raag

vasant raagini vasant ka raag hai. is chitr mein Krishna gopiyon ke saath nrutya karte dikh rahe hain.

raag suron ke aarohan aur avataran ka aisa niyam hai jisse sangeet ki rachana ki jaati hai. paashchaatya sangeet mein "improvisation" isi prakaar ki paddhati hai.

anukram

parichay

'raag' shabd sanskrut ki 'ranj' dhaatu se bana hai. ranj ka arth hai rangana. jis tarah ek chitrakaar tasveer mein rang bharakar use sundar banaata hai, usi tarah sangeetajnya man aur shareer ko sangeet ke suron se rangata hi to hain. rang mein rang jaana muhaavare ka arth hi hai ki sab kuchh bhulaakar magan ho jaana ya leen ho jaana. sangeet ka bhi yahi asar hota hai. jo rachana manushya ke man ko aanand ke rang se rang de vahi raag kahalaati hai.

har raag ka apna ek roop, ek vyaktitv hota hai jo usamein lagne vaale svaron aur laya par nirbhar karta hai. kisi raag ki jaati is baat se nirdhaarit hoti hain ki usamein kitne svar hain. aaroh ka arth hai chadhana aur avaroh ka utarana. sangeet mein svaron ko kram unki ooainchaai-nichaai ke aadhaar par tay kiya gaya hai. 'sa' se ooainchi dhvani 're' ki, 're' se ooainchi dhvani 'g' ki aur 'ni' ki dhvani sabse adhik ooainchi hoti hai. jis tarah ham ek ke baad ek seedhiyaaain chadhte hue kisi makaan ki oopari manjil tak pahuainchate hain usi tarah gaayak sa-re-g-m-p-dh-ni-saan ka safar tay karte hain. isi ko aaroh kehte hain. iske vipreet oopar se neeche aane ko avaroh kehte hain. tab svaron ka kram ooainchi dhvani se neechi dhvani ki or hota hai jaise saan-ni-dh-p-m-g-re-sa. aaroh-avaroh mein saaton svar hone par raag 'sampoorn jaati' ka kahalaata hai. paaainch svar lagne par raag 'audav' aur chhah svar lagne par 'shaadav' raag kahalaata hai. yadi aaroh mein saat aur avaroh mein paaainch svar hain to raag 'sampoorn audav' kahalaaega. is tarah kul 9 jaatiyaaain taiyaar ho sakti hain jinhein raag ki upajaatiyaaain bhi kehte hain. saadhaaran ganit ke hisaab se dekhein to ek 'thaat' ke saat svaron mein 484 raag taiyaar ho sakte hain. lekin kul milaakar koi dedh sau raag hi prachalit hain. maamala bahut pecheeda lagta hai lekin yeh keval saadhaaran ganit ki baat hai. aaroh mein 7 aur avaroh mein bhi 7 svar hone par 'sampoorn-sampoorn jaati' banti hai jisse keval ek hi raag ban sakta hai. vaheen aaroh mein 7 aur avarog mein 6 svar hone par 'sampoorn shaadav jaati' banti hai.

kam se kam paaainch aur adhik se adhik 7 svaron se mil kar raag banta hai. raag ko gaaya bajaaya jaata hai aur ye karnapriya hota hai. kisi raag vishesh ko vibhinn tarah se ga-baja kar uske lakshan dikhaaye jaate hai, jaise aalaap kar ke ya koi bandish ya geet us raag vishesh ke svaron ke anushaasan mein rahakar ga ke aadi.

raag ka praacheenatam ullekh saamaved mein hai. vaidik kaal mein jyaada raag prayukt hote the, kintu samay ke saath saath upayukt raag kam hote gaye. sugam sangeet va ardhashaastreeya gaayanashaili mein kinhi gine chune raagon va taalon ka prayog hota hai, jabki shaastreeya sangeet mein raagon ki bharpoor vibhinnata pai jaati hai.

hindustaani paddhati hindustaani sangeet va raag apne puraatan karnaatik svaroop se kaafi bhinn hain.

raagon ka vibhaajan moolaroop se thaat se kiya jaata hai. hindustaani paddhati mein 32 thaat hain, kintu unamein se keval 10 ka prayog hota hai. Karnataka sangeet mein 72 thaat maane jaate hain.

shabdaavali

'raag' ek sanskrut shabd hai. iski utpatti 'ranj' dhaatu se hui hai, jiska arth hai - 'rangana'. mahaabhaarat kaal mein iska arth prem aur sneh aadi arthon mein bhi hua hai.

is shabd ka sarvapratham prayog bruhaddeshi mein hua, jahaaain iska arth "dhvani ka karnapriya aaroh-avaroh" bataaya gaya hai.

'raagini' raag ka stri roop hi samjha gaya hai.

raag ki prakruti

raag ka mool roop hindustaani sangeet ke 'bilaaval thaat' ko maan gaya hai. iske antargat sur 'shuddh' aur 'komal' do bhaagon mein vibhkt hain.

raag aur ritu

bhaarateeya maanyataaon ke anusaar raag ke gaayan ke ritu nirdhaarit hai. sahi samay par gaaya jaane wala raag adhik prabhaavi hota hai. raag aur unki ritu is prakaar hai -

raag ritu
bhairav shishir
hindol basant
deepak greeshm
megh varsha
malkaan sharad
shri hemant

raagamaalika granth ke chitr

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain

shaastreeya sangeet ke raag

anyajani todi • ambika • araj • Arun mallaar • alaङak gurjari • aadaana • aadaana kaanaada • aanand bhairav • aanand-bhairavi • aanandeekalyaan • aabhaabati • aabheeri • aabhogi kaanaada • aalaahiya • aalaahiya-bilaaval • aasha • aashaatodi • aashaabari • aaheer bhairav • aaheer lalit • aaheera todi • aaheeri • iman • iman kalyaan • imani bilaaval • uttari gunakeli • kukubh bilaaval • kukubha • kanakadhaani • kamalanyajani • kumaari • karnaat • kalyaan • kalyaan-nat • kalaavati • kalaashri • kaliङagada • kaafi • kaafi-kaanaada • kaafi-todi • kaamod • kaamod nat • kedaara • kedaara-nat • komal aashaabari • komal deshi • komal deshi • komal baageshri • kohal kaanaada • kaumaari • kaushik dhvani • kaushik ranyajani • kaushiki kaanaada • kaushi • kaushi bhairav • kaushi bhairavi • khat • khaambaaj • khaambaabati • khokar • gunakeli • gurjari • gurjari todi • gaaoti • gaandhaari • gaara • gaara kaanaada • goaind • goaind mallaar • goaindmallaar • gopi vasant • gorakh kalyaan • gaudmallaar • gaudsaaraङag • gauraanyajani • Gauri • Gauri todi • chakradhar • chandrakalyaan • chandrakaant • chandrakosh • chandrika • champak • champaakali • charju ki mallaar • chitraagauri • chhaaya • chhaayaatodi • chhaayaanat • janla • jaya kans • jayajaya bilaaval • jayajayanti • jayavanti • jayaraaj • jayashri • jayet • jayet mallaar • jayetkalyaan • jayetashri • jaladhar kedaara • jaajamallaar • jil‌aaha • jait • jait kalyaan • jaunapuri • jhiainjhit • jhilf • taङak-kaanaada • taङakashri • taङaki • todi • triveni • tilan • tilkakaamod • durga • durga kalyaan • darabaari • darabaari todi • darabaari-kaanaada • deepak • devagaandhaar • devagiri • devagiri bilaaval • devaranyajani • devashaakh • desh • desh gaud • deshakaar • deshaakhya • deshi • desheetodi • dhanaashri • dhavalaashri • dhuriya mallaar • dhaanashri • dhaanashri • dhaani • nat • nat vihaag • nat bhairav • natanaaraayani • nat-bilaaval • natamallaar • nand • naagadhvani kaanaada • naagasvaraavali • naachaadi todi • naat • naat kuranyajika • naayaki kaanaada • Narayan-bilaaval • naaraayani • nishaashaakh • neelaambari • panyacham • patadeep • patadeepaki • patavihaag • patamanyajari • paraj • parajabaahaar • prataap baraali • pradeepaki • poorv kalyaan • poorvakalyaan • poorvya • poorabi • poorvi saaran • prabhaat • prabhaat bhairav • prabhaat-bhairav • prabhaavati • pooriya • pooriya kalyaan • pooriya dhaanashri • palaasi • pushp ranyajani • paahaadi • pilu • firojakhaani todi • baङagaal bilaaval • baङagaal-bhairav • baङagaali • badhans • badhans saaran • brundaabani saaran • baraba • baraati • baraari • vasant • vasant baahaar • vasant mukhaari • bruhannat • baageshri • baageshreebaahaar • baaroainya • baahaaduri todi • baahaar • bichitra • bijya • bijya kosh • bibhaas • bilaaval • bilaasakhaani todi • bihgara • bihaari • behaag • behaag nat • baijayanti • bairaagi bhairavi • bhankhaar • bhoopaalatodi • bhoopaali • bhabashaakh • bhabaani • bhaatiyaar • bhinnashadj • bheem • bheemapalashri • bhairav • bhairav-baahaar • bhairavi • bhaupaal • mukhaari • maङagal • maङagal kaanaada • maङagal bhairav • manyajari • madamaat saaran • mudraaki kaanaada • mudraaki todi • madhukans • madhukosh • madhumanti • madhumaadhabeesaaran • madhuranyajani • manohar • moolataan • mallaar • maluha • maajh • maad • maadh • maand • maaru behaag • maargahindol • maarubehaag • maaroya • maalakaush • maalagunyaj • maalabi • maalashri • maaluha kedaar • maalaaraani • maaleegaura • maaleen • miyaaain saaran • miyaaki kaanaada • miyaaainki todi • miyaaainki saaran • miyaaainmallaar • meera saaran • meeraabaai ki mallaar • megh • meghamallaar • megharanyajani • motaki • yasharanyajani • yog • yog • yog kosh • yog-aashaabari • yogabarn • yogiya • raktahans saaran • ratnadbeep • ras ranyajani • rasachandr • raageshri • raaj bijya • raajakalyaan • raajeshbari • raamakeli • raamadaasi mallaar • rebati • rebati kaanaada • reba • lakshmi kalyaan • lakshmeetodi • laङakaadaahan saaran • lachhaashaakh • lachhaasaar • lum • lalit • lalit panyacham • lalit maङagal • lalitkeli • lalita Gauri • laachaareetodi • laajabanti • shuklabilaaval • shaङakara • shaङakaraabharan • shuddh kalyaan • shuddh bilaaval • shuddh mallaar • shuddh saaran • shyaam • shyaam kaanaada • shyaamakalyaan • shyaamakedaar • sharat • shri • shreekalyaan • shreekalyaan • shreetaङak • shreebanti • shreeranyajani • shaahaana kaanaada • shibmat bhairav • shibranyajani • shibraaj • shobhaabari • shad • sugharaai • sugharaai kaanaada • sugharaai todi • surat • suradaaseemallaar • sarafarda • sarafarda bilaaval • suramallaar • sarasbati • sarasbateeranyajani • suha • suha kaanaada • suhaatodi • saajagiri • saajan • saaainjh hindol • saabani kalyaan • saaberi • saamant saaran • saahaana • saahaana kaanaada • saahini • sindhu • sindhuda • sindhu-bhairavi • Saurashtra • Saurashtra taङak • hans kaङakali • hans Narayan • hans manyajari • hansadhvani • hansashri • haambeer • hijaaj • hindol • hindol baahaar • hindoli • him • hemakalyaan • hemant • hemabanti • hoseni kaanaada