raamasvaami Venkatraman

raamasvaami Venkatraman

kaarya kaal
25 July 198725 July 1992
up raashtrapati shankar dayaal sharma
poorvavarti jail Singh
uttaraavarti shankar dayaal sharma

janm 4 December 1910
tanjaur, Tamil Nadu, Bhaarat
mrutyu 27 January 2009
nai Delhi, Bhaarat
raajanaitik party bhaarateeya raashtreeya Congress
jeevanasangi jaanki Venkatraman
dharm hindu
hastaakshar Ramaswamy Venkataraman's Autograph.jpg

raamasvaami Venkatraman, (raamaasvaami veinkataraman, raamaasvaami Venkatraman ya raamaasvaami Venkatraman)(4 December 1910-27 January 2009) Bhaarat ke 8vein raashtrapati the. ve 1987 se 1992 tak is pad par rahe. raashtrapati banane ke pehle ve 4 varshon tak Bhaarat ke uparaashtrapati rahe. mangalvaar ko 27 January ko lambi beemaari ke baad unka nidhan ho gaya. ve 98 varsh ke the. raashtrapati, uparaashtrapati aur pradhaanamantri samet desh bhar ke anek raajanetaaon ne unke nidhan par shok vyakt kiya hai. unhonne 2:30 baje Delhi mein sena ke research end refaral hauspitl mein antim saaains li. unhein mootraashaya mein sankraman (yoorosepsis) ki shikaayat ke baad vigat 12 January ko aspataal mein bharti karaaya gaya tha. ve saaains sambandhi beemaari se bhi peedit the. unka kaaryakaal 1987 se 1992 tak raha. raashtrapati pad par aaseen hone se poorv veinkataraman kareeb chaar saal tak desh ke uparaashtrapati bhi rahe.[1]

anukram

praarambhik jeevan

veinkataraman ka jan‍aam 4 December, 1910 ko Tamil Nadu mein tanjaur ke nikat pattukottaya mein hua tha. unki j‍aayaadaatar shiksha-deeksha rajdhani chennai (tat‍aakaaleen Madras) mein hi hui.[2] unhonne arthashaastr se snaatakottar upaadhi Madras vishvavidyaalaya se praapt ki. iske baad unhonne Madras ke hi law college se kaanoon ki padhaai ki. shiksha poori karne ke baad unhonne Madras uchch nyaayaalaya mein san 1935 se vakaalat shuroo ki aur 1951 se unhonne uchchatam nyaayaalaya mein vakaalat shuroo ki. vakaalat ke dauraan hi unhonne desh ke svatantrata aandolan mein bhaag liya aur 1942 ke Bhaarat chhodo aandolan mein sakriya bhoomika nibhaai. svatantrata ke baad vakaalat mein unki shreshthata ko dekhte hue Bhaarat sarkaar ne unhein desh ke utkrusht vakeelon ki team mein sthaan diya. 1947 se 1950 tak ve Madras praant ki baar federation ke sachiv pad par rahe. kaanoon ki jaankaari aur chhaatr raajaneeti mein sakriya hone ke kaaran ve jald hi raajaneeti mein aa gaye. san 1950 mein unhein aajaad Bhaarat ki asthaayi sansad ke liye chuna gaya. uske baad 1952 se 1957 tak ve desh ki pehli sansad ke sadasya rahe. ve san 1953 se 1954 tak Congress party mein sachiv pad par bhi rahe.

raajaneetik jeevan

1957 mein sansad ke liye chune jaane ke baavajood raamasvaami veinkataraman ne lok sabha seat se isteefa dekar Madras sarkaar mein ek mantri ka pad bhaar grahan kiya. is dauraan unhonne udyogon, samaaj, yaataayaat, arthavyastha va janta ki bhalaai ke liye kai vikaasapoorn kaarya kiye. 1967 mein unhein yojana aayog ka sadasya niyukt kiya gaya aur unhein udyog, yaataayaat va railway jaise pramukh vibhaagon ka uttaradaayitv saunpa gaya. 1977 mein dakshin Madras ki seat se unhein Loksabha ka sadasya chuna gaya. jismein unhonne vipakshi neta ki bhoomika nibhaai. 1980 mein ve Loksabha ka sadasya chune jaane ke baad indira Gandhi ki sarkaar mein unhein vitt mantraalaya ka kaaryabhaar saunpa gaya aur uske baad unhein raksha mantri banaaya gaya. unhonne pashchimi aur poorvi Europe ke saath hi soviyt union, America, Canada, dakshin pashchimi Asia, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, yoogoslaaviya aur Mauritius ki aadhikaarik yaatraaeain keen. ve August 1984 mein desh ke up raashtrapati bane. iske saath hi ve Rajyasabha ke adhyaksh bhi rahe. is dauraan ve indira Gandhi shaanti puraskaar va javaaharalaal Nehru award for international andarastainding ke nirnaayak peeth ke adhyaksh rahe. unhonne 25 July 1987 ko desh ke aathavein raashtrapati ke roop mein shapath li.[3]

antim samay

kendra sarkaar ne poorv raashtrapati aar. veinkataraman ke sammaan mein deshamein saat din ka raashtreeya shok ghoshit kiya hai. ek sarkaari pravakta ne bataaya ki is avadhi mein koi bhi sarkaari manoranjan kaaryakram naheen hoga aur sabhi sarkaari imaaraton par tiranga aadha jhuka rahega.[4] iske saath hi ganatantr diwas samaaroh ke baad hone vaale beating ratreet tatha raashtreeya kaidet kor ki pradhaanamantri rally samet sabhi sarkaari kaaryakram radd kar diye gaye.[5] Budhvaar 29 January ko nai Delhi mein ekta sthal par poore raajakeeya sammaan ke saath unki antyeshti ki gayi. unke daamaad kebi veinkat ne unhein mukhaagni di. sarvadharm praarthana aur 21 topon ki salaami ke beech veinkataraman ka paarthiv shareer panchatatv mein vileen ho gaya. isse pehle raashtrapati pratibha Patil ne unako shraddhaanjali di.[6] shukravaar 30 January ko poorv raashtrapati ki asthiyaaain haridvaar mein ganga nadi mein pravaahit ki gayi. unke daamaad dau॰ ke veinkataraman aur professor aar Ramchandran tatha putri lakshmi vi veinkateshvar Delhi se unki asthiyaaain lekar yahaaain pahuainche. vishisht ghaat par uttaaraakhand ke shiksha mantri madan kaushik, haridvaar ke jilaadhikaari, shailesh baagoli aur SSP sanjaya gunjyaal bhi upasthit the. poorv raashtrapati ke parivaar ke sadasyon ke saath Delhi se aae pandit sundar raaghav sharma ne ghaat par pooja-archana ki aur baad mein nadi mein asthiyaaain pravaahit ki gayi. isse pehle sena ki chhathi aartilri briged ke sheersh adhikaariyon ne pavitra shahar ke baahari or sthit raayavaala kshetr mein veinkataraman ke asthiklash par pushp maala arpit ki.[7]

sandarbh