saahitya

kisi bhaasha ke vaachik aur likhit (shaastrasamooh) ko saahitya kah sakte hain. duniya mein sabse puraana vaachik saahitya hamein aadivaasi bhaashaaon mein milta hai. is drushti se aadivaasi saahitya sabhi saahitya ka mool srot hai.

bhaarateeya saahitya

bhaarateeya vaaङagamaya ko kaal ki drushti se nimnalikhit bhaagon mein vibhkt kiya gaya hai -

bhaarateeya vaaङagamaya ke bhaag
saahitya vasantasanpaat kaal avadhi kaal
rigved mrugashira 6000-4000 BC praacheen
shatapath braahman rohini 2500 BC praacheen
atharvaved taittareeyasanhita baudhaayan shrautasootr kruttika 1330-800 BC praacheen
vedaaङag jyotish vaaraahamihir bharini 1200 BC praacheen
mahaabhaarat ashvini 540 BC praacheen
vaisheshik darshan ? 600 BC madhya
buddhaavataar ? 500 BC madhya
kautilya arthashaastr ? 300 BC madhya
aaryabhat ? 499 AD madhya
bhaaskar dviteeya ? 1114 AD madhya
samaraaङagan sootradhaar ? 1100 AD madhya
20veen shataabdi poorvaabhaadrapada 1900 AD arvaacheen (Modern)

Bhaarat ka sanskrut saahitya rigved se aarambh hota hai. vyaas, vaalmeeki jaise pauraanik rishiyon ne mahaabhaarat evam raamaayan jaise mahaakaavyon ki rachana ki. bhaas, kaalidaas evam anya kaviyon ne sanskrut mein naatak likhe.

bhakt saahitya mein avadhi mein Goswami tulaseedaas, bruj bhaasha mein sooradaas, maaravaadi mein meera baai, khadeeboli mein (?) kabeer, rasakhaan, maithili mein vidyaapati aadi pramukh hain . avadhi ke pramukh kaviyon mein ramai kaaka suprasiddh kavi hain.

hindi saahitya mein katha, kahaani aur upanyaas ke lekhan mein premachand ka mahaan yogadaan hai.

greek saahitya mein homar ke iliyd aur odasi vishvaprasiddh hain. angreji saahitya mein shekspiyr ka naam kaun naheen jaanta.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain