rel gej

Gauge EN.svg

rel gej, kisi railway line ki do samaanaantar bhaar vahan patariyon ke sheershon ke bheetari pakshon ke beech ki doori ko paribhaashit karti hai. duniya ki lagbhag saath pratishat railway 1,435 mi.mi. (4 feet 8½ inch) mimi (4 foot 8 mein 1/2) ki maanak gej ka upayog karti hain. chaude gej ko braud gej ya badi line kaha jaata hai, chhote gej ko nairo gej ya chhoti line kehte hain, va ek meter chaude gej ko meter gej ya meter line kehte hain. jahaan bhinn gej aapas mein milte hain, use gej bhang (break of gej) kehte hain. kuchh rel track dohare ya tihre gej ke hote hain, jinmein teen ya chaar patariyaan hoti hain. in par ek se adhik gej ki gaadiyaan ja sakti hain.

gej sahya seema se pata chalta hai ki vaastavik gej ka naap maanak naap se suraksha mein rahate hue kitna antar tak ho sakta hai. udaaharanat: you.S. Federal relarod edaministreshan (ef aar A) kehta hai, ki ek 60 meal/ghanta (96.6 kimi/ghanta) ke liye banaae gaye track ka gej 4 feet 8 inch (1,422 mi.mi.) aur 4 fut 9 12 inch (1,461 mimi) ke beech hi hona chaahiye.

rel gej
braud gej
maanak gej
nairo gej
minimm gej
rel gej ki soochi
break of gej
dual gej
gej antaran
rel track
traamave track
[edit]

anukram

pradhaan gej

feet' inch" mi.mi.
5' 6" 1676
5' 5.85" 1668
5' 3" 1600
5' 1524
4' 11.85" 1520
4' 8.5" 1435
4' 6" 1372
3' 6" 1067
3' 5.35" 1050
3' 3.37" 1000
3' 4.1" 950
3' 914
2' 6" 762
2' 5.55" 750
2' 610
1' 11.6" 600
pratyek desh mein pradhaan rel gej darshit


gej naam sthaapana prayog
1,676 mimi (5 fut 6 inch) bhaarateeya gej Bhaarat (yunigej pariyojana - 42,000 kimi), Pakistan, Argentina, chili
1,668 mi.mi. (5 feet 5⅔ inch) aaiberiyn gej 14,337.2 kimi (2007)

+ 21 kimi Spain mein mishrit gej (aaiberiyn+UIC, ek hi sleeper par teen rel patariyaan)

Portugal, Spain
1,600 mimi (5 fut 3 inch) aayarish gej 9,800 kimi Ireland evam Australia mein mahatvapoorn maainar gej -viktoriyn gej (4,017 kimi), braajeel (4,057 km)
1,524 mimi (5 fut) rashiyn gej 7,000 km Finland, estoniya
1,520 mi.mi. (4 feet 11⅞ inch) 220,000 km CIS raajya, laitviya, lithuaaniya, mangoliya
1,435 mi.mi. (4 feet 8½ inch) maanak gej 720,000 km Europe, uttari amareeka, cheen, Korea, Australia, madhya-poorv, uttari Africa, Mexico, kyooba, panaama, venejyoola, peroo, yurugve (vishv ki railway ka 60%) saath hi Japan evam Spain ki uchch-gati rel laainein.
1,067 mimi (3 fut 6 inch) kep gej 112,000 km dakshini evam madhya Africa, indonishiya, Japan, taaivaan, filipeens, new jeelaind, Australia (khuchh bhaag)
1,000 mi.mi. (3 feet 3⅜ inch) meter gej 95,000 km dakshin poorv Asia, Bhaarat (17,000 kimi, kuchh gej antaran ki prakriya mein yuneegej pariyojana ke adheen, bhaarateeya gej ko, braajeel (23,489 kimi), boleeviya, uttari chili, kenya, yugaanda

sthaapana tithi forama1520 se, sivaaya aayarish ke.

poorn byaure hetu dekhein: rel gej ki soochi

tippani: rashiyn gej 1524 mimi ya 1520 mimi ho sakta hai.

itihaas

maanak gej

jo aaj maanak gej kahalaata hai, 4 feet 8½ inch (1,435 mi.mi.) usako pratham mukhya-line railway se liya gaya hai; jo livrapool evam Manchester railway (L&MR) thi, evam jisko british abhiyanta George steefanasan ne koyala khaanon ke liye banaaya tha. iska naap 4 feet 8 inch (1,422 mi.mi.) tha. chaahe ye mool rel naap ho, kintu na adhik chauda, na adhik sankara hi tha. ataev ise maanak apna liya gaya.


braud gej

maanak gej ya 1,435 mi.mi. (4 feet 8½ inch) se chaude kisi bhi gej ko braud gej kaha gaya. rashiyn, bhaarateeya, aayarish evam aaiberiyn gej, sabhi braud gej hote hain. braud gej railway ka prayog bandaragaahon par kren ityaadi ke liye bhi hota hai. isse behtar sthirta aati hai. saath hi ye patale gejon ki apeksha kaheen behtar hai.

rashiyn gej

rashiyn gej 1,520 mi.mi. (4 feet 11⅞ inch) hota hai, va vishv mein doosra adhiktam prayoganeeya gej hai.


aaiberiyn gej

Spain evam Portugal ke mukhya railway jaal chh: kaistiliyn feet (1,672 mi.mi. (5 feet 556 inch)) tatha paanch purtagaali feet (1,664 mi.mi. (5 feet 5½ inch)) ke hote hain. dono gej paryaapt roop se itne samaan hote hain, ki inke beech rel aavaagaman kar sakateen hain. haal ke varshon mein in donon ko vyavasthit kar ek maanak gej, "aaiberiyn gej" banaaya gaya hai, jise (ancho ibéaarico ya trocha ibéaarica Spanish, bitola ibéaarica purtagaali) bhaasha mein kehte hain. iska naap 1,668 mi.mi. (5 feet 5⅔ inch) rakha gaya hai. haalaanki is gair-maanak gej ko apnaane ki mool vajah fraanseesi hamle se bachaav bataaya gaya tha.[1].

bhaarateeya gej

Bhaarat, Bangladesh, Pakistan tatha Sri Lanka ne kai gejon ki bhinnata hote hue bhi unhein apnaaya, jismein se 1,676 mimi (5 fut 6 inch) sarvaadhik tha. bhaarateeya rel ne yunigej pariyojana aarambh ki, jiske adheen ek vyavasthit dhang se adhikaansh sankare gejon ko 1,676 mimi mein badla ja raha hai.

Bhaarat mein prachalit gejon ki maanak gej se tulana


aayarish gej

Ireland mein railway ka mukhya gej 5 feet 3 inch (1,600 mi.mi.) hai. yeh kai Australiaee raajyon mein bhi milta hai, jaise Victoria, dakshini new south vels, evam dakshini Australia.


Australiaee gej

nairo gej

adhikaansh kshetron mein prayoganeeya nairo gej hai:

  • 1,067 mimi (3 fut 6 inch) kep gej (udaa0 dakshini evam madhya Africa, Indonesia evam Japan, taaivaan, filipeens, kuchh Australia tatha new jeelaind)
  • 1,000 mi.mi. (3 feet 3⅜ inch) meter gej (udaa0 dakshn poorvi Asia, 17,000 kimi Bhaarat mein, kintu yunigej pariyojana ke adhin gej antaran ko agrasar hai) poorvi Africa, dakshini amareeka)

yeh bhi dekhein

sandarbh

baahari sootr