raashtreeya vaantariksh prayogashaalaaen

raash‍aatreeya vaantariksh prayogashaalaae
national erospes laiboretareej
prakaar saarvajanik pratishthaan
udmog eyarospes evam raksha (sainya)
mukhyaalaya भारत bangaluru, Karnataka, Bhaarat
raajasv Green Arrow Up Darker.svg US$iyn (fiscal varsh 2007)
website http://www.nal.res.in/hindi/

raash‍aatreeya vaantariksh prayogashaalaaen (angreji:national erospes laiboretareej, enaeel) vaigyaanik evam audyogik anusandhaan parishad ka ek sanghatak hai, jo vaimaaniki evam sam‍aabaddh kshetr mein Bhaarat ka sarvashresh‍aath naagar anusandhaan evam vikaas sans‍aathaapan hai enaeel ki s‍aathaapana 1959 mein dil‍aali mein hui thi fir 1960 mein ise Bengaluru laaya gaya. enaeel ka mukh‍aaya uddesh‍aaya hai sudrudh vigyaan dvaara vaantariksh praudyogiki ka vikaas tatha udaan yaanon ke abhikl‍aap evam nirmaan mein inka prayogaat‍aamak prayog saamaan‍aaya audyogik anuprayogon mein aadhaarbhoot vaantariksh praudyogikiyon ka prayog karna bhi enaeel ka uddesh‍aaya hai. 1959 mein jab enaeel ki s‍aathaapana hui (1993 tak raash‍aatreeya vaimaaniki prayogashaalaaen kehta tha) vaimaaniki kshetr mein uch‍aach s‍aatareeya anusandhaan evam vikaas aur raash‍aatreeya vaantariksh kaaryakramon keliye at‍aayaadhunik suvadhiaaen upalab‍aadh karaana hi iska pramukh uddesh‍aaya tha

jaise apne drush‍aaya vak‍aatav‍aaya mein darshaaya hai, enaeel ka mukh‍aaya uddesh‍aaya hai sudrudh vigyaan dvaara vaantariksh praudyogiki ka vikaas tatha udaan yaanon ke abhikl‍aap evam nirmaan mein inka prayogaat‍aamak prayog saamaan‍aaya audyogik anuprayogon mein aadhaarbhoot vaantariksh praudyogikiyon ka prayog karna bhi enaeel ka uddesh‍aaya hai. vaantariksh kshetr mein enaeel ka kaarya poorn v‍aayaapi hai kuchh hi saalon mein, enaeel ne bhaarateeya vaantariksh kaaryakramon ke liye mahat‍aavapoorn yogadaan pradaan kiya hai, kabhi kabhi in kaaryakramon ke liye raash‍aatreeya ejen‍aada bhi bana diya hai pichhle dashak ke dauraan enaeel ne naagar kshetr hetu chhote va madh‍aayam aakaaravaale vaayuyaan ke abhikl‍aap evam vikaas par kiye gaye prayaason mein bhi agr raha hai.

anukram

aarthik sthiti

enaeel ka saamarth‍aaya kuchh hi saalon mein praap‍aat apni visheshajnyaata evam suvidhaaon ke bhandaar se hai is prabhaavashaali avasanrachana ki vajah se enaeel vibhin‍aan raash‍aatreeya kaaryakram evam Bhaarat aur videshi udyogon keliye prashikshan evam upapranaali vikaas hetu bahusankh‍aaya mein anusandhaan va vikaas sanvida praap‍aat karte rahane mein safal raha hai pichhle dashak mein (1987-97) enaeel ne kareeb 60 million yooes $ ke lagbhag 400 pariyojanaaen praap‍aat kiya. pichhle kuchh varshon mein enaeel ne apne bajat ka 60% baahya sansaadhan dvaara praap‍aat kiya hai, yeh seeesaaaiaar prayogashaalaaon ke liye adviteeya upalab‍aadhi hai. mukh‍aayat:vaantariksh kshetr hetu viksit vibhin‍aan suvidhaaen evam bahu-vashiyi visheshajnyaata ko uch‍aach takaneekon ke an‍aaya kshetr mein bhi prayog kiya jaata hai. vifalta vish‍aaleshan ken‍aadr ke roop mein enaeel maan‍aayata praap‍aat hai aur vaantariksh khetr mein vifalta evam durghatana ki sthiti mein shodh karne hetu aur an‍aaya saamaan‍aaya suvidhaaon mein apni sahaayata bhi upalab‍aadh karaata hai.

suvidhaaen

enaeel ke an‍aaya mukh‍aaya suvidhaaon mein dh‍aavaanik pareekshan suvidha, tarbomasheenari aur dahan anusandhaan suvidhaaen, sammishr sanrachana prayogashaala, b‍aalaik bak‍aas pradaayi pathan pranaal aur efaaarapi sanvirchana suvidhaaen bhi shaamil hai. enaeel karmachaariyon ki sankh‍aaya 1250 hai jismein kareeb 350 anusandhaan evam vikaas vaigyaanik PhD praap‍aat hain.

enaeel vaantariksh aur gair-vaantariksh donon kshetron mein anusandhaan evam vikaas sahaayata, visheshajnyaata aur sevaaen upalab‍aadh kara sakta hai. haal hi ke kuchh mukh‍aaya suvidhaaon mein Bhaarat ke laghu ladaakoo vaayuyaan (LCA) kaaryakram hetu kaarban tantu sanyuk‍aat pankhon ka vikaas, echaeel hetu poorn-s‍aavachaalit aatok‍aalev ka vikaas evam sanvirchana, LCA ke liye sah-abhisaadhit fin evam radaar ka vikaas aur echaeel ke un‍aanat laghu helikaap‍aatar (eelaech) ke liye shek pareekshan suvidhaaen bhi shaamil hain.

vaantariksh anusandhaan evam vikaas ke upot‍aapaadan takaneekon ne vish‍aavabhar ke an‍aaya gair vaantariksh kshetr ke liye mahat‍aavapamarn yogadaan diya hai. is pahaloo ko dh‍aayaan mein rakhate hue, enaeel ne apne mukh‍aaya anusandhaan evam vikaas kaaryakramon se upot‍aapaadan takaneekon ke vikaas hetu vishesh prayaas kiya hai. pichhle dashak ke dauraan viksit aise kareeb 30 praudyogikiyon ke liye license safalataapoorvak praap‍aat kiya hai aur 100000 yooes $ mein 54 indastriyon ko s‍aathaanaantarit kiya hai in takaneekon ka kul ut‍aapaadan mool‍aaya 10 million yooes $ se adhik hai1 vaanij‍aaya vikaas kaaryavidhiyon ke enaeel kaarya s‍aavaroopon mein in-house pariyojanaaon dvaara v‍aayaapaareekaran, praayogik pariyojanaaen, udyog prayogashaala se sampark, bahu-abhikran sahayog pariyojanaaen aur antarraash‍aatreeya sanvidaaen bhi shaamil hain. pichhle 24 maheenon ke dauraan enaeel ne 25 million yooes $ se adhik mool‍aaya ke 12 sanvidaaen praap‍aat ki hai enaeel ne baaing, yooesae, nagar vimaanan praadhikran, UK, aaibeeem, aaibeeem corporation, yooesae, hitaachi, Japan, aadi ke liye kareeb ek darjan antarraash‍aatreeya pariyojanaaon ka jim‍aamevaari bhi li hai.

itihaas

enaeel ki s‍aathaapana 1 June 1959 ko dil‍aali mein hui jo 1 March 1960 ko Bengaluru s‍aathaanaantarit huaa1 praarambhik varsh (1960-67) belandoor sarovar par pavan surangon ki s‍aathaapana mein hi beet gaye; mukh‍aayat: 1.2m i‍atradh‍aavanik avadhaman pavan surang jo abhi bhi apni bhav‍aayata banaayi rakhi hai1

agale dashak mein sanghatan, suvidhaaऍn, vaimaaniki kshetr‍ ke har praayogik pahaloo ko dh‍aayaan mein rakhate hue anusandhaan evam vikaas prabhaagon ka srujan; saiddhaantik evam praayogik vaayugatiki, sanrachana, padaarth, nodan ilek‍aatraaniki aur pranaalee1

varsh 1970 ke madh‍aayantar mein bhaarateeya vaimaaniki kshetr mein enaeel pramukh kartaadharta ban gayaa1 enaeel ko seeesaaaiaar ke ek ut‍aatam prabandhak raash‍aatreeya prayogashaalaaen, jisne vaantariksh kshetr ke saikadon uch‍aach vigyaan, uch‍aach praudyogiki anusandhaan evam vikaas pariyojanaaon ki jim‍aamedaari liya, ke roop mein maan‍aayata praap‍aat huaa1 enaeel ke a evam vi prayaas ke tat‍aav hain - ut‍aakrush‍aatata ki or laksh‍aaya, raash‍aatreeya rananeeti mein at‍aam-narbhirta, praudyogiki pramaan (adhiktar paailat p‍aalaant pradarshan tat‍aav ke maadh‍aayam se) aur ut‍aakrush‍aat pareekshan va seva suvadhiaaon ka srujana1 dakh:the ki baat hai ki 1960 ki prachan‍aad safalta ke uparaant 1970 ki bhaarateeya vaayuyaan vikaas kaaryavidhiyon mein avanati ke kaaran enaeel ki sthiti aisi rahi ki bahut sundar evam saji hui dul‍aahan magar jaaegi kahaaain1

enaeel leedaron evam shubhachintako ki vektik koshishon ke kaaran 1980 ke praarambh se samay badalne lagaa1 Bhaarat ka laghu ladaakoo vaayuyaan (LCA) ko 1983 mein sarkaar se vidhivt manjoori mil gayi aur is pariyojana ke kaaran enaeel ke anusandhaan evam vikaas gatividhiyon mein teeji aa gai1 is dashak ke dauraan Bhaarat ke antariksh kaaryakram mein bhi adhik vikaas huaa1 ye donon Bhaarat ke DRDO ke misaail vikaas kaaryakram ki maang evam safalta ke kaaran bane jinki vajah se enaeel ke paas adhik kaam mile1 isi dashak ke dauraan enaeel ko vaantariksh kshetr mein raash‍aatreeya s‍aatar par maan‍aayata praap‍aat hui1

1990 ke dashak mein enaeel bahut v‍aayas‍aat raha jismein raash‍aatreeya vaantariksh kaaryakramon mein enaeel ki nirantar shaameelata aur nagar vimaanan kshetr mein khud ka pahala1 samay ke saath enaeel ki praathamikta aur bhoomika badal rahi hai1 vaantariksh kshetr mein desh ka ek at‍aayut‍aatak anusandhaan evam vikaas ken‍aadr banane ka sankal‍aap jise enaeel ke 5 nideshak Dr pi neelakanthan, Dr S aar val‍aaloori, pro॰ aar narasinha, Dr ke N raajoo aur ab Dr ti S prahalaad dvaara poora kiya ja raha hai


enaeel ki shuruaat 1959-60 mein Bengaluru ke poorv mahaaraaja ke mahal mein hui. Dr pi neelakanthan, Dr S aar val‍aaloori, pro. aar narasinha, Dr ke N raajoo Dr ti S prahlaad aur Dr bi aar pai jaise poorv nideshakon ki deergh drushti evam pratibaddhata ke kaaran hi iska vikaas sambhav raha.

inhein bhi dekhein

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