protestaint

protestaint isaai dharm ki ek shaakha hai. iska udaya solahaveen shataabdi mein protestaint sudhaaravaadi aandolan ke falasvaroop hua. yeh dharm roman Catholic dharm ka ghor virodhi hai. iski pramukh maanyata yeh hai ki dharmashaastr (baaibal) hi udghaatit satya (revealed truth.) ka asli srot hai na ki paramparaaen aadi. protestaint ke vishay mein yeh praaya: sunane mein aata hai ki vah asankhya sanpradaayon mein vibhkt hai kintu vaastav mein samast protestaint ke 94 pratishat paaainch hi sanpradaayon mein sammilit hain, arthaat: lootharan, kailavinist, englikn, baiptist aur methodist.

anukram

lutharan

protestaint ke andar vibhinn sampradaaya evam aandolan

16veen shataabdi ke praarambh mein loothar ke vidroh ke falasvaroop protestaint shaakha ka praadurbhaav hua tha. loothar ke anuyaayi lootharan kahalaate hain; protestaint dharmaavalanbiyon mein unki sankhya sarvaadhik hai.

kailavinist

johan kailavin (1509-1564 E.) France ke nivsi the. san 1532 E. mein protestaint bankar vah Switzerland mein bas gaye jahaaain unhonne loothar ke siddhaanton ke vikaas tatha protestaint dharm ke sangathan ke kaarya mein asaadhaaran pratibha pradarshit ki. baaibil ke poorvaardh ko apekshaakrut adhik mahatva dene ke atirikt unki shiksha ki sabse badi visheshata hai, unka poorvavidhaan (preedestineshan) naamak siddhaant. is siddhaant ke anusaar ishvar ne anaadi kaal se manushyon ko do vargon mein vibhkt kiya hai, ek varg mukti paata hai aur doosra narak jaata hai. kailavin ke anuyaayi kailavinist kahalaate hain, ve vishesh roop se Switzerland, Hungary, chekoslovaakiya, Scotland, France tatha America mein paae jaate hain, unki sankhya lagbhag paaainch karod hai. ye sab samudaaya ek world presavitreeya elaains (World Presbyterian Alliance) ke sadasya hain, jiska kendra jenova mein hai.

englikn

henari saptam ke raajyakaal mein England ka isaai church rom se alag hokar church ov England aur baad mein englikn church kahalaane laga. englikn raajadharm ke virodh mein 16veen shataabdi mein pyooritnavaad tatha kaangragaishanailijm ka praadurbhaav hua.

society ov freinds

17veen shati ke madhya mein George fauks (George Fox) ne "society ov freinds" ki sthaapana ki thi, jo kvekars (Quakers) ke naam se vikhyaat hai. ve log paurohitya tatha pooja ka koi anushthaan naheen maanate aur apni praarthanaasabhaaon mein maun rahakar aabhyantar jyoti ke praadurbhaav ki prateeksha karte hain. England mein atyaachaar sahakar ve amareeka mein bas gaye. aajkal unki sankhya do lakh se kuchh kam hai.

church ov jeesas kraaist ov di laittar des

san 1830 E. mein Yusuf smith ne amareeka mein "church ov jeesas kraaist ov di laittar des" ki sthaapana ki. us sanpradaaya mein smith dvaara rachit "book ov moraman" baaibil ke baraabar maana jaata hai, isse iske anuyaayi moramans (Mormons) kahalaate hain. ve madira, tanbaakoo, kaafi tatha chai se parahej karte hain. praarambh mein ve bahuvivaah bhi maanate the kintu baad mein unhonne us pratha ko band kar diya. yang (Young) ke netrutv mein unhonne oota state ka basaaya jiski rajdhani saalt city (Salt City) is sanpradaaya ka mukhya kendra hai. moramans ki kul sankhya lagbhag athaarah lakh hai.

kristiyn science

meri bekar eddi ne (san 1821-1911 E.) isa ko ek aadhyaatmik chikitsak ke roop mein dekha. unka mukhya siddhaant yeh hai ki paap tatha beemaari hamaari indriyon ki maaya hi hai, jise maanasik chikitsa (Mind Cure) dvaara door kiya ja sakta hai. unhonne kristiyn science naamak sanpradaaya ki sthaapana ki jiska amareeka mein aajkal bhi kaafi prabhaav hai.

peintakostal

peintakostal naamak anek sanpradaaya 20veen shataabdi mein praarambh hue hain. kul milaakar unki sadasyata lagbhag ek karod bataai jaati hai. peintakost parv ke naam par un sanpradaayon ka naam rakha gaya hai. bhaavukata tatha pavitra aatma ke varadaanon ka mahatva un sanpradaayon ki pradhaan visheshata hai.

baahari kadiyaaain

samarthak

samaalochak

vividh

John of di kros

sant John of di kros Spain ke ek mahaan daravesh aur kavi the. unka janm Spain ke fantiveros naamak sthaan par hua tha. san 1563 mein ye carmelite aardar ke monk bane.