raajageer

raajageer
nagar
राजगीर स्थित गृद्धकूट पर्वत
raajageer sthit gruddhakoot parvat
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Bihar
jila naalanda
janasankhya 41,619 (2011 tak )
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)

• 73 meter (240 fee॰)

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 25°a02′aN 85°a25′aE / 25.03°aN 85.42°aE / 25.03; 85.42 raajageer, Bihar praant mein naalanda jile mein sthit ek shahar evam adhisoocheet kshetr hai. yeh kabhi magadh saamraajya ki rajdhani hua karti thi, jisse baad mein maurya saamraajya ka udaya hua.

raajagruh ka aitihaasik aur dhaarmik mahatva hai. vasumatipur, vruhadrathapur, giribraj aur kushagrapur ke naam se bhi prasiddh rahe raajagruh ko aajkal raajageer ke naam se jaana jaata hai. pauraanik saahitya ke anusaar raajageer bahma ki pavitra yagya bhoomi, sanskruti aur vaibhav ka kendra tatha jain teerthankar mahaaveer aur Bhagwan buddh ki saadhanaabhoomi raha hai. iska zikr rigaved, atharvaved, taittireeya upanishd, vaayu puraan, mahaabhaarat, vaalmeeki raamaayan aadi mein aata hai. jainagranth vividh teerthakalp ke anusaar raajageer jaraasandh, shrenik, bimbasaar, kanik aadi prasiddh shaasakon ka nivaas sthaan tha. jaraasandh ne yaheen shreekrushn ko haraakar Mathura se dvaarika jaane ko vivsh kiya tha.

Patna se 100 kimi uttar mein pahaadiyon aur ghane jangalon ke beech basa raajageer na keval ek prasiddh dhaarmik teerthasthal hai balki ek sundar helth resaurt ke roop mein bhi lokapriya hai. yahaan hindu, jain aur bauddh teenon dharmon ke dhaarmik sthal hain. khaaskar bauddh dharm se iska bahut praacheen sambandh hai. buddh na keval kai varshon tak yahaan thahare the balki kai mahatvapoorn upadesh bhi yahaaain ki dharati par diye the. buddh ke upadeshon ko yaheen lipibddh kiya gaya gaya tha aur pehli bauddh sangeeti bhi yaheen hui thi.

anukram

mausam

taapamaan: adhiktam 40 °aC, nyoonatam 20 °aC. jaadon mein: adhiktam 28 °aC, nyoonatam 6 °aC
varsha: 1,860 mimi (madhya-June se madhya-September)
sabse upayukt: October se April

darshaneeya sthal

praacheen bauddh paryatak sthal

gruddhakoot parvat

is parvat par buddh ne kai mahatvapoorn upadesh diye the. Japan ke buddh sangh ne iski choti par ek vishaal “ashaanti stoop” ka nirmaan karavaaya hai jo aajkal paryatakon ke aakarshan ka mookhya kendra hai. stoop ke chaaron konon par buddh ki chaar pratimaaen sthapit hain. stoop tak pahunchane ke liye pehle paidal chadhaai karni pad ek “arajjoo maarga” bhi banaaya gaya hai jo yaatra ko aur bhi romaanchak bana deta hai.

venuvan

baaainson ke is ramaneek van mein base “avenuvan vihaara” ko bimbisaar ne Bhagwan buddh ke rahane ke liye banavaaya tha.

garm jal ke jharane

vaibhav parvat ki seedhiyon par mandiron ke beech garm jal ke kai jharane (saptadhaaraaen) hain jahaan saptakarni gufaaon se jal aata hai. in jharanon ke paani mein kai chikitsakeeya gun hone ke pramaan mile hain. purushon aur mahilaaon ke nahaane ke liye 22 kund banaae gaye hain. inmein “abrahmakunda” ka paani sabse garm (45 degree se.) hota hai.

svarn bhandaar

yeh sthaan praacheen kaal mein jaraasandh ka sone ka khajaana tha. kaha jaata hai ki ab bhi is parvat ki gufa ke andar atul maatra mein sona chhupa hai aur patthar ke darvaaje par use kholne ka rahasya bhi kisi gupt bhaasha mein khuda hua hai.vah kisi aur bhaasha mein naheen balki shankh lipi hai aur vah lipi bindusaar ke shaasan kaal mein chala karti thi

jain mandir

pahaadon ki kandaraaon ke beech bane 26 jain mandiron ko ap door se dekh sakte hain par vahaan pahunchane ka maarg atyant durgam hai. lekin agar koi prashikshit guide saath mein ho to yeh ek yaadagaar aur bahut romaanchak yaatra saabit ho sakti hai. jain mataavalanbiyo mein vipulaachal, sonaagiri, ratnaagiri, udayagiri, vaibhaaragiri yeh paanch pahaadiyaaain prasiddh hain. jain maanyataaon ke anusaar in par 23 teerthankaron ka samavasharan aaya tha tatha kai muni moksh bhi gaye hain.

raajageer ka malamaas mela

raajageer ki pehchaan melon ke nagar ke roop mein bhi hai. inmein sabse prasiddh makar aur malamaas mele ke hain. shaastron mein malamaas terahavein maas ke roop mein varnit hai. sanaatan mat ki jyotisheeya ganana ke anusaar teen varsh mein ek varsh 366 din ka hota hai. dhaarmik maanyata hai ki is atirikt ek maheene ko malamaas ya atirikt maas kaha jaata hai.

aitareya bahman ke anusaar yeh maas apavitr maana gaya hai aur agni puraan ke anusaar is avadhi mein moorti pooja–pratishtha, yajnyaadaan, vrat, vedapaath, upanayan, naamakaran aadi varjit hai. lekin is avadhi mein raajageer sarvaadhik pavitra maana jaata hai. agni puraan evam vaayu puraan aadi ke anusaar is malamaas avadhi mein sabhi devi devata yahaan aakar vaas karte hain. raajageer ke mukhya brahmakund ke baare mein pauraanik maanyata hai ki ise brahmaaji ne prakat kiya tha aur malamaas mein is kund mein snaan ka vishesh fal hai.

malamaas mele ka graameen svaroop

raajageer ke malamaas mele ko naalanda hi naheen balki aaspaas ke jilon mein aayojit melon me sabse bada kaha ja sakta hai. is mele ka log poore saal intajaar karte hain. kuchh saal pehle tak yeh mela theth dehaati hua karta tha par ab mele mein teerthayaatriyon ke manoranjan ke liye tarah-tarah ke jhoole, sarkas, aadi bhi lage hote hain. yuvaaon ki sabse jyaada bheed theatre mein hoti hai jahaan nartakiyaaain apni manamohak adaaon se darshakon ka manoranjan karti hain.

jeevakarm

buddh ke samay prasiddh vaidh jeevak raajageer se the. unhonne buddh ke naam ek aashram samarpit kiya jise kaha jaata hai.

tapodharm

tapodharm aashram garm chashmon ke sthaan par sthit hai. aaj vahaaain ek hindu mandir ka nirmaan kiya kiya gaya hai jise lakshmi Narayan mandir ka naam diya gaya hai. poorvakaal mein tapodharm ke sthal par ek baudh aashram aur garm chashme the. raaja bimbisaar yahaaain par kabhi-kabhaar snaan kiya karte the.

saptaparni gufa

saptaparni gufa ke sthal par pehla baudh parisht ka gathan hua tha jiska netrutv maha kassaap ne kiya tha. buddh bhi kabhi-kabhaar vahaaain rahe the, aur yeh atithi sanyaasiyon ke thaharane ke kaam mein aata tha.

hindu sthal

jaraasandh ka akhaadaa

hindu maanyata ke anusaar mahaan parantu dusht yoddha jiske baar-baar Mathura par hamle se shri Krishna tang aakar Mathura-vaasiyon ko dvaarka bhejana pada, isi sthaan par har din sainya kalaaon ka abhiyaas karta tha.

lakshmi Narayan mandir

lakshmeenaaraayan mandir

gulaabi rang waali hindu lakshmi Narayan mandir apne daaman mein pracheen garm chashme samaae hue hai. yeh mandir apne naam ke anusaar vishnu Bhagwan aur unki patni lakshmi ko samarpit hai.

vaastavik roop mein jal mein ek dupaki hi garm chashme ko anubhav karne ka srot tha, parantu ab ek uchch stareeya chashme ko kaam mein laaya gaya hai jo kai aadhoonik paaipon se hokar aata hai jo ek hall ki deevaaron se jude hain, jahaaain log baithakar apne oopar se jal ke jaane ka aanand le sakte hain.

anya sthaan

atirikt puraatatv sthalon mein shaamil hain:

  1. karnada tank jaha buddh sthaan lete the.
  2. maniyaar math jiska itihaas pehli shataabdi ka hai.
  3. maraaka kukshi jahaaain ajanmit ajaatashatru ko pita ki mrutyu ka kaaran banane ka shraap mila
  4. ranabhoomi jahaaain bheem aur jaraasadh mahaabhaarat ki ek yuddh lade the
  5. svarnabhandaar gufa
  6. vishvashaanti stoop
  7. ek puraane durg ke khandahar
  8. 2500 saal puraani deevaarein

bimbisaar kaaraagaar

bimbisaar kaaraagaar

ghaati ke beech ek golaaidaar dhaaainche ke khandahar hain jiske har kone mein ek burj hai. bimbisaar ko uske bete ajatashatru ne bandi banaaya tha. iske baavajood vah grudhaakut aur buddh ko khidki se dekh sakte the.[tathya vaanchhit].

raajageer kaise pahuainchein

  • vaayumaarg: niktatam havaai-adda Patna (107 kimi).

Bihar raajya paryatan vikaas nigam Patna sthit apne kaaryaalaya se naalanda evam raajageer ke liye vaataanukoolit tooreest bas evam taxi seva bhi upalabdh karavaata hai. sampark:tooreest bhavan, beerachand Patel path, Patna 800001. doorabhaash: 0612-225411, faiks: 0612-236218.

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain