praakrutik gas

praakrutik gas ka vishv ke vibhinn deshon mein utpaadan

praakrutik gas (Natural gas) kai gaison ka mishran hai jismein mukhyat: mithen hoti hai tatha 0-20% tak anya uchch hydrocarbon (jaise ithen) gaisein hoti hain. praakrutik gas indhan ka pramukh srot hai. yeh anya jeevaashm indhanon ke saath paayi jaati hai.

yeh karodon varsh purv dharati ke andar jamein huye mare huye jeevo ke sade gale padaarth se banti hai. yeh gaisiya avastha me paai jaati hai. saamaanyat yeh methen, ethen, propen, byuten, penten ka mishran hai, jisme mithen 80 se 90 % tak paayi jaati hai. iske atirikt kuch asudhdhiya bhi paayi jaati hai, jaise salfar, jal vaasp, aadi hote hai.

upayog

  1. khaad nirmaan me
  2. vidhut banaane me
  3. nagar gas vitran me
  4. gharelu ges upayog me
  5. vaahano ke indhaan ke rup me
  6. kaarakhaano me indhaan ke rup me

sabse praakrutik gas do tantr ke dvaara banaai gayi hai. 1- biogenic jaiv janit 2- thermogenic usma janit Biogenic gas daladal, bogs, landfills aur uthale talachhat mein methanogenic jeevon ke dvaara banaai gayi hai. thermogenic gas pruthvi mein gahari, adhik se adhik taapamaan aur dabaav mein dafan jaivik saamagri se banaaya jaata hai. isse pehle praakrutik gas indhan ke roop mein istemaal kiya ja sakta hai, yeh methane ki tulana mein lagbhag sabhi anya saamagri ko hataane ke (process) prasanskaran se gujarana chaahiye. us prasanskaran ke dvaara etain, propen, butanes, pentanes aur uchch aanvik vajan hydrocarbon, taatvik salfar, kaarban daaioksaaid, jal vaashp aur kabhi kabhi heeliym aur naaitrojan jaise utpaado ko hataate hai. praakrutik gas ko aksar anaupachaarik rup se bas gas ke roop mein jaana jaata hai, khaaskar jab tel ya koyale jaise anya oorja sroton ka jikr ho to. praakrutik gas 19 veen sadi mein, praakrutik gas aamtaur par tel utpaadan ka pratifl ke roop mein praapt hui thi, kyoki yeh usase chhote, halke gas kaarban shrrunkhala ke samaadhaan se baahar aati hai jaise kaarban daaioksaaid, soda ki ek botal kholne par dabaav me kami se baahar aa jaati hai. parantu avaanchhit praakrutik gas ka sakriya tel kshetr mein niptaan ek samasya thi, kyoki vahaaain sota (gas source well) ke paas praakrutik gas ke liye baajaar naheen tha to yaha ges lagbhag bekaar thi, kyonki ise ant upayogakarta ke liye pahunchaane me koi aarthik faayda nahi tha. 19 veen sadi aur 20 veen sadi mein, is tarah ke avaanchhit gas aamtaur par tel kshetron mein jala diya gaya tha. aaj, tel nishkarshan ke saath jude avaanchhit gas (ya ek baajaar ke bina 'asahaaya' gas) aksar 'injekshan' kuon ke saath jalaashaya (reservior) me vaapas bheji ja rahi hai, jo anya kuon se nikaasi ki dar mein vruddhi kar sakte hain repressurize. ek uchch praakrutik gas ki maang (jaise America ke roop mein mein) ke kshetron mein, paaipalaainon ka nirmaan kar rahe hain. jo ki kue wellsite se ant upabhokta tak gas chaal (gas pipeline) se bheji jaati hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain