piyaara Singh gil

Piara Singh Gill
piyaara Singh gil
piyaara Singh gil
janm 28 October 1911
chela, jila Hoshiarpur, Punjab, british India
mrutyoo 23 March 2002 (aayu 90 varsh)
nivaas भारत Bhaarat
raashtreeyata bhaarateeya
kshetr naabhikeeya bhautiki
sansthaaeain Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
Atomic Energy Commission of India
Aligarh University
Punjab Agricultural University
University of Chicago
First Director of Central Scientific Instruments Organization (CSIO)
maatrusanstha University of Southern California
University of Chicago
dauktaret salaahakaar Arthur Compton
prasiddh kaarya unnat parmaanu brahmaandeeya kiran anusandhaan, vaigyaanik jinhonne mainahattan pariyojana mein kaam kiya tatha keindreeya vaigyaanik upakaran sangathan (CSIO) ke pratham nirdeshak the.

piyaara Singh gil ek mahaan bhaarateeya naabhikeeya bhautikshaastri the jo brahmaandeeya kiran naabhikeeya bhautiki mein agrani the. inhone America ki mainahattan pariyojana mein kaam kiya tha. isi pariyojana ne vishv ke pratham parmaanu bam aur iski takaneek ki khoj ki thi. vah keindreeya vaigyaanik - yantr sangathan (Bhaarat) me pehle nidreshak rahe. univraseeti auf chhikaago (1940) me adhyeta rahe. vah tata insatithyut auf fandmnatal risrch (1947) me anusandhaan profesaraship ke saathi rahe aur parmaanu oorja aayog nai Delhi ke saath kaam kiya. unhone apanein vaigyaanik jeevan mein vibhinn snsthaanon mein kaayru karke Bhaarat ke vaigyaanik kaayrukramon ko gati pradaan ki. 1950-1960 me gil, Bhaarat ki parmaanu hathiyaar rananeeti me neharu ji ke salhaakaar rah chuke hai. Robert oppenheimer gil ke sahayogi aur dost the, menahetan projt me saath kaam kiya.

anukram

vyaktigat jeevan

Dr gil ka janm 28 aktobar 1911 ko Hoshiarpur jile (Punjab mein) ke chela naamak ek chhote se gaav me hua tha. unke pita shri basnt Singh tatha maata shreemati prataap Kaur thi. unka parivaar aadhunik sukhasuvidhaaon se sampann tha. unke badein bhaai ka naam sardaar hareesinh "khaanda" tha, jo raashtreeya aandolan ki gatividhiyon ko sanchaalit karte the. vah neharu ji ke kharib dost the jo unke vaigyaanik safalta se prabhaavit the.

shiksha va adhyayan

Dr gil ne apni praarambhik shiksha apne gaanv se teen meal dur sthit kot fatuhi ke praathamik vighyaalaya mein praapt ki. paanchavi tak is vighyaalaya mein padhane ke baad unhone naadalon ke aar di haai school mein chhathi kaksha pravesh liya aur naveen kaksha tak vaheen padhate rahe. kintu maitrik ki pareeksha unhone mahipaalapur ke khaalasa haai school se utteenr ki. 1928 mein unhone haai school ki pareeksha paas ki aur apni padhaai jaari rakhane ke liye panaama chale gaye, vahaan se unhein aage sanyukt raajya America jaana tha. sanyukt raajya America ke vishvavighyaalya mein pravesh ke liye unhein aage payraapt dhan ki aavashyakta thi at: unhone panaama mein ek vashr tak athak parishram kar kaafi dhan ekatrit kiya. vah apne uhdeshya mein kamrasheel rahe tatha unhein kailifoniya vishvavighyaalaya mein pravesh mil gaya. kailifoniya ke baad gil ne 1930 mein fraansiskon ki or prasthaan kiya. unhonne ganit ke sudhaar ke liye roojavelt haai school mein pravesh liya.

gulamagru mein sabse kausmik kirnon ki pehli prayogashaala ki sthaapana

1950 mein American filausifikl society ne unhe apne yahaan aamantreet kiya, jaha unhone baatol rischru foundation ke nideshak svrugeeya ef dabloo ji svapn ko shodh kaayo mein sahayog diya.


sansthaaon ki sadasyata va feloship

desh ko kausmik kiran anusndaan mein pehchaan dilaane vaale Dr gil ko kai sansthaanon ne apna sadasya banaaya. vah 1945 mein bhaarateeya raashtriya sansthaan ke felo bane. unhone bhaarateeya vigyaan sansthaan mein 4 vashru tak videsh sachiv ke rup mein kaayru kiya. Dr gil 1946 mein bhaarateeya vigyaan Congress ke bhautik vigyaan ke adhyaksh bane. unhone do vashru tak bhaarateeya raashtreeya vigyaan academy tatha bhaarateeya bhautiki society ki adhyakshata bhi ki. unhein saaha Institute of nyukliyr fijiks ke prashaasan mndl va bhaarateeya vigyaan vikaas parishad ki kaayrukaarini ki sadasyata bhi pradaan ki gayi. vah bhaarateeya bhautiki society, Punjab vishvavighyaalaya, raashtreeya vigyaan academy ke felo bhi rahe. Dr gil ko America ki sigma eleven tatha American fijikl society ne bhi apna felo banaakar sammaanit kiya.