praveshadvaar:Tajmahal


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Tajmahal praveshadvaar

chaarabaag - svarg ke baag, se Tajmahal ka apoorv drushya.

taaj mahal (uchchaaran sahaayata /tɑaaʒ mə'hɑaal/) (faarasi: تaaاaaج مaaحaaل, aaingrejee: Taj Mahal) Bhaarat ke Agra shahar mein sthit ek makbara hai. iska nirmaan mugal samraat shaahajahaaain ne, apni patni mumataaj mahal ki yaad mein karavaaya tha.

taaj mahal mugal vaastukala ka utkrusht namoona hai. iski vaastu shaili faarasi, turk, bhaarateeya evam islaamik vaastukala ke ghatakon ka anokha sammiln hai. san 1983 mein, taaj mahal yunesko vishv dharohar sthal bana. iske saath hi ise vishv dharohar ke sarvatr prashansit, atyuttam maanavi krutiyon mein se ek bataaya gaya. Tajmahal ko Bhaarat ki islaami kala ka ratn bhi ghoshit kiya gaya hai.

iska shvet gumbad evam taail aakaar mein sangamarmar se dhanka[1] kendreeya makabara apni vaastu shreshthata mein saundarya ke sanyojan ka parichay dete hain. Tajmahal imaarat samooh ki sanrachana ki khaas baat hai, ki yeh poornataya samamiteeya hai. yeh san 1648 ke lagbhag poorn nirmit hua tha. ustaad Ahmad laahauri ko praay: iska pradhaan roopaankanakarta maana jaata hai.[2]

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chayanit lekh

Tajmahal, Bhaarat ka chitr

ek virhi mugal baadshah shaahajahaaain ne banavaaya ek makabara, apni pyaari patni mumataaj mahal ki mrutyoparaant. aaj yeh ek sarvaadhik prasiddh, prashansit evam pahachaani jaane waali imaarat hai. jahaaain iska shvet sangamarmar gumbad wala bhaag, is imaarat ka mukhya parichit bhaag hai, vaheen iski poorn imaarat samooh baag, bageechon sahit 22.44 hekteyar[a] mein vistrut hai, evam ismein sammilit hain anya gaun makabare, jal aapoorti avasanrachana evam taajaganj ki chhoti basti, saath hi nadi ke uttari chhor par maahataab baag bhi. iska nirmaan aarambh hua 1632 CE mein , (1041 hijri anusaar) , yamuna nadi ke dakshini kinaare par, Bhaarat ke agrabaan, (ab Agra nagar mein), jo ki poorn hua 1648 CE (1058 AH) mein. iske aakaar ki abhiklpana mumataaj mahal ke svarg mein aavaas ki paarthiv nakal evam baadshah ke adhiprachaar upakaran ke roop mein ki gayi.

asal mein Tajmahal ko kisne abhiklpit kiya, yeh bhi bhi bhramit hai. haalaanki yeh siddh hai, ki ek bade vaastukaaron evam nirmaan visheshagyon ke samooh samet baadshah swayam bhi sakriya roop se ismein shaamil tha. ustaad Ahmad laahauri ko iske shreya ka sarvaadhik upayukt vyakti vichaar kiya jaata hai, ek pradhaan vaastukaar ke roop mein.


yahaan ke mukhya ghatak:


  • sankalpana, prateekavaad evam bhaavaantaran
  • vaastukaar evam kaareegar
  • sthal
    • 16veen–17veen shataabdi mein Agra
    • klik yogya naksha
    • aayaam saarani
    • aayaam saarani
  • makabara (rauja-A-munaavara)
  • nadi ki or chhajja (chameli farsh)
    • aadhaar evam chhajja
    • javaab evam masjid
  • udyaan (chaarabaag )
  • mahaadvaar (daravaaja-A-roja)
  • khula maidaan (jilaaukhaana)
  • baajaar evam kaaravaan saraaya (taajaganj)
  • suraksha bheet ke baahar ke makabare
  • jal aapoorti
  • maahataab baag
adhik padhe...


badalein

mukhya dwaar

Entrance fort.jpg mukhya dwaar (daravaajaa) bhi ek smaarak svaroop hai. yeh bhi sangamarmar evam laal baluaa patthar se nirmit hai. yeh aarambhik mugal baadashaahon ke vaastukala ka smaarak hai. iska meharaab Tajmahal ke meharaab ki prati hai. iske pishtaak meharaabon par sulekhan se alankaran kiya gaya hai. ismein baas rileef evam peetra dyoora pachcheekaari se pushpaakruti aadi prayukt hain. meharaabi chhat evam deevaaron par yahaaain ki anya imaaraton jaise jyaamiteeya namoone banaae gaye hain.

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aantarik kabrein

शाहजहाँ एवं मुमताज महल की कब्रें
ताजमहल का अंतस

muslim parampara ke anusaar kabr ki vistrut sajja mana hai. isaliye shaahajahaaain evam mumataaj mahal ke paarthiv shareer iske neeche tulanaatmak roop se saadhaaran, asli kabron mein, mein dafn hain, jinke mukh daane evam makka ki or hain. mumataaj mahal ki kabr aantarik kaksh ke madhya mein sthit hai, jiska aayataakaar sangamarmar aadhaar 1.5 meter chaudaa evam 2.5 meter lamba hai. aadhaar evam oopar ka shrungaaradaan roop, donon hi bahumoolya pattharon evam ratnon se jade hain. is par kiya gaya sulekhan mumataaj ki pehchaan evam prashansa mein hai. kaksh ki pratyek deevaar daido baas rileef, laipidri evam parishkrut sulekhan falakon se susajjit hai, jo ki imaarat ke baahari namoonon ko baareeki se dikhaati hai. mumataaj mahal ki kabr aantarik kaksh ke madhya mein sthit hai, aur shaahajahaaain ki kabr mumataaj ki kabr ke dakshin or hai. yeh poore kshetr mein, ekamaatr drushya asammiteeya ghatak hai.



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chayanit chitr

Tajmahal ke mukhyadvaar ka vruhat meharaab


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chayanit vyakti

mumataaj mahal ka kalaatmak vivran

mumataaj mahal (faarasi: مaaمaaتaaاaaز مaaحaaل; uchchaaran /mumtɑaaːaaz mɛaahɛaal, arth: mahal ka pyaara hissa) arjumand baano begam ka jyaada prachalit naam hai. inka janm April 1593 mein Agra mein hua tha. inke pita abdul hasan asaf Khan ek faarasi sajjan the jo noorajahaaain ke bhaai the. noorajahaaain baad mein samraat jahaaaingeer ki begam bani. 19 varsh ki umr mein arjumand ka nikaah shaahajahaaain se 10 May, 1612 ko hua. arjumand shaahajahaaain ki teesari patni thi par sheegra hi vah unki sabse pasandeeda patni ban gain. unka nidhan burahaanapur mein 17 June, 1631 ko 14veen santaan, beti gauhaara begam ko janm dete vakt hua. unako Agra mein taaj mahal mein dafnaaya gaya.

badalein

chayanit ghatak

farsh/tal ka maanachitr
Taj gumbad.jpg
Taj chhatri.jpg
TajFinial.jpg
Taj minarets.jpg


TajDado.jpg
TajMahalDetail20080211-5.jpg
mool-aadhaar

taaj mahal ka kendra bindu hai, ek vargaakaar neenv aadhaar par bana shvet sangamarmar ka makabara. iska mool-aadhaar ek vishaal bahu-kaksheeya sanrachana hai. yeh pradhaan kaksh ghanaakaar hai, jiska pratyek kinaara 55 meter hai.

makabare par sarvochch shobhaayamaan sangamarmar ka gumbad (dekhein baanye), iska sarvaadhik shaanadaar bhaag hai. iski ooainchaai lagbhag imaarat ke aadhaar ke baraabar, 35 meter hai, aur yeh ek 7 meter ooainche belanaakaar aadhaar par sthit hai.

gumbad ke aakaar ko iske chaar kinaaron par sthit chaar chhoti gumbadaakaari chhatariyon (dekhein daayein) se aur bal milta hai.

mukhya gumbad ke kireet par kalash hai (dekhein daayein). yeh shikhar kalash aaranbhik 1800 tak svarn ka tha, aur ab yeh kaanse ka bana hai. yeh kireet-kalash faarasi evam hinndoo vaastu kala ke ghatakon ka ekeekrut sanyojan hai. yeh hindu mandiron ke shikhar par bhi paaya jaata hai. is kalash par chandrama bana hai. mukhya aadhaar ke chaaron konon par chaar vishaal meenaarein (dekhein baayein) sthit hain. yeh pratyek 40 meter ooainchi hai. yeh meenaarein Tajmahal ki banaavat ki samamiteeya pravrutti darshit karateen hain.

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yojana

Taj site plan.png

Tajmahal imaarat samooh ki yojana
Chahar-Bagh-Taj-Mahal-net.jpg
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kya aap jaante hain?

  • ...ki san 1983 mein, taaj mahal yunesko vishv dharohar sthal bana. iske saath hi ise vishv dharohar ke sarvatr prashansit, atyuttam maanavi krutiyon mein se ek bataaya gaya?
  • ...ki mukhya gumbad ka kireet par kalash apne niyojan ke kaaran chandrama evam kalash ki nok milkar ek trishool ka aakaar banaateen hain, jo ki hindu Bhagwan Shiv ka chinh hai?[3]
  • ...ki saari nirmaan saamagri evam sangamarmar ko niyat sthaan par pahuainchaane hetu, ek pandrah kilometer lamba mitti ka dhaal banaaya gaya. bees se tees bailon ko khaas nirmit gaadiyon mein jotakar shilaakhandon ko yahaaain laaya gaya tha?
  • ...ki iski aadhaarashila evam makabare ko nirmit hone mein baarah saal lage. shesh imaaraton evam bhaagon ko agale das varshon mein poorn kiya gaya.

kul moolya lagbhag 3 arab 20 karod rupae, us samayaanusaar aanka gaya hai; jo ki vartamaan mein kharabon dollar se bhi adhik ho sakta hai, yadi vartamaan mudra mein badla jaae?[4]

sandarbh

  1. taail aakaar, arthaat poora dhaaaincha sangamarmar ki chhoti chhoti int roopi aayataakaar taailon se dhanka hai, na ki sangamarmar ki silliyon ki badee- badee parto se.
  2. UNESCO salaahakaar sanstha aaainkalan
  3. Tillitson, G.H.R. (1990). Architectural Guide to Mughal India, Chronicle Books
  4. Dr. A. Zahoor and Dr. Z. Haq
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vishay

Tajmahal • Tajmahal ka mool evam vaastukala • {{Bhaarat mein vishv dharoharein }} • bhaarateeya vaastu kala •
mugal saamraajyamugal vaastukala • {{mugal}} • mugal baadshahmugal baagmugal shailimugal vaastukalalaal kila
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vikipriyojanaaen

praveshadvaar:Tajmahal/WikiProjects

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mugal

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shreniyaan


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sambandhit praveshadvaar

praveshadvaar:Tajmahal/sambandhit praveshadvaar

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sambandhit vikimeediya

praveshadvaar:Tajmahal/sambandhit vikimeediya

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kaarya jo aap kar sakte hain

praveshadvaar:Tajmahal/Things You Can Do