttari praant ka hissa tha, jis par vasai ki khaadi ke uttari tat par sthit baakaaim (vartamaan vasai) ka shaasan tha. 1661 mein Mumbai ke saat dveepon ko, England ke King Charles dviteeya ke liye braagaanka ki Cathrine ke dahej ke roop mein Britain ko saunp diya gaya tha. purtogaaliyon ke haathon mein saashti maujood hai. King Charles ne Mumbai ke upadveepon ko british East India company ko 10 pound prati varsh ki dar se kiraaye par de diya. company ne Mumbai ke gahre bandargaah ko atyant hi upayukt paaya aur vahaan ki janasankhya jo 1661 mein 10000 thi badh kar 1675 tak 60000 ho gayi. 1687 mein, East India company ne apne mukhya kaaryaalaya soorat se Mumbai sthaanaantarit kar liye.

1737 mein, sasaashti par maraathon dvaara kabja kar liya gaya aur uttari purtagaali praant ke adhikaansh bhaag ko bhi 1739 mein maraathon ne le liya. british logon ne saashti par 1774 mein vaapas kabja kar liya, jo saalabaai ki 1782 mein ki gayi sandhi mein aupachaarik roop se East India company ko de diya gaya.

1782 mein Mumbai preseedeinsi ke tatkaaleen Governor, William haarnabi ne upadveepon ko jodne ka kaam shuroo kiya. East India company ke nideshakon ke virodh ke baavajood haarnabi velaard 1784 mein shuroo kiye gaye engineering upakramon mein se pehla upakram tha. velaard ko banaane ki keemat roo. 100,000 anumaanit ki gayi thi. is upakram ke kaarya mein 1817 mein teji I aur 1845 tak 435 varg kimi ke kshetrafal vaale saat dakshini dveepon ko puraani Mumbai se joda ja chuka tha. 19veen shataabdi mein Mumbai dweep ko saashti se aur saashti se mukhya bhoomi ko jodne ke liye relve pul aur sadak pul banaae gaye. in rel ki patariyon ne maaladaar vyaapaariyon ko saashti mein attaalikaaen banaane ke liye protsaahit kiya aur 1901 tak saashti ki aabaadi 146,993 ho gayi aur use bruhattar Mumbai ke naam se jaana jaane laga. Mumbai aur traumbe dveepon ko saashti dweep se alag karne waali naharon ko 20veen shataabdi ke shuroo mein paat diya gaya.

bhoogol

inhein bhi dekhein: Geography of Mumbai
dweep ko darshaata hua 1893 ka naksha

dweep ke kuchh bhaag pahaadi hain, haalaanki kai pahaadiyon ko kaat kar chhichhle sthaanon ko bharakar dweep ko badhaane aur dveepon ko aapas mein jodne ke kaam mein laaya gaya hai. dweep ka sarvochch bindu dweep ke uttari bhaag mein boreevali national park mein lagbhag 450 meter ki oonchaai par hai. yeh national park vishvabhar mein shahari daayare mein sthit sabse bada park hai.

bhoovijnyaaan

yeh dweep anek dosh rekhaaon ke sanyog-sthal par sthit hai. iske kaaran is kshetr mein 6 tak ke parimaan ke bhookamp aane ki sambhaavana adhik hai. yeh dweep adhiktar kaali asitaashm chattaanon se bana hai. choonki yeh samudra tat se laga hua hai, isaliye iske pashchimi tat ke saath-saath faili reteeli patti bhi hai. puraane Mumbai ka dakshini bhaag adhikaanshataya samudratal ke star par hai. fir bhi jo bhaag pehle chhichhle the ve samudra tal se neeche ke star par hain. shahar ke kai bhaag pahaadi hain. yeh baat bhi dhyaan dene yogya hai ki is dweep par ek bindu par laal mitti aur chattaanein hain.

anya praakrutik rachanaaen

jheelein

is dweep par teen mukhya jheelein hain – pavai jheel, tulasi jheel aur vihaar jheel. pavai jheel ko chhod kar shesh dono jheelein shahar ki jal ki aavashyakta ke ek hisse ko poora karti hain. thaane kshetr mein asankhya anya chhote taalaab aur jheelein bhi hain. Mumbai ka mashahoor bhaarateeya praadyaugiki sansthaan pavai jheel ke kinaare sthit hai.

nadiyaan

teen chhoti nadiyaan, mithi (maahim), oshivaada aur daheesaar, national park se shuroo hokar arab mahaasaagar mein mil jaati hain. mithi nadi pavai jheel se praarambh hoti hai. vasai aur thaane khaadiyaan ulhaas nadi ke muhaane ki vitrak hain.

khaadiyaan

kai khaare paani ki khaadiyaan tat se bhoomi ke bheetar ki or faili hain. maahim ki khaadi shahar ko pashchim ke aur siyaun ki khaadi poorv ke upanagaron se alag karti hai (siyaun ki khaadi ab astitv mein naheen hai). pashchimi tat par aur aage uttar ki or oshivaada nadi malaad (ya maarve) ki khaadi mein aur daheesaar nadi goraai ki khaadi mein girti hai. poorvi tat par bhi kai chhoti khaadiyaan hain.

aardr pradesh

is dweep ke poorvi tat ke chhote dakshini bhaag mein Mumbai bandargaah hai. is kshetr ke uttar mein badi taadaad mein sanrakshit aardr pradesh hain, jahaan pravaasi pakshiyon ka nivaas hai. dweep ke uttari, uttar-pashchim bhaag aur maahim nadi ke kuchh bhaagon mein bhi sarkaar dvaara sanrakshit daladali bhoomi hai. in daladali ilaakon mein vishaal aur ghane aamrakunji van hain.

samudratat

mumbai ke pashchimi tat par asankhya beechein hain. girgaanv-chaupaati beech inmein se sabse mashahoor hai. anya prasiddh beechon mein daadar beech, juhoo beech, maahim beech, goraai beech, manori beech aur worli beech hain; inmein se juhoo, manori aur goraai beechein saashti dweep ke pashchimi tat par sthit hain.

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 19°a12′aN 72°a54′aE / 19.2°aN 72.9°aE / 19.2; 72.9