raamavruksh beneepuri

raamavruksh beneepuri
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janm 23 December, 1899
beneepur gram, mujaffarapur jila, Bihar, Bhaarat
mrutyu 1968 (aayu 68-69)
vyavasaaya lekhak, naatakakaar, nibandhakaar, upanyaasakaar
raashtreeyata bhaarateeya
ullekhaneeya kaarya anbapaali, patiton ke desh mein, shakuntala

raamavruksh beneepuri (23 December, 1899 - 9 September, 1968) Bhaarat ke ek mahaan vichaarak, chintak, manan karne vaale kraantikaari saahityakaar, patrakaar, sampaadak the.ve hindi saahitya ke shuklottar yug ke prasiddh saahityakaar the.

anukram

parichay

inka janm 23 December, 1899 ko unke Patrick gaanv mujafafarapur jile (Bihar) ke beneepur gaanv ke ek bhoomihr braahman parivaar mein hua tha. usi ke aadhaar par unhonne apna upanaam 'beneepuri' rakha tha. unki praathamik shiksha nanihaal mein hui thi. maitrik paas karne ke baad ve asahayog aandolan mein shaamil ho gaye. unki bhaasha-vaani prabhaavashaali thi. unka vyaktittv aakarshak evam shaurya ki aabha se deept tha. ve ek safal sampaadak ke roop mein bhi yaad kiye jaate hain.[1] ve raajaneetik puroosh na the, pakke deshbhakt the. inhonne bhaarateeya svatantrata sangraam mein aath varsh jail mein bitaaye the.[2][3] ye hindi saahitya ke patrakaar bhi rahe aur inhonne kai samaachaarapatron jaise yuvak (1929) bhi nikaale. iske alaava kai raashtravaadi aur svatantrata sangraam sambandhi kaaryon mein sanlagn rahe.[4] 9 September, 1968 ko ve is sansaar se vida ho gaye.

rachanaaeain

raamavruksh beneepuri ki aatma mein raashtreeya bhaavana lahoo ke sang lahoo ke roop mein bahti thi jiske kaaran aajeevan vah chain ki saans na le sake. unke futakar lekhon se aur unke saathiyon ke sansmaranon se gyaat hota hai ki jeevan ke praarambh kaal se hi kraantikaari rachanaaon ke kaaran baar-baar unhein kaaraavaas bhogana padta. san 1942 mein August kraanti aandolan ke kaaran unhein hajaareebaag jail mein rahana pada. jelavaas mein bhi vah shaant naheen baithe sakte the. ve vahaan jail mein bhi aag bhadkaane waali rachanaayein likhte. jab bhi ve jail se baahar aate unke haath mein do-chaar granthon ki paandulipiyaan avashya hoteen, jo aaj saahitya ki amoolya nidhi ban gain. unki adhiktar rachanaaen jelavaas ki krutiyaan hain.

san 1930 ke kaaraavaas kaal ke anubhav ke aadhaar par patiton ke desh mein upanyaas ka srujan hua. isi prakaar san 1946 mein angrej Bhaarat chhodne par vivsh hue to sabhi raajanaitik evam deshbhakt netaaon ko riha kar diya gaya. unamein raamavruksh beneepuri ji bhi the. kaaraagaar se mukti ki paavan pavan ke saath saahitya ki utkrut rachana maati ki mooratein kahaani sangrah aur aamrapaali upanyaas ki paandulipiyaan unke utkrusht vichaaron ko apne andar sama chuki theen. unki anek rachanaayein jo yash kalagi ke samaan hain unamein jaya prakaash, netradaan, seeta ki maan, 'vijeta', 'meal ke patthar', 'gehoon aur gulaab' shaamil hai.'sheksapeeyar ke gaanv mein' aur 'neenv ki int'. in lekhon mein bhi raamavruksh beneepuri ne apne desh prem, saahitya prem, tyaag ki mahatta, saahityakaaron ke prati sammaan bhaav darshaaya hai vah avismaraneeya hai.[1]

unki rachanaaon ka vistrut vivran is prakaar hai-

naatak

  • ambapaali -1941-46
  • seeta ki maaain -1948-50
  • sanghamitra -1948-50
  • amar jyoti -1951
  • tathaagat
  • sinhal vijay
  • shakuntala
  • raamaraajya
  • netradaan -1948-50
  • gaaainv ke devata
  • naya samaaj
  • vijeta -1953.
  • baijoo maama, national book trst, 1994
  • shamashaan mein akeli andhi ladki ke haath mein agarabatti - 2012

sampaadan evam aalochan

  • vidyaapati ki padaavali
  • bihaari satasai ki subodh teeka

jeevani

sansmaran tatha nibndh

  • patiton ke desh mein -1930-33
  • chita ke fool -1930-32
  • laal taara -1937-39
  • kaidi ki patni -1940
  • maati -1941-45
  • gehooain aur gulaab - 1948–50
  • janjeerein aur deevaarein
  • udte chalo, udte chalo

lalit gadya

  • vande vaani vinaayak −1953-54.

granthaavali

  • Collected Works of Rambriksh Benipuri, 8 volumes, Radhakrishna Prakashan
  • raamakrushn beneepuri rachana sanchayan, saahitya academy

sammaan

dinkar ji ne ek baar beneepuri ji ke vishay mein kaha tha, "svargeeya pandit raamavruksh beneepuri keval saahityakaar naheen the, unke bheetar keval vahi aag naheen thi jo kalam se nikal kar saahitya ban jaati hai. ve us aag ke bhi dhani the jo raajaneetik aur saamaajik aandolanon ko janm deti hai, jo paranparaaon ko todti hai aur moolyon par prahaar karti hai. jo chintan ko nirbheek evam karm ko tej banaati hai. beneepuri ji ke bheetar bechain kavi, bechain chintak, bechain kraantikaari aur nirbheek yoddha sabhi ek saath nivaas karte the." 1999 mein bhaarateeya daak seva dvaara beneepuri ji ke sammaan mein Bhaarat ka bhaashaayi sauhaard manaane hetu bhaarateeya sangh ke hindi ko raashtra-bhaasha apnaane ki ardh-shati varsh mein daak-tikton ka ek set jaari kiya.[5] unke sammaan mein Bihar sarkaar dvaara vaarshik akhil bhaarateeya raamavruksh beneepuri puraskaar diya jaata hai.

inhein bhi dekhiye

sandarbh

  1. a aa Kapoor, mastaraam (15) (hindi mein) (sajild). raamavruksh beneepuri rachana sanchayan. saahitya academy. pp. 798. doi:ISBN 81-260-1027-4.
  2. rai, Ram vachan (1995). raamavruksh beneepuri. saahitya academy. pa॰ 66. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 81-7201-974-2.
  3. "special postej staimps on linguistik haarmani of indiya". letest peeaaibi rileejej. press infaurmeshan bureau, Bhaarat sarkaar. September 1999. http://pib.nic.in/archieve/lreleng/l0999/r140999.html. abhigman tithi: 26 September 2008.
  4. das, shishir Kumar (2006). a history of indiyn litrechar. saahitya academy. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9788172017989.
  5. "special postej staimp on lingvistik haarmani of indiya". letest PIB release. September 1999. http://pib.nic.in/archieve/lreleng/l0999/r140999.html.

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