raayasen jila

bhaarateeya raajya madhya pradesh ka ek jila hai. raayasen maalava kshetr ka madhyakaaleen nagar Madhya Pradesh raajya ke gvaaliyr jile ki vindhya parvat shrrunkhala ki talahati mein avasthit hai.

madhyakaal mein raayasen silhaari rajput saradaaron ka majboot gadh tha. baabar ke samay yahaaain ka shaasak shilaaditya tha, jo gvaaliyr ke vikramaaditya, chittaud ke raana saanga, chanderi ke medaneeraaya tatha anya rajput nareshon ke saath khaanava ke yuddh mein baabar ke viruddh lada tha. 1543 E. mein raayasen ke durg par sherashaah ne aakraman kiya tha. usane is kile par adhikaar to kar liya kintu iske baad vishvaasaghaat karke usane durg ki raksha niyukt un raajapooton ko maar daala, jinki raksha ka vachan usane pehle diya tha. is baat se rajput sherashaah ke shatru ban gaye aur kaalinjar ke yuddh mein unhonne sherashaah ka datakar mukaabala kiya. raayasen muglon ka ek mahattvapoorn prashaasanik kendra tha. Akbar ke shaasanakaal mein yeh nagar ujjain ke soobe mein shaamil 'sarkaar' tha. yahaaain baluaa patthar se nirmit kila hai, jiski deevaaron par shikaar ke drushya ankit hai.

jile ka mukhyaalaya [raayasen] hai.

kshetrafal - varg ki.mi.

janasankhya - (2001 janaganana) 1300000

saaksharata - 67

S. ti. di (STD) code 07482 -

jilaadhikaari - lokesh jaatav

samudra tal se uchaai -

akshaansh - uttar

deshaantar - poorv

ausat varsha - mi.mi.

darshaneeya sthal

bhojapur, saaainchi, bheemabetaka (bheemabaithaka)

praacheen kaal ka yeh nagar "uttar Bhaarat ka somanaath' kaha jaata hai. yeh sthaan Bhopal se 25 kimi ki doori par raayasen jile mein vetravati nadi ke kinaare basa hai. gaaainv se lagi hui pahaadi par ek vishaal Shiv mandir hai. is nagar tatha uske shivling ki sthaapana dhaar ke prasiddh paramaar raaja bhoj (1010 E.- 1053 E.) ne kiya tha. at: ise bhojapur mandir ya bhojeshvar mandir bhi kaha jaata hai. mandir poorn rupen taiyaar naheen ban paaya. iska chabootara bahut ooaincha hai, jiske garbhagruh mein ek bada- sa patthar ke tookade ka paulish kiya gaya ling hai, jiski ooainchaai 3.85 mi. hai. ise Bhaarat ke mandiron mein paaye jaane vaale sabse bade lingon mein se ek maana jaata hai.

praacheen kaal ka yeh nagar * Bhopal se 45 kimi ki doori par raayasen jile mein vetravati nadi ke kinaare basa hai. nagar se lagi hui pahaadi par ek vishaal boddh stoop hai. is stoop me bhagabaan boddh ki asthiya rakhi hui hai. {{main|bheemabetaka (bheemabaithaka) bheemabetaka (bheemabaithaka) Bhaarat ke madhya pradesh praant ke raayasen jile mein sthit ek puraapaashaanik aavaaseeya puraasthal hai. yeh aadi-maanav dvaara banaaye gaye shail chitron aur shailaashrayon ke liye prasiddh hai. ye shailachitr lagbhag nau hajaar varsh puraane hain. anya puraavasheshon mein praacheen kile ki deevaar, laghustoop, paashaan nirmit bhavan, shung-gupt kaaleen abhilekh, shankh abhilekh aur paramaar kaaleen mandir ke avashesh bhi yahaan mile hain. bheem betaka kshetr ko bhaarateeya puraatatv sarvekshan, Bhopal mandal ne August 1990 mein raashtreeya mahattv ka sthal ghoshit kiya. iske baad July 2003 mein yoonesko ne ise vishv dharohar sthal ghoshit kiya hai. ye Bhaarat mein maanav jeevan ke praacheenatam chinh hain. aisa maana jaata hai ki yeh sthaan mahaabhaarat ke charitra bheem se sanbandhit hai evam isi se iska naam bheemabaithaka pada. ye gufaaeain madhya Bhaarat ke pathaar ke dakshini kinaare par sthit vindhyaachal ki pahaadiyon ke nichle chhor par hain.[1]; iske dakshin mein satapuda ki pahaadiyaaain aarambh ho jaati hain.[2] inki khoj varsh 1957-1958 mein daaktar vishnu shreedhar vaakanakar dvaara ki gayi thi.

shailakala evam shailachitr

bheemabaithaka shailachitr

yahaaain 750 shailaashraya hain jinmein 500 shailaashraya chitron dvaara sajjit hain. poorv paashaan kaal se madhya aitihaasik kaal tak yeh sthaan maanav gatividhiyon ka kendra raha.[1] yeh bahumoolya dharohar ab puraatatv vibhaag ke sanrakshan mein hai. bheem baithaka kshetr mein pravesh karte hue shilaaon par likhi kai jaanakaariyaan milti hain. yahaan ke shail chitron ke vishay mukhyataya saamoohik nrutya, rekhaankit maanavaakruti, shikaar, pashu-pakshi, yuddh aur praacheen maanav jeevan ke dainik kriyaakalaapon se jude hain. chitron mein prayog kiye gaye khanij rangon mein mukhya roop se geruaa, laal aur safed hain aur kaheen-kaheen peela aur hara rang bhi prayog hua hai.[2]

shailaashrayon ki androoni satahon mein utkeern pyaalenuma nishaan ek lakh varsh puraane hain. in krutiyon mein dainik jeevan ki ghatnaaon se liye gaye vishay chitrit hain. ye hajaaron varsh pehle ka jeevan darshaate hain. yahaaain banaae gaye chitr mukhyat: nrutya, sangeet, aakhet, ghodon aur haathiyon ki savaari, aabhooshanon ko sajaane tatha shahad jama karne ke baare mein hain. inke alaava baagh, Singh, jangali suar, haathiyon, kutton aur ghadiyaalon jaise jaanvaron ko bhi in tasveeron mein chitrit kiya gaya hai. yahaaain ki deevaarein dhaarmik sanketon se saji hui hai, jo poorv aitihaasik kalaakaaron ke beech lokapriya the.[2]is prakaar bheem baithaka ke praacheen maanav ke sanjnyaaanaatmak vikaas ka kaalakram vishv ke anya praacheen samaanaantar sthalon se hajaaron varsh poorv hua tha. is prakaar se yeh sthal maanav vikaas ka aaranbhik sthaan bhi maana ja sakta hai.

niktavarti puraataatvik sthal

bheemabetaka ke shailachitr

is prakaar ke praagaitihaasik shailachitr raayagadh jile ke singhanapur ke nikat kabara pahaad ki gufaaon mein[3], hoshangaabaad ke nikat aadamagadh mein, chhatarapur jile ke bijaavar ke niktasth pahaadiyon par tatha raayasen jile mein bareli tahaseel ke paatani gaaainv mein mrugeindranaath ki gufa ke shailachitr evam Bhopal-raayasen maarg par Bhopal ke nikat pahaadiyon par (chidiya tol) mein bhi mile hain. haal mein hi hoshangaabaad ke paas budhani ki ek patthar khadaan mein bhi shail chitr paae gaye hain. bheemabetaka se 5 kilometer ki doori par peingaavan mein 35 shailaashraya paae gaye hai ye shail chitr ati durlabh maane gaye hain. in sabhi shailachitron ki praacheenata 10,000 se 35,000 varsh ki aanki gayi hai.

yagyawalya== sandarbh ==

  1. a aa "bheemabetaka ki gufaaeain" (hindi mein) (echateeem). inkredibl indiya. pp. 01. http://www.incredibleindia.org/hindi/heritage/bhimbetka.htm. abhigman tithi: 18 July 2009.
  2. a aa i "bheemabetaka ki pahaadi gufaaen" (hindi mein) (peeechapi). raashtreeya portal vishyavastu prabandhan dal. Bhaarat sarkaar. pp. 01. http://bharat.gov.in/knowindia/bhimbetka.php. abhigman tithi: 18 July 2009.
  3. "husainaabaad mein dhaai hajaar saal puraani sabhyata ke avashesh" (hindi mein) (echateeemael). Yahoo jaagaran. p. 01. http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/jharkhand/4_8_5354208.html. abhigman tithi: 18 July 2009.

jaamagadh raayasen jile ki bareli tahaseel mein jaamagadh aadi maanav ki aashray sthali ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. yahaan jaamavant ki prastar gufa ke saath hi gufaaon ki shrankhala hai. paas mein hi bhagadei mein khajuraaho shaili ka Shiv mandir hai.