raamadhaari Singh 'dinkar'

raamadhaari Singh 'dinkar'
Ramdharisinghdinkar.gif
raamadhaari Singh 'dinkar'
upanaam: 'dinkar'
janm: 23 September, 1908
simriya ghaat begoosaraaya jila, Bihar, Bhaarat
mrutyu: 24 April, 1974
Madras, Tamil Nadu, Bhaarat
kaaryakshetr: kavi, lekhak
raashtreeyata: bhaarateeya
bhaasha: hindi
kaal: aadhunik kaal
vidha: gadya aur padya
vishay: kavita, khandakaavya, nibandh, sameeksha
saahityik
aandolan
:
raashtravaad,
pragativaad
pramukh kruti(yaaain): kurukshetr, rashmirthi, urvashi, hunkaar, sanskruti ke chaar adhyaaya, parashuraam ki prateeksha, haahaakaar, chakravyooh, aatmajayi, vaajashrava ke bahaane
hastaakshar: Hastakshardinkar.jpg
jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar se sammaanit


raamadhaari Singh 'dinkar' (23 September 1908- 24 April 1974) hindi ke ek pramukh lekhak, kavi va nibndhakaar the.[1][2] ve aadhunik yug ke shreshth veer ras ke kavi ke roop mein sthaapit hain. Bihar praant ke begusaraaya jile ka simriya ghaat unki janmasthali hai. unhonne itihaas, darshanashaastr aur raajaneeti vigyaan ki padhaai Patna vishvavidyaalaya se ki. unhonne sanskrut, baangla, angreji aur urdoo ka gahan adhyayan kiya tha.

'dinkar' svatantrata poorv ek vidrohi kavi ke roop mein sthaapit hue aur svatantrata ke baad raashtrakavi ke naam se jaane gaye. ve chhaayaavaadottar kaviyon ki pehli peedhi ke kavi the. ek or unki kavitaao mein oj, vidroh, aakrosh aur kraanti ki pukaar hai to doosari or komal shrrungaarik bhaavanaaon ki abhivyakti hai. inheen do pravruttiyon ka charam utkarsh hamein unki kurukshetr aur urvashi naamak krutiyon mein milta hai.

urvashi ko bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar jabki kurukshetr ko vishv ke 100 sarvashreshth kaavyon mein 74vaaain sthaan diya gaya.

anukram

jeevan parichay

dinkar ka janm 23 September 1908 ko simriya, munger, Bihar mein hua tha. Patna vishvavidyaalaya se bi. A. ki pareeksha utteern karne ke baad ve ek vidyaalaya mein adhyaapak ho gaye. 1934 se 1947 tak Bihar sarkaar ki seva mein sab-rajistaar aur prachaar vibhaag ke upanideshak padon par kaarya kiya. 1950 se 1952 tak mujaffarapur kaalej mein hindi ke vibhaagaadhyaksh rahe, Bhaagalpur vishvavidyaalaya ke upakulapati ke pad par kaarya kiya aur uske baad Bhaarat sarkaar ke hindi salaahakaar bane. unhein padm vibhooshan ki upaadhi se bhi alankrut kiya gaya. unki pustak sanskruti ke chaar adhyaaya [3] ke liye saahitya academy puraskaar tatha urvashi ke liye bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar pradaan kiya gaya. apni lekhani ke maadhyam se vah sada amar raheinge.

dvaapar yug ki aitihaasik ghatna mahaabhaarat par aadhaarit unke prabandh kaavya kurukshetr ko vishv ke 100 sarvashreshth kaavyon mein 74vaaain sthaan diya gaya.[4]

pramukh krutiyaaain

unhonne saamaajik aur aarthik samaanata aur shoshan ke khilaaf kavitaaon ki rachana ki. ek pragativaadi aur maanavavaadi kavi ke roop mein unhonne aitihaasik paatron aur ghatnaaon ko ojasvi aur prakhar shabdon ka taanaabaana diya. unki mahaan rachanaaon mein rashmirthi aur parashuraam ki prateeksha shaamil hai. urvashi ko chhodkar dinkar ki adhiktar rachanaaeain veer ras se otaprot hai. bhooshan ke baad unhein veer ras ka sarvashreshth kavi maana jaata hai.

jnyaaanapeeth se sammaanit unki rachana urvashi ki kahaani maanaveeya prem, vaasana aur sambandhon ke ird-gird dhoomati hai. urvashi svarg parityakta ek apsara ki kahaani hai. vaheen, kurukshetr, mahaabhaarat ke shaanti-parv ka kavitaaroop hai. yeh doosare vishvayuddh ke baad likhi gayi rachana hai. vaheen saamadheni ki rachana kavi ke saamaajik chintan ke anurup hui hai. sanskruti ke chaar adhyaaya mein dinkaraji ne kaha ki saanskrutik, bhaashaai aur kshetreeya vividhtaaon ke baavajood Bhaarat ek desh hai. kyonki saari vividhtaaon ke baad bhi, hamaari soch ek jaisi hai.

aachaarya hajaari prasaad Dwivedi ne kaha ki dinkaraji gair-hindeebhaashiyon ke beech hindi ke sabhi kaviyon mein sabse jyaada lokapriya the aur apni maatrubhaasha se prem karne vaalon ke prateek the. harivansh rai Bachchan ne kaha ki dinkaraji ko ek naheen, balki gadya, padya, bhaasha aur hindi-seva ke liye alag-alag chaar jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar diye jaane chaahiye. raamavruksh beneepuri ne kaha ki dinkaraji ne desh mein kraantikaari aandolan ko svar diya. naamavar Singh ne kaha ki dinkaraji apne yug ke sachmuch soorya the.

prasiddh saahityakaar Rajendra Yadav ne kaha ki dinkaraji ki rachanaaon ne unhein bahut prerit kiya. prasiddh rachanaakaar kaasheenaath Singh ne kaha ki dinkaraji raashtravaadi aur saamraajya-virodhi kavi the.

rachanaaon ke kuchh ansh

kis bhaanti uthooain itna oopar? mastak kaise chhoo paaainoon main . greeva tak haath na ja sakte, uaingaliyaaain na chhoo sakti lalaat . vaaman ki pooja kis prakaar, pahuainche tum tak maanav,viraat .

re rok yudhishthar ko na yahaaain, jaane de unako svarg dheer
par fira hamein gaandeev gada, lauta de arjun bheem veer --(himaalaya se)
kshama shobhati us bhujang ko, jiske paas garal ho;
usako kya jo dantaheen, vishheen, vineet, saral ho. -- (kurukshetr se)
patthar si hon maansapeshiyaaain, lauhadand bhujabal abhaya;
nas-nas mein ho lahar aag ki, tabhi javaani paati jaya. -- (rashmirthi se)
hato vyom ke megh panth se, svarg lootane ham jaate hain;
doodh-doodh O vats tumhaara, doodh khojane ham jaate hai.
sach poochho to sar mein hi, basati hai deepti vinaya ki;
sandhi vachan sanpoojya usi ka, jismein shakti vijay ki.
sahanasheelata, kshama, daya ko tabhi poojata jag hai;
bal ka darp chamakata uske peechhe jab jagamag hai."
do nyaaya agar to aadha do, par ismein bhi yadi baadha ho,
to de do keval paaainch gram, rakkho apni dharati tamaam.-- (rashmirthi / truteeya sarg / bhaag 3)
jab naash manuj par chhaata hai, pehle vivek mar jaata hai. -- (rashmirthi / truteeya sarg / bhaag 3)..

vairaagya chhod baaainhon ki vibha sanbhaalo chattaanon ki chhaati se doodh nikaalo hai ruki jahaaain bhi dhaar shilaaen todo peeyoosh chandramaaon ka pakad nichodo (veer se)

pad

1947 mein desh svaadheen hua aur vah Bihar vishvavidyaalaya mein hindi ke pradhyaapak va vibhaagaadhyaksh niyukt hokar mujffrapur pahuainche. 1952 mein jab Bhaarat ki pratham sansad ka nirmaan hua, to unhein Rajyasabha ka sadasya chuna gaya aur vah Delhi aa gaye. dinkar 12 varsh tak sansad-sadasya rahe, baad mein unhein san 1964 se 1965 E. tak Bhaagalpur vishvavidyaalaya ka kulapati niyukt kiya gaya. lekin agale hi varsh Bhaarat sarkaar ne unhein 1965 se 1971 E. tak apna hindi salaahakaar niyukt kiya aur vah fir Delhi laut aae. fir to jvaar umara aur Renuka, hunkaar, rasavanti aur dvandvageet rache gaye. Renuka aur hunkaar ki kuchh rachanaaain yahaaain-vahaaain prakaash mein aain aur agrej prashaasakon ko samajhte der na lagi ki ve ek glat aadmi ko apne tantr ka ang bana baithe hain aur dinkar ki faail taiyaar hone lagi, baat-baat par kaifiyt talab hoti aur chetaavaniyaaain mila karateen. chaar varsh mein baais baar unka tabaadala kiya gaya.

sammaan

dinkaraji ko unki rachana kurukshetr ke liye kaashi naagari prachaarini sabha, uttarapradesh sarkaar aur Bhaarat sarkaar se sammaan mila. sanskruti ke chaar adhyaaya ke liye unhein 1959 mein saahitya academy se sammaanit kiya gaya. Bhaarat ke pratham raashtrapati Dr raajeindr prasaad ne unhein 1959 mein padm vibhooshan se sammaanit kiya. Bhaagalpur vishvavidyaalaya ke tatkaaleen kulaadhipti aur Bihar ke raajyapaal jaakir husain, jo baad mein Bhaarat ke raashtrapati bane, ne unhein dauktret ki maanad upaadhi se sammaanit kiya. guroo mahaavidyaalaya ne unhein vidya vaachaspati ke liye chuna. 1968 mein Rajasthan vidyaapeeth ne unhein saahitya-choodaamani se sammaanit kiya. varsh 1972 mein kaavya rachana urvashi ke liye unhein jnyaaanapeeth se sammaanit kiya gaya. 1952 mein ve Rajyasabha ke liye chune gaye aur lagaataar teen baar Rajyasabha ke sadasya rahe.

maranoparaant sammaan

30 sitmbar 1987 ko unki 13veen punyatithi par tatkaaleen raashtrapati jail Singh ne unhein shraddhaanjali di. 1999 mein Bhaarat sarkaar ne unki smruti mein daak ticket jaari kiya. keindreeya soochana aur prasaaran mantri priyranjan das munshi ne unki janm shataabdi ke avsar par raamadhaari Singh dinkar- vyaktitv aur krutitv pustak ka vimochan kiya.

unki janm shataabdi ke avsar par Bihar ke mukhyamantri neeteesh Kumar ne unki bhavya pratima ka anaavaran kiya. kaaleekat vishvavidyaalaya mein bhi is avsar ko do divseeya seminaar ka aayojan kiya gaya.

sandarbh

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