pradatt naam

pradatt naam ek aisa vyaktigat naam hai joki logon ke samooh mein sadasyon ki pehchaan karaata hai, visheshakar parivaar mein, jahaan sabhi sadasya aam taur par ekasamaan paarivaarik naam (kulanaam) saajha karte hain, unke beech antar spasht karta hai. ek pradatt naam kisi vyakti ko diya gaya naam hai, jo paarivaarik naam ki tarah viraasat mein naheen milta.[1] adhikaansh Europeeya deshon mein aur aise deshon mein jahaan ki sanskruti mukhya roop se Europe se prabhaavit hai (jaise ki uttar aur dakshin America, Australia, New Zealand, aadi mein base Europeeya aanuvanshikta vaale vyakti), aam taur par pradatt naam paarivaarik naam se pehle aata hai (haalaanki saamaanyat: soochiyon aur kaitalaug mein naheen) aur isliye poorv naam ya pratham naam ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. lekin vishv ki kai sanskrutiyon mein - jaise ki Hungary, Africa ki vibhinn sanskrutiyon aur poorv Asia ki adhikaansh sanskrutiyon (uda. cheen, Japan, Korea aur viytanaam) mein - pradatt naam paramparaagat roop se parivaar ke naam ke baad aate hain. poorvi Asia mein, pradatt naam ka ansh bhi parivaar ki kisi vishisht peedhi ke sabhi sadasyon ke beech saajha kiya ja sakta hai, taaki ek peedhi ki doosari peedhi se alag pehchaan ki ja sake.

saamaanya pashchimi naamakaran parampara ke tahat, aam taur par logon ke ek ya adhik poorv naam (ya to diye gaye ya praapt) hote hain. yadi ek se adhik hai, to aam taur par (har roj ke istemaal ke liye) ek mukhya poorv naam aur ek ya adhik poorak poorv naam maujood hote hain. lekin kabhi-kabhi do ya adhik ekasamaan mahatva vaale hote hain. is tathya ke pare ki poorv naam upanaam se pehle hote hain, inke liye koi vishisht kramaankan niyam maujood naheen hai. aksar mukhya poorv naam shurooaat mein hota hai, jiske parinaamasvaroop ek pratham naam aur ek ya adhik madhyam naam bante hain, lekin anya vyavasthaaen bhi kaafi prachalit hai.

pradatt naam ka upayog aksar anaupachaarik sthitiyon mein ek parichit aur maitreepoorn dhang se kiya jaata hai. adhik aupachaarik sthitiyon mein iske bajaay upanaam ka prayog kiya jaata hai, jab tak ki ek hi upanaam vaale logon ke beech antar karna zaroori na ho. muhaavara "pratham-naam ke aadhaar par" (ya "pratham-naam sambodhan") is tathya ka sanket deta hai ki vyakti ke pradatt naam ka upayog, suparichya jataata hai.

anukram

vaidhata

aam taur par ek bachche ka pradatt naam ya naam, janm-kaal ke aas paas diya jaata hai. adhikaansh kshetraadhikaaron mein, janm ke samay pradatt naam saarvajanik abhilekh ka maamala hota hai, jo janm pramaan-patra ya uske anuroop dastaavejon mein ankit hota hai. kuchh adhikaar-kshetron mein, visheshat: fraans, kyoobek, Netherland ya Germany jaise kshetron ke naagrik-kaanoon kshetron mein, vah padaadhikaari jiska kaam janm ki ghatnaaon ka abhilekh darj karna hai, maata-pita dvaara bachchon ko aise naam dene se rokata hai (fraans mein, sthaaneeya nyaayaadheesh ko maamala nirdisht karte hue) jo use haani pahunchaae.[krupaya uddharan jodein] yahaan tak ki naam ki vartani ki jaanch bhi ki jaati hai.

ek desh mein janme log jab aapravaasan ke liye alag naamakaran pratha vaale desh mein jaate hain to unhein tadanusaar sanbhavat: kaanooni taur par apna naam badalna pad sakta hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein] agar janm ke samay naam niyat naheen kiya gaya, to naamakaran sanskaar ke samay naam diya ja sakta hai, jismein parivaar aur mitr bhaag lete hain.

1991 mein, sveedish naamakaran kaanoon ke virodh mein, do maata-pita ne apne bachche ka naam Brfxxccxxmnpcccclllmmnprxvclmnckssqlbb11116 rakhane ka prayaas kiya aur daava kiya ki yeh "ek maulik, arthapoorn vikaas hai jise ham kalaatmak rachana ke roop mein dekhte hain."

vishesh naamon ki utpatti

aksar vishesh naam nimn vargon se vyutpann hote hain:

  • vaanchhit vyaktigat gun (baahya aur aantarik). udaaharan ke liye, kleemeint naam ka arth hai "dayaalu".[2][3] angreji udaaharanon mein shaamil hain feth, prudens aur ogast.
  • vyavasaaya, udaaharan ke liye George ka arth hai "kisaan".[4]
  • janm ki paristhitiyaan, udaaharan ke liye Thomas ka arth hai "judvaan" ya laitin naam kvintas, paramparaagat roop se paanchave bete ko diya jaata tha.[5][6]
  • vastuen, udaaharan ke liye Peter ka arth hai "chattaan" aur edgar ka arth hai "teekshn bhaala".[7][8]
  • shaareerik visheshataaen, udaaharan ke liye kelvin ka arth hai "ganja".[9]
  • anya naamon ka parivrtit roop, vishesh roop se naam ka ling badalne ke liye (pauleen, jaurjiya) ya anya bhaasha se anuvaad ke liye (udaaharan ke liye, frainsiskas se vyutpann naam frainsis ya frainsisko, jiska arth hai "fraanseesi") aur (naam "diln" ya "dileen" ka kuchh maamalon mein arth hai "saagar putr"). [10][11][12]
  • upanaam, udaaharan ke liye vinstan,[13] hairisn[14] aur Ross[15]. is tarah ke naam aise parivaaron se aate hain jahaan ki aksar log apne hi upanaam vaale parivaaron mein shaadi karte hain.
  • sthaan, udaaharan ke liye britni[16] aur lauren.[17]
  • janm ka samay, udaaharan ke liye saptaah ke din, jaise ki kofi annaan, jinke vishesh naam ka matlab hai "shukravaar ko janm lene wala",[18] ya jis chhutti ke din janm hua tha, udaaharan ke liye, naam nataali ka laitin mein arth hai "christmas ke din [janm lene waali]"[19]
  • uparyukt ka sanyojan, udaaharan ke liye armeniyaai naam sirvart ka arth hai "pyaar ka gulaab".[20]
  • agyaat ya vivaadit naam ki vyutpatti, udaaharan ke liye meri.[21]

kai sanskrutiyon mein, diye gaye naamon ka punarupayog hota hai, vishesh roop se un poorvajon ki smruti mein jo khaas taur par prem ke paatr rahe hain, jiske parinaamasvaroop naamon ka bhandaar seemit ho jaata hai jinki kabhi-kabhi vartani bhinn hoti hai.

pashchimi paathakon ke liye iska suparichit udaaharan hai adhikaansh isaai deshon mein baaibil se jude aur santon ke naam ka upayog (bilkul vishisht apavaad hai—aithiyopiya mein, aksar naam aadarsh ya sankshipt hote the—aaheli selaasi, "tridev ki shakti"; heli miriym, "meri ki shakti"). tathaapi, jeesas naam ko isaai jagat ke kuchh hisson mein varjit ya dharmavirodhi maana jaata hai, haalaanki yeh varjana joshuaa ya sambaddh svaroopon mein naheen hai, jo isaaiyon ke beech bhi kai bhaashaaon mein aam hai.

isi tarah, meri naam jo ab lokapriya hai, agar sarvavyaapak roop se isaaiyon ke beech naheen, to vishesh roop se roman Catholic mein, jo 12veen sadi tak dharmanirpeksh roop se upayog ke liye kaafi pavitra maana jaata tha. jin deshon mein meri ke prati vishesh shraddha thi, vahaan yeh sthiti lambe samay tak chali, jaise ki Poland mein 17veen sadi ke aagaman tak, jab fraanseesi raani ka naam meri rakha gaya.[22]

angreji mein (aur kai anya Europeeya bhaashaaon mein) sarvaadhik saamaanya diye gaye naamon ko unki vyutpatti ke aadhaar par mote taur par nimnalikhit shreniyon mein baanta ja sakta hai:

  • hibroo naam, aam taur par baaibal se—aaaitihaasik roop se isaai deshon mein bahut saamaanya hai—aaya naamon mein prayukt tatvon mein istemaal hote hain. kuchh mein "ishvar" ke tatv ka bhaav rahata hai, vishesh roop se "al". udaaharan hain: Michael, joshuaa, dainiyl, josef, David, Adam, elijaabeth, haina aur meri. mutthi bhar naam aise bhi hain jo aramaaik se vyutpann hai, vishesh roop se new testaameint mein prayukt pramukh hastiyon ke naam-jaise ki Thomas, maartha aur baartholomyu.
    • sabhi aitihaasik aur vartamaan saami log kam se kam hibroo mein is prakaar rache gaye naamon ka prayog karte hain (aur praacheen hibroo aise naamon ka upayog karte the jo is prakaar nirmit naheen the—ajaise ki mosas, jo sanbhavat: misr naam hai aur froha ke naam se juda hai jaise ki thatamos aur ahamos). muslim samudaaya iska sarv-vikhyaat udaaharan hai (saif-al-deen, "vishvaas ki talavaar" ya abd-Allah, "khuda ka khidmatagaar" jaise naamon ke saath), lekin kaarthajeeniyon mein bhi isi tarah ke naam the: cf. hainibaal, "devata ka anugrah" (is maamale mein yeh abrahamik devata naheen, lekin shaayada—amarduka—adevata se hai, jinka khitaab aam taur par bina anuvaad ke hi chhod diya jaata hai, jaise ki baal).
  • jarmanik naam vishesh roop se yuddh se jude hote hain; jinke mool ka arth "mahima", "shakti" aur "sankalp" bahuprachalit hai. kai aise naamon mein aam taur par juda saamaanya tatv "-bart", beraht se vyutpann hai, jiska arth hai "ujjval". udaaharan: Robert, Edward, Roger, richrd, albart, kaarl, alfred, rojaanind, emma, erik aur metildau॰
  • jarmanik naamon ke fraanseesi roop. England par norman ki vijay ke baad se, jarmanik mool ke kai angreji vishesh naamon ka upayog unke fraanseesi roopon mein hota hai. udaaharan: Robert, Charles, henari, William, albart,
  • slaav naam praay: shaant prakruti ke hote hain, jinke yaugik shabd aise mool se vyutpann hain jinka arth hota hai "sanrakshan karna", "prem karna", "shaanti", "[devataaon ki] stuti karna", "daan karna". udaaharan: milena, vesna, bohumil, dobromir, svetalaana, vlaastimil. kuchh naam yuddh jaisi visheshata liye bhi hote hain aur aur aise shabdon se nirmit hote hain jinka arth hota hai "ladaakoo", "yuddh", "krodh". udaaharan: kaasimeer, saambor, vojasheech aur jbignyu. unamein se kai mein shabd "slaava" - mahima hota hai: boleslaav, miroslaav, laadislaav, raadoslaav aur stainislaav.
  • kabhi-kabhi keltik naam, keltik svaroopon ka angrejeekrut roop hote hain, lekin mool roop ka bhi istemaal ho sakta hai. udaaharan: elan, Brian, brigid, moraag, shiyaaran, jenifr aur shaun. aksar in naamon ka udgam keltik shabdon se hota hai, jaise ki antarraashtreeya star par vikhyaat isaai santon ke naam, keltik pauraanik hastiyon ke naam, ya keval lambe samay se chale aa rahe naam, jinka antat: mool spasht naheen hai.
  • yoonaani naam yoonaan-rom ke devataaon ke naam se vyutpann kiya ja sakta hai, ya inka doosra arth ho sakta hai. kuchh new testameint aur praarambhik isaai paranparaaon se vyutpann kiye ja sakte hain. kuchh naamon ka aksar aangleekaran kiya jaata hai, lekin hamesha naheen. udaaharan: ileenor, steefn, alekjaindar, Andrew, Peter, gregari, George, kristofr, melisa, maargaret, nikolas, Jason, timothi, kloi aur jo.
  • laitin naam ko bhi aparivrtit, ya sanshodhit roop mein apnaaya ja sakta hai, vishesh roop se, vibhkti tatv ko hataaya ja sakta hai, jaisa ki aksar laitin se angreji mein shabdon ko grahan karte samay hota hai. udaaharan: laura, Victoria, maarkas, Justin, paul (laitin ke "paulas" se), jooliys, seesiliya, feliks, jooliya, paaskal (paaramparik-prakaar ka laitin naam naheen, lekin visheshan se naam mein roopaantarit paaskalis, "paaska se sambandhit"—aangreji "istar").
  • shabd naam angreji ki shabdaavali se aate hain. is prakaar ke striyon ke naama—aangreji se zyaada anya bhaashaaon mein aur Europe ke alaava anya sanskrutiyon se—apraay: prakruti, fool, pakshi, rang ya ratn se vyutpann hote hain. udaaharan mein shaamil hai jaismeen, laiveindar, Don, deji roj iris, petyuniya, roan aur vaayalet. is tarah ke purush naam utane aam naheen hain—aakabhi-kabhi shaktishaali ya khtaranaak jaanvaron se jude braunko aur vulf jaise naam. (yeh uttari jarmanik aur Turkey jaisi kuchh anya bhaashaaon mein zyaada aam hai).
  • lakshanon se jude naam mein saaf taur par oopar varnit isaai sadgun shaamil hote hain aur saamaanyataya striyon ke naam ke liye prayukt hote hain (jaise ki teen isaai guna—aavishvaas, aasha aur daan.
  • alpaarthak naam kabhi-kabhi ek ya adhik logon ko diye gaye ek hi naam ke beech antar karne ke liye prayukt hote hain aur aksar yeh bachchon dvaara upayog mein laaya jaata hai. angreji mein, Robert ko "raubi" mein badla ja sakta hai ya dainiyl ko "daini" mein parivrtit kiya ja sakta hai. jarman mein naam hainsal aur gretel (lokapriya pariktha jaise) johaan aur maargaret ke alpaarthak svaroop hain. udaaharan: vikki, daini, AB, Ali.
  • sankshipt naam (upanaam aam taur par lambe naam ke upanaam hote hain, lekin iske bajaay ve vyaktiyon ke naam rakhe jaate hain. udaaharan ke liye, ek vyakti ko bas "jim" naam diya ja sakta hai aur yeh James ka sankshipt roop naheen hai. udaaharan: beth, dain, maiks, peet, Steve.
  • stri roopaantar anek mardaana naamon ke strain roopaantar hote hain, jo aksar kai hote hai. udaaharan: chaarlat, stefni, Victoria, filipa, jen, jaikvilin, josafin, dainiyl, paaula, paulin, petreeshiya aur frainseska.

aksar, kisi diye gaye naam ke kai bhaashaaon mein vibhinn roopaantaran ho jaate hain. udaaharan ke liye, baaibileeya hibroo naam susaana mool bhi hibroo roopaantaran mein banta hai shoshaana, uske Spanish aur purtagaali roopaantaran mein sujaana aur uske fraanseesi roopaantaran mein soojaane aur paulish roopaantaran mein jujaana.

  • cheeni aksar anokhe hote hain, kyonki saarthak hainji aur hanja varn bade paimaane par sanyojit kiye ja sakte hain. lekin Koreai naam aur viytanaami naam aam taur par bas apne cheeni samakakshon se nikle desheeya pratiroop hain.

tathaapi, kuchh maata-pita lokapriya pradatt naamon ka bhi punarupayog karte hain. mashahoor aur safal vyaktiyon ke naam bhi kabhi-kabhi dubaara upayog mein laae jaate hain. fir bhi, kai cheeni aur Koreai maata-pita janm se pehle hi apne shishuon ke naam rakhane ke liye kaafi soch-vichaar karte hain, bahudha vyaapak shabdakoshon ya aupachaarik ya anaupachaarik dhaarmik gurooon se poochhate hain. kabhi-kabhi, vishesh roop se paaramparik parivaaron mein, daada-daadi naam rakhate hain. cheeni bhaasha mein aisa koi vishesh samooh maujood naheen hai jo naamon ke liye prayukt kiya ja sake, jabki angreji isse bhinn hai. cheeni aksharon ka koi bhi sanyojan saiddhaantik roop se diye gaye naam ke roop mein istemaal kiya ja sakta hai, lekin aam taur par angreji aksharon ka koi bhi sanyojan ek naam ke roop mein prayukt kiya jaata hai, jiske kaaran kabhi-kabhi cheeni logon ko lagta hai ki cheeni logon ki tulana mein angreji bolne vaale log ek naam ka adhik istemaal karte hain. yeh maamala, angreji mein paarivaarik naam ke roop mein adhik shabdon ke sanyojan ke istemaal ki vajah se naheen hai.

kai paashchaatya Asiaee sthaanon mein, kai Asiaee log bhi pashchimi (aksar angreji) vishesh naam ka upayog karte hain, jo unke Asiaee pradatt naam ke alaava aadhikaarik naam ho sakta hai ya naheen bhi ho sakta hai. yeh sanyukt raajya America, Canada aur Australia jaise deshon ke collegeon mein padhne vaale Asiaee chhaatron aur antarraashtreeya star par kaarobaar karne ke ichhuk logon ke maamale mein bhi sahi ho sakta hai— donon hi aise logon ke saath aasaani se sanpreshan ke liye, jo apni raajabhaasha mein unke naam ka sahi uchchaaran naheen kar sakte. yeh not karna bhi dilchasp hoga ki jab cheeni aapravaasi ya chhaatr khud ko angreji naam dete hain, tab unki koshish rahati hai ki aisa shabd chunein jo unke mool naam se mel khaata ho. udaaharan ke liye, ek cheeni aadmi jiska naam "aah daar" hai agar sanyukt raashtra America mein pravaas karta hai to "aarthar" ho sakta hai, ya "Khan" naamak ek viytanaami vyakti jab angreji-bhaashi desh mein sthaanaantarit hota hai to "ken" ho sakta hai.

kai mahila Japani naam jaise ki yoko ono ka ant ko (子) mein hota hai, jiska matlab hai "bachcha". yeh pashchimi deshon ke beech kuchh bhram ka kaaran bana hai, kyonki romance bhaasha mein kuchh mardaana naamon ke ant mein aksar O (o) lagta hai aur stri naam ke ant mein aksar A (a) lagta hai. teeno /Tina naam ka prayog karne vaale hairaan rahate hain ki maariko ya yoko mahila hai.

angreji mein adhikaansh naam vishesh roop se pullingavaachak ya streelingavaachak hote hain, lekin kai aise ubhayalingi naam bhi maujood hai, jaise ki jaurdan, Jamie, jessi, Alex, Ashley, kris, hilri, lejli, jo (Joe)/ jo (Jo), jaiki, pait, saim. aksar, ek ling pramukh rahata hai. itihaas mein anek sanskrutiyon ke samudaayon ne ling naam par jor naheen diya tha, isliye unke adhikaansh ya sabhi naam ubhayalingi the. doosaron ne vyaakaran ke vishay ke roop mein ling nirdhaaran kar liya tha, udaaharan ke liye, puraani naurs, laitin aur usase utpann itaalavi, fraanseesi, yoonaani.

isaai naam

shabd isaai naam aksar pradatt naam ke liye ek saamaanya paryaaya ke roop mein istemaal kiya jaata hai. daraasal, shabd us naam par laagoo hota hai jo shishu bapatisma ya "isaai banaate samay" aupachaarik roop se bachche ko diya jaata hai.

pradatt naam ki lokapriyta vyaapti

pradatt naamon ki lokapriyta (aavrutti) vyaapti aam taur par ek shakti vitran vyavastha ka paalan karti hai.

1800 ke baad se, England aur vels tatha America mein pradatt naam ki lokapriyta vyaapti khisak rahi hai jisse sarvaadhik lokapriya naam apni lokapriyta kho rahe hain. udaaharan ke liye, England aur vels mein 1800 mein paida hue bachchon ko diye gaye sarvaadhik lokapriya mahila aur purush naam the meri aur John, jahaan kramash: ye naam paane vaale shishuon mein 24% ladkiyaan aur 22% ladke the.[23] iske vipreet, 1994 mein England aur vels ke anuroop aankade kramash: 3% aur 4% sahit, emili aur James the. na keval angreji bhaashi jagat mein meri aur John ne lokapriyta khoi hai, balki pichhle 100 varshon mein ladkiyon ke naam mein kaafi badlaav hai, par ladkon ke maamale mein utana naheen. isse ladkiyon ke naamon mein vividhta badh gayi hai.[24]

paup sanskruti ka prabhaav

naamakaran pravruttiyon par lokapriya sanskruti ka prabhaav, kam se kam sanyukt raajya America aur Britain mein drushtigochar hota hai. nav-prasiddh hastiyaan aur lokapriya vyakti naamon ki lokapriyta ko prabhaavit kar sakte hain. udaaharan ke liye 2004 mein, british abhinetri keera naaitali ki lokapriyta ki vruddhi ke saath, Britain mein ladkiyon ke liye "Keira" aur "Kiera" kramash: 51vaan aur 92vaan lokapriya naam ban gaya.[25] 2001 mein, kolbi donaaldasan dvaara Survivor: The Australian Outback mein doosare sthaan par vijeta banane ke baad, America mein ladkon ke liye kolbi naam 233vein sthaan se 99vein sthaan par ja pahuncha. iske alaava, mahila naam "maaili" jo sheersh 1000 mein bhi naheen tha, gaayika abhinetri maaili Cyrus (jinka janm ke samay naam destini tha) ki lokapriyta mein vruddhi ke baad, 2007 mein 278vaan sabse lokapriya naam ban gaya.[26]

kaalpanik kathaaon se paatron ke naam bhi logo ko prabhaavit karte hue prateet aate hain. ameriki sop opera dej of avar laaif ke ek kirdaar ke liye kaayala naam ke upayog ke baad, is naam ki lokapriyta bahut badh gayi. naam taimmi aur sambandhit tamaara naam 1957 mein taimmi end the baichalar film jaari hone ke baad kaafi lokapriya ho gaya. kuchh naam saahitya mein prayog dvaara sthaapit ya vistrut roop mein prayog mein aa jaate hain. ullekhaneeya udaaharanon mein shaamil hain Jessica, William sheksapiyr dvaara apne naatak "the marcheint of venis" mein racha gaya naam, venesa jonaathan svift dvaara racha gaya, faayona, James maikafrsan ke ek apraamaanik kavita sangrah se ek kirdaar; aur veindi, J.M.bairi dvaara apni ekaanki Peter pain or the bauya hoo vud not gro ap mein lokapriya banaaya gaya ek durbodh naam; aur maideesan, film splaish ka ek paatr. laara aur laarisa, Doctor jivaago ki upasthiti se pehle America mein durlabh the aur baad se kaafi aam ho gaye hain.

geet bachchon ke naamakaran ko prabhaavit kar sakte hain. beetals ki he jood ke jaari hone ke baad, sarvaadhik lokapriya purush naam jood 1968 ke 814vein sthaan se uchhal kar 1969 mein 668vein sthaan par pahuncha. isi tarah, erik klaiptan ke gaane ke baad 1972 mein laayala 969vaan sabse lokapriya naam bana. isse pehle vah sheersh 1000 mein shaamil naheen tha.[26]

british rock group mairiliyn dvaara gaana jaari hone ke baad Kelly Britain mein vishesh roop se lokapriya naam ban gaya. 2005 ke sarkaari aankadon se pata chala ki 96% Kelly ka janm 1985 ke baad hua tha, jis varsh mairiliyn ne Kelly jaari kiya".

naamakaran rujhaan ko prabhaavit karne ke liye lokapriya sanskruti ke aankadon ka saraahaneeya hona zaroori naheen. udaaharan ke liye, the hand dait rauks the kraidal film mein chudail aaya ke naam ke roop mein pradarshit hone ke tatkaal baad se, 1992 mein (#583 sthaan par) pehli baar sanyukt raajya America mein ladkiyon ko diye gaye naam ke roop mein petan naam sheersh 1000 mein shaamil hua.[26] doosari or, udaaharan ke liye, dviteeya vishv yuddh ke baad se edaulf naam ke upayog mein giraavat I.

judvaan naam

kuchh sanskrutiyon mein, judvaan bachchon ko vishesh jodeedaar naam diye ja sakte hain. kabhi-kabhi judvaan naam sunane mein ek jaise lagte hain, udaaharan ke liye kristiyn aur kristeena naam vaale judvaan ladka/ladki ya Bhaarat mein judvaan ladkiyon ke naam sudha aur shubha, ya Nigeria mein ojor aur omon. naam mein vishyagat samaanata ho sakti hai, jaise ki JC (ya Jessica) aur James (ameriki aparaadhi JC James ke naam par aadhaarit), ya Matthew aur mark (baaibil mein new testameint ki pratham do pustikaaon ke aadhaar par) ya greek pauraanik kathaaon par aadhaarit kaistar va polaks aur romulas va reemas. anya naam silebriti judvaan meri-Kate aur Ashley olsen (ameriki abhinetri) ya bachchon (jenifr lopej aur mark entoni ya enjalina joli aur braid pit ke) dvaara chalaai gayi pravrutti se aa sakte hain. 2000 aur 2001 mein divangat umr mein sabse badi mahila judvaan ke naam the kin naarita aur jin keni, jo Japani bhaasha mein kramash: sona aur chaandi hain.

kaumik strips ki shrrunkhala the edaveinchars of tintin mein thaumasan aur thaumpasan naamak ekasamaan dikhne vaale do jaasoos hain (freinch mein dyupont eight dyupond), jo judvaan ho sakte hain. the simpasans mein paiti aur selma booviye.

adhik sanbhaavya utpattiyon ke liye, dekhein judavaan ki soochi lekh.

sambandhit lekh aur soochiyaan

  • sanyukt raajya America mein raajya dvaara pradatt sabse lokapriya naamon ki soochi
  • kai alag deshon aur sanskrutiyon mein sabse lokapriya vishesh naam
  • dinon ke naam
  • Bhagwan ke naam
  • vyaktigat naam

prakaar vaar

  • madhya naam
  • upanaam
  • chhadm naam
  • sant ke naam
    • santon ka calendar
  • das naam
  • upanaam
  • ish naam
    • baaibal mein ish naam sanyojan
  • ubhayalingi naam

sanskruti vaar

bhaaropeeya
  • jarmanik naam
    • dach naam
    • jarman naam
  • greek naam
  • bhaarateeya naam
  • aayarish naam
  • lithuaaniyaai naam
  • faarasi naam
  • roman naamakaran parampara
  • romance
    • fraanseesi naam
    • itaalavi naam
    • purtagaali naam
    • Spanish naam
  • skautish naam
  • slaavik naam
    • balgeriyaai naam
    • kroeshiyaai naam
    • check naam
    • Slovakia mein naam din
    • paulish naam
    • roosi naam
    • sarbiyaai naam
    • slovaak naam
madhya Asia, altaayaak, finno-yoogarik
  • finish naam
  • hangeriyaai naam
  • mangoliyaai naam
  • roosi saamraajya, soviyt sangh aur seeaaies deshon mein naam
  • taataar naam
saami / poorvi ke paas
  • arabi naam
  • hibroo naam
  • baaibileeya naamon ki soochi
poorv Asia
  • cheeni naam
  • indoneshiyaai naam
    • baaleeya naam
    • jaavaanees naam
  • Japani naam
  • Koreai naam
  • maleshiyaai naam
  • Philippine naam
  • thai naam
  • tibbati naam
  • viytanaami naam
Africa
  • ekaan naam
bhaashaai ekal
  • seeman (maanavanaam)

sandarbh

  1. "janm ya bapatisma janm ke samay kisi vyakti ko diya gaya naam, jo upanaam se alag hai" - ameriki heritej dikshanari ke anusaar
  2. Igor Katsev. "Origin and Meaning of Clement". MFnames.com. http://www.mfnames.com/mnames/c/origin-and-meaning-of-clement.htm. abhigman tithi: 2009-01-05.
  3. Igor Katsev. "Origin and Meaning of Clemens". MFnames.com. http://www.mfnames.com/mnames/c/origin-and-meaning-of-clemens.htm. abhigman tithi: 2009-01-05.
  4. Mike Campbell. "Meaning, Origin and History of the Name George". Behind the Name. http://www.behindthename.com/php/view.php?name=george. abhigman tithi: 2008-07-21.
  5. Mike Campbell. "Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Thomas". Behind the Name. http://www.behindthename.com/php/view.php?name=thomas. abhigman tithi: 2008-07-21.
  6. Mike Campbell. "Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Quintus". Behind the Name. http://www.behindthename.com/php/view.php?name=quintus. abhigman tithi: 2008-07-21.
  7. Mike Campbell. "Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Edgar". Behind the Name. http://www.behindthename.com/php/view.php?name=edgar. abhigman tithi: 2008-07-21.
  8. Mike Campbell. "Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Peter". Behind the Name. http://www.behindthename.com/php/view.php?name=peter. abhigman tithi: 2008-07-21.
  9. Mike Campbell. "Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Calvin". Behind the Name. http://www.behindthename.com/php/view.php?name=calvin. abhigman tithi: 2008-07-21.
  10. Igor Katsev. "Origin and Meaning of Francis". MFnames.com. http://www.mfnames.com/mfnames/f/origin-and-meaning-of-francis.htm. abhigman tithi: 2009-01-05.
  11. Igor Katsev. "Origin and Meaning of Francisco". MFnames.com. http://www.mfnames.com/mnames/f/origin-and-meaning-of-francisco.htm. abhigman tithi: 2009-01-05.
  12. Igor Katsev. "Origin and Meaning of Franciscus". MFnames.com. http://www.mfnames.com/mnames/f/origin-and-meaning-of-franciscus.htm. abhigman tithi: 2009-01-05.
  13. Igor Katsev. "Origin and Meaning of Winston". MFnames.com. http://www.mfnames.com/mnames/w/origin-and-meaning-of-winston.htm. abhigman tithi: 2009-01-05.
  14. Igor Katsev. "Origin and Meaning of Harrison". MFnames.com. http://www.mfnames.com/mnames/h/origin-and-meaning-of-harrison.htm. abhigman tithi: 2009-01-05.
  15. Igor Katsev. "Origin and Meaning of Ross". MFnames.com. http://www.mfnames.com/mnames/r/origin-and-meaning-of-ross.htm. abhigman tithi: 2009-01-05.
  16. Igor Katsev. "Origin and Meaning of Brittany". MFnames.com. http://www.mfnames.com/fnames/b/origin-and-meaning-of-brittany.htm. abhigman tithi: 2009-01-05.
  17. Mike Campbell. "Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Lorraine". Behind the Name. http://www.behindthename.com/name/lorraine. abhigman tithi: 2009-01-05.
  18. Mike Campbell. "Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Kofi". Behind the Name. http://www.behindthename.com/name/kofi. abhigman tithi: 2009-01-05.
  19. Igor Katsev. "Origin and Meaning of Natalie". MFnames.com. http://www.mfnames.com/fnames/n/origin-and-meaning-of-natalie.htm. abhigman tithi: 2009-01-05.
  20. Mike Campbell. "Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Sirvart". Behind the Name. http://www.behindthename.com/name/sirvart. abhigman tithi: 2009-01-05.
  21. Mike Campbell. "Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Mary". Behind the Name. http://www.behindthename.com/php/view.php?name=mary. abhigman tithi: 2008-07-21.
  22. paulish naam
  23. pichhle hajaar saalon mein England aur vels mein pratham naam lokapriyta
  24. vishleshanaatmak drushti: naam
  25. raashtreeya saankhyiki online
  26. a aa i lokapriya shishu naam, saamaajik suraksha prashaasan, sanyukt raajya America
27 saumil shaah, M.tech (ekeekrut) baayotek

baahari kadiyaaain

Wiktionary-logo-en.png
Appendix:Names ko vikshanari,
ek mukt shabdakosh mein dekhein.
Wiktionary-logo-en.png
Appendix:Most popular given names by country ko vikshanari,
ek mukt shabdakosh mein dekhein.
  • Wikisource-logo.svg "Christian Names". Catholic Encyclopedia. (1913). New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  • vishesh naam aavrutti pariyojana - England aur vels mein vishesh naamon ki deerghakaaleen parampara ka vishleshan. vishisht naamon ki pravruttiyon ka adhyayan karne mein ruchi rakhane vaale vyaktiyon ke liye daaunalod karne yogya naamon ke detaaset shaamil hain.
  • naamayaatri - poore itihaas mein sheersh 1000 ameriki bachchon ke naamon ki aavrutti ka jaava epalet soocheekaran.
  • ameriki janaganana bureau: naamon ki faailon ka vitran antim naamon ke saath-saath purush aur mahila vishisht naamon ki vishaal shreneekrut soochi.
  • lokapriya shishu naam - lokapriya ameriki shishu naamon ke liye saamaajik suraksha prashaasan prushth