raasabihaari Bose

raas bihaari Basu
Rash bihari bose.jpg
Bhaarat ke mahaan kraantikaari evam svatantrata-sangraam-neta : raasabihaari Bose]
janm - sthaan: subaaladah gram, bardhamaan jila, pashchim Bengal, Bhaarat
mrutyu - sthaan: tokyo, Japan
aandolan: bhaarateeya svatantrata sangraam, gadar aandolan, aajaad hind fauj
pramukh sangathan: jugaantar, Indian Independence league, aajaad hind fauj

raasabihaari Bose (baangla: রaaাaaসaaবaaিaaহaaাaaরaaী বaaসaaু, janm:25 May 1886 - mrutyu: 21 January 1945) Bhaarat ke ek kraantikaari neta the jinhone british raaj ke viruddh gadar shadayantr evam aajaad hind fauj ke sangathan ka kaarya kiya. inhonne na keval Bhaarat mein kai kraantikaari gatividhiyon ka sanchaalan karne mein mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaayi, apitu videsh mein rahakar bhi vah Bhaarat ko svatantrata dilaane ke prayaas mein aajeevan lage rahe. Delhi mein tatkaaleen vaayasaraaya laard Charles haarding par bam feinkane ki yojana banaane, gadar ki saajish rachane aur baad mein Japan jaakar Indian indipeindes league aur aajaad hind fauj ki sthaapana karne mein raasabihaari Bose ki mahatvapoorn bhoomika rahi. yadyapi desh ko svatantr karaane ke liye kiye gaye unke ye prayaas safal naheen ho paaye, tathaapi svatantrata sangraam mein unki bhoomika ka mahatva bahut ooaincha hai.

anukram

jeevan

raasabihaari Bose ka janm 25 May 1886 ko Bengal mein bardhamaan jile ke subaaladah gaaainv mein hua tha. inki aarambhik shiksha chandananagar mein hui, jahaaain unke pita vinod bihaari Bose niyukt the.[1] raasabihaari Bose bachapan se hi desh ki svatantrata ke svapn dekha karte the aur kraantikaari gatividhiyon mein unki gahari dilchaspi thi. praarambh mein raasabihaari Bose ne deharaadoon ke van anusandhaan sansthaan mein kuchh samay tak head klark ke roop mein kaam kiya. usi dauraan unka kraantikaari jatin mukharji ki aguaai vaale yugaantar naamak kraantikaari sangathan ke amarendr chatarji se parichay hua aur vah Bengal ke kraantikaariyon ke saath jud gaye. baad mein vah arabindo ghosh ke raajaneetik shishya rahe jateendranaath Bannerjee urf niraalamb svaami ke sampark mein aane par sanyukt praant, (vartamaan uttar pradesh) aur Punjab ke pramukh aarya samaaji kraantikaariyon ke nikat aaye.

Delhi mein George pancham ke 12 December 1911 ko hone vaale Delhi darbaar ke baad jab vaayasaraaya Lord haarding ki Delhi mein savaari nikaali ja rahi thi to usaki shobhaayaatra par vaayasaraaya laard haarding par bam feinkane ki yojana banaane mein raasabihaari ki pramukh bhoomika rahi thi.[2] amarendr chatarji ke ek shishya basant Kumar vishvaas ne un par bam feinka lekin nishaana chook gaya. iske baad british police raasabihaari Bose ke peechhe lag gayi aur vah bachane ke liye raaton-raat relagaadi se deharaadoon khisak liye aur aafis mein is tarah kaam karne lage maano kuchh hua hi naheen ho. agale din unhonne deharaadoon ke naagrikon ki ek sabha bulaayi, jismein unhonne vaayasaraaya par hue hamle ki ninda bhi ki. is prakaar un par is shadayantr aur kaand ka pramukh saragana hone ka kinchitmaatr bhi sandeh kisi ko na hua.[1] 1913 mein Bengal mein baadh raahat kaarya ke dauraan raasabihaari Bose jatin mukharji ke sampark mein aaye, jinhonne unamein naya josh bharne ka kaam kiya. raasabihaari Bose iske baad dogune utsaah ke saath fir se kraantikaari gatividhiyon ke sanchaalan mein jut gaye. Bhaarat ko svatantr karaane ke liye unhonne pratham vishv yuddh ke dauraan gadar ki yojana banaayi. February 1915 mein anek bharosemand kraantikaariyon ki sena mein ghuspaith karaane ki koshish ki gayi.

Japan mein

yugaantar ke kai netaaon ne socha ki Europe mein yuddh hone ke kaaran chooainki abhi adhiktar sainik desh se baahar gaye huye hain, at: shesh bache sainikon ko aasaani se haraaya ja sakta hai lekin durbhaagya se unka yeh prayaas bhi asafal raha aur kai kraantikaariyon ko giraftaar kar liya gaya. british khufiya police ne raasabihaari Bose ko bhi pakadne ki koshish ki lekin vah unke hatthe naheen chadhe aur bhaagakar videsh se hathiyaaron ki aapoorti ke liye June 1915 mein raaja pi. N. Tagore ke chhadm naam se Japan ke shahar Shanghai mein pahuainche aur vahaaain rahakar Bhaarat desh ki aajaadi ke liye kaam karne lage.[2] is prakaar unhonne kai varsh nirvaasan mein bitaaye. Japan mein bhi raasabihaari Bose chup naheen baithe aur vahaaain ke apne Japani kraantikaari mitron ke saath milkar desh ki svatantrata ke liye nirntar prayaas karte rahe. unhonne Japan mein angreji adhyaapan ke saath lekhak va patrakaar ke roop mein bhi kaam praarambh kar diya. unhonne vahaaain new Asia naam se ek samaachaar-patra bhi nikaala. keval itna hi naheen, unhonne Japani bhaasha bhi seekhi aur 16 pustakein likheen.[2] unhonne tokiyo mein hotel kholkar bhaarateeyon ko sangathit kiya tatha 'raamaayan' ka Japani bhaasha mein anuvaad kiya.

british sarkaar ab bhi unke peechhe lagi hui thi aur vah Japan sarkaar se unke pratyarpan ki maaaing kar rahi thi, isliye vah lagbhag ek saal tak apni pehchaan aur aavaas badalate rahe. 1916 mein Japan mein hi raasabihaari Bose ne prasiddh pain Asiaee samarthak soma aaijo aur soma kotsuko ki putri se vivaah kar liya aur 1923 mein vahaaain ki naagarikta le li[1]. Japan mein vah patrakaar aur lekhak ke roop mein rahane lage. Japani adhikaariyon ko bhaarateeya raashtravaadiyon ke paksh mein khada karne aur desh ki aajaadi ke aandolan ko unka sakriya samarthan dilaane mein bhi raasabihaari Bose ki aham bhoomika rahi. unhonne 28 March 1942 ko tokyo mein ek sammelan bulaaya jismein 'Indian indeepeindeins league' ki sthaapana ka nirnaya kiya gaya. is sammelan mein unhonne Bhaarat ki aajaadi ke liye ek sena banaane ka prastaav bhi pesh kiya.

aai0ena0e0 ka gathan

raasabihaari Bose ka unke Japani mitron dakshinpanthi raashtravaadi evam pain-eshiyaaivaadi neta mitsuru toyaama evam tsuyoshi inumaai ke saath raatri-bhoj (1915) mein shaamil hone ke avsar ka ek durlabh chitr (Bose peechhe khade hain)

22 June 1942 ko raasabihaari Bose ne bainkaak mein league ka doosra sammelan bulaaya, jismein subhaash chandra Bose ko league mein shaamil hone aur usaka adhyaksh banane ke liye aamantrit karne ka prastaav paarit kiya gaya. Japan ne malaya aur barma ke morche par kai bhaarateeya yuddhabandiyon ko pakada tha. in yuddhabandiyon ko indiyn indipendeins league mein shaamil hone aur Indian national army (aai0ena0e0) ka sainik banane ke liye protsaahit kiya gaya. aai0ena0e0 ka gathan raasabihaari Bose ki indiyn national league ki sainya shaakha ke roop mein sitmbar 1942 ko kiya gaya. Bose ne ek jhande ka bhi chayan kiya jise aajaad naam diya gaya. is jhande ko unhonne subhaash chandra Bose ke havaale kiya.[1] raasabihaari Bose shakti aur yash ke shikhar ko chhoone hi vaale the ki Japani sainya kamaan ne unhein aur general mohan Singh ko aai0ena0e0 ke netrutv se hata diya lekin aai0ena0e0 ka sangathanaatmak dhaaaincha bana raha. baad mein isi dhaaainche par subhaash chandra Bose ne aajaad hind fauj ke naam se aai0ena0esa0 ka punargathan kiya.

Bhaarat ko british shaasan ki gulaami se mukti dilaane ki ji-tod mehnat karte hue kintu iski aas liye hue 21 January 1945 ko inka nidhan ho gaya.[1] unke nidhan se kuchh samay pehle Japani sarkaar ne unhein aardar of the raaijing san ke sammaan se alankrut bhi kiya tha.

vruhad poorveee-Asia sangoshthi mein subhaash chandr Bose evam anya neta

sandarbh

  1. a aa i E u kraantikaariyon ke maargadarshak the raasabihaari Bose. Hindustan live. 20 January 2010
  2. a aa i sashastr kraanti ke yoddha|patrika. Kolkata

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