saaimans (ikaai)

saaimans (chinh: S) vidyut chaalakata ki SI vyutpann ikaai hai. yeh ohm ka pratilom hai. iska naam jarman vaigyaanik khojak aur udyogapati arnst varnar vaan saaimans ke naam par hai. poorv mein ise ohm ka ulata yaani mho kaha jaata tha. 1971 mein 14vein CIPM mein iska SI vyutpann ikaai ke roop mein prayog anumodit hua tha.

yeh SI ikaai [[arnst varnar vaan saaimans]] ke naam par bani hai. un sabhi SI ikaaiyon ki bhaanti hi, jinka naam kisi vyakti-vishesh ke naam se nikla hai, iske chinh ka pehla akshar badeksh aksharon mein hoga (S). jab ek SI ikaai ko angreji mein bataaya jaata hai, ise sarvada chhote aksharon (saaimans) mein aarambh kiya jaana chaahiye, sivaaya jahaan koi shabd badeksh aksharon mein hona chaahiye, jaise ki vaakyaarambh mein ya sheershak mein. degree celcius "degree Celsius" mein is niyam ka paalan hota hai, jahaaain "d" chhote aksharon mein likha hai.
antaraashtreeya ikaai pranaali section 5.2.par aadhaarit,

paribhaasha

SI gunak: saaimans (S)
upagunak gunak
maan chinh naam maan chinh naam
10–1 S dS deseesaaimans 101 S daS dekaasaaimans
10–2 S cS seinteesaaimans 102 S hS haiktosaaimans
10–3 S mS milisaaimans 103 S kS kilosaaimans
10–6 S µaS maaikrosaaimans 106 S MS maigaasaaimans
10–9 S nS nainosaaimans 109 S GS geegaasaaimans
10–12 S pS peekosaaimans 1012 S TS tairaasaaimans
10–15 S fS faimtosaaimans 1015 S PS petaasaaimans
10–18 S aS attosaaimans 1018 S ES ekjaasaaimans
10–21 S zS jaiptosaaimans 1021 S ZS jeetaasaaimans
10–24 S yS yoktosaaimans 1024 S YS yottaasaaimans
saamanya gunak mote aksharon mein diye hain.

kisi bhautik vastu hetu, khaaskar ilektrॊnik upakaran, jiska vidyut pratirodh R hai, vidyut chaalakata G ki paribhaasha hogi:

jahaaain I vastu se gujarati vidyut dhaara hai aur

V vastu par vidyut vibhvaantar hai.

saaimans ikaai G chaalakata ke liye, hogi:

dhyaan dein ki antim ikaai SI vyutpann ikaai mein hai, jahaan A empeeyar ka chinh hai, jo vidyut dhaara ki ikaai hai, kg [[kilogram] ka chinh hai, bhaar ki ikaai, m lambaai ki ikaai meter ka chinh hai. s samay ki ikaai saikind hai, C vidyut aavesh ki ikaai koolamb hai; V vibhvaantar ki ikaai volt hai; Ω vidyut pratirodh ki vyutpann ikaai ohm ka chinh hai.

to kisi upakaran jiski chaalakata ek saaimans ho, vibhvaantar ek volt par; uske dvaara vidyut dhaara hogi ek empeeyar. iske pratyek atirikt volt ke liye, vidyut dhaara ek empeeyar hi badhegi.

udaaharan: kisi chaalak, jiska pratirodh chh: ohm hai; usaki chaalakata G = 1/(6 Ω) 0.167 S.

mho

sandarbh