rishabhadev

rishabhadev
pratham teerthankar
Photo of lord adinath bhagwan at kundalpur.JPG
rishabhanaath ki pratima, kundalapur, madhya pradesh
vivran
anya naam aadinaath, rishabhanaath, vrushabhanaath
shikshaaen ahinsa
agale teerthankar ajitnaath
gruhasth jeevan
vansh ikshvaaku
pita naabhiraaj
maata mahaaraani maroodevi
putr bharat chakravarti, baahubali
putri braahami aur sundari
panch kalyaanak
janm chaitr Krishna 9
janm sthaan ayodhya
moksh maagh Krishna 14
moksh sthaan Kailash parvat
lakshan
rang svarn
chinh vrushabh (bail)
oonchaai 500 dhanush (1500 meter)
aayu 8,400,000 poorv (592.704 × 1018 varsh)
shaasak Dave
yakshini chakreshvari

rishabhadev jain dharm ke pratham teerthankar hain. teerthankar ka arth hota hai jo teerth ki rachana karein. jo sansaar saagar (janm maran ke chakr) se moksh tak ke teerth ki rachana karein, vah teerthankar kahalaate hain. rishabhadev ji ko aadinaath bhi kaha jaata hai. Bhagwan rishabhadev vartamaan avasarpini kaal ke pratham digmbar jain muni the.[1]

anukram

jeevan charitra

jain puraanon ke anusaar antim kulakar raaja naabhiraaj ke putr rishabhadev huye. Bhagwan rishabhadev ka vivaah yashaavati devi aur sunanda se hua. rishabhadev ke 100 putr aur do putriyaaain thi.[2] unamein bharat chakravarti sabse bade the evam pratham chakravarti samraat hue jinke naam par is desh ka naam Bhaarat pada. dusare putr baahubali bhi ek mahaan raaja evam kaamadev pad se bibhooshit the. inke aalaava rishabhadev ke vrushabhasen, anantavijya, anantaveerya, achyut, veer, varaveer aadi 99 putr tatha braamhi aur sundari naamak do putriyaan bhi hui, jinko rishabhadev ne sarvapratham yug ke aarambh mein kramash: lipividya (aksharavidya) aur ankavidya ka gyaan diya.[3][4] baahubali aur sundari ki maata ka naam sunanda tha. bharat chakravarti, brahmi aur anya 98 putron ki maata ka naam sumangala tha. rishabhadev Bhagwan ki aayu 84 lakh poorv ki thi jismein se 20 lakh poorv Kumar avastha mein vyateet hua aur 63 lakh poorv raaja ki tarah|[5]

keval gyaan

rishabhadev Bhagwan kevalajnyaaan praapti ke baad

jain grantho ke anusaar lagbhag 1000 varsho tak tap karne ke pashchaat rishabhadev ko keval gyaan ki praapti hui thi. rishabhadev Bhagwan ke samavasharan mein nimnalikhit vrati the :[6]

  • 84 ganadhar
  • 22 hajaar kevali
  • 12,700 muni man: paryayajnyaaan gyaan se vibhooshit [7]
  • 9,000 muni avadhi gyaan se
  • 4,750 shrut kevali
  • 20,600 riddhi dhaari muni
  • 3,50,000 aaryika maata ji [8]
  • 3,00,000 shraavak

hindu granthon mein varnan

vaidik dharm mein bhi riashabhadev ka sanstavan kiya gaya hai. Bhagwat mein arhan raaja ke roop mein inka vistrut varnan hai. ismein bharat aadi 100 putron ka kathan jain dharm ki tarah hi kiya gaya hai. ant mein ve digmbar (nagn) saadhu hokar saare Bhaarat mein vihaar karne ka bhi ullekh kiya gaya hai. riagved aadi praacheen vaidik saahitya mein bhi inka aadar ke saath sanstavan kiya gaya hai.

hindoopuraan shreemadbhaagavat ke paaainchavein skandh ke anusaar manu ke putr priyvrat ke putr aagneedhr huye jinke putr raaja naabhi (jain dharm mein naabhiraaya naam se ullikhit) the. raaja naabhi ke putr rishabhadev huye jo ki mahaan prataapi samraat huye. bhaagavatapuraan anusaar Bhagwan rishabhadev ka vivaah indr ki putri jayanti se hua. isse inke sau putr utpann huye. unamein bharat chakravarti sabse bade evam gunavaan the.[9] unase chhote kushaavart, ilaavart, brahmaavart, malaya, ketu, bhadrasen, indraspruk, Vidarbh aur keekat ye nau Rajkumar shesh nabbe bhaaiyon se bade evam shreshth the. unase chhote kavi, hari, antariksh, prabuddh, pippalaayan, aavirhotr, drumil, chamas aur karabhaajan ye nau putr Rajkumar Bhagwat dharm ka prachaar karne vaale bade bhagavadbhakt the. inse chhote ikyaasi putr pita ki ki aajnyaa ka paalan karte huye punyakarmon ka anushthaan karne se shuddh hokar braahman ho gaye.[10]

pratima

Bhagwan rishabhadev ji ki ek vishaal pratima badavaani (Madhya Pradesh) (Bhaarat) ke paas baavanagaja me hai. yeh 84 feet ki hai.

sandarbh

  1. b.k. jain 2013, pa॰ 31.
  2. Sangave 2001, pa॰ 105.
  3. jain 1998, pa॰ 47-48.
  4. aadinaathapuraan aur chaubees teerthankar-puraan
  5. jain 2015, pa॰ 181.
  6. Champat Rai Jain 2008, pa॰ 126-127.
  7. Champat Rai Jain 2008, pa॰ 126.
  8. Champat Rai Jain 2008, pa॰ 127.
  9. shreemaddhabhaagavat panyacham skandh, chaturth adhyaaya, shlok 9
  10. shreemaddhabhaagavat panyacham skandh, chaturth adhyaaya, shlok 13

sandarbh granth