raamakrushn paramahans

raamakrushn paramahans

raamakrushn dakshineshvar meain
janm gadaadhar chattopaadhyaaya
18 fravari 1836
kaamaarapukur, Bengal
mrutyu 16 August 1886(1886-08-16) (umr 50)
Kolkata
khitaab/sammaan paramahans

raamakrushn paramahans Bhaarat ke ek mahaan sant evam vichaarak the. inhonne sabhi dharmon ki ekta par jor diya. unhein bachapan se hi vishvaas tha ki ishvar ke darshan ho sakte hain at: ishvar ki praapti ke liye unhonne kathor saadhana aur bhakti ka jeevan bitaaya. svaami raamakrushn maanavata ke pujaari the. saadhana ke falasvaroop vah is nishkarsh par pahuainche ki sansaar ke sabhi dharm sachche hain aur unamein koi bhinnata naheen. ve ishvar tak pahuainchane ke bhinn-bhinn saadhan maatr hain.

anukram

jeevani

janm

kaamaarapukur meain sthit is chhoti si ghar meain shreeraamakrushn rahate the

maanaveeya moolyon ke poshak sant raamakrushn paramahans ka janm 18 fravari 1836 ko Bengal praant sthit kaamaarapukur gram mein hua tha. inke bachapan ka naam gadaadhar tha. pitaaji ke naam khudiraam aur maataaji ke naam chandramaneedevi tha.unke bhakto ke anusaar raamakrushn ke maata pita ko unke janm se pehle hi alaukik ghatanaao aur drushyon ka anubhav hua tha . gaya mein unke pita khudeeraam ne ek svapn dekha tha jisme unhonne dekha ki Bhagwan gadaadhar ( vishnu ke avataar ) ne unhein kaha ki ve unke putr ke roop mein janm leinge . unki maata chandramani devi ko bhi aisa ek anubhav hua tha unhonne Shiv mandir mein apne garbh mein roshani pravesh karte hue dekha .

inki baalasulabh saralata aur mantramugdh muskaan se har koi sammohit ho jaata tha.

parivaar

saat varsh ki alpaayu mein hi gadaadhar ke sir se pita ka saaya uth gaya. aisi vipreet paristhiti mein poore parivaar ka bharan-poshan kathin hota chala gaya. aarthik kathinaaiyaan aain. baalak gadaadhar ka saahas kam naheen hua. inke bade bhaai Ramkumar chattopaadhyaaya Calcutta (Kolkata) mein ek paathashaala ke sanchaalak the. ve gadaadhar ko apne saath Kolkata le gaye. raamakrushn ka antarman atyant nishhal, sahaj aur vinyasheel tha. sankeernataaon se vah bahut door the. apne kaaryo mein lage rahate the.

dakshineshvar aagaman

satat prayaason ke baad bhi raamakrushn ka man adhyayan-adhyaapan mein naheen lag paaya. 1855 mein raamakrushn paramahans ke bade bhaai Ramkumar chattopaadhyaaya ko dakshineshvar kaali mandir ( jo raani rashamoni dvaara banavaaya gaya tha ) ke mukhya pujaari ke roop mein niyukt kiya gaya tha. raamakrushn aur unke bhaanje hradaya Ramkumar ki sahaayata karte the . raamakrushn ko devi pratima ko sajaane ka daaitv diya gaya tha. 1856 mein Ramkumar ke mrutyu ke pashchaat raamakrushn ko kaali mandir mein purohit ke taur par niyukt kiya gaya.

Ramkumar ki mrutyu ke baad shri raamakrushn zyaada dhyaan magn rahane lage. ve kaali maata ke moorti ko apni maata aur bramhaand ki maata ke roop mein dekhne lage. kaha jaata hain ki shri raamakrushn ko kaali maata ke darshan bramhaand ki maata ke roop mein hua tha. raamakrushn iski varnana karte hue kehte hain " ghar ,dwaar ,mandir aur sab kuchh adrushya ho gaya , jaise kahi kuchh bhi naheen tha! aur mainne ek anant teer viheen alok ka saagar dekha, yeh chetna ka saagar tha. jis disha mein bhi mainne door door tak jaha bhi dekha bas ujjaval laharein dikhaai de rahi thi, jo ek ke baad ek ,meri taraf aa rahi thi.

[1]

vivaah

afavaah fail gayi thi ki dakshineshvar mein aadhyaatmik saadhana ke kaaran raamakrushn ka maanasik santulan khraab ho gaya tha. raamakrushn ki maata aur unke bade bhaai raameshvar raamakrushn ka vivaah karavaane ka nirnaya liya. unka yeh maanana tha ki shaadi hone par gadaadhar ka maanasik santulan theek ho jaayega, shaadi ke baad aaye jimmedaariyon ke kaaran unka dhyaan aadhyaatmik saadhana se hait jaaega. raamakrushn ne khud unhein yeh kaha ki ve unke liye kanya jayaraamabaati(jo kaamaarapukur se 3 mil door uttar poorv ki disha mein hain) mein raamachandr mukhrji ke ghar pa sakte hain. 1859 mein 5 varsh ki shaaradaamani mukhopaadhaya aur 23 varsh ke raamakrushn ka vivaah sampann hua. vivaah ke baad shaarada jayaraamabaati mein rahati thi aur 18 varsh ke hone par ve raamakrushn ke paas dakshineshvar mein rahane lagi.

raamakrushn tab sanyaasi ka jeevan jeete the .

vairaagya aur saadhana

kaalaantar mein bade bhaai bhi chal base. is ghatna se ve vyaathit hue. sansaar ki anityata ko dekhkar unke man meain vairaagya ka udaya hua. andar se man na karte hue bhi shreeraamakrushn mandir ki pooja evam archana karne lage. dakshineshvar sthit panchavati meain ve dhyaanamagn rahane lage. ishvar darshan ke liye ve vyaakul ho gaye. log unhe paagal samajhne lage.

chandramani devi ne apne bete ki unmaad ki avastha se chintat hokar gadaadhar ka vivaah shaarada devi se kar diya. iske baad bhairavi vraahmani ka dakshineshvar meain aagaman hua. unhonne unheain tantr ki shiksha di. madhurabhaav meain avasthaan karte hue thaakur ne shreekrushn ka darshan kiya. unhonne totaapuri mahaaraaj se advait vedaant ki gyaan laabh ki aur jeevanmukt ki avastha ko praapt kiya. sanyaas grahan karne ke vaad unka naya naam hua shreeraamakrushn paramahans. iske baad unhonne islaam aur krishchiyn dharm ki bhi saadhana ki.

bhakton ka aagaman

samay jaise-jaise vyateet hota gaya, unke kathor aadhyaatmik abhyaason aur siddhiyon ke samaachaar teji se failane lage aur dakshineshvar ka mandir udyaan sheegra hi bhakton evam bhramanasheel sannyaasiyon ka priya aashrayasthaan ho gaya. kuchh bade-bade vidvaan evam prasiddh vaishnav aur taantrik saadhak jaise- pan॰ Narayan shaastri, pan॰ padmalochan taarakaalakaar, vaishnavacharan aur gaureekaant taarakabhooshan aadi unase aadhyaatmik prerana praapt karte rahe. vah sheegra hi tatkaaleenan suvikhyaat vichaarakon ke ghanishth sampark mein aae jo Bengal mein vichaaron ka netrutv kar rahe the. inmein keshavachandr sen, vijyakrushn Goswami, ishvarachandr vidyaasaagar ke naam liye ja sakte hain. iske atirikt saadhaaran bhakton ka ek doosra varg tha jiske sabse mahattvapoorn vyakti raamachandr datt, gireeshachandr ghosh, balaraam Bose, maheindranaath gupt (master mahaashaya) aur durgaacharan naag the.[2]

svaami vivekaanand unke param shishya the .

raamakrushn ke antim sanskaar ke samay unke shisyo ki tasveer .

beemaari aur antim jeevan

raamakrushn paramahans jeevan ke antim dinon mein samaadhi ki sthiti mein rahane lage. at: tan se shithil hone lage. shishyon dvaara svaasthya par dhyaan dene ki praarthana par ajnyaaanata jaanakar hains dete the. inke shishya inhein thaakur naam se pukaarate the. raamakrushn ke paramapriya shishya vivekaanand kuchh samay himaalaya ke kisi ekaant sthaan par tapasya karna chaahate the. yahi aajnyaa lene jab ve guru ke paas gaye to raamakrushn ne kaha-vats hamaare aaspaas ke kshetr ke log bhookh se tadap rahe hain. chaaron or ajnyaaan ka andhera chhaaya hai. yahaan log rote-chillaate rahein aur tum himaalaya ki kisi gufa mein samaadhi ke aanand mein nimgn raho kya tumhaari aatma sveekaaregi. isse vivekaanand daridr Narayan ki seva mein lag gaye. raamakrushn mahaan yogi, uchchakoti ke saadhak va vichaarak the. seva path ko ishvareeya, prashast maankar anekata mein ekta ka darshan karte the. seva se samaaj ki suraksha chaahate the. gale mein soojan ko jab doctoron ne Cancer bataakar samaadhi lene aur vaartaalaap se mana kiya tab bhi ve muskaraaye. chikitsa karaane se rokane par bhi vivekaanand ilaaj karaate rahe. chikitsa ke vaabajud unka svaasthya bigdta hi gaya.

mrutyu

ant meain vah dukh ka din aa gaya. 1886 E. 16 August savera hone ke kuchh hi vakt pehle aanandaghan vigrah shreeraamakrushn is nashvar deh ko tyaag kar mahaasamaadhi dvaara sv-svarup mein leen ho gaye.

raamakrushn mission ka mukhyaalaya belud math meain sthit shreeraamakrushn ki maarval pratima

upadesh aur vaani

raamakrushn chhoti kahaaniyo ke maadhyam se logo ko shiksha dete the . Calcutta ke buddhijeeviyon par unke vichaaro ne zabardast prabhaav chhoda tha ; halaaki unki shikshaaye aadhunikta aur raashtra ke aajaadi ke baare mein naheen thi . unke aadhyaatmik aandolan ne paroksh roop se desh mein raashtravaad ki bhaavana badhne ka kaam kiya kyoonki unki shiksha jaativaad evam dhaarmik pakshapaat ko nakaarati hain .

raamakrushn ke anusaar hi manushya jeevan ka sabse bada lakshya hain. raamakrushn kehte the ki kaamini -kanchan ishvar praapti ke sabse bade baadhak hain.

raamakrushn sansaar ko maaya ke roop mein dekhte the. unke anusaar avidya maaya srujan ke kaale shaktiyon ko darshaati hain (jaise kaam, lobh ,laalach , kroorata , svaarthi karm aadi ), yeh maanav ko chetna ke nichle star par rakhati hain. yeh shaktiya manushya ko janm aur mrutyu ke chakr mein bandhane ke liye jimmedaar hain. vahi vidya maaya srujan ki achhi shaktiyon ke liye jimmedaar hain ( jaise nisvaarth karm , aadhyaatmik gun , uche aadarsh , daya , pavitrata , prem aur bhakti ) . yeh manushya ko chetan ke ooainche star par le jaati hain.

aage adhyayan ke liye

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain