rainkoji mandir

rainkoji mandir tokiyo ke parisar mein sthaapit netaaji subhaashachandr Bose ki aavaksh pratima

rainkoji mandir (ja: 蓮aa光aa寺 (杉aa並aa区), an: Renkōaji Temple) Japan ke tokiyo mein sthit ek bauddh mandir hai. 1594 mein sthaapit yeh mandir bauddh sthaapatya kala ka darshaneeya sthal hai. ek maanyata ke anusaar bhaarateeya svatantrata sangraam ke agrim senaani subhaash chandr Bose ki asthiyaaain yahaaain aaj bhi surakshit rakhi hui hain. daraasal 18 sitmbar 1945 ko unki asthiyaaain is mandir mein rakhi gayeen theen. parantu praapt dastaavejon ke anusaar netaaji ki mrutyu ek maah poorv 18 August 1945 ko hi taaihokoo ke sainik aspataal mein raatri 21.00 baje ho gayi thi. Japan ke log yahaaain prati varsh 18 August ko netaaji subhaashachandr Bose ka balidaan diwas manaate hain.

anukram

itihaas

subhaashachandr Bose ki asthiyaaain 18 sitmbar 1945 ko is mandir mein laakar rakhi gayeen theen jabki praapt dastaavejon ke anusaar netaaji ki mrutyu ek maah poorv 18 August 1945 ko hi taaihokoo ke sainik aspataal mein raatri 21.00 baje ho gayi thi.[1] Bhaarat sarkaar ke videsh mantraalaya ne bhi is baat ki pushti ki hai ki Japan mein tokiyo ke rainkoji mandir mein rakhi asthiyaaain Bose ki hi hain.[2][3][4]

Germany mein apne pati professor faaf ke saath rah rahi subhaashachandr Bose ki ekamaatr putri anita Bose faaf ke anusaar unke pita ki mrutyu taaipenh mein hi hui thi aur rainkoji mandir mein rakhi asthiyaaain unke pita ki hi hain.[5] Justice mukharji report par vidvaanon ka yeh kehna hai ki subhaash ki neeti dushman ke dushman ko dost banaane ki thi. iske liye ve bhootapoorv british khufiya afsar ke us kathan ka havaala dete hain jismein usane sveekaar kiya tha ki yadi use subhaash jinda haath lag jaata to vah use maut ki saja dila kar hi chain leta. aisi haalat mein sambhav hai ki unki mrutyu vimaan durghatana mein hi hui ho.[6] doosari or Bhaarat mein kuchh logon ka aisa maanana hai ki faijaabaad mein subhaashachandr Bose vesh badalkar gumanaami Baba ke roop mein rahe aur vaheen unki mrutyu hui.[7] san 1945 ke baad subhaashachandr Bose ke roos mein hone ki khabar par bhi prashnachinh lagaate hue Bhaarat sarkaar se un sabhi gopaneeya faailon ko saarvajanik karne ki maaaing ki gayi jo Joseph staalin ki putri svetalaana ne gruh mantraalaya ko saunpi theen.[8]

Bhaarat sarkaar ke alaava pashchim Bengal ki raajya sarkaar se bhi subhaashachandr Bose se sambandhit gupt faailon ko saarvajanik karne ki maaaing ki gayi.[9]

mandir parisar mein netaaji ki pratima

jab antyeshti ke ek maah pashchaat subhaashachandr Bose ka asthiklash taaihokoo se Japan laaya gaya to mandir ke pramukh pujaari mocheejuki ne use mandir mein ek suraksha kavach (sef custody) ki tarah surakshit rakhane ki aajnyaa pradaan ki thi. tabhi se unka asthi kalash yahaaain rakha hua hai.[10] subhaash ke sangi-saathi va unke prati apni nishtha rakhane vaale log prati varsh unki punya tithi par ekatr hokar unhein apni shraddhaanjali arpit karte hain. Bose ki ye asthiyaaain mandir parisar sthit ek svarnim paigoda mein rakhi gayi hain. usi ke baahar subhaash ki ek chhoti si pratima bhi laga di gayi hai jisse aagantukon ka dhyaan is or aakarshit kiya ja sake. is tathya ki pushti Bhaarat sarkaar dvaara gathit jee॰ dee॰ khosala aayog ki report mein bhi ho chuki hai.[11][12]

asthiyon par vivaad

Germany mein apne pati ke saath rah rahi subhaash ki putri anita Bose faaf ko yeh vishvaas hai ki unke pita ki mrutyu taaipenh mein hi hui thi aur rainkoji mandir mein rakhi asthiyaaain unke pita ki hi hain.[13] mukharji aayog ki report par buddhijeeviyon ka yeh tark hai ki subhaash ki neeti dushman ke dushman ko dost banaane ki thi. unki mrutyu vimaan durghatana mein hi hui thi jiske liye ve bhootapoorv british khufiya afsar ka havaala dete hain jisne kaha tha ki yadi use subhaash jinda mil jaata to vah use maut ki saja avashya dilaata.[14] parantu Bhaarat mein rah rahe kuchh logon ka aisa bhi maanana tha ki faijaabaad mein Bose vesh badalkar gumanaami Baba ke roop mein kaafi lambe samay tak rahe aur vaheen unki mrutyu hui.[7] Kolkata ki ek itihaasakaar ne san 1945 ke baad netaaji ke roos mein hone ki khabar ka havaala dete hue Bhaarat sarkaar se un sabhi gopaneeya faailon ko saarvajanik karne ki maaaing ki jo Joseph staalin ki putri svetalaana ne Bhaarat sarkaar ke gruh mantraalaya ko saunpi theen.[15]

hindu dharm mein koi vyakti jab marata hai to daah sanskaar karne ke baad usaki asthiyon ko kisi pavitra nadi ya ganga saagar mein visrjit karne ki parampara hai. iske saath yeh maanyata bhi hai ki yadi koi hindu kisi aise sthaan par mare jahaaain aas paas koi bhaarateeya nadi na ho to usaki asthiyon ko kisi potali mein baaaindhakar ya to peepal ke vruksh ki kisi shaakha par lataka diya jaata hai ya fir paas ke hi kisi mandir mein rakh diya jaata hai. uske baad uske parivaar ke log un asthiyon ko apni suvidhaanusaar ganga ya anya kisi pavitra nadi mein pravaahit kar dete hain. parantu netaaji ke asthi-kalash ke saath aisa bhi naheen hua. unki mrutyu vimaan durghatana mein hui athva naheen hui is par vivaad paida kar diya gaya. Bhaarat san 1947 mein aajaad ho gaya. tab se lekar aaj tak is vivaad ki jaaainch ke liye teen-teen aayog baithaaye gaye. pehle shaahanavaaj aayog, fir khosala aayog[11] aur sabse ant mein mukharji aayog ne iski jaaainch ki parantu parinaam kuchh naheen nikla. 8 November 2005 ko Justice mukharji aayog ne apni report sarkaar ko saunpi. 17 May 2006 ko sansad mein is par khoob bahas hui aur bataaya gaya ki netaaji ki maut vimaan durghatana mein naheen hui. saath hi yeh bhi kaha gaya ki rainkoji mandir mein rakhi jin asthiyon ka sambandh subhaashachandr Bose se batalaaya jaata hai ve unki naheen hain. baad mein Bhaarat sarkaar ne mukharji aayog ki vah report khaarij kar di.

vivaad ka hal

netaaji ka unki patni emili shainki ke saath ek durlabh photo (vikeemeediya kaumans se saabhaar)

san 1933 se 1936 tak subhaashachandr Bose Europe mein rahe. san 1934 mein jab ve ostriya mein apna ilaaj karaane gaye the us dauraan unke sampark mein emili sheinkal (an: Emilie Schenkl) naamak ek ostriyn mahila aayi. baad mein unhonne san 1942 mein hindu reeti rivaaj ke anusaar emili se vivaah kar liya. viyena mein emili ne ek putri ko janm diya jiska naam anita Bose rakha gaya. August 1945 mein taaivaan mein hui tathaakathit vimaan durghatana mein jab subhaash ki maut hui, anita paune teen saal ki thi.[16] Bose ki beti anita vivaahit hai aur abhi jeevit hai. usaka naam anita faaf (an: Anita Bose Pfaff) hai. vah apne pita ke parivaar janon se milne hetu kabhi kabhaar Bhaarat-bhraman bhi karti rahati hai.

social media par kuchh buddhijeeviyon ne yeh sujhaav pesh kiya tha ki rainkoji mandir parisar ke paigoda mein rakhi subhaash ki asthiyaaain Japan sarkaar se Bhaarat mainga li jaayein aur unki putri anita faaf ko Bhaarat bulaakar asthiyon ka DNA test kara liya jaaye. isse netaaji vimaan durghatana mein mare athva naheen mare is vivaad ka ant ho jaayega aur hindu parampara ke anusaar pita ki asthiyon ko ganga nadi mein visrjit karne ki unki putri ki ichha bhi poori ho jaayegi. ji news TV chainel ko diye ek saakshaatkaar mein anita faaf apni yeh ichha vyakt bhi kar chuki hai.[17]

kuchh logon ka yeh maanana hai ki faijaabaad mein lambe samay tak rahate hue vaheen par antim saaains lene vaale gumanaami Baba hi vaastav netaaji subhaashachandr Bose the jo vesh badalkar vahaaain rah rahe the. jab yeh maamala Allahabad uchch nyaayaalaya le jaaya gaya to usaki Lucknow bench ne is baat par hairaani jataayi ki Bhaarat sarkaar ne Japan ke rainkoji mandir mein rakhi raakh ka DNA test abhi tak kyon naheen karaaya?[18]

sandarbh

  1. kraant, madanalaal varma (2006) (Hindi mein) svaadheenata sangraam ke kraantikaari saahitya ka itihaas 3 (1 san॰) nai Delhi: praveen prakaashan pa॰ 846 aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 81-7783-121-6 http://www.worldcat.org/title/svadhinata-sangrama-ke-krantikari-sahitya-ka-itihasa/oclc/271682218. abhigman tithi: 17 Nov 2013 "On 18 Aug 1945 the weather over the Formosa Strait was extremely bad, so that the plane made a difficult voyage of several hours before it reached the Taihoku airfield at 13.00. After refueling it took off at 14.00. When it rose about 10 meters above ground the propeller of the left side left side engine fell apart. The plane shaking violently right and left, listed to the left and crashed against the ground at the end of the airfield. Fire broke out instantly at both front and rear of the plane. Bose drenched in gasoline and covered with flames emerged from a hole on the left side and towards the front of the fuseleg.... Ten minutes after the accident he was taken to the Army Hosptal in Taihoku and received treatment at 15.00. His death came at 21.00. His aide H.R. was also burned on neck, right cheak, both arms and right leg. Lt. Gen. SHIDEI met an instantaneous death inside the plane (two others died likewise)."
  2. "Netaji's ashes still in Renkoji temple: MEA" (English mein). DNA India. Mar 8, 2007. http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-netaji-s-ashes-still-in-renkoji-temple-mea-1083668. abhigman tithi: 17 November 2013. "MEA has informed Delhi-based Mission Netaji that the alleged ashes and remains of the freedom fighter are still in Tokyo's Renkoji temple....In a letter dated March two this year, Additional Secretary Ajai Choudhary of the external affairs ministry informed Mission Netaji that as far as the ministry was aware the alleged ashes and remains are still at the Renkoji temple"
  3. 68 saalon se Japan ke ek pujaari ne sanbhaal rakhi hain netaaji ki asthiyaan, dainik bhaaskar, abhigman tithi: 12 August 2014
  4. Japan ke ek pujaari ne sanbhaal rakhi hain netaaji ki asthiyaan, dainik jaagaran, abhigman tithi: 12 August 2014
  5. "Netaji's ashes should be immersed in River Ganges, wishes daughter [netaaji ki asthiyaaain ganga nadi mein visrjit ki jaayain - putri ki ichha]" (angreji mein). ji news indiya dot com. 03 fravari 2013. http://zeenews.india.com/news/nation/netaji-s-ashes-should-be-immersed-in-river-ganges-wishes-daughter_826629.html. abhigman tithi: 17 October 2013. "Anita Bose Pfaff, said on Saturday that she was fairly convinced that her father had died in the unfortunate plane crash. “aThe most likely cause of Netaji's death was the plane crash. That is more or less a consistent story beyond just mere speculation. Yes, I am fairly convinced that he died in the plane crash.”"
  6. "Fate of Indian war leader thrown into doubt by new report" (angreji mein). the gaarjiyn. 18 May 2006. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2006/may/18/india.randeepramesh. abhigman tithi: 8 November 2013. "Academics have argued that Bose disagreed with the arguments of racial superiority espoused by Japan and the Nazis. Most paint Bose as a pragmatist who considered an enemy's enemy a friend. He was a very clever man and a good bloke. I had a lot of time for him,"Hugh Toye, the former British intelligence officer whose job it was to track down Bose, told the Guardian. "If we had caught him he would have been sentenced to death though. I still think he died in the plane crash."
  7. a aa "netaaji subhaash chandra Bose samajhe jaane vaale gumanaami Baba ki pehchaan dhoondhi jaae: haai court". navabhaarat times. 1 fravari 2013. http://navbharattimes.indiatimes.com/lucknow/other-news/allahabad-high-court-seeks-probe-into-identity-of-man-believed-to-have-been-netaji/articleshow/18282887.cms. abhigman tithi: 17 October 2013. "Allahabad haai court ki Lucknow bench ne netaaji subhaash chandra Bose aur faijaabaad ke gumanaami Baba ke rahasya ko sulajhaane ka aadesh diya hai. court ne guruvaar ko aadesh diya ki faijaabaad ke gumanaami Baba ki asal pehchaan talaashi jaae." sandarbh truti: Invalid <ref> tag; name "nbt1" defined multiple times with different content
  8. "Demand for Netaji's files to be made public". times of indiya, Kolkata. 21 January 2013. http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-01-21/kolkata/36462512_1_taihoku-air-crash-renkoji-temple-justice-mukherjee-commission. abhigman tithi: 8 November 2013. "India government to approach the Russian government to get details of the files related to Netaji which were with KGB. Even she mentioned that Jospeh Stalinas daughter Svetlana even during her visit to India had given important information on Netaji and had hinted at Netajias presence in Russia after 1945. So she demanded that the documents submitted to Indian government by Svetlana be made public."
  9. "gupt faailon ko saarvajanik karein". prabhaat khabar, Bengal. 22 October 2013. http://www.prabhatkhabar.com/news/55993-story.html. abhigman tithi: 18 November 2013. "kendra sarkaar ke saath-saath ab raajya sarkaar se bhi netaaji subhaash chandra Bose se sambandhit gupt faailon ko saarvajanik karne ki maang ki gayi hai. netaaji ke rishtedaaron va netaaji ke antardhyaan rahasya par kitaab likhne vaale anuj dhar ne yeh maang ki hai.... netaaji ke rishtedaar chandra Kumar Bose ne kaha ki unki RTI yaachika par pradhaanamantri kaaryaalaya se javaab mila ki unke paas 33 klaasifaaid faailein hain, jinhein saarvajanik naheen kiya ja sakta."
  10. "Japan times" (angreji mein). JON MITCHELL. Japan times. 14agast 2011. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/life/2011/08/14/general/japans-unsung-role-in-indias-struggle-for-independence/#.UnztWXzrbUt. abhigman tithi: 8 October 2013. "The official version released by the Japanese authorities — and still endorsed by the Indian government — details Bose boarding a Japanese bomber at Taihoku Airport along with several trunks of gold to finance his next government in exile. Shortly after take-off, it states, the aircraft developed engine problems and crashed. Bose suffered serious burns and died that evening. After a cremation in Taiwan, his ashes were flown to Tokyo where they have remained since being interred on Sept. 18, 1945, at Renkoji Temple."
  11. a aa "Ashes at Renkoji temple are Bose's (Highlights of G D Khosla Commission Report)" (angreji mein). Hindustan taaims. http://www.hindustantimes.com/news/specials/netaji/khosla_find_11.htm. abhigman tithi: 17 November 2013. "From the evidence discussed above, I am convinced beyond all reasonable doubts that the wooden casket lodged in the Renkoji Temple at Tokyo contains Bose's ashes and these ashes were placed in the box at Taipei after the cremation of his dead body"
  12. kraant, madanalaal varma (2006) (Hindi mein) svaadheenata sangraam ke kraantikaari saahitya ka itihaas 2 (1 san॰) nai Delhi: praveen prakaashan pa॰ 513 aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 81-7783-120-8 http://www.worldcat.org/title/svadhinata-sangrama-ke-krantikari-sahitya-ka-itihasa/oclc/271682218. abhigman tithi: 17 November 2013 "23 August 1945 ko tokiyo radio ne bataaya ki saigon mein netaaji ek bade bamavarshak vimaan se aa rahe the ki 18 August ko taaihokoo havaai adde ke paas unka vimaan durghatanaagrast ho gaya. vimaan mein unke saath savaar Japani general shodei, paayalet tatha kuchh anya log maare gaye. netaaji gambheer roop se jal gaye the. unhein taaihokoo sainik aspataal le jaaya gaya jahaaain unhonne dam tod diya. Colonel habeeburrahamaan ke anusaar unka antim sanskaar taaihokoo mein hi kar diya gaya. sitmbar ke madhya mein unki asthiyaaain sanchit karke tokiyo ke rainkoji mandir mein rakh di gayeen."
  13. "Netaji's ashes should be immersed in River Ganges, wishes daughter [netaaji ki asthiyaaain ganga nadi mein visrjit ki jaayain - putri ki ichha]" (angreji mein). ji news indiya dot com. 03 fravari 2013. http://zeenews.india.com/news/nation/netaji-s-ashes-should-be-immersed-in-river-ganges-wishes-daughter_826629.html. abhigman tithi: 17 October 2013. "Anita Bose Pfaff, said on Saturday that she was fairly convinced that her father had died in the unfortunate plane crash. “aThe most likely cause of Netaji's death was the plane crash. That is more or less a consistent story beyond just mere speculation. Yes, I am fairly convinced that he died in the plane crash.”"
  14. "Fate of Indian war leader thrown into doubt by new report" (angreji mein). the gaarjiyn. 18 May 2006. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2006/may/18/india.randeepramesh. abhigman tithi: 8 November 2013. "Academics have argued that Bose disagreed with the arguments of racial superiority espoused by Japan and the Nazis. Most paint Bose as a pragmatist who considered an enemy's enemy a friend. He was a very clever man and a good bloke. I had a lot of time for him,"Hugh Toye, the former British intelligence officer whose job it was to track down Bose, told the Guardian. "If we had caught him he would have been sentenced to death though. I still think he died in the plane crash."
  15. "Demand for Netaji's files to be made public". times of indiya, Kolkata. 21 January 2013. http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-01-21/kolkata/36462512_1_taihoku-air-crash-renkoji-temple-justice-mukherjee-commission. abhigman tithi: 8 November 2013. "India government to approach the Russian government to get details of the files related to Netaji which were with KGB. Even she mentioned that Jospeh Stalinas daughter Svetlana even during her visit to India had given important information on Netaji and had hinted at Netajias presence in Russia after 1945. So she demanded that the documents submitted to Indian government by Svetlana be made public."
  16. . http://www.rediff.co.in/news/2005/may/11inter1.htm. abhigman tithi: 17 October 2013.
  17. "Netaji's ashes should be immersed in River Ganges, wishes daughter [netaaji ki asthiyaaain ganga nadi mein visrjit ki jaayain - putri ki ichha]" (angreji mein). ji news indiya dot com. 03 fravari 2013. http://zeenews.india.com/news/nation/netaji-s-ashes-should-be-immersed-in-river-ganges-wishes-daughter_826629.html. abhigman tithi: 17 October 2013. "The government of India did try to bring back the ashes from Tokyo but I have a feeling that whichever political party was in power did not try enough to bring it back. There are many people in India who would have wanted Netaji's ashes to be brought back to his own country"
  18. "netaaji subhaash chandra Bose samajhe jaane vaale gumanaami Baba ki pehchaan dhoondhi jaae: haai court". navabhaarat times. 1 fravari 2013. http://navbharattimes.indiatimes.com/lucknow/other-news/allahabad-high-court-seeks-probe-into-identity-of-man-believed-to-have-been-netaji/articleshow/18282887.cms. abhigman tithi: 17 October 2013. "court ne is baat par hairaani jataai ki sarkaar ne tokyo ke reinkoji mandir mein rakhi raakh ka DNA test kyon naheen karaaya. is test se yeh pata lagaaya ja sakta tha ki vah raakh netaaji ki hai ya naheen. iske baad bench ne kendra sarkaar dvaara Justice M.ke. mukharji kamishn ki report ko reject karne par bhi savaal uthaae. is report mein kaha gaya tha ki neta ji ki maut plane crash mein naheen hui aur na hi tokyo ke mandir mein rakhi raakh unki hai."


inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain