right bandhu

oravil right
Orville Wright.jpg
1903 mein liya gaya chitr
janm 19 August 1871
detan, ohaayo
mrutyu January 30, 1948(1948-01-30) (umr 76)
detan, ohaayo
vyavasaaya prakaashak, baaisikl vikreta/nirmaata, havaaijahaaj aavishkaarak/nirmaata, pilot prashikshak
jeevanasaathi koi naheen
hastaakshar
Orville Wright Signature.svg
vilbar right
Wilbur Wright.jpg
1903 mein liya gaya chitr
janm 16 April 1867
milvil, indiyaana
mrutyu May 30, 1912(1912-05-30) (umr 45)
detan, ohaayo
vyavasaaya prakaashak, baaisikl vikreta/nirmaata, havaaijahaaj aavishkaarak/nirmaata, pilot prashikshak
jeevanasaathi koi naheen
hastaakshar
Wilbur Wright Signature.svg

right bandhu (angreji: Wright brothers), oravil (angreji: Orville, 19 August, 1871 – 30 January 1948) aur vilbar (angreji: Wilbur, 16 April, 186730 May, 1912), do amareekan bandhu the jinhein havaai jahaaj ka aavishkaarak maana jaata hai.[1][2][3] inhonne 17 December 1903 ko sansaar ki sabse pehli safal maanaveeya havaai udaan bhari jismein hava se bhaari vimaan ko niyantrit roop se nirdhaarit samay tak sanchaalit kiya gaya. iske baad ke do varshon mein anek prayogon ke baad inhonne vishv ka pratham upayogi drudh-pakshi vimaan taiyaar kiya. ye praayogik vimaan banaane aur udaane vaale pehle aavishkaarak to naheen the, lekin inhonne havaai jahaaj ko niyantrit karne ki jo vidhiyaaain khojeen, unke bina aaj ka vaayuyaan sambhav naheen tha.[4]

is aavishkaar ke liye aavashyak yaantrik kaushal inhein kai varshon tak printing press, baaisikl,[5] motor aur anya kai masheenon ke saath kaam karte karte mila. baaisikl ke saath kaam karte karte inhein vishvaas ho gaya ki vaayuyaan jaise asantulit vaahan ko bhi abhyaas ke saath santulit aur niyantrit kiya ja sakta hai.[6] 1900 se 1903 tak inhonne glaaidaron par bahut prayog kiye jisse inka pilot kaushal viksit hua. inke baaisikl ki dukaan ke karmachaari Charlie Taylor ne bhi inke saath bahut kaam kiya aur inke pehle yaan ka engine banaaya. jahaaain anya aavishkaarak engine ki shakti badhaane par lage rahe, vaheen right bandhuon ne aarambh se hi niyantran ka sootr khojane par apna dhyaan lagaaya. inhonne vaayu-surang mein bahut se prayog kiye aur saavadhaani se jaankaari ekatrit ki, jiska prayog kar inhonne pehle se kaheen adhik prabhaavashaali pankh aur propelar khoje.[7][8] inke peteint (amareekan peteint san. 821, 393) mein daava kiya gaya hai ki inhonne vaayugatikeeya niyantran ki nai pranaali viksit ki hai jo vimaan ki satahon mein badlaav karti hai.[9]

anek anya aavishkaarakon ne bhi havaai jahaaj ke aavishkaar ka daava kiya hai, lekin ismein koi do rai naheen ki right bandhuon ki sabse badi upalabdhi thi teen-dhruveeya niyantran ka aavishkaar, jiski sahaayata se hi pilot vimaan ko santulit rakh sakta hai aur disha-parivartan kar sakta hai.[10] niyantran ka yeh tareeka sabhi vimaanon ke liye maanak ban gaya aur aaj bhi sab tarah ke drudh-pakshi vimaanon ke liye yahi tareeka upayukt hota hai.[11][12]

gaileri

right bandhu ki pehli udaan
ऑरविल (बायें) एवं विलबर (दायें), १८७६ में ऑरविल (बायें) एवं विलबर (दायें), १८७६ में
oravil (baayein) evam vilbar (daayein), 1876 mein

sandarbh

  1. smithsoniyn sansthaan, "the right brothers & the invenshan of the eriyl ej"
  2. meri N Johnson. on the eviyeshan trel in the right brothers; vest side nebarahud in deyatan, ohiyo right state yunivrsiti, 2001
  3. "flaaing thru the ejej" BBC news, March 19, 1999. abhigman tithi: 17 July 2009
  4. "Telegram from Orville Wright in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, to His Father Announcing Four Successful Flights, 1903 December 17". 1903-12-17. http://www.wdl.org/en/item/11372/. abhigman tithi: 2013-07-22.
  5. "Wilbur Wright Working in the Bicycle Shop". 1897. http://www.wdl.org/en/item/11373/. abhigman tithi: 2013-07-22.
  6. kraaush 2003, pru. 169
  7. Jacob 1997, pru. 156
  8. kraaush 2003, pru.228
  9. udn yantr ka peteint
  10. Padfield, Gareth D., Professor of Aerospace Engineering, and Lawrence, Ben, researcher. "The Birth of Flight Control: An Engineering Analysis of the Wright Brothers' 1902 Glider." (PDF format) The Aeronautical Journal, Department of Engineering, The University of Liverpool, UK, December 2003, p. 697. Retrieved: 23 January 2008.
  11. Howard 1988, p. 89.
  12. Jakab 1997, p. 183.

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