roman lipi

roman lipi likhaavat ka vo tareeka hai jismein angreji sahit pashchimi aur madhya Europe ki saari bhaashaaeain likhi jaati hain, jaise jarman, fraansisi, spainish, purtagaali, itaalavi, dach, naurvejiyn, sveedish, romaaniyaai, ityaadi. ye baayein se daayein likhi aur padhi jaati hai.

angreji ke alaava lagbhag saari Europeeya bhaashaaeain roman lipi ke kuchh aksharon par atirikt chinh bhi prayukt karte hain.

itihaas

asal mein roman lipi laatini bhaasha ke liye hi bani thi, yaani ki laatini ki apni lipi hai. isaliye iska harek akshar lagbhag hamesha ek hi uchchaaran deta hai (angreji ki tarah gadbad-ghotaala naheen hota). ati-praacheen roman lipi ye thi -

svar ke oopar samatal rekha (Macron) ka arth hota tha ki svar deergh hai, par ise likhna zaroori naheen maana jaata tha. baad mein yoonaani bhaasha ke udhaar ke shabd laane ke liye yoonaani lipise ye akshar liye gaye : K (k), Y (iyu), Z (za). vyanjan"ua" ke liye V prayukt kiya jaane laga aur svar "u" ke liye U. iske bhi kuchh baad J (ya) aur W (va) jude. chhote aksharon ke rup (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, y, z) madhyayug mein aaye. pashchim aur madhya Europeki saari bhaashaaon ne likhaavat ke liye roman lipi apna li.

angreji

roman lipi mein likhi hui angreji aur uske uchchaaran mein bahut zyaada gadbad ghotaala hai. iski vajah hai :

  • roman lipi ko praacheen angrejon ne udhaar liya tha apni bhaasha likhne ke liye. ye angreji ki apni lipi naheen hai.
  • madhyayug mein angreji bhaasha mein maha svar samaaropan (en:Great vowel shift) hua. is vajah se jyaagaatar madhyayugeen angreji ke shabdon mein vivrut svar utakar sanvrut svar mein badal gaye. sanvrut svar neeche girkar dvimaatrik svaron mein badal gaye. par un shabdon ki speling vaisi ki vaisi hi raheen.
  • angreji ka maanakeekaran hone ke baad speling parivartan aur bhi kathin ho gaya.

anya Europeeya bhaashaaon mein likhaavat aur uchchaaran mein utana bhed naheen hai aur agar hai bhi to uske achhe khaase niyam kanoon hote hain.

inhein bhi dekhein

akshar : A B C D E F G H I L M N O P Q R S T V X
uchchaaran (laatini) : a (aa) b k the A (ऍ) f g h i (E, ya) l m na O (o) p kv r s t u (oo, ua) ks