raajabhaasha

yeh kisi raajya ya desh ki ghoshit bhaasha hoti hai jo ki sabhi raajakeeya praayojanon mein prayog hoti hai. udaaharanat: Bhaarat ki raajabhaasha hindi hai.

anukram

boli, vibhaasha, bhaasha aur raajabhaasha

yon boli, vibhaasha aur bhaasha ka maulik antar bata paana kathin hai, kyonki ismein mukhyataya antar vyavahaar-kshetr ke vistaar par nirbhar hai. vaiyaktik vividhta ke chalte ek samaaj mein chalne waali ek hi bhaasha ke kai roop dikhaai dete hain. mukhya roop se bhaasha ke in roopon ko ham is prakaar dekhte hain.

(1) boli,

(2) vibhaasha aur

(3) bhaasha (arthaat parinishthit ya aadarsh bhaasha)

boli bhaasha ki chhoti ikaai hai. iska sambandh gram ya mandal se rahata hai. ismein pradhaanata vyaktigat boli ki rahati hai aur deshaj shabdon tatha ghareloo shabdaavali ka baahulya hota hai. yeh mukhya roop se bolachaal ki hi bhaasha hai. at: ismein saahityik rachanaaon ka praay: abhaav rahata hai. vyaakaranik drushti se bhi ismein asaadhuta hoti hai.

vibhaasha ka kshetr boli ki apeksha vistrut hota hai yeh ek praant ya upapraant mein prachalit hoti hai. ek vibhaasha mein sthaaneeya bhedon ke aadhaar par kai beliyaan prachalit rahati hain. vibhaasha mein saahityik rachanaaen mil sakti hain.

bhaasha, athva kahein parinishthit bhaasha ya aadarsh bhaasha, vibhaasha ki viksit sthiti hain. ise raashtra-bhaasha ya takasaali-bhaasha bhi kaha jaata hai.

praay: dekha jaata hai ki vibhinn vibhaashaaon mein se koi ek vibhaasha apne gun-gaurav, saahityik abhivruddhi, jan-saamaanya mein adhik prachalan aadi ke aadhaar par raajakaarya ke liye chun li jaati hai aur use raajabhaasha ke roop mein ya raashtrabhaasha ghoshit kar diya jaata hai.

raajyabhaasha, raashtrabhaasha aur raajabhaasha

kisi pradesh ki raajya sarkaar ke dvaara us raajya ke antargat prashaasanik kaaryon ko sampann karne ke liye jis bhaasha ka prayog kiya jaata hai, use raajyabhaasha kehte hain. yeh bhaasha sampoorn pradesh ke adhikaansh jan-samudaaya dvaara boli aur samajhi jaati hai. prashaasanik drushti se sampoorn raajya mein sarvatr is bhaasha ko mahattv praapt rahata hai.

bhaarateeya samvidhaan mein raajyon aur kendrashaasit pradeshon ke liye hindi ke atirikt 21 anya bhaashaaen raajabhaasha sveekaar ki gayi hain. samvidhaan ki ashtam anusuchi mein kul 22 bhaarateeya bhaashaaon sthaan praapt hua hai. raajyon ki vidhaanasabhaaen bahumat ke aadhaar par kisi ek bhaasha ko athva chaahein to ek se adhik bhaashaaon ko apne raajya ki raajyabhaasha ghoshit kar sakti hain.

raashtrabhaasha sampoorn raashtra ka pratinidhitv karti hai. praaya: vah adhikaadhik logon dvaara boli aur samajhi jaane waali bhaasha hoti hai. praaya: raashtrabhaasha hi kisi desh ki raajabhaasha hoti hai. Bhaarat mein 22 bhaarateeya bhaashaaen raashtrabhaashaaen maani jaati hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain