prashnopanishd

prashnopanishd atharvavedeeya shaakha ke antargat ek upanishd hai. yeh upanishd sanskrut bhaasha mein likhit hai. iske rachiyta vaidik kaal ke rishiyon ko maana jaata hai parantu mukhyat vedavyaas ji ko kai upanishdon ka lekhak maana jaata hai.

prashnopanishd
उपनिषद.gif
lekhak vedavyaas
chitr rachanaakaar anya pauraanik rishi
desh Bhaarat
bhaasha sanskrut
shrrunkhala atharvavedeeya upanishd
vishay gyaan yog, dvait advait siddhaant
prakaar hindu dhaarmik granth

anukram

rachanaakaal

upanishdon ke rachanaakaal ke sambandh mein vidvaanon ka ek mat naheen hai. kuchh upanishdon ko vedon ki mool sanhitaaon ka ansh maana gaya hai. ye sarvaadhik praacheen hain. kuchh upanishd 'braahman' aur 'aaranyak' granthon ke ansh maane gaye hain. inka rachanaakaal sanhitaaon ke baad ka hai. upanishdon ke kaal ke vishay me nishchit mat nahi hai samaanyat upanishdo ka kaal rachanaakaal 3000 isa poorv se 500 isa poorv maana gaya hai. upanishdon ke kaal-nirnaya ke liye nimn mukhya tathyon ko aadhaar maana gaya hai—

  1. puraatatv evam bhaugolik paristhitiyaan
  2. pauraanik athva vaidik riashiyon ke naam
  3. sooryavanshi-chandravanshi raajaaon ke samayakaal
  4. upanishdon mein varnit khagoleeya vivran

nimn vidvaanon dvaara vibhinn upanishdon ka rachana kaal nimn kram mein maana gaya hai[1]-

vibhinn vidvaanon dvaara vaidik ya upanishd kaal ke liye vibhinn nirdhaarit samayaavadhi
lekhak shuruvaat (BC) samaapan (BC) vidhi
lokamaanya tilk (Winternitz bhi isse sahamat hai)
6000
200
khagoliya vidhi
bi. vi. kaameshvar
2300
2000
khagoliya vidhi
maiks moolar
1000
800
bhaashaai vishleshan
ranaade
1200
600
bhaashaai vishleshan, vaichaarik sidaant, etc
raadha Krishnan
800
600
vaichaarik sidaant
mukhya upanishdon ka rachanaakaal
dayusen (1000 or 800 – 500 BC) ranaade (1200 – 600 BC) raadha Krishnan (800 – 600 BC)
atyant praacheen upanishd gadya shaili mein: bruhadaaranyak, chhaandogya, taittireeya, aitareya, kausheetaki, ken
kavita shaili mein: ken, kath, ish, shvetaashvatar, mundak
baad ke upanishd gadya shaili mein: prashn, maitri, maandookya
samooh I: bruhadaaranyak, chhaandogya
samooh II: ish, ken
samooh III: aitareya, taittireeya, kausheetaki
samooh IV: kath, mundak, shvetaashvatar
samooh V: prashn, maandookya, maitraanayi
buddh kaal se poorv ke:' aitareya, kausheetaki, taittireeya, chhaandogya, bruhadaaranyak, ken
madhyakaaleen: ken (1–3), bruhadaaranyak (IV 8–21), kath, maandookya
saankhya evam yog par adhaarit: maitri, shvetaashvatar

sandarbh

  1. Ranade 1926, pp. 13–14

baahari kadiyaaain