praveshadvaar:afreeka


afreeka praveshadvaar

arthavyavasthaitihaasbhoogol • raajaneeti • log • sanskruti • sthaapatya • saahitya


badalein

afreeka praveshadvaar

Topography of africa.png

Asia ke baad afreeka (angreji- ऍfrika) vishv ka sabse bada mahaadveep hai. yeh 370.14' uttari akshaansh se 340.50' dakshini akshaansh evam 17033' pashchimi deshaantar se 51023' poorvi deshaantar ke madhya sthit hai. [2] Africa ke uttar mein bhoomadhyasaagar evam Europe mahaadveep, pashchim mein andh mahaasaagar, dakshin mein dakshin mahaasaagar tatha poorv mein arab saagar evam hind mahaasaagar hain. poorv mein svej bhoodamaroomadhya ise Asia se jodta hai tatha svej nahar ise Asia se alag karti hai. jibraaltar jaladamaroomadhya ise uttar mein Europe mahaadveep se alag karta hai. is mahaadveep mein vishaal marusthal, atyant ghane van, vistrut ghaas ke maidaan, badi-badi nadiyaaain va jheelein tatha vichitr jangali jaanavar hain. Africa mahaadveep se hokar mukhya madhyaahn rekha (00) deshaantar rekha Ghana desh ki rajdhani akra shahar se hokar gujarati hai.

badalein

chayanit lekh

Pharaoh.svg

fairo praacheen misr ke shaasakon ke liye aadhinik charchaaon evam itihaas mein prayog kiya jaane wala shabd hai. puraalekhon mein yeh upaadhi un shaasakon ke liye prayog ki jaati thi, jo dhaarmik aur raajanaitik donon hi tarah ke neta the. yeh vahaan ke nae raajya ke liye, khaaskar atthaarahavein vansh ke liye tha. aadhunik yug mein itihaasavettaaon ne saraleekaran ke liye ise sabhi kaalon ke shaasakon ke liye prayog karna shuru kar diya.

is shabd ka mool bhaasha mein arth tha raaja ka mahal, kintu misri itihaas mein iska arth misri shabd nsvt ka paryaaya ban gaya, jiska arth shaasak. haalaanki shaasak adhiktar purush hi the, inhein nsvt kaha jaata tha, kintu fairo shabd stri shaasakon ke liye bhi prayog hua hai. aarambh mein shaasak varg ko ek gau devi (bait ka putr maana jaata tha, jise baad mein haithar bhi kaha gaya. samjha jaata tha, ki inhonne gaumaata ki gaddi lekar shaasan sambhaala hai, aur ye desh par shaasan aur dhaarmik krutya kareingein. vistaar mein...

puraalekh...
badalein

chayanit chitr

canetr

seshaails ke maahe ka ek saagar tat, afreeka mein praakrutik saundarya bichha hua hai.

puraalekh...
badalein

chayanit jeevani

सोवियत संघ में मंडेला पर जारी डाकटिकट

nelsan roleehlala mandela (janm 18 July 1918) dakshin Africa ke bhootapoorv raashtrapati hain. raashtrapati banane se poorv dakshin Africa mein sadiyon se chal rahe apaartheed ke pramukh virodhi evam afreeki national Congress evam iske sashastr gut umakhonto ve sijve ke adhyaksh rah chuke hain. unhonne apni jindagi ke 27 varsh rauben dweep par kaaraagar mein rangabhed neeti ke khilaaf ladate hue bitaae.

dakshin Africa evam samooche vishv mein rangabhed neeti ka virodh karte hue jahaan shri mandela poori duniya mein svatantrata evam samaanata ke prateek ban gaye the vaheen rangabhed ki neeti par chalne waali sarkaarein shri mandela ko kamyoonist evam aatankvaadi bataati thi aur afreekan national Congress ko aise logon ki panaahagaah. vistaar mein...

puraalekh...
badalein

sambandhit praveshadvaar

mahaadveep • Asia • uttari amareeka • dakshini amareeka • pruthvi • Europe
चीन के यून्नान प्रान्त में हिमालयी वन पक्षी



badalein

chayanit paryatan sthal

Cairo by night.jpg

kaahira Africa mahaadveep ke misr desh ki rajdhani hai. neel nadi ke kiraane basa kaahira Africa mahaadveep ka sabse bada nagar hai. apne 3000 saalon ke itihaas mein yeh vibhinn misr shaasakon ke raajya ki rajdhani raha. british kaal mein bhi iska mahatva barkaraar raha. misr ki rajdhani kaahira aaj audyogikeekaran ka prateet hai. yeh misr ki raajaneeti, arthavyavastha aur saanskootik gatividhiyon ka kendra va pramukh paryatan kendra hai.

yahaan ke piraamid to vish‍aav prasiddh hain hi, yahaan ke sangrahaalayon aur masjidon mein misr ki sanskruti ke darshan hote hain. pramukh paryatan sthalon mein sfinks, piraamid of chiops, kaahira tower, sultaan hasan masjid aur madarasa, sakkaara ka seedheenuma piraamid, gaayar-Anderson sangrahaalaya, sitaadel, saint baarabara church hain. vistaar mein...

puraalekh...
badalein

afreeka bhoogol

Nile River and delta from orbit.jpg

sansaar ki sabse lambi nadi neel nadi hai jo Africa ki sabse badi jheel Victoria se nikalkar vistrut sahaara marusthal ke poorvi bhaag ko paar karti hui uttar mein bhoomadhyasaagar mein utar padti hai. yeh bhoomadhya rekha ke nikat bhaari varsha vaale kshetron se nikalkar dakshin se uttar kramash: yugaanda, ithiyopiya, soodaan evam misr se hokar bahate hue kaafi lambi ghaati banaati hai jiske donon or ki bhoomi patali patti ke rup mein shasyashyaamala deekhati hai. yeh patti sansaar ka sabse bada maroodyaan hai. neel nadi ki ghaati ek sainkari patti si hai jiske adhikaansh bhaag ki chaudaai 16 kilometer se adhik naheen hai, kaheen-kaheen to iski chaudaai 200 meter se bhi kam hai. iski kai sahaayak nadiyaaain hain jinmein shvet neel evam neeli neel mukhya hain. vistaar mein...

badalein

shreniyaan


badalein

vishay

badalein

Africa ke deshon aur bhoobhaagon ki soochi


afreeka ke deshon aur bhoobhaagon ki soochi (sanyukt raashtra ke upabhaagon ke hisaab se)
Africa ke desh ka anya saaaincha dekhne hetu yahaaain klik karein .
uttari afreeka
LocationNorthernAfrica.png
Algeria · misr · Libya · morokko · soodaan · Tunisia · pashchimi sahaara (sahaaravi arab lokataantrik ganaraajya ) pashchimi afreeka
LocationWesternAfrica.png
benin · burkeena faaso · kep varde · gajadant kinaara · gaambiya · Ghana · gini · gini-bisaaoo · laaiberiya · maali · maureetaaniya · naaijar · Nigeria · senegal · siyera Leon · togo
madhya afreeka
LocationCentralMiddleAfrica.png
angola · Cameroon · central afreeki ganaraajya · chaad · kaango lokataantrik ganaraajya · ikveetoriyl gini · gabon · kaango ganaraajya · saao tome aur prinseep poorvi afreeka
LocationEasternAfrica.png
burundi · komoros · jibooti · ireetriya · ithiyopiya · kenya · medaagaaskar · malaavi · maureeshas · mojaambik · ravaanda · seshals · somaaliya · tansaaniya · yugaanda · jaambiya · Zimbabwe
dakshini afreeka
LocationSouthernAfrica.png
botsavaana · lesotho · naameebiya · dakshin afreeka · svaaseelaind upanivesh aur anya pradesh
sanyukt raajashaahi: seint helena · aiseinshan dweep tristaan da koonha· fraans : maayot · reyooniyon · Portugal : madera dweep-samooh · Spain : kainari dweep-samooh · plaasa de soberaaniya