raaja raamamohan rai

raaja raamamohan rai

raaja raamamohan rai (baangla: রaaাaaজaaা রaaাaaমaaমaaোaaহaaন রaaাaaযaa়) (22 May 1772 - 27 September 1833) ko bhaarateeya punarjaagaran ka agradoot aur aadhunik Bhaarat ka janak kaha jaata hai. bhaarateeya saamaajik aur dhaarmik punarjaagaran ke kshetr mein unka vishisht sthaan hai. ve brahm samaaj ke sansthaapak, bhaarateeya bhaashaayi press ke pravartak, janajaagaran aur saamaajik sudhaar aandolan ke praneta tatha Bengal mein nav-jaagaran yug ke pitaamah the. unhonne Bhaarat mein svatantrata aandolan aur patrakaarita ke kushal sanyog se donon kshetron ko gati pradaan ki. unke aandolanon ne jahaaain patrakaarita ko chamak di, vaheen unki patrakaarita ne aandolanon ko sahi disha dikhaane ka kaarya kiya.

raaja raamamohan rai ki doora‍aadarshita aur vaichaarikta ke saikadon udaaharan itihaas mein darj hain. hindi ke prati unka agaadh sneh tha. ve roo‍aadhivaad aur kureetiyon ke virodhi the lekin sanskaar, parampara aur raashtra gaurav unke dil ke kareeb the. ve svatantrata chaahate the lekin chaahate the ki is desh ke naagrik usaki keemat pahachaanein.

anukram

jeevani

raaja raamamohan rai ka janm Bengal mein 1772 mein ek braahman parivaar mein hua tha. inke pita ek vaishnav the jabki maata shaakt. 15 varsh ki aayu tak unhein bangaali, sanskrut, arabi tatha faarasi ka gyaan ho gaya tha. kishoraavastha mein unhone kaafi bhraman kiya. unhone 1803-1814 tak East India company ke liye bhi kaam kiya. unhone brahm samaaj ki sthaapana ki tatha videsh (inglaind tatha fraans) bhraman bhi kiya.

kureetiyon ke viruddh sangharsh

raamamohan rai ne East India company ki naukri chhodkar apne aapko raashtra seva mein jhonk diya. Bhaarat ki svatantrata praapti ke alaava ve dohari ladaai lad rahe the. doosari ladaai unki apne hi desh ke naagrikon se thi. jo andhavishvaas aur kureetiyon mein jakade the. raaja raamamohan rai ne unhein jhakjhorne ka kaam kiya. baal-vivaah, sati pratha, jaativaad, karmakaand, parda pratha aadi ka unhonne bharpoor virodh kiya. dharm prachaar ke kshetr mein alekjeindar daff ne unki kaafi sahaayata ki.dvaaraka naath Tagore unke sabse pramukh anuyaayi the. aadhunik Bhaarat ke nirmaata, sabse badi saamaajik - dhaarmik sudhaar aandolanon ke sansthaapak, brahm samaaj, raaja Ram mohan rai sati pranaali jaisi saamaajik buraaiyon ke unmoolan mein ek mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaai hai. vah bhi angreji, aadhunik chikitsa praudyogiki aur vigyaan ke adhyayan ko lokapriya bhaarateeya samaaj mein vibhinn badlaav ki vakaalat ki. yeh kaaran hai ki vah "mugal samraat 'raaja ke roop mein bheja gaya tha.

raaja Ram mohan rai Bengal mein hugali jile ke raadhaanagar mein kaun tha ek vikshnaavite aur taarini jo shakt kamyuniti raaja Ram mohan rai ke the Patna mein haaya uchchatar adhyayan ka peechha aur baangla bolne mein kushal tha raamakaanto Roy par 22 May 1772 ko paida hua tha, arabi, faarasi aur pandrah saal ki umr se sanskrut. vah kabhi moorti pooja ki avadhaarana aur hinduon ke roodhivaadi anushthaanon ka paalan kiya. vah ek svatantr vichaarak jo andhavishvaason aur saamaajik kattarata mein kabhi vishvaas naheen kiya tha. unka ek roodhivaadi hindu braahman hone pita aksar apne bete ke is vichaar prakriya ki aalochna ki hai aur yeh donon ke beech matabhed ke parinaamasvaroop. raaja Ram mohan rai aur ye to ghar chhod diya matabhed naheen sahan aur himaalaya, Tibet bhar mein yaatra ki aur fir ek bahut lambi avadhi ke baad ghar laut aae.

vah ek aasha hai ki vah badal jaaega ke saath apne parivaar dvaara shaadi ke liye majaboor kiya gaya tha. lekin sab kuchh vyarth mein tha. raaja Ram mohan rai to Varanasi gaya tha aur vistaar mein sabhi ved, upanishd aur hindu darshan ka adhyayan kiya. 1803 mein apne pita ki mrutyu ke use vaapas murshidaabaad lautane ke liye majaboor kiya. vah to oopar Calcutta mein maneeleinding ki ek vyaapaar 1809-1814 ke dauraan East India company ke raajasv vibhaag mein ek naukri se lene ka faisala kiya.

vah varsh 1814 mein aatmeeya samaaj ki sthaapana karne ke liye samaaj mein vibhinn saamaajik aur dhaarmik sudhaaron tapakaana. vah sati adhikaaron ke saath mahilaaon ke pratipaadan ke punarvivaah aur Patrick sampatti mein sampatti pakad dvaara peechha pranaali ke unmoolan ke liye mushkil prayaasarat. vah bhi kuchh had tak bahuvivaah ki pranaali ko daba diya.

vah mahilaaon ko shikshit aur angreji bhaasha ki shiksha ki jaroorat prachaarit kiya gaya. unhonne yeh bhi 1822 varsh hai ki angreji shikshan par jor diya mein ek school ki sthaapana ki hai aur bhi karne ke liye schoolon mein sanskrut padhaane ke liye sarkaar dvaara upalabdh karaae gaye dhan ka virodh kiya.

brahm samaaj uske dvaara 1828 mein dharm ka ghoonghat ke tahat kiye gaye logon ke paakhand ki jaaainch karne ke liye sthaapit kiya gaya tha. ant mein sati pranaali varsh 1829 mein samaapt kar diya gaya tha. mugal samraat ne United Kingdom ke liye ek raajadoot unke (samraat) peinshan aur bhatte ki vah praapt karne ka hakdaar tha aur vah varsh 1830 mein Britain ke liye kooch sifaarish ke roop mein niyukt hai. varsh 1833 raaja Ram mohan rai mein 27 September Bristol ke nikat stepalatan mein meninjaaitis ke aage ghutne tech diye hain.

patrakaarita

raaja raamamohan rai ne 'brahmamainikl maigjeen', 'samvaad kaumudi', miraat-ul-akhbaar, bangadoot jaise stareeya patron ka sanpaadan-prakaashan kiya. bangadoot ek anokha patra tha. ismein baangla, hindi aur faarasi bhaasha ka prayog ek saath kiya jaata tha. unke jujhaaroo aur sashakt vyaktitv ka is baat se andaaj lagaaya ja sakta hai ki san 1821 mein aaingrej judge dvaara ek bhaarateeya prataapanaaraayan das ko kode lagaane ki saja di gayi. falasvaroop usaki mrutyu ho gayi. is barbarata ke khilaaf rai ne ek lekh likha.

aalochna

angreji shaasan, angreji bhaasha evam angreji sabhyata ki prashansha karne ke liye raamamohan rai ki aalochna ki jaati hai. unhone svatantrata aandolan mein koi pratyaksh bhaag naheen liya. unki antim saans bhi Britain mein nikli. kuchh logon ka vichaar hai ki ve apni jameendaari ko chamakaate hue bhaarateeya samaaj mein heen bhaavana bharne ka kaarya kar rahe the aur angrejon ke adrushya sipaahi the. unhone Bhaarat mein angreji raajya (gulaami) ki sthaapana evam uske sashakteekaran ke liye raasta taiyaar kiya. ve angreji kootaneeti ko samajh naheen sake aur bhaarateeya janta ka sahi maargadarshan naheen kar sake.


inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh