raadheshyaam kathaavaachak

raadheshyaam kathaavaachak (1890 - 1963)[1] paarasi rangamanch shaili ke hindi naatakakaaron mein ek pramukh naam hai. unka janm 25 November 1890 ko uttar-pradesh raajya ke bareli shahar mein hua tha. alfred company se judkar unhonne veer abhimnyu, bhakt prahalaad, shreekrushnaavataar aadi anek naatak likhe. parantu saamaanya janta mein unki khyaati Ram katha ki ek vishisht shaili ke kaaran faili. lok naatya shaili ko aadhaar banaakar khadi boli mein unhonne raamaayan ki katha ko 25 khandon mein padyabaddh kiya. is granth ko raadheshyaam raamaayan ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. aage chalakar unki yeh raamaayan uttarapradesh mein hone waali raamaleelaaon ka aadhaar granth bani. 26 August 1963 ko 73 varsh ki aayu mein unka nidhan hua.[2]

anukram

sankshipt parichay

raadheshyaam ka janm 25 November 1890 ko sanyukt praant Agra va avadh mein bareli shahar ke bihaareepur mohalle mein pandit baankelaal ke yahaaain hua tha. mahaj 17-18 ki aayu mein hi unhonne sahaj bhaav se raadheshyaam raamaayan ki rachana kar li thi. yeh raamaayan apni madhur gaayan shaili ke kaaran shahar kasbe se lekar gaaainv-gaaainv aur ghar-ghar aam janta mein itni adhik lokapriya hui ki unke jeevanakaal mein hi usaki hindi-urdoo mein kul milaakar paune do karod se jyaada pratiyaaain chhapakar bik chuki theen. raamakatha vaachan ki shaili par mugdh hokar Motilal Nehru ne unhein Allahabad apne nivaas par bulaakar chaalees dinon tak katha suni thi. 1922 ke Lahore vishv dharm sammelan ka shubhaarambh unhi ke likhe va gaaye mangalaacharan se hua tha. raadheshyaam kathaavaachak nemahaaraani lakshmeebaai aur Krishna-sudaama jaisi filmon ke liye geet bhi likhe. mahaamana madanamohan maalaveeya unke guru the to pruthveeraaj Kapoor abhinn mitr, jabki ghanashyaamadaas bidla unke param bhakt the. svatantr Bhaarat ke pratham raashtrapati dau॰ raajeindr prasaad ne bhi unhein nai Delhi ke raashtrapati bhavan mein aamantrit kar unase pandrah dinon tak raamakatha ka aanand liya tha. kaashi hindu vishvavidyaalaya ki sthaapana hetu dhan jutaane mahaamana jab bareli padhaare to raadheshyaam ne unako apni saal bhar ki kamaai unhein daan de di thi. 26 August 1963 ko apni mrutyu se poorv ve apni aatmakatha bhi mera naatakakaal naam se likh gaye the.[2]

California vishvavidyaalaya, loss enjils mein hindi ki professor Pamela ke anusaar raadheshyaam kathaavaachak ne hindi bhaasha ko ek vishisht shaili ki raamaayan likhkar kaafi samruddh kiya. ve itne sadhe hue naatakakaar the ki unke naatakon par pratibndh lagaane ka koi aadhaar british raaj mein angrejon ko bhi naheen mila.[3]

krutiyaaain

raadheshyaam kathaavaachak ne raamaayan ke atirikt anek naatak bhi likhe. ek samay aisa bhi tha jab unke naatakon ne peshaavar, Lahore aur amrutasar se lekar Delhi, Jodhpur, Mumbai, Madras aur dhaaka tak poore Hindustan mein dhoom macha rakkhi thi. bhakt prahalaad naatak mein pita ke aadesh ka ullanghan karne ke bahaane unhonne british saamraajya ke viruddh savinya avajnyaa aandolan ka safal sandesh diya tatha hirnyakashyap ke daman va atyaachaar ki tulana british shaasakon se ki.[3] unki pramukh naatya krutiyaaain nimn hain:[2]

  • veer abhimnyu -1915,
  • shravanakumaar -1916,
  • paramabhakt prahlaad -1917,
  • parivartan -1917,
  • shreekrushn avataar -1926,
  • rukmini mangal -1927,
  • mashariki hoor -1927,
  • maharshi vaalmeeki -1939,
  • devarshi naarad -1961,
  • uddhaar aur aajaadi.

sandarbh

  1. varma shyaam bahaadur, bruhat sookti kosh bhaag-2 prabhaat prakaashan 2009 ISBN 8173151695, prushth: 539, abhigman tithi: 27 December 2013
  2. a aa i sheersh kathaavaachak aur rangakarmi pandit raadheshyaam 24 November 2012 dainik tribyoon, abhigman tithi: 27 December 2013
  3. a aa hindi diwas 14 sitmbar ko: raadheshyaam kathaavaachak 13 December 2011, Hindustan live, abhigman tithi: 27 December 2013

sahaayak pustakein

hindi saahitya kosh bhaag- 2

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain