rudki

rudki
nagar
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya uttaraakhand
janasankhya 97,064[1] (2001 tak )
lingaanupaat 1.12[1] /
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)

• 268 meter
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: 210.212.78.56/roorkee/

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 29°a52′aN 77°a53′aE / 29.87°aN 77.88°aE / 29.87; 77.88

rudki, Bhaarat ke uttaraakhand raajya mein sthit ek nagar aur nagarapaalika parishad hai. ise rudki chhaavani ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai aur yeh desh ki sabse puraani chhaavaniyon mein se ek hai[2] aur 1853 se Bengal abhiyaantriki samooh (Bengal saippars) ka mukhyaalaya hai.

yeh nagar gang nahar ke tat par raashtreeya raajamaarg 58 par deharaadoon aur Delhi ke madhya sthit hai.

anukram

naamotpatti

roodki ka naam ruri/ roodi se pada, jo badgoojar rajput sardaar ki patni thi aur pehle ise 'ruri ki' bhi likha jaata tha. sthaaneeya bhaashi graamavaasiyon ka maanana hai ki ise iska naam "roron ki" arthaat ror ka nivaas se mila.

itihaas

18veen sadeen mein roodki solaani nadi ke pashchimi tat par basa gaanv tha| taatkaalik sahaaranapur jile ke panvaar(paramaar) gurjaron (jo badgoojar kahalaate the )ki landhaura riyaasat (poorv ki jhabareda riyaasat)ke anrtagat aata tha| yeh kshetr goojaron dvaara shaasit hone ke kaaran 1857 i0 tak " Gujarat(sahaaranapur)" kahalaata tha| yeh 1813 i0 mein landhaura raajya ke raaja raamadayaal Singh panvaar ki mrutyu ke baad british East India company ke adheen aa gaya| angrejon ne gurjaro ki ganga- yamuna ke doaab mein lagaataar badhti ja rahi taakat ko kamjor karne va saath hi roohelaaon ( najeebaabaad kshetr ) ko apne niyantran mein laane ke uddeshya se roodki gaanv mein chhaavani ki sthaapana ki| jiska upayog 1824 i0 mein landhaura riyaasat (Gujarat- sahaaranapur) ke taalluka va gurjar kile kunja bahaadurapur ke raaja vijay Singh panvaar ke netrutv mein lade gaye pehle svatantrata sangraam va 1857 i0 mein sahaaranapur(Gujarat) ke gurjaron va raanghadon dvaara kiye gaye bhayankar vidroho ko kuchalane ke liye kiya gaya| April 1842 mein angrej adhikaari sar probe kotale ke netrutv mein ganganahar nirmaan hetoo khudaai praarambh ki gayi , tatha ganganahar ke nirmaan kaarya va rakharakhaav ke liye 1843 mein nahar ke kinaare canal workshop va Iron foundry ki sthaapana ki gayi |

ganganahar nirmaan mein lage abhiyantaao va shramiko ko prashikshan denein ke uddeshya se 1845 i0 mein ' civil engineering school ' sthaapana ki gayi jiska naam 1847 i0 mein " thaumasan kaalej of civil engineering , roodki" kar diya gaya aur yeh duniya mein sthaapit hone wala poore Asia mahaadveep va Bhaarat ka pehla engineering kaalej ban gaya , 1947 E. mein iski sevaaon va mahatta ko dekhte hue ise vishvavidyaalaya ka darja de diya gaya tatha iska naam badalkar " roodki vishvavidyaalaya" ' University of Røaorkee' kar diya gaya| 21 September varsh 2001 mein sansad mein kaanoon paarit kar Bhaarat sarkaar ne ise desh ke 07vein bhaarateeya praudyogiki sansthaan (IIT) ke roop mein maanyata di|

roodki nahar ki khudaai ke liye sarvapratham 22 December 1851i. mein bhaap ke engine se chalne waali desh ki pehli relagaadi roodki va piraan kaliyr ke beech track(track) bichhaakar chalaai gayi thi| roodki ganganahar ka nirmaan kaarya 1854 mein poorn hua tatha ise 08 April 1854 ko chaaloo kar diya gaya jisse lagbhag 5000 gaanvo ki lagbhag 767000 ekad bhoomi ki sinchaai ki jaati hai tatha uttaraakhand raajya ke janapad haridvaar ke pathari va mauhmmadapur gaanvo me is par jal-vidyut gruh banaakar bijli utpaadan bhi kiya ja raha hai|

bhoogol

rudki 29°a52′aN 77°a53′aE / 29.87°aN 77.88°aE / 29.87; 77.88.[3] ke ankshaashon par sthit hai. iski samudratal se ooainchaai 268 meter hai. yeh raashtreeya rajdhani Delhi se 172 kimi uttar mein ganga aur yamuna nadiyon ke madhya, himaalaya ki talahati mein sthit hai. 9 November, 2000 ko uttaraakhand raajya banane se poorv yeh uttar pradesh ka ek bhaag tha.[4]

mausam

rudki
jalavaayu saarani (vyaakhya)
j f ma a m joo ju a si a na di
0
22
2
230
25
6
40
30
7
0
37
10
100
38
16
40
39
21
700
34
20
800
34
22
460
33
22
0
30
12
10
27
7
190
22
4
ausat adhiktam evam nyoonatam taapamaan (°ase.)
kul varsha (mi.mi)
srot: jeeeaaie case stadees

roodki bhaugolik roop se kisi bhi bade jalaashaya se door hone aur himaalaya ke nikat hone ke kaaran rudki ka mausam bahut charami aur asthir hai. greeshm ritu March ke atikaal se aarambh hoti hai jo July tak rahati hai aur ausat taapamaan 280 se. rahata hai. maunasoon ka mausam July se aarambh hokar October tak rahata hai aur maunasoon ke baadalon ki himaalaya dvaara rikaavat ke kaaran prachand varsha hoti hai. maunasoon ke baad ka mausam October se aarambh hota hai aur November ke ant tak jaari rahata hai, jab ausat taapamaan 210 se. se 150 se. tak tahata hai. sheet ritu December mein aarambh hoti hai, jab nyoonatam taapamaan jamaav bindoo tak pahuainch jaata hai jiska kaaran hai himaalaya se aane waali avarohan pavanein. kul vaarshik varsha 102 inch tak hoti hai.

parivhan

roodki, uttar railway kshetr ke adheen aata hai aur desh ke pramukh nagaron se relamaarg dvaara juda hua hai.

niktatam havaai adda jauleegraant hai jo deharaadoon mein hai, lekin Delhi sthit indira gaaaindhi antarraashtreeya adde ko vareeyata di jaati hai.

rudki ke nikat pramukh bade nagar hain deharaadoon, haridvaar, rishikesh, sahaaranapur, mujffaranagar, Meerut, Ambala aur Chandigarh hain. raashtreeya raajamaarg 58 (enaecha58) (Delhi - haridvaar - maana paas) aur enaecha73 (panyachakula/Chandigarh - yamuna nagar- rudki) rudki se hokar jaate hain.

janasaankhyiki

2001 ki janaganana ke aadhaar par, rudki ki janasankhya 2,52,784 hai jismein se purush 53% aur mahilaaeain 47% hain. rudki ki ausat saaksharata sar 82% hai, jo raashtreeya ausat 64% se adhik hai: purush saaksharata 87% aur mahila saaksharata 81% hai. 11% janasankhya 6 varsh se kam aayuvarg ki hai. is nagar mein hindu 61%, musalmaan 28%, sikh/punjabi 8%, jain 2.7% aur isaai 0.3% hain.

kul 2,52,784 ki janasankhya ke saath, yeh uttaraakhand mein haridvaar aur haldvaani ke baad teesari sabse badi nagarapaalika parishad hai.

pramukh bhaashaaeain hain hindi, punjabi aur urdoo.

shiksha

desh ka sabse puraana praudyogiki sansthaan bhi rudaki me sthit hai jise IIT rudaki ke naam se jaana jaata hai.

sandarbh

  1. a aa "Bhaarat ki janaganana, 2001". rajistraar general kaaryaalaya, Bhaarat. 2 March 2002. http://web.archive.org/web/20040616075334/www.censusindia.net/results/town.php?stad=A&state5=999. abhigman tithi: 28 May 2010.
  2. rudki - itihaas
  3. fauling ren jeenomiks, ink - rudki
  4. uttaraakhand Bhaarat sarkaar, aadhikaarik jaalaprushth.

baahari kadiyaaain