raashtreeya swayamsevak sangh

yeh lekh Bhaarat sthit ek hindu sanghatan aar S S ke baare mein hai. anya prayog hetu aar S S dekhein.

raashtreeya swayamsevak sangh
Flag of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh.png
raashtreeya swayamsevak sangh ka dhvaj
sansthaapak dau॰ keshav baliraam hedagevaar
prakaar svaichhik,[1] arddhasainik[2]
sthaapana varsh vijyadashami 1925
kaaryaalaya Nagpur
akshaansh-rekhaansh 21°a02′aN 79°a10′aE / 21.04°aN 79.16°aE / 21.04; 79.16
mukhya log sarasanghachaalak: mohan Bhagwat
sevaakshetr Bhaarat
vishesh dhyeya hindu raashtravaad ke sahaayak aur hindu paramparaaon ko kaayam rakhana
lakshya "maatrubhoomi ke liye ni:svaarth seva"
tareeka samooh charcha, baithakon aur abhyaas ke maadhyam se shaareerik aur maanasik prashikshan
sadasya 5-6 million[3]
website rss.org

raashtreeya swayamsevak sangh ( R.S.S.) ek hindu sani"v hai jiske siddhaant hindutv mein nihit aur aadhaarit hain. yeh raashtreeya swayamsevak sangh ki apeksha sangh ya aar.S.S. ke naam se adhik prasiddh hai. iski shuruaat san 1925 mein vijyaadashami ke din dau॰ keshav hedagevaar dvaara ki gayi thi. BBC ke anusaar sangh vishv ka sabse bada swayamsevi sansthaan hai.

sabse pehle 50 varsh baad 1975 mein jab aapaatakaal ki ghoshana hui to tatkaaleen janasangh par bhi sangh ke saath pratibandh laga diya gaya. aapaatakaal hatne ke baad janasangh ka vilay janta party mein hua aur kendra mein moraaraji Desai ke pradhaanamantritv mein mileejuli sarkaar bani. 1975 ke baad se dheere-dheere is sangathan ka raajanaitik mahatva badhta gaya aur iski parinti bhaajapa jaise raajanaitik dal ke roop mein hui jise aamtaur par sangh ki raajanaitik shaakha ke roop mein dekha jaata hai. sangh ki sthaapana ke 75 varsh baad san 2000 mein pradhaanamantri atal bihaari Vajpayee ke netrutv mein ena0dee0e0 ki mileejuli sarkaar Bhaarat ki kendreeya satta par aaseen hui.

anukram

sangh parivaar ki sanrachanaatmak vyavastha

sangh ke sansthaapak dau॰ keshavaraav baliraamaraav hedagevaar

sangh mein sangathanaatmak roop se sabse oopar sarasangh chaalak ka sthaan hota hai jo poore sangh ka disha-nirdeshan karte hain. sarasanghachaalak ki niyukti manonayan dvaara hoti hai. pratyek sarasanghachaalak apne uttaraadhikaari ki ghoshana karta hai. sangh ke vartamaan sarasanghachaalak shri mohan Bhagwat hain. sangh ke jyaadaatar kaaryon ka nishpaadan shaakha ke maadhyam se hi hota hai, jismein saarvajanik sthaanon par subah ya shaam ke samay ek ghante ke liye svayansevakon ka paraspar milan hota hai. vartamaan mein poore Bhaarat mein sangh ki lagbhag pachaas hajaar se jyaada shaakha lagti hain. vastut: shaakha hi to sangh ki buniyaad hai jiske oopar aaj yeh itna vishaal sangathan khada hua hai. shaakha ki saamaanya gatividhiyon mein khel, yog, vandana aur Bhaarat evam vishv ke saanskrutik pahaluon par bauddhik charcha-paricharcha shaamil hai.

sangh ki rachanaatmak vyavastha is prakaar hai:

  • kendra
  • kshetr
  • praant
  • vibhaag
  • jila
  • taaluka
  • nagar
  • mandal
  • shaakha

sangh ki shaakha

shaakha kisi maidaan ya khuli jagah par ek ghante ki lagti hai. shaakha mein khel, soorya namaskaar, samata (parade), geet aur praarthana hoti hai. saamaanyat: shaakha pratidin ek ghante ki hi lagti hai. shaakhaaeain nimn prakaar ki hoti hain:

  • prabhaat shaakha: subah lagne waali shaakha ko "prabhaat shaakha" kehte hai.
  • saayan shaakha: shaam ko lagne waali shaakha ko "saayan shaakha" kehte hai.
  • raatri shaakha: raatri ko lagne waali shaakha ko "raatri shaakha" kehte hai.
  • milan: saptaah mein ek ya do baar lagne waali shaakha ko "milan" kehte hai.
  • sangh-mandali: maheene mein ek ya do baar lagne waali shaakha ko "sangh-mandali" kehte hai.

poore Bhaarat mein anumaanit roop se 50,000 shaakha lagti hain. vishv ke anya deshon mein bhi shaakhaaon ka kaarya chalta hai, par yeh kaarya raashtreeya swayamsevak sangh naam se naheen chalta. kaheen par "bhaarateeya swayamsevak sangh" to kaheen "hindu swayamsevak sangh" ke maadhyam se chalta hai.
shaakha mein "kaaryavaah" ka pad sabse bada hota hai. uske baad shaakhaaon ka dainik kaarya suchaaroo roop se chalne ke liye "mukhya shikshak" ka pad hota hai. shaakha mein bauddhik va shaareerik kriyaaon ke saath svayansevakon ka poorn vikaas kiya jaata hai.
jo bhi sadasya shaakha mein swayam ki ichha se aata hai, vah "swayamsevak" kahalaata hai.

sangh varg

1939 ke raashtreeya adhiveshan ke samay ka photo

ye varg bauddhik aur shaareerik roop se svayansevakon ko sangh ki jaankaari to dete hi hain saath-saath samaaj, raashtra aur dharm ki shiksha bhi dete hain. ye nimn prakaar ke hote hain:

  • deepaavali varg - ye varg teen dinon ka hota hai. ye varg taaluka ya nagar star par aayojit kiya jaata hai. ye har saal deepaavali ke aas paas aayojit hota hai.
  • sheet shivir ya (hemant shivir) - ye varg teen dinon ka hota hai, jo jila ya vibhaag star par aayojit kiya jaata hai. ye har saal December mein aayojit hota hai.
  • nivaasi varg - ye varg shaam se subah tak hota hai. ye varg har maheene hota hai. ye varg shaakha, nagar ya taaluka dvaara aayojit hota hai.
  • sangh shiksha varg - praathamik varg, pratham varsh, dviteeya varsh aur truteeya varsh - kul chaar prakaar ke sangh shiksha varg hote hain. "praathamik varg" ek saptaah ka hota hai, "pratham" aur "dviteeya varg" 20-20 din ke hote hain, jabki "truteeya varg" 25 dinon ka hota hai. "praathamik varg" ka aayojan saamaanyat: jila karta hai, "pratham sangh shiksha varg" ka aayojan saamaanyat: praant karta hai, "dviteeya sangh shiksha varg" ka aayojan saamaanyat: kshetr karta hai. parantu "truteeya sangh shiksha varg" har saal Nagpur mein hi hota hai.
  • bauddhik varg - ye varg har maheene, do maheene ya teen maheene mein ek baar hota hai. ye varg saamaanyat: nagar ya taaluka aayojit karta hai.
  • shaareerik varg - ye varg har maheene, do maheene ya teen maheene mein ek baar hota hai. ye varg saamaanyat: nagar ya taaluka aayojit karta hai.

saamaajik sudhaar mein yogadaan

hindu dharm mein saamaajik samaanata ke liye sangh ne daliton va pichhde vargon ko mandir mein pujaari pad ke prashikshan ka paksh liya hai. unke anusaar saamaajik vargeekaran hi hindu moolyon ke hanan ka kaaran hai.[4]

mahaatma gaandhi ne 1934 mein raashtreeya swayamsevak sangh ke shivir ki yaatra ke dauraan vahaaain poorn anushaasan dekha aur chhuaachhoot ki anupasthiti paayi. unhonne vyaktigat roop se poochh-taachh ki aur jaana ki vahaaain log ek saath rah rahe hain tatha ek saath bhojan kar rahe hain.[5]

raahat aur punarvaas

sunaami ke uparaant sahaayata kaarya mein jute swayamsevak

raahat aur purnavaas sangh ki puraani parampara rahi hai. sangh ne 1971 ke udeesa chakravaat aur 1977 ke Andhra pradesh chakravaat mein rahat kaaryon mein mahati bhoomika nibhaai hai.[6]

sangh se judi seva bhaarati ne Jammu Kashmir se aatankvaad se pareshaan 57 anaath bachchon ko god liya he jinme 38 muslim aur 19 hindu hai.

aalochanaaeain

mahaatma gaaaindhi ki 1948 mein sangh ke poorv sadasya Nathuram Godse ne unki hatya kar di thi jiske baad sangh par pratibandh laga diya gaya. Godse sangh aur bhaarateeya raashtreeya Congress ke ek bhootapoorv swayamsevak the. baad mein ek jaaainch samiti ki report aa jaane ke baad sangh ko is aarop se bari kiya aur pratibandh samaapt kar diya gaya.

sangh ke aalochakon dvaara sangh ko ek ativaadi dakshinpanthi sangathan bataaya jaata raha hai evam hindoovaadi aur faaseevaadi sangathan ke taur par sangh ki aalochna bhi ki jaati rahi hai. jabki sangh ke svayansevakon ka yeh kehna hai ki sarkaar evam desh ki adhikaansh paartiyaaain alpasankhyak tushteekaran mein lipt rahati hain. vivaadaaspad shaahabaano prakaran evam haj-yaatra mein di jaanevaali subsidy ityaadi ki sarkaari neeti iske pramaan hain.

sangh ka yeh maanana hai ki aitihaasik roop se hindu svadesh mein hamesha se hi upekshit aur utpeedit rahe hain aur vah sirf hinduon ke jaayaj adhikaaron ki hi baat karta hai jabki uske vipreet uske aalochakon ka yeh aarop hai ki aise vichaaron ke prachaar se Bhaarat ki dharmanirpeksh buniyaad kamzor hoti hai. sangh ki is baare mein maanyata hai ki hindutv ek jeevan paddhati ka naam hai, kisi vishesh pooja paddhati ko maanane vaalon ko hindu kehte hon aisa naheen hai. har vah vyakti jo Bhaarat ko apni janm-bhoomi maanata hai, maatru-bhoomi va pitru-bhoomi maanata hai (arthaat‌ jahaaain uske poorvaj rahate aaye hain) tatha use punya bhoomi bhi maanata hai (arthaat‌ jahaan uske devi devataaon ka vaas hai); hindu hai. sangh ki yeh bhi maanyata hai ki Bhaarat yadi dharmanirpeksh hai to iska kaaran bhi keval yeh hai ki yahaan hindu bahumat mein hain. is kram mein sabse vivaadaaspad aur charchit maamala ayodhya vivaad raha hai jismein baabar dvaara solahaveen sadi mein nirmit ek baabari masajid ke sthaan par Ram mandir ka nirmaan karna hai.

upalabdhiyaaain

sangh ki upasthiti bhaarateeya samaaj ke har kshetr mein mahasoos ki ja sakti hai jiski shuruaat san 1925 se hoti hai. udaaharan ke taur par san 1962 ke Bhaarat-cheen yuddh mein pradhaanamantri javaaharalaal Nehru sangh ki bhoomika se itne prabhaavit hue ki unhonne sangh ko san 1963 ke ganatantr diwas ki parade mein sammilit hone ka nimntran diya. sirf do dinon ki poorv soochana par teen hajaar se bhi jyaada swayamsevak poorn ganavesh mein vahaaain upasthit ho gaye.

vartamaan samay mein sangh ke darshan ka paalan karne vaale katipya log desh ke sarvochch padon tak pahuainchane me bheen safal rahe hain. aise pramukh vyaktiyon mein pradhaanamantri Narendra Modi, pradhaanamantri pad par atal bihaari Vajpayee, uparaashtrapati pad par bhaironsinh shekhaavat, evam upapradhaanamantri va gruhamantri ke pad par Lal Krishna Advani jaise log shaamil hain.

sangh ke sarasanghachaalak

sangh ki praarthana

praarthana ki mudra mein swayamsevak

sangh ki praarthana sanskrut mein hai. praarthana ki aakhri pankti hindi mein hai.
ladkiyon/striyon ki shaakha raashtra sevika samiti aur videshon mein lagne waali hindu swayamsevak sangh ki praarthana alag hai. sangh ki shaakha ya anya kaaryakramon mein is praarthana ko anivaaryat: gaaya jaata hai aur dhvaj ke sammukh naman kiya jaata hai.


namaste sada vatsale maatrubhoome
tvaya hindubhoome sukhan vardhitoham.
mahaamaङagale punyabhoome tvadarthe
patatvesh kaayo namaste namaste. 1.

prabho shaktimn hinduraashtraaङagabhoota
ime saadaran tvaan namaamo vayam
tvadeeyaaya kaaryaaya badhda kateeyam
shubhaamaashishan dehi tatpoortaye.
ajayyaan ch vishvasya deheesh shaktin
susheelan jagadyen namran bhavet
shrutan chaiv yatkantakaakeern maargan
swayam sveekrutan n: sugan kaarayet. 2.

samutkarshani:shreyasyaikamugran
paran saadhanan naam veeravratam
tadant: sfuratvakshaya dhyeyanishtha
hrudant: prajaagartu teevraanishm.
vijetri ch n: sanhata kaaryashaktir
vidhaayaasya dharmasya sanrakshanam.
paran vaibhavan netumetat svaraashtran
samartha bhavatvaashisha te bhrusham. 3.

. Bhaarat maata ki jaya .

praarthana ka hindi mein arth

he vaatsalyamayi maatrubhoomi, tumhein sada pranaam! is maatrubhoomi ne hamein apne bachchon ki tarah sneh aur mamata di hai. is hindu bhoomi par sukhapoorvak main bada hua hooain. yeh bhoomi maha mangalamaya aur punyabhoomi hai. is bhoomi ki raksha ke liye main yeh nashvar shareer maatrubhoomi ko arpan karte hue is bhoomi ko baar-baar pranaam karta hooain.

he sarv shaktimaan parameshvar, is hindu raashtra ke ghatak ke roop mein main tumako saadar pranaam karta hooain. aapke hi kaarya ke liye ham katibddh huve hai. hamein is kaarya ko poora karne kiye aasheervaad de. hamein aisi Ajay shakti deejiye ki saare vishv me hame koi na jeet sakein aur aisi namrata dein ki poora vishv hamaari vinyasheelata ke saamane natamastak ho. yeh raasta kaaton se bhara hai, is kaarya ko humne svayain sveekaar kiya hai aur ise sugam kar kaaainton rahit kareinge.

aisa uchch aadhyaatmik sukh aur aisi mahaan aihik samruddhi ko praapt karne ka ekamaatr shresht saadhan ugr veeravrat ki bhaavana hamaare andar sadev jalati rahe. teevr aur akhand dhyeya nishtha ki bhaavana hamaare ant:karan mein jalati rahe. aapki aseem krupa se hamaari yeh vijyashaalini sanghathit kaaryashakti hamaare dharm ka sarankshan kar is raashtra ko param vaibhav par le jaane mein samarth ho.

. Bhaarat maata ki jaya.

hindi kaavyaanuvaad[7]


he param vatsala maatrubhoomi! tujhako pranaam shat koti baar.
he maha mangala punyabhoomi ! tujh par nyochhaavar tan hajaar.

he hindubhoomi Bhaarat! toone, sab sukh de mujhako bada kiya;
tera rin itna hai ki chuka, sakta na janm le ek baar.
he sarv shaktimya parameshvar! ham hinduraashtr ke sabhi ghatak,
tujhako saadar shraddha samet, kar rahe kotish: namaskaar.

tera hi hai yeh kaarya ham sabhi, jis nimitt katibddh hue;
vah poorn ho sake aisa de, ham sabko shubh aasheervaad.
sampoorn vishv ke liye jise, jeetna na sambhav ho paaye;
aisi Ajay de shakti ki jisse, ham samarth hon sab prakaar.

de aisa uttam sheel ki jiske, sammukh ho yeh jag vinmr;
de gyaan jo ki kar sake sugam, sveekrut kantak path durnivaar.
kalyaan aur abhyudaya ka, ek hi ugr saadhan hai jo;
vah mere is antar mein ho, sfurit veeravrat ek baar.

jo kabhi na hove ksheen nirntar aur teevratar ho aisi;
sampoorn hrdaya mein jage dhyeya, nishtha svaraashtr se badhe pyaar.
nij raashtra-dharm rakshaarth nirntar, badhe sangathit kaarya-shakti;
yeh raashtra param vaibhav paaye, aisa upaje man mein vichaar.

sahayogi sainsthaaeain

sangh saahitya ke prakaashak

nimnalikhit prakaashan sangh ki yojana dvaara sanchaalit naheen hai, niji hain. in prakaashanon ne bhi uchch koti ka sangh saahitya badi sankhya mein prakaashit kiya hai.

1. suruchi prakaashan , deshabandhu gupta maarg , jhandevaala, nai Delhi-55

2. lokahit prakaashan , sanskruti bhavan ; Rajendra nagar, Lucknow-4

3. raashtrotthaan saahitya , keshav shilp ; kempagauda nagar, bangalaur-19

4. bhaarateeya vichaar saadhana

(k) dau॰ hedagevaar bhavan mahaal, Nagpur-440002
(kh) moti baag ; 309, shanivaar peth, Pune-411030
(g) mangaladaas baadi, dau॰ bhadakamkar maarg naaj cinema parisar, mumbai-40004

5. gyaan ganga prakaashan , bhaarati bhavan, bi-15, new kaaloni, Jaipur-302001

6. archana prakaashan , H.I.ji.-18, shivaaji nagar, Bhopal-462016

7. saadhana pustak prakaashan , Ram nivaas ; baliya kaaka maarg, joonaadhor baajaar ke saamane, kaankariya, amadaabaad -380028

8. saatavalekar svaadhyaaya , po - kilaapaaradi , mandal jila-valasaad, Gujarat-396125

9. saahitya niketan , 3-4/852, barakatapura, Hyderabad-500027

10. svastishri prakaashan , 44/9, navasahayaadri society , navasahayaadri postaas mor Pune-411052

11. jaagruti prakaashan , ef. 109, sector-27 , Noida (Gautam buddh nagar) u.pr. 201301

12. soorya bhaarati prakaashan , 2596, nai sadak, Delhi-110006

chitr deergha

sandarbh

  1. Anderson, vaaltar ke॰; shreedhar dee॰ daamale (1987) (angreji mein). The Brotherhood in Saffron: The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and Hindu Revivalism. boldar: vestavyoo press. pa॰ 111. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 0-8133-7358-1.
  2. maikaliyod, John (2002) (angreji mein). The history of India [Bhaarat ka itihaas]. greenavud pablishing group. pp. 209–. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 978-0-313-31459-9. http://books.google.com/?id=DAwmUphO6eAC&pg=PA209. abhigman tithi: 10 August 2010.
  3. bhatt, chetan (2001) (angreji mein). Hindu Nationalism: Origins, Ideologies and Modern Myths [hindu raashtravaad: udbhav, vichaaradhaaraaeain aur aadhunik mithk]. New York: barg pablishrs. pa॰ 113. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 1-85973-348-4.
  4. http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2007-01-03/india/27884065_1_jagannath-temple-upper-caste-dalits
  5. K S Bharati, Encyclopedia of Eminent Thinkers, Volume 7, 1998
  6. http://www.hindu.com/2001/02/18/stories/13180012.htm
  7. 'kraant' archana 1992 kinva prakaashan Noida 201301 prushth 17

yeh bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain