ringaton

ringaton athva ring ton kisi telephone par aane waali call athva shaabdik sandesh ka sanket dene waali dhvani ko kaha jaata hai. haalaanki shabdash: yeh koi ton (svar) naheen hoti, aajkal is shabd ka sarvaadhik prayog mobile fonon par ruchi ke anusaar chuni ja sakane waali dhvaniyon ke liye kiya jaata hai.

anukram

prushthabhoomi

apne network dvaara aane waali call ko ingit kiye jaane par fon aavaaj "ring" karta hai tatha apne prayogakarta ko iski soochana deta hai. laindalaain telephone ke liye call sanket aise svich athva exchange dvaara utpann vidyut kareint ho sakta hai jisse vah juda ho. mobile fonon ke liye, network phone ko aane waali call ka sanket bhejata hai.

telephone "ring" kisi aane waali telephone call ko darshaane ke liye ki jaane waali dhvani hoti hai. is shabd ki utpatti is tathya se maani jaati hai jab shurooaati teleefonon mein ghantiyaan tatha vidyut-chumbakeeya klaipar lage hote the jinse ring dhvani utpann hoti thi. poorvollekhit vidyut sanket vidyut-chumbakon ko shakti dete the jo teevr gati se klaiparon ko kheenchate tatha chhodte the jinse ghantiyaan bajti theen. yeh vidyut-chumbakeeya ghanti pranaali abhi bhi vyaapak upayog mein hai. upabhokta ke telephone ko bheja jaane wala ringing sanket uttari America mein 90 volt AC tatha 20 hartj aavrutti ka hota hai. Europe mein yeh 60-90 volt AC ke aaspaas tatha 25 hartj aavrutti ka hota hai.

haalaanki utpann dhvani ko abhi bhi "ring" hi kaha jaata hai, aadhunik telephone ilektraunik prayog se drut utaar-chadhaav ke saath sangeet, chahachahaane ki athva anya dhvaniyaan utpann karte hain. ring sanketon ki vividhta ka prayog aane waali call ki visheshataaon ke liye kiya ja sakta hai (udaaharan ke liye kam samay antaraal ke saath ki ring kisi vishesh number se aane waali call ko darshaane hetu prayog ki ja sakti hai).

koi ringing sanket ek vidyut telephone sambandhi sanket hota hai jo telephone dvaara prayogakarta ko aane waali call ki soochana deta hai. peeoteees telephone pranaali mein aisa karne ke liye ringing kareint bheja jaata hai, jo lagbhag 100 volt ka kampaayamaan deesi kareint [sanyukt raajya America mein 90 volt AC tatha 20 hartj] hota hai. kampaayamaan deesi mein kramik polairiti naheen hoti hai; yeh shoonya se adhiktam voltej tatha vaapas shoonya tak kampaayamaan hota hai. aajkal is sanket ko apni yaatra ke adhikaansh bhaag mein digital roop mein bheja ja sakta hai, sirf ant mein use ringing kareint ke roop mein parivrtit kiya jaata hai kyonki adhikaansh laindalaain phone poornataya digital naheen hote hain. puraane fonon mein yeh voltej phone ki ghanti bajaane ke liye uchch-impeedeins vaale vidyut-chumbakon ke liye trigr ka kaarya karta tha.

20veen shataabdi ke uttaraardh tatha iske baad ke fiksd phone is ringing kareint voltej ka pata laga kar vaarbling ton ko ilektrauniks ki sahaayata se chaaloo kar dete hain. mobile phone poori tarah se digital hote hain, isliye ring karne ke liye ve sel base stationon ke saath samvaad ke upayog mein laayi jaane waali protokaul se sanket praapt karte hain.

peeoteees sviching pranaali mein telephone haindaset ko svich huk se uthaaye jaane par line ka impeedeins lagbhag 600 oms tak kam ho jaata hai, ise ring ka "trip ho jaana" kaha jaata hai. yeh sanket hai ki telephone call ka javaab diya gaya hai aur telephone exchange tatkaal line se ring sanket hata kar call jod deta hai. yahi "ring-trip" athva "pre-trip" naamak samasya ka kaaran banta hai, yeh tab hoti hai jab line ke ringing sanket ka saamana kandaktaron ke beech ati-nimn pratirodh se hota hai, ismein prayogakarta ke telephone ke bajne se pehle hi ring trip ho jaati hai (bahut kam samay ke liye); yeh baarish ke mausam tatha galat roop se bichhaaye gaye taaron ke maamale mein saamanya roop se hota hai.

shodh se pata chala ki log fon uthaane se pehle intajaar karte hain ki vah bajana band ho jaaye.[krupaya uddharan jodein] is samasya se nipatne ke liye antaraal ki vyavastha ki gayi, jiske falasvaroop ring-viraam-ring ka svarakram svarup saamane aaya jiska prayog aaj-kal hota hai. shurooaati party line pranaaliyon mein iska svarup ek mors code akshar ke roop mein kiya jaata tha jisse yeh pata lag sake ki phone kisko uthaana hai, parantu ab, ekal laainon ke saath iska ekamaatr svarup ekal ring tatha dohari ring hai, jo ki mool roop se mors code akshar T (daish) tatha M (daish daish) the.[tathya vaanchhit]

ringing paitarn ko ring svarakram ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. yeh keval peeoteees fiksd phone par laagoo hota hai, jahaan uchch voltej ring sanket svich on tatha of karke ringing paitarn utpann kiya jaata hai. uttari America mein, maanak ring svarakram "2-4" hai, jismein do sekand ki ring ke baad 4 sekand ka maun hota hai. Australia aur Britain mein, ring svarakram 400emaes on, 200emaes of, 400emaes on, 200emaes of hai. ye paitarn vibhinn kshetron mein bhinn ho sakte hain, tatha vishv ke alag-alag bhaagon mein anya paitarn prayog kiye jaate hain.

party line ringing se sambandhit ek seva kuchh chhote kaaryaalayon tatha ghar mein bane kaaryaalayon mein punarprachalit ho rahi hai jisse faiks masheenein tatha telephone ek hi line ka prayog karte hue alag-alag number rakh sakte hain; yeh class vaishishtya mool roop se vibhinn ringon ka prayog karta hai, haalaanki kairiyr companiyaan iske liye tredamaark naamon ka prayog karti hain, jaise "smart ring", "duet", "maltipl number", "aaideint-A-call" tatha "ringamaastar" aadi. yeh suvidha ek hi bhautik line ka prayog karte hue usase jude doosare phone ko bhinn number pradaan karne ke liye bhi upayog ki jaati hai, isko mukhya roop se ek hi kamre mein rahane vaalon athva kishoron dvaara prayog kiya jaata hai, aise maamale mein companiyaan iske vipnan ke liye "teen line" naam ka prayog karti hain.

kaular aaidi sanket pehle tatha doosare ringing sanket ke beech mein maun samay antaraal ke dauraan bheje jaate hain.

baadhit ring sanketon ko dhyaan aakrusht karne ke liye design kiya gaya tha tatha adhyayanon se pata chala ki do ton waali saviraam ring aasaani se sunaai padti hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein] iska party line mein prayog ki jaane waali koded ring se koi sambandh naheen hai.

itihaas

500 tatha 2500 model ke laindalaain telephone seton mein paaya jaane wala "C" prakaar ke ringar mein eteeendati (AT&T) ne saat alag prakaar ki ghantiyon ke sanyojan diye. ye ghantiyaan ksheen shravan shakti vaale logon ke liye "vishisht ton" ka kaarya karateen theen, saath hi kai fonon ke saath mein rakhe hone par yeh pehchaanana aasaan banaati theen ki kaun sa phone baj raha hai.[1] "bail chaaim" bhi prastut ki gayi thi, jise darvaaje ki ghanti ki tarah athva saadhaaran phone ki tarah bajne ke liye set kiya ja sakta tha.

varsh 1975 ke ek efaseesi nirnaya ne anya nirmaataaon ko phone line se jode ja sakane vaale upakaran banaane ki anumati di, iske baad nirmaataaon ne sahayantr ke roop mein telephone ringar banaane praarambh kar diye jo yaantrik ke sthaan par ilektraunik dhvaniyaan tatha sangeet bajaate the. logon ne bhi apne ringar banaane praarambh kar diye jo sangeetamaya badhaai patra ki chip ka prayog karte hue call aane par sangeet bajaate the.[2] 1989 ki ek pustak mein aisa hi ek ringar varnit tha jismein ek khilaune ka kutta tha jo call aane par bhaunkta tatha gurraata tha.[3] is prakaar, electronic telephone ringar hi maanak ban gaye. inmein se kuchh ringar ekal dhun bajaate the to kuchh do ya teen dhunon ka ek kram athva madhur sangeet bajaate the.[4]

pehla aisa vyaavasaayik mobile phone jismein ruchi ke anusaar set ki ja sakane waali ring ton theen, Japani enateeti dokomo digital mova ena103 haaipar tha jise enaisi ne banaaya tha tatha ise May 1996 mein jaari kiya gaya tha.[5] ismein midi (MIDI) praaroop mein kuchh preeset gaane the. September 1996 mein, aaideeo, vartamaan mein eyoo, ne deinso nirmit digital minimo dee319 ki bikri praarambh ki. yeh aisa pehla mobile phone tha jismein koi upayogakarta preeset gaanon ke sthaan par maulik sangeet daal sakta tha. ye phone Japan mein lokapriya ho gaye: 1998 mein prakaashit ek pustak[6] jismein vistaarapoorvak varnan tha ki phone mein kaise lokapriya gaanon ke mukhade bana kar roochi ke anusaar bajaaya ja sakta hai, ki 35 lakh se bhi adhik pratiyaan bikeen.

pehli daaunalod ki ja sakane waali ringaton seva ka nirmaan tatha vitran 1998 ke vasant mein Finland mein hua jab rediyolinja (Finland ki ek mobile pradaata company jise ab Elisa ke naam se jaana jaata hai) ne haaramoniym naam ki apni seva praarambh ki, iska aavishkaar vesa-matti panaanen ne kiya tha. [7] haaramoniym mein vyaktiyon ke liye monofonik ringatons banaane ke saadhan ke saath hi unhein kisi mobile set par SMS ke dvaara over-the-air (oteee) bhejane ki suvidha bhi thi. November 1998 mein, dijitlafon samooh (sauftabaink mobile) ne aisi hi seva Japan mein bhi praarambh kar di.

ringaton nirmaata

ek ring ton nirmaata upayogakarta ko unke niji sangeet sangrah se ek geet lekar unke dvaara chune gaye ansh ko alag kar unke mobile par bhejane ki suvidha pradaan karta hai. faailein pratyaksh kanekshan (jaise yooesabi kebal), blootooth, tekst sandesh ya imel dvaara mobile phone par bheja ja sakta hai.

shurooaati ringaton nirmaata haaramoniym tha, iska vikaas ek finish computer prograamar vesa-matti panaanen ne kiya tha tatha ise 1997 mein nokiya smart maisejing ke saath prayog kiye jaane ke liye jaari kiya gaya tha.[8][9]

kuchh pradaata apne prayogakartaaon ko apni swayam ki sangeet dhunein banaane ki anumati dete hain jinhein ya to "sangeet kampojr" ki sahaayata se athva ek sempal/loop areinjar ki sahaayata se banaaya ja sakta hai (jaise ki soni eriksan ke kai fonon mein myoojikdeeje hota hai). ye aksar keval ek vishesh phone model ya brand mein upalabdh enakoding fauramait ka upayog karte hain. aksar anya fauramait jaise midi ya emapee3 bhi samarthit hote hain; ringaton ke roop mein prayog kiye jaane se pehle inhein phone par daaunalod kiya jaana aavashyak hota hai.

jab koi ek ringaton khareedata hai, tab ek egreegetar (company jo ki ringaton bechati hai) ya to apni dhun banaati hai ya pehle se bani dhunon ko mila kar upalabdh karaati hai. ringaton ke banane ke pashchaat ise ise kisi vishisht faail fauramait mein daal kar vyakti ke mobile phone par SMS ke dvaara bhej diya jaata hai. yadi company pehle se bani dhunon ka prayog karti hai to use uske svaami ko svatv shulk ka bhugataan karna hota hai. saara dhan us geet ke svaami ko naheen milta hai; ek bada hissa selafon pradaata ko bhi diya jaata hai.[10]

2005 mein "smaishadeetons" (ab iska naam "mobaaila17" hai), pehli truteeya paksh pradaata bani jo ringaton ko online banaane ki anumati deti thi aur iske liye daaunalod kiye ja sakane vaale software athva digital audio editor ki aavashyakta naheen hoti thi. baad mein, eppal ke aaifon ne prayogakartaaon ko phone ki aaityoon laaibreri ke liye khreede gaye kisi bhi geet se ringaton banaane ki anumati di[11] par ismein kuchh kathinaaiyaan theen, jismein 40 sekand ki seema shaamil thi, saath hi faail ka eesi fauramait mein hona tatha iska naam eksateinshan .m4r hona anivaarya tha.

websiton ki ek shrrunkhala upalabdh hai jinke dvaara prayogakarta digital sangeet athva anya dhvani faailon se ringaton bana sakte hain; ye saaitein seedhe hi unke mobaailon par unhein upload kar deti hain tatha geeton ki sankhya ki koi uchchatam seema naheen hai.

ringaton vyaapaar

is tathya ne, ki upabhokta ringaton ke liye $3 tak kharch karne ko taiyaar hain, "mobile sangeet" ko sangeet udyog ka ek vishesh roop se laabhakaari bhaag bana diya hai.[12] anumaan bhinn hain: mainahattan sthit vipnan aur paraamarsh farm kaunsekt ka anumaan hai ki 2004 mein ringatonon se hone waali vaishvik bikri 4 billion dollar ki thi.[9] faurchyoon patrika ke anusaar, 2005 mein ringaton ki bikri se duniya bhar mein 2 billion dollar ki kamaai ki gayi.[13] saaund faailon ki vruddhi ne bhi ringaton ko lokapriya banaane mein yogadaan diya. 2003 mein, udaaharan ke liye, Japani ringaton baajaar, jo ki akele hi 900 million yooes dollar ka tha, mein saaund faailon ki bikri 66.4 million yooes dollar ki rahi.[14] iske alaava 2003 mein bhi, vaishvik mobile ringaton udyog 2.5 se 3.5 billion yooes dollar ka tha.[14] 2009 mein, anusandhaan farm esaenael kagan ke anumaan ke anusaar sanyukt raajya America mein ringatonon ki bikri sheersh par 2007 mein 714 million dollar ke saath pahunchi.[15] esaenael kagan ne anumaan lagaaya ki sanyukt raajya mein inki bikri 2008 mein gir kar 541 million dollar ho gayi, iska aanshik kaaran yeh tha ki prayogakartaaon ne swayam ki ringatons banaana seekh liya tha.[12]

biling vivaad

ringaton vyaapaar ne udyog ki vyaapaar prathaaon ke sambandh mein vivaad ko prerit kiya hai.

mukadame

jemstar

April 2005 mein, kaalaahan ki vidhi farm maikakyoon va Willis ne sain Diego nivaasi pita evam unki das varsheeya putri ki aur se jemstar! ke viruddh ek class action vaad daakhil kiya.[16] is vaad mein aarop lagaaya gaya ki jemstar! ne selyular telephone graahakon ko kapatapoorn va bhramit karne vaale vijnyaaapanon ke dvaara dhokha diya hai. vaadiyon ka tark tha ki kahe ja rahe vijnyaaapanon mein vigyaapan ka tekst sandesh se uttar dene vaale graahakon ko ek ni:shulk ringaton dene ka prastaav tha, par unhonne prayogakartaaon ko yeh naheen bataaya ki aisa karne se ve ek maasik seva ke graahak ban jaayeinge.[17] is vaad mein chaar log aur jud gaye tatha November 2009 mein iska niptaara kar diya gaya.[18][19]

setarafeeld banaam Simon evam skastar

June 2007 mein setarafeeld banaam Simon evam skastar mukadama sankhya si 06-2893 seedablyoo, 2007 yooes jila leksis (N.di. kail. June 26, 2007) mein class action mein ek nirnaya (jise baad mein badal diya gaya) hua, ismein mobile fonon par ek SMS ka prasaaran shaamil tha jo ek lokapriya lekhak ke "mobile club" ka prasaar karta tha, jise ek saat varsheeya bachche dvaara prayog kiya jaata tha. bachaav paksh, vah prakaashan company jisne us prasaar sandeshon ka anubandh liya tha tatha vah pradaata company jisne vaastav mein vah sandesh bheja tha, ne tark diya ki naamaankit graahak, jo ki us bachche ki maata thi, ne un prasaar kiye jaane vaale sandeshon ko praapt karne ki sveekruti di thi, aisa karne ke liye usane ni:shulk ringaton praapt karne ke liye ek online form mein ek khaane ko tik kiya tha jismein likha tha ki "haan! main nekstavans ke sahayogiyon tatha braadon se prachaar praapt karna chaahoonga...."

nyaayaadheesh klaudiya vilken ne nirnaya diya ki vah tekst sandesh teeseepeee ke antargat naheen aata hai, pratham, kyonki jis prakaar se ve sandesh bheje gaye, ve "automatic telephone daayaling pranaali" ki vaidhaanik paribhaasha mein sahi naheen baithate, tatha dviteeya kyonki vaadi ne prachaar sandesh praapt karne ki sveekruti ek vyaapak shaabdik sveekruti praavadhaan ke antargat di, jise ek ni:shulk ringaton daaunalod praapt karne ke uddeshya se kiya gaya tha. naainth sarkit court of apeels ne is faisale ko palatate tatha Simon evam skastar ke viruddh sanbhavat: 90 million dollar ke mukdame ko bahaal kar diya. ant mein nyaayaadheesh klaudiya vilken ne August 6, 2010 ko ek samjhauta anumodit kiya jisse class action daakhil karne vaale pratyek vyakti ko 175 dollar praapt hue.[20][21]

pablik yootiliteej aayog ki shikaayat

July 20, 2005 ko, yootiliti kanjyoomars action network, jo California sthit gair-laabhakaari upabhokta samarthan sangathan hai, ne California pablik yootiliteej aayog (seepeeseeyoo) ke samaksh singular wireless viruddh ek shikaayat daakhil ki, jismein unapar anaadhikrut roop se gair-sanchaar sambandhi sevaaon, jaise ringatons, ka shulk lene ka aarop lagaaya gaya.[22] yooseeeen ne daava kiya ki singular ne apne upabhoktaaon ko soochana diye bina unase jemstar! tatha anya milti-julati ringaton sevaaon ka shulk liya, unase is seva mein aane ke liye poochhe bina tatha aise shulkon ke liye sveekruti ka pramaan ke bina hi shulk laga diya gaya.[23] iske atirikt yooseeeen ne singular par aarop lagaaya ki unhonne kai seepeeseeyoo aavashyakataaon ka ullanghan kiya hai, unhonne upabhoktaaon se lagaataar gair-sanchaar sevaaon ke vishay mein poochhate hue aise prabhaar unke wireless phone shulk mein jod diye jinki koi jimmedaari singular par naheen hai tatha ve graahakon ko unke prashnon ke vishay mein koi sahaayata naheen de sakte hain.[23][24]

ringaton ke viruddh pratikriyaaen

sel phone sanskruti mein ringaton ke sambandh mein shishtaachaar ek sarvaadhik vivaad ka vishay raha hai. haalaanki praay: iska uddeshya aanevaali call ki jaankaari praaptakarta ko dene hetu iski karnapriyta ke liye bajaay jaata hai, parantu praaptakarta ke aaspaas ke log iske basjane ki aavaaj ko vyavadhaan bhi maan sakte hain. naukri dene vaale niyokta kaaryasthal par ringaton par pratibndh lagaane ke liye jaane jaate rahe hain; ek Australiaee company to is maamale mein itni aage chali gayi ki usane apne karmachaariyon par utani baar jurmaana lagaaya jitni baar unki ringaton kisi meeting ke dauraan baji. sel phone rakhane vaale peshevaron par kiye gaye ek anya sarvekshan mein yeh paaya gaya ki 18 pratishat logon ka yeh mat hai ki sel phone ke istemaal sambandhi sabse bura tareeka kisi saarvajanik yaataayaat vaahan mein chalte hue phone ki ringaton soochi mein ankit sabhi ringaton ko ek ek karke bajaana hai.[25] ringaton ke sambandh mein anya pratikriya yeh hai ki inke maadhyam se L alag hi tarah ki sanskruti viksit ho gayi hai. logon ne swayam ko kisi khaas chayanit ringaton ke saath jodna shuroo kar diya hai jo unki pehchaan ban sake theek vaise hi jaise vah apne mobile phone ke saath karte the. "un logon ke saath bhi aisa hi tha jo apne phone par koi call praapt karte the, sangeetamaya ringaton saarvajanik sthalon ke haalat ke anusaar isi prakaar se design ki jaati hain, jisse ki vah vahaan upasthit anya logon ko jo sambhaavit roop se iske kaaran vyavadhaan ke shikaar ho sakte hain aur agal bagal khade logon ko bhi achhi lagein" (likoppe 148) ab log sirf apne phone ki pasand ke maadhyam se hi naheen balki isse bhi aage apni ringaton ke maadhyam se apne aaspaas vaalon ko yeh bataate hain ki unhein kis prakaar ka sangeet pasand hai. ek prakaar se, log iske dvaara bheed se alag hone ka ek sandesh dete hain. haalaanki, is vishay par bhi vivaad hai ki ringaton ka chunaav is prakaar kiya jaana chaahiye ki vah logon ke dhyaan ko kam se kam aakarshit kare aur bheedbhaad vaale sthaanon ke liye upayukt ho. "kuchh upayogakarta jaanboojhkar saajha saanskrutik sansaadhanon ke ke samuchchaya se apni ringaton ka chunaav karte hain...jiske sambandh mein ve yeh jaante hain ki ise adhiktar log pahachaanate honge. sangeetamaya ringaton ka aisa chunaav is tathya se prerit hota hai ki iske falasvaroop unhein apne saath upasthit logon se kaisi pratikriya milegi" (likoppe 148). choonki dhunein saralata se pahachaani ja sakti hain, isliye is baat ki sambhaavana adhik hai ki log ise najrandaaj kareinge aur iske kaaran unka dhyaan bhang naheen hoga.[26]

ringaton ke prakaar

monofonik
ek monofonik ringaton saamaanya roop se sangeetamaya svaron ki ek shrankhala hoti hai, jismein svar ek ke baad ek aate hain.
pauleefonik
ek pauleefonik ringaton mein kai svar ek saath ho sakte hain. pehli pauleefonik ringaton mein anukramik rikaurding shaili, jaise, emaaaideeaai (MIDI) ka prayog kiya gaya tha. is prakaar ki rikaurding yeh prakat karti hain ki kisi nirdhaarit samay par kis sinthetik vaadya yantr ko svar dena hai aur vaadya yantr ka vaastavik svar plebaik upakaran par nirbhar karega. baad mein, kampojeeshan deta ke saath samanvayit upakaranon ko bhi shaamil kiya ja sakta hai, jo pratyek phone ke antarnihit svar kosh se pare aur bhi adhik vividh svar upalabdh karaata hai.
troo ton
ek trooton ("riylaton", "maastaraton", "suparafonik ringaton" ya "audio rikaurding" ke naam se bhi prachalit) saadhaaran roop se ek shravya rikaurding hoti hai, aadarshat: yeh saadhaaran praaroop mein hoti hai jaise emapee3 (MP3) ya eesi (AAC).trooton, jo praay: gaanon se li gayi panktiyaan hoti hain, ab ringaton ke roop mein prachalit ho gayi hain. pehli trooton seva eyoo (au) dvaara December 2002 mein shuroo ki gayi thi.[27] trooton ke roop mein vitrit sabse pehla gaana kemistri ka "maai gift too you" tha.
singaton
ek 'sing ton" ek ringaton hai jise karaaoke paddhati se prushthabhoomi mein chalte hue gaane ke saath, upayogakarta ki record ki gayi aavaaj ke saath milaakar (jise samay aur sur doni ke liye samaayojit kiya jaata hai), banaaya gaya hai.
video ringaton
ek video ringaton video saamagri ka ek bhaag hota hai jise ringaton ke roop mein prayog kiya jaata hai (aadarshat: 3G fonon mein). koi bhi video prayog kiya ja sakta hai lekin aamtaur par sangeet video ke hisson ka hi prayog hota hai. is prakaar ke prayog ka sarvottam udahaaran vah drushya evam shravya gaane hote hain jo bina ruke baar baar bajate rahate hain. video aur audio ke dvaara call karne vaale ki pehchaan karne ke liye phone mein darj sanparkon hetu nijeekrut ringaton ka prayog bhi sambhav hai.

== ringaton sanketan praaroop ==

  • 3GP: ek malteemeediya kantenar praaroop hai jiska prayog ek video ringaton ke liye kiya ja sakta. yeh 3G yooemateees (3G UMTS) malteemeediya sarvisej ke liye thard janareshan paartanaraship project 3GPP ke dvaara paribhaashit hai. iska prayog 3G mobile fonon par kiya jaata hai lekin iska prayog kuchh 2G aur 4G fonon par bhi kiya ja sakta hai.
  • eesi (AAC): kuchh phone jaise ki soni eriksan W810i ".m4a" eesi praaroop waali ringaton hi chala paate hain. aaifon (iPhone) ".m4r" eesi praaroop ki ringaton hi chala paata hai. "m4r" praaroop ".m4a" ke samaan hi hota hai inmein ek maatr antar yeh hota hai ki ".m4r" faail mein deeaaraem (DRM) shaili ke kaupi protection (nakal rokane) ki bhi suvidha hoti hai.
  • eemaaar (AMR): yeh boli visheshagya audio kampreshan praaroop hai aur mp3 ke maanak se poorv nokiya dvaara prayog kiya jaata tha.
  • eMelody:: puraane monophonic eriksan praaroop.
  • aaimelodi (iMelody): adhikaansh nae phone jinme nokiya ki smart maisejing naheen hai, monofonik praaroop ka prayog kar rahe hain.
  • kedablyooes (KWS): kyosera ka ringar praaroop.
  • emaaaidi / emaaaideeaai (MID/MIDI): prachalit svar praaroop.
  • mors code: .morase eksateinshan waali tekst faail mors code gaanon mein parivrtit ki ja sakti hain.
  • emaoti (MOT): motorola ke phone ke liye ek praacheen ringar praaroop.
  • emapee3 (MP3): adhikaansh phone vahi ringaton baja paate hain jo mp3 praaroop mein hoti hain.
  • nokiya / esaseekeel (SCKL) / oteeti (OTT): nokoya smart maisejing praaroop. nokiya fonon mein ringaton ek likhit sandesh ke roop mein praapt ho rahi hain. ringaton upakaran is prakaar ke likhit sandesh bana sakte hain. iske dvaara iska prayog koi bhi vyakti jiske paas koi bhi aisa phone ho jo apni ringaton bina kisi deta kebal ke lod kar sake. nokiya ke atirikt anya phone bhi hain jo iska prayog karte hain.
  • ojeeji (OGG) vaurbis: ऍnadrauyad power phone mein yeh difault hota hai.
  • peedeebi (PDB): paam detaabes. yeh vah praaroop hai jiske dvaara peedeee (PDA) phone par ringaton lod ki jaati hain jaise kyosera 6035 aur haindaspring triyo.
  • peeemadi (PMD): kvaalakaum aur Japani company feth dvaara sanyukt roop se nirmit praaroop jo emaaaideeaai (MIDI), pratidrshit audio (PCM), sthir graafiks, enimeshan, tekst, kampan aur elaidi (LED) ko bhi shaamil kar sakta hai.
  • kyooseepi (QCP): kvaalakaum pyor vauyas software dvaara banaaya gaya faail praaroop. yeh saadhaaran saangeetik rikaurding ke liye vishesharoop se upayukt hota hai.
  • aarateeteeteeel (RTTTL): ringaton ke liye ek prachalit praaroop.
  • aarateeeks (RTX): yeh aarasant.r m

teeteeteeel (RTTTL) ke samaan hi hota hai ismein kuchh aur bhi unnat visheshataaen hoti hain. aarateeeks par auktevs bhi alag alag hote hain.

  • saimasanga1 & saimasanga2: saimasang keepres praaroop.
  • seemeins keepres: yeh ek seemeins tekst faail praaroop ko bana sakta hai aur padh sakta hai.
  • seemeins esaio (SEO): seemeins esaio (SEO) baainari praaroop.
  • esaemaeef (SMAF): yaamaaha sangeet praaroop jo emaaaideeaai (MIDI) ko instroomeint saaund deta (aka (aKa) maudyool faails) ke saath jodta hai. faailon ke naamon ke saath eksateinshan "emaemaef" (MMF) ya "emaeladi" (MLD) hota hai.
  • esaaarati (SRT): sipura technology veeoaaipi (VoIP) phone ke liye sipura ringaton.

inhein bhi dekhein

  • nokiya dhun
  • ringabaik ton
  • ringal (sangeet)
  • teen baj

sandarbh

  1. si-type ringars - rakharakhaav. bail system abhyaas, ank 4 (sitmbar 1978), 501-250-303 anubhaag
  2. sokolovsaki, Steve (1989). "apna phone anukoolit karein", adhyaaya 8 "telephone melodi ringar". taib (TAB) pustakein, blue rij summit, peee (PA) ISBN 0-8306-9354-8.
  3. sokolovsaki, Steve (1989). "apna phone anukoolit karein", adhyaaya 20 "animated telephone ringar". taib (TAB) pustakein, blue rij summit, peee (PA) ISBN 0-8306-9354-8.
  4. biglo car aur vaaindar (2001). "andarastainding telephone electronics", chautha sanskaran. nyunes. ISBN 0-7506-7175-0.
  5. (Japani) asahi.com, 6 September 2008 ko pun:praapt (cash)
  6. (Japanese mein) ケaaーaaタaaイaa着aaメaaロ ドaレaミaBOOK [Mobile Ringtones Do-Re-Mi Book]. July 1998.
  7. time maigajeen Europe: the svit song of sakses
  8. mobile intaratenameint forum se mobile ringaton vyavasaaya ke pravartak ko pehli baar emaief (MEF) vishesh maanyata puraskaar mila - "vesku" paanaanen, 4 June 2004 press release
  9. a aa the new yaurkar se meri ghanti bajaao, 2005 lekh
  10. gopeenaath, S. (2005). vaishveekaran ke shravan tark ya ringaton. first manade, 10(12), 3.
  11. seindami mobile se ringatons ke vikaas
  12. a aa Greg Sandoval (September 3, 2009). "Apple to offer ready-made ringtones". CNET. CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2009/TECH/biztech/09/03/cnet.apple.ringtones/index.html.
  13. Mehta, Stephanie N. (December 12, 2005). "Wagner's ring? Way too long.". Fortune. p. 40. http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune_archive/2005/12/12/8363130/index.htm.
  14. a aa gopeenaath, sumant. "vaishveekaran ka shravan tark ya ringatons." first manade 10.12 (2005): 3. print.
  15. intreprenyor maigajeen website par shrinking ringaton se;s leed too diklaain in you.S. mobile market, 5 August 2009 press vigyapti jaari
  16. "jaimstar slaimd for mobile seling praiktisej", infovarld, 5 April 2005. 15 March 2007 ko pun:praapt.
  17. Ford vi. vereesaain, ink., jaimstar! eight L., kailahan, maikakyoon aur Willis. 15 March 2007 ko pun:praapt.
  18. http://jamstermarketinglitigation.com/pdfs/SettlementAgreement.pdf
  19. http://www.casd.uscourts.gov/ 05-cv-00819-JM
  20. https://ecf.cand.uscourts.gov/doc1/03517096469
  21. http://www.topclassactions.com/close/571-stephen-king-text-message-class-action-lawsuit-settlement
  22. "sprint end singyular nemd in kampleints", the New York times, 21 July 2005 . 16 March 2007 ko pun:praapt.
  23. a aa yootiliti kanjyoomars action network versus singyular wireless-kampleint end rikvest for seej end desist order , California pablik yootiliteej commission, 20 July 2005. 16 March 2007 ko pun:praapt. sandarbh truti: Invalid <ref> tag; name "ceasedesist" defined multiple times with different content
  24. yootiliti kanjyoomars action network versus singyular wireless-opiniyn apruving setelameint , California pablik yootiliteej commission, 19 October 2008. 16 March 2007 ko pun:praapt.
  25. [1]
  26. likop, krischan. mobile phone ki ghanti. New York shahar: emaaaiti (MIT) press, 2008. 142-149. print.
  27. (Japani) kedeedeeaai (KDDI) (o) aadhikaarik website par 2002 khabar jaari, 7 September 2008 ko pun:praapt

baahari links

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ringaton ko vikshanari,
ek mukt shabdakosh mein dekhein.

saaaincha:Telsigs