reyooniyon

reyooniyon (Réaunion) Africa mein sthit ek dweep hai. yeh hind mahaasaagar mein maidaagaaskar ke poorv mein 200 kimi aur maureeshas ke dakshin mein sthit hai. iski rajdhani sent dainis hai. yeh dweep France ka ek ovaraseej vibhaag hai.

anukram

itihaas

purtagaaliyon ne sabse pehle is dweep ki khoj 1513 mein ki thi aur ise saanta apolloniaa naam diya. uske baad 1638 mein fraanseeseeyon ne is dweep par adhikaar kar liya aur 1649 mein raaja lui chaudahavein ne ise il baraban (Îale Bourbon) naam diya. is dweep par fraanseesi aur afreeki dono janasamooh rahate the. fraanseesi kraanti ke baad 1793 mein ise vartamaan naam reyooniyon de diya. 1801 mein nepoliyn bonaapaart ne is dweep ko il bonaapaart (Îale Bonaparte) naam diya.

1810 mein angrejo ne is dweep par adhikaar kar liya aur iska naam baraban kar diya. jab 1815 mein ise fraans ko lautaaya gaya, to iska naam 1848 tak baraban hi raha aur ise pun: reyooniyon naam de diya gaya.

is dweep par daasata bahut prachalit thi aur afreeki das janasankhya ka pramukh bhaag the jab tak ki 1848 mein daasata ko samaapt naheen kar diya gaya. das pratha par rok lagne ke baad Bhaarat, Malaysia ityaadi se aur baad mein cheen se bhi daason ko laaya gaya.

bhoogol

antariksh se reyooniyon

reyooniyon dweep 63 kimi lamba aur 45 kimi chauda hai. iska kul kshetrafal 2,150 kimi2 hai. yeh dweep sanyukt raajya America ke havaai raajya ke pramukh dweep se is maamale mein samaan hai ki donon hi mahaadveepeeya pleton par sthit hain aur is dweep par bhi jvaalaamukhiya gatividhiyaaain bheetari or pai jaati hain.

dweep ke poorvi kinaare par sthit pitn di la fornaas (Piton de la Fournaise) yahaaain ka sabse ooaincha sthal hai aur samudra tal se 2,611 meter ooaincha hai. is praay: havaai ke jvaalaamukhiyon ka sambandhi kaha jaata hai kyonki yahaaain ki jalavaayu aur jvaalaamukhiya gatividhiyaaain, havaai ke samaan hain. pitn di la fornaas 1640 se sau baar prasfutit hua hai aur yeh nirntar nirikshan mein rahata hai. sabse haal ka prasfutan 13 August, 2004 ko hua tha.


janasaankhyiki

dweep ki kul janasankhya 8 lakh hai aur dweep ke vaasi vibhinn nasleeya samoohon ke hain: mishrit nasleeyata 64%, bhaarateeya 28%, Europeeya 2%, cheeni 2%, poorvi afreeki 1% aur anya 3%.

kul janasankhya ka 84.9% isaai hain. anya dharmaavalambiyon mein hindu 6.7%, musalmaan 2.15% aur anya 6.25% hain.

baahari kadiyaaain