pongal

pongal
aadhikaarik naam pongal
anuyaayi hindu, bhaarateeya, bhaarateeya pravaasi

pongal (tamil - பaaொaaஙaa்aaகaaலaa்) tamil hinduon ka ek pramukh tyohaar hai. yeh prati varsh 14-15 January ko manaaya jaata hai. iski tulana navaann se ki ja sakti hai jo fasal ki kataai ka utsav hota hai (shasyotsav). pongal ka tamil mein arth ufaan ya viplav hota hai. paaramparik roop se ye sampannata ko samarpit tyauhaar hai jismein samruddhi laane ke liye varsha, dhoop tatha khetihr maveshiyon ki aaraadhana ki jaati hai. is parv ka itihaas kam se kam 1000 saal puraana hai tatha ise tamilnaadu ke alaava desh ke anya bhaagon, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Mauritius, America, Canada, Singapore tatha anya kai sthaanon par rahane vaale tamilon dvaara utsaah se manaaya jaata hai. Tamil Nadu ke praay: sabhi sarkaari sansthaanon mein is din avakaash rahata hai.

anukram

sambandhit parv

14 January ka din uttar Bhaarat mein makar sankraanti ke naam se manaaya jaata hai jiska mahatva soorya ke makar rekha ki taraf prasthaan karne ko lekar hai. ise Gujarat tatha Maharashtra mein uttaraayan kehte hain, jabki yahi din aandhr pradesh, Kerala tatha Karnataka (ye teenon raajya tamil naadu se jude hain) mein sankraanti ke naam se manaaya jaata hai. Punjab mein ise lohadi ke naam se manaaya jaata hai.

dakshin Bhaarat ke Tamil Nadu raajya mein pongal ka tyauhaar soorya ke makar raashi mein pravesh ka svaagat kuchh alag hi andaaj mein kiya jaata hai. soorya ko ann dhan ka daata maan kar chaar dinon tak utsav maanaaya jaata hai aur unke prati krutajnyaata jnyaaapit kiya jaata hai. vishyaki gaharaai mein jaakar dekhein to yeh tyauhaar krushi evam fasal se sambandhit devataaonko samarpit hai.

naam

is tyauhaaraka naam pongal isliye hai kyonki is din soorya Dave ko jo prasaad arpit kiya jaata hai vah pogal kahalata hai. tamil bhaasha mein pongal ka ek anya arth niklata haiachhi tarah ubaalana. donon hi roop mein dekha jaae to baat nikal kar yeh aati hai kiachhi tarah ubaal kar soorya devata ko prasaad bhog lagaana. pongal ka mahatva isliye bhi hai kyoki yeh tamil maheene ki pehli taareekh ko aarambh hota hai.

chaar din ka parv

is parv ke mahatva ka andaaja is baat se bhi lagaaya ja sakta hai ki yeh chaar dinon tak chalta hai. har din ke pongal ka alag alag naam hota hai. yeh January se shuroo hota hai.

pehli pongal ko bhogi pongal kehte hain jo devaraaj indr ka samarpit hain. ise bhogi pongal isliye kehte hain kyonki devaraaj indr bhog vilaas mein mast rahanevaale devata maane jaate hain. is din sandhya samay mein log apne apne ghar sepuraane vastrakoode aadi laakar ek jagah ikattha karte hain aur use jalaate hain. yeh ishvar ke prati sammaan evam buraaiyon ke ant ki bhaavana ko darshaata hai. isaagni ke ird gird yuva raat bhar bhogi kottam bajaate hain jo bhais ki sing kaabana ek prakaar ka dhol hota hai.

doosareepongal ko soorya pongal kehte hain. yeh Bhagwan soorya ko nivedit hota hai. isadin pongal naamak ek vishesh prakaar ki kheer banaai jaati hai jo mitti ke bartanamein naye dhaan se taiyaar chaavalamoong daal aur gud se banti hai. pongal taiyaar honeke baad soorya Dave ki vishesh pooja ki jaati hai aur unhein prasaad roop mein yahapongal va ganna arpan kiya jaata hai aur fasal dene ke liye krutajnyaata vyakt keejaati hai. teesare pongal ko mattoo pogal kaha jaata hai.

tamil maanyataaon ke anusaar mattoo Bhagwan shankar kaabail hai jise ek bhool ke kaaran Bhagwan shankar ne pruthvi par rahakar maanav ke liyeann paida karne ke liye kaha aur tab se pruthvi par rahakar krushi kaarya mein maanavaki sahaayata kar raha hai. is din kisaan apne bailon ko snaan karaate hainunakesingon mein tel lagaate hain evam anya prakaar se bailon ko sajaate hai. baalon kosajaane ke baad unki pooja ki jaati hai. bail ke saath hi is din gaaya aur bachhadonki bhi pooja ki jaati hai. kahi kaheen log ise kenoo pongal ke naam se bhi jaanatehain jismein bahanein apne bhaaiyon ki khushahaali ke liye pooja karti hai aur bhaai apaneebahanon ko upahaar dete hain.

chaaradinon ke is tyauhaar ke antim din kanya pongal manaaya jaataahai jise tiroovalloor ke naam se bhi log pukaarate hain. is din ghar ko sajaayaajaata hai. aam ke palalv aur naariyl ke patte se darvaaje par toran banaaya jaataahai. mahilaaen is din ghar ke mukhya dvaara par kolam yaani rangoli banaati hain. isadin pongal bahut hi dhoom dhaam ke saath manaaya jaata hailog naye vastr pahanate haiaur doosare ke yahaan pongal aur mithaai vayana ke taur par bhejate hain. is pongal kedin hi bailon ki ladaai hoti hai jo kaafi prasiddh hai. raatri ke samay logasaamudik bho ka aayojan karte hain aur ek doosare ko mangalamaya varsh ki shubhakaamana dete hain.

baahari kadiyaaain