praveshadvaar:islaam

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islaam praveshadvaar


islaam praveshadvaar

ज़ियान की एक मस्जिद पर इस्लामी शिलालेख, अरबी में

islaam (اaaلaaإaaسaaلaaاaaم) isaai dharm ke baad anuyaaiyon ke aadhaar par duniya ka doosra sab se bada dharm hai. islaam shabd arabi bhaasha ka shabd hai jiska mool shabd sallama hai jis ki do paribhaashaaen hain (1) aman aur shaanti (2) aatmasamarpan.

islaam ekeshvaravaad ko maanata hai. iske anuyaayiyon ka pramukh vishvaas hai ki ishvar sirf ek hai aur poori srushti mein sirf vah hi mahima (ibaadat) ke laayak hai, aur srushti mein har cheej, jinda aur bejaan, drushya aur adrushya usaki ichha ke saamane aatmasamarpit aur shaant hai. islaam dharm ki pavitra pustak ka naam kuraaan hai jiska hindi mein matlab sasvar paath hai. iske anuyaayiyon ko arabi mein muslim kaha jaata hai, jiska bahuvachan musalmaan hota hai. musalmaan yeh vishvaas rakhate hai ki kuraaan jibraail (isaaiyat mein Gabriel) naamak ek frishte ke dvaara, muhammad saahab ko 7veen sadi ke arab mein, lagbhag 40 saal mein yaad-kanthas‍aath karaaya gaya tha. musalmaan islaam ko koi naya dharm naheen maanate. unke anusaar ishvar ne muhammd saahab se pehle bhi dharati par kai doot bheje hain, jinmein ibraaheem, moosa aur isa shaamil hain. musalmaanon ke anusaar moosa aur isa ke kai upadeshon ko logon ne vikrut kar diya. adhiktam musalmaanon ke liye muhammad saahab ishvar ke antim doot the aur kuraaan manushya jaati ke liye antim sandesh hai.

chayanit lekh

islaam ka udaya saataveen sadi mein arab praayadveep mein hua . iske janak muhammad saahab ka janm 570 isvi mein makka mein hua tha . lagbhag 613 isvi ke aaspaas muhammad saahab ne logon ko apne gyaan ka upadesha dena aarambh kiya tha . isi ghatna ka islaam ka aarambh maana jaata hai . hainlaanki is samay tak isko ek nae dharm ke roop mein naheen dekha gaya tha . paravarti varshon mein muhammd ke anuyaayiyon ko makka ke logon dvaara virodh tatha muhammd ke madeena prasthaan (jise hijrat ke naam se jaana jaata hai) se hi islaam ko ek dhaarmik sampradaaya maana gaya .

agale kuchh varshon mein kai prabuddh log hajrat muhammad sallaallaaho alaihe vasallam (paigambar naam se bhi gyaat) ke anuyaayi bane . unke anuyaayiyon ke prabhaav mein aakar bhi kai log musalmaan bane . iske baad muhammad saahab ne makka vaapasi ki aur use bina yuddh ke jeet liya . is ghatna ke baad kai aur log islaam mein parivrtit hue . par payambar (ya paigambar muhammad) ko kai virodhon ka saamana karna pada jiska daman unhonne yuddh mein jeet haasil kar ki .

unki mrutyu ke baad arabon ka saamraajya aur jajba badhta hi gaya . arabon ne pehle misr aur uttari Africa par vijay haasil ki aur fir baijentaain tatha faarasi saamraajyon ko haraaya . Europe mein to unhein vishesh safalta naheen mili par faaras mein kuchh sangharsh karne ke baad unhein jeet milne lagi . iske baad poorab ki disha mein unka saamraajya felata gaya . san 1200 tak ve Bhaarat tak pahuainch gaye . agale kai dinon mein madhya Asia, bhaarateeya praayadveep aur Malaysia tak unhein vijay mili .

chayanit chitr

Ijazah3.jpg

arabi bhaasha mein ek ijaajaah (praveenata pramaan) ki prati.

aur chayanit chitr...

kya aap jaante hain...

  • ... yeh anumaanit hai, ki vartamaan vishv muslim janasankhya lagbhag 1.2 billion se 1.5 billion ke beech hai, aur iske kebal 18% log hi arab deshon mein rahate hain?"
  • ... ki Indonesia sarvaadhik muslim aabaadi wala desh hai, jiski muslim janasankhya 213 million hai?
  • ... ki muslim maanyata anusaar, muhammad saahab ishvar ke bheje hue antim paigambar the, va isa bin mariym baad mein maseeha roop mein aayeinge?"
  • ... ki vishv paryant kaafi maatra mein muslim haafijon ko Quraan kanthasth hoti hai, tatha yeh parampara 14 shataabdi se chali aa rahi hai?"

chayanit sthaan

Ajmer shareef ki dargaah
taaraagadh pahaadi ki talahati mein sthit khwaaja moinuddeen chishti ki dargaah shareef vaastukala ki drushti se bhi abhootapoorv hai. yahaaain Irani aur hindustaani vaastukala ka sundar sangam dikhta hai. dargaah ka nirmaan humaayooain ke shaasanakaal mein hua tha. dargaah ka pravesh dwaar aur gunbad behad khoobsoorat hai. praveshadvaar ke nikat masjid ka nirmaan Akbar ke shaasanakaal mein hua tha tatha majaar ke oopar ki aakarshak gunbad shaahajahaan ke shaasanakaal mein nirmit ki gayi. maana jaata hai ki dargaah ko pakka karavaane ka kaam maandoo ke sultaan gayaasuddeen khilji ne karavaaya tha. dargaah ke andar behatareen nakkaashi kiya hua ek chaaaindi ka kataghara hai. is kataghare ke andar khwaaja saahab ki majaar hai. yeh kataghara Jaipur ke mahaaraaja raaja jayasinh ne banavaaya tha. dargaah mein ek sundar mahafilkhaana tatha kai darvaaje hain, jahaaain kavvaal khwaaja ki shaan mein kavvaali gaate hain. dargaah ke aas-paas kai anya aitihaasik imaaratein bhi sthit hain. dargaah ke aangan mein do vishaalakaaya deg rakhi hain, jo Akbar aur jahaangeer dvaara bheint ki gayi theen. inmein ek saath kai man chaaval pakaaya jaata hai, jo gareebon mein baanta jaata hai.

hajarat khwaaja moinud‍aadeen chishti rahamatulla alaih (faarasi: خaaوaaاaaجaaہ مaaعaaیaaن اaaلaaدaaیaaن چaaشaaتaaی ) (1141-1230) soofi sant the. unhonne 12veen shataabdi mein Ajmer mein chishti parampara ki sthaapana ki. khwaaja moinuddeen chishti ka janm Iran mein hua tha.

kaarya jo aap kar sakte hain

chitr:A
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chayanit muslim

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maulaana abul kalaam aajaad ya abul kalaam gulaam muhiyuddeen (11 November, 1888 - 22 February, 1958) ek prasiddh bhaarateeya muslim vidvaan the . ve kavi, lekhak, patrakaar aur bhaarateeya svatantrata senaani the. Bhaarat ki aajaadi ke vaad ve ek mahatvapoorn raajaneetik rahe. ve mahaatma Gandhi ke siddhaanto ka samarthan karte the. unhonne hindu-muslim ekta ke liye kaarya kiya , tatha ve alag muslim raashtra (Pakistan) ke siddhaant ka virodh karne vaale muslim netaao me se the. khilaafat aandolan me unki mahatvapoorn bhoomika rahi. 1923 me ve bhaarateeya national kaagreins ke sabse kam umr ke preseedeint bane. ve 1940 aur 1945 ke beech kaagreins ke preseedeint rahe. aajaadi ke vaad ve Bhaarat ke saansad chune gaye aur ve Bhaarat ke pehle shiksha mantri bane.

ve dhaaraasan satyaagrah ke aham inkalaabi (kraantikaari) the . ve 1940-45 ke beet bhaarateeya raashtreeya Congress ke adhyaksh rahe jis dauraan Bhaarat chhodo aandolan hua tha . Congress ke anya pramukh netaaon ki tarah unhein bhi teen saal jail mein bitaane pade the . svatantrata ke baad ve shiksha mantri bane aur vishvavidyaalaya anudaan aayog ki sthaapana mein unke sabse avismaraneeya kaaryon me se ek tha .

shreniyaaain

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