reega

reega
reega
nagar
रीगा पुराने नगर का एक दृश्य
puraane reega kasbe ka ek drushya

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लातविया में रीगा की स्थिति
laataviya mein reega ki sthiti
nirdeshaank : 56°a56′a56″aN 24°a6′a23″aE / 56.94889°aN 24.10639°aE / 56.94889; 24.10639Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 56°a56′a56″aN 24°a6′a23″aE / 56.94889°aN 24.10639°aE / 56.94889; 24.10639
desh saaaincha:desh aaainkade Latvia
shaasan[1]
• pranaali nagar parishd
• mayor nils ushaakauvs
kshetr(2002) [2]
• nagar [
• jal 48.50 15.8%
• nagar 10,133
janasankhya (2014) [3]
• nagar 643
• ghanatv <
nagareeya 1
• nagareeya ghanatv 101.4
• demonayam
samay mandal iiti (UTC +2)
• greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) iiesati (UTC+4)
doorabhaash code 66 & 67
jaalasthal www.riga.lv

reega (laataviyaai: Rīaga, spasht) laataviya ki rajdhani aur sabse pramukh nagar hai jo baaltik ka ek pramukh, audyogik, vyaapaarik, saanskrutik aur vitteeya kendra hai aur dugaava nadi par sthit ek mahatvapoorn bandargaah hai. 7,13,016 (2009) nivaasiyon ke saath yeh baaltik raajyon mein sabse bada aur baaltik kshetr mein seint peetarsabarg aur staukahom ke baad (nagareeya seema ke bheetar nivaasiyon ki ginti anusaar) teesara sabse bada nagar hai. reega kshetr ka kshetrafal 307.17 varg kimi hai aur yeh ek samatal aur reteele maidaan par samudra tal se 1 se 10 meter ki ooainchaai par sthit hai.

reega ka aitihaasik kendra ek yoonesko vishv viraasat sthal ghoshit kiya gaya hai aur nagar apni vyaapak jungendsatil (Jugendstil) vaastukala ke liye vishesh roop se ullekhaneeya hai, jise yoonesko vishv mein kaheen bhi adviteeya samajhta hai.

anukram

itihaas

reega aaj jahaaain par sthit hai vahaaain par pehle leebes naamak ek praacheen finish gram tha. raaydj nadi yahaaain par dugaava nadi se milti hai.


arthashaastr aur vyaapaar

haal ke varshon mein reega ki avakaash yaatra aur vyaapaar mein aadhaarbhoot dhaanche mein sudhaar ke kaaran bahut vruddhi hui hai. adhiktar paryatak vimaan dvaara reega antarraashtreeya havaai adde se hokar, jo baaltik raajyon mein sabse bada havaai adde hai, reega ki yaatra karte hain. is havaai adde ka naveekaran aur aadhunikeekaran 2001 mein reega ki 800veen varshagaanth ke avsar par kiya gaya tha. nikat bhavishya mein, reega ullekhaneeya parivrtano se gujarega. ek nae sthalachihn - laataviyaai raashtreeya pustakaalaya bhavan - ka nirmaan 2007 ki ki sharad ritu mein aarambh hua aur jo 2010 tak ban jaaega.[4] vartamaan mein reega parishad mein is baat par vichaar vimarsh chal raha hai ki dugaava ke baaen kinaare par sthit keindreeya kshetron ka vikaas kiya jaae. sabse bada vivaad kipsaala (Kipsala) mein gaganachunbi attaalikaaon ke nirmaan ko lekar hai, jiske sambandh mein yoonesko ne chetaavani di hai ki isse "reega ke aitihaasik kendra ka ek vishv viraasat sthal ke roop mein hone ka darja gambhir roop se khatre mein pad sakta hai".[5] kipsaala mein pehle hi 3 bhavanon ka nirmaan aarambh ho chuka hai - da vinsi parisar (25 taleeya)[6] aur jed-taavars (30 taleeya).[7] laataviya ke lagbhag sabhi mahatvapoorn vitteeya sansthaan reega mein sthit hain jismein laataviya bank bhi hai, jo laataviya ka kendreeya bank hai. reega ke maadhyam se videshi vaanijyik vyaapaar ke haal ke varshon mein badh raha hai aur 1 May 2004 ko ise tab ek nai gati mili jab laataviya Europeeya sangh ka sadasya bana. laataviya ke kul audyogik utpaadan ka lagbhag aadha bhaag reega mein utpann hota hai, jo mukhyat: vitteeya kshetr, saarvajanik upayogitaaon, khaadya aur peya padaarth, faarmaasyootikls, lakdi prasanskaran, mudran aur prakaashan, kapda aur furniture aur sanchaar upakaranon ke vinirmaan par kendrit hai. laataviya ki 50% kanpaniyaaain reega kshetr mein panjeekrut hain. reega ka bandargaah ek mahatvapoorn nauvahan maal dhulaai kendra hai. yeh baaltik ka mukhya sarv-mausameeya bandargaah hai jiske anya poorv soviyt raajyon aur cheen ke saath vyaapaar vruddhi ke kaaran aage aane vaale varshon mein aur badhne ki sambhaavana hai.

shiksha

reega mein sthit kuchh pramukh vishvidyaalaya/shaikshanik sansthaan hain:

  • laataviya vishvavidyaalaya
  • reega praavidhik vishvidyaalaya
  • reega vidhi snaatak vidyaalaya
  • reega staukahom arthashaastr vidyaalaya
  • paul straadin kleenikl vishvavidyaalaya aspataal
  • beee vyaapar evam vitt vidyaalaya

nagar ke paryatan sthal

  • lootharan kaithedral, baaltik raajyon mein sabse bada girijaaghar. 13veen shataabdi mein nirmit, yeh apne itihaas mein kai baar sanshodhit kiya gaya hai. iska ek shaanadaar ang hai jo 1844 se hai.
  • reega kaisal (Rīagas Pils), jo laataviyaai itihaas ke sangrahaalaya aur videsh kala ke sangrahaalaya ka sthal hai aur raashtrapti ka sarkaari nivaas bhi.
  • sant Peter girijaaghar, reega, apne 123 meter (404 foot) oonche tauvar ke saath.
  • sant John girijaaghar, 13veen sadi ka ek chipl (girjaaghar), sant Peter ki girijaaghar ke peechhe.
  • veramaanes upavan (Vēarmanes Garden) - reega mein sabse puraana saarvajanik upavan.
laataviyaai vigyaan academy ki chhat se reega ki ek drushyaavali

parivhan


mausam

reega ki jalavaayu samudri mahaadveepeeya aur aardr ke beech mein hai. January aur February ke maheene sabse thande hote hain, jab ausat taapamaan -5 degree celcius hota hai lekin varsh ke sabse thande dinon mein taapamaan -20 degree celcius se -25 degree celcius tak kam darj kiya jaata hai. samudra se niktata ke kaaran sharad ritu mein baarish aur kohara amuman rahata hai. nirantar him aavaran assi din tak rah sakta hai. reega mein garmiyaan garm aur aardr hoti hain jab ausat taapamaan 18 degree celcius hota hai jabki sabse garm din par aam taur par taapamaan 30 degree celcius se adhik tak ho sakta hai.

Nuvola apps kweather.svg reega ke liye mausam ke ausat Weather-rain-thunderstorm.svg
maheene January fravari March April May June July August sitmbar October November December
ausat uchcha°aC (°aF) -2.3
(28)
-1.7
(29)
2.7
(37)
9.8
(50)
16.2
(61)
20.1
(68)
21.7
(71)
21.0
(70)
16.3
(61)
10.4
(51)
3.9
(39)
0.3
(33)
ausat nimn °aC (°aF) -7.8
(18)
-7.6
(18)
-4.7
(24)
1.0
(34)
5.9
(43)
10.0
(50)
12.3
(54)
11.8
(53)
8.0
(46)
4.0
(39)
-0.5
(31)
-4.4
(24)
varsha mm (inch) 34
(1.34)
27
(1.06)
28
(1.1)
41
(1.61)
44
(1.73)
63
(2.48)
85
(3.35)
73
(2.87)
75
(2.95)
60
(2.36)
57
(2.24)
46
(1.81)
srot: vishv mausam soochana seva[8] 11.11.2008

janasaankhyiki

varsh janasankhya
1767 19,500
1800 29,500
1840 60,000
1867 1,02,600
1881 1,69,300
1897 2,82,200
1913 5,17,500
1920 1,85,100
1930 3,77,900
1940 3,53,800
varsh janasankhya
1941 3,35,200
1945 2,28,200
1950 4,82,300
1955 5,66,900
1959 5,80,400
1965 6,65,200
1970 7,31,800
1975 7,95,600
1979 8,35,500
1987 9,00,300
varsh janasankhya
1990 9,09,135
1991 9,00,455
1992 8,89,741
1993 8,63,657
1994 8,43,552
1995 8,24,988
1996 8,10,172
1997 7,97,947
1998 7,86,612
1999 7,76,008
varsh janasankhya
2000 7,64,329
2001 7,56,627
2002 7,47,157
2003 7,39,232
2004 7,35,241
2005 7,31,762
2006 7,27,578
2007 7,22,485
2008 7,17,371

varsh 2008 mein 7,19,613 nivaasiyon ke saath, reega baaltik raajyon mein sabse bada nagar hai, haalaanki iski janasankhya mein 1991 ke baad se giraavat I hai. pramukh kaaranon mein utpravaas aur kam prajanan dar sammilit hain. kuchh ka anumaan hai ki 2050 tak janasankhya mein 50% tak giraavat aa sakti hai. 2008 ke aankadon ke anusaar, jaateeya laataviyaai reega ki janasankhya ka 42.3% bhaag hain; iske atirikt jaateeya roosi 41.7%, belaaroosi 4.3%, yookreni 3.9%, polaindi 2.0% aur anya jaateeyaan 5.8% hain. tulanaatmak roop se, laataviya ke nivaasiyon mein jaateeya laataviyaai 59% hain, roosi 28.5%, belaaroosi 3.8%, yookreni 2.5%, polaindi 2.4%, lithuaaniyaai 1.4% aur anya 2.4% (2006) hain. 1991 mein laataviyaai svatantrata ki bahaali par, soviyt yug ke pravaasiyon (aur 1991 se poorv paida hue unke kisi bhi santaan) ko svat: laataveeyaai naagarikta pradaan naheen ki gayi. kuchh ne apravaasan kiya; aur reega ki janasankhya mein haal hi ke varshon mein is giraavat ke liye aanshik roop se yeh kaarak uttaradaai hai. kuchh soviyt yug ke pravaasiyon ke is pratyaavartan ke parinaamasvaroop, reega mein jaateeya laataviyaaiyon ka anupaat 1989 mein 36.5% se badhkar 2007 mein 42.3% ho gaya hai aur iske vipreet mein jaateeya rooseeyon ka pratishat isi avadhi mein 47.3% se kam hokar 42.1% rah gaya hai. 2006 mein jaateeya laataviyaai, jaateeya rooseeyon ko peechhe chhodte hue nagar ka sabse bada nasleeya samooh ban gaya, lekin abhi bhi bahut se nivaasi roosi bolte hain.

bhagini nagar

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain