pitru diwas

Father's Day
manaane vaale Many countries
prakaar Historical
tithi Varies regionally
sanbandhit Mother's Day, Parents' Day, Children's Day

faadars de pitaaon ke sammaan mein ek vyaapak roop se manaaya jaane wala parv hain jisme pitrutv (faadarahud), pitrutv-bandhan tatha samaaj mein pitaaon ke prabhaav ko samaaroh poorvak manaaya jaata hai. anek deshon mein ise June ke teesare ravivaar, tatha baaki deshon mein anya din manaaya jaata hai. yeh maata ke sammaan hetu manaaye jaane vaale madars de(maatru-diwas) ka poorak hai.

anukram

itihaas

faadars de ki shuruaat beesaveen sadi ke praarambh mein pitaadharm tatha purushon dvaara paravarish ka sammaan karne ke liye maatru-diwas ke poorak utsav ke roop mein hui. yeh hamaare poorvajon ki smruti aur unke sammaan mein bhi manaaya jaata hai. faadars de ko vishv mein vibhin taareekhon par manaate hai - jismein upahaar dena, pita ke liye vishesh bhoj evam paarivaarik gatividhiyaaain shaamil hain. aam dhaarana ke vipreet, vaastav mein faadars de sabse pehle pashchim varjeeniya ke feyaramont mein 5 July 1908 ko manaaya gaya tha. kai maheene pehle 6 December 1907 ko monongaah, pashchim varjeeniya mein ek Khan durghatana mein maare gaye 210 pitaaon ke sammaan mein is vishesh diwas ka aayojan shreemati gres golden kletan ne kiya tha. pratham faadars de church aaj bhi sentral United methodist church ke naam se feyaramont mein maujood hai.[1]

galat soochanaaon tatha pashchim varjeeniya dvaara pehle faadars de ko chhutti ke roop mein darj naheen karne ke kaaran kai anya sootr yeh maanate hain ki pratham faadars de spokaane, Washington ke sonora smart dod ke prayaason se do varsh baad 19 June 1910 ko aayojit kiya gaya tha. 1909 mein spokaane ke central methodist episkopal church ke bishp dvaara haal hi mein maanyata praapt madars de par diye gaye ek dharmaupadesh ko sunane ke baad, dod ko laga ki pitaadharm ko bhi avashya maanyata milni chaahiye.[2] ve apne pita William smart jaise anya pitaaon ke sammaan mein utsav aayojit karna chaahati theen, jo ek sevaanivrutt sainik the tatha jinhonne chhathe bachche ke janm ke samay, jab sonora 16 varsh ki thi, apni patni ki mrutyu ke baad apne parivaar ki akele paravarish ki thi,[3]

agale varsh old sentenari presbiteriyn church (ab nauks presbiteriyn church) ke paadari Dr konaraad bluhm ki sahaayata se sonora is vichaar ko spokaane vaayaemaseee ke paas le gayi. spokaane vaayaemaseee tatha ministeeriyl alaayans ne dod ke is vichaar ka samarthan kiya aur 1910 mein pratham faadars de mana kar iska prachaar kiya. sonora ne sujhaav diya ki unke pita ka janmadin, 5 June ko sabhi pitaaon ke sammaan ke liye tay kar diya jaaye. choonki paadari iski taiyaari ke liye kuchh aur vakt chaahate the isaliye 19 June 1910 ko vaayaemaseee ke yuva sadasya gulaab ka fool laga kar church gaye, laal gulaab jeevit pita ke sammaan mein aur safed gulaab mrutak pita ke sammaan mein.[3] dod ghoda-gaadi mein baithakar poore shahar mein ghoomeen aur beemaari ke kaaran gharon mein rah gaye pitaaon ko upahaar baante.[3]

ise aadhikaarik chhutti banaane mein kai saal lag gaye. vaayaemaseee, vaayadablooseee tatha church ke samarthan ke baavajood faadars de ke calendar se gaayab hone ka dar bana raha.[4] jahaan madars de ko utsaah ke saath manaaya jaata vaheen faadars de ki hainsi udaai jaati.[4] dheere-dheere chhutti ko samarthan mila lekin galat kaaranon ke liye. yeh sthaaneeya akhbaar ke chutakulon sahit vyangya, pairodi tatha upahaas ka paatr ban gaya.[4] bahut se logon ne ise calendar ko vichaaraheen protsaahan se bharne ke pehle kadam ke roop mein dekha.[4]

chhutti ko raashtreeya maanyata dene ke liye san 1913 mein ek bill Congress mein pesh kiya gaya.[5] san 1916 mein, raashtrapati vudaro Wilson ek faadars de samaaroh mein bhaashan dene spokaane gaye to ve ise aadhikaarik banaana chaahate the kintu iske vyaavasaayeekaran ke dar se kaaaingres ne iska virodh kiya.[3] ameriki raashtrapati kailvin koolij ne 1924 mein sifaarish ki ki yeh diwas poore raashtra dvaara manaaya jaaye kintu iski raashtreeya ghoshana ko rok diya. is chhutti ko aupachaarik maanyata dilaane ke do prayaason ko kaaaingres thukara chuki thi.[6] 1957 mein, main senator maargret chej smith ne kaaaingres par maata-pita mein se pita ko akela chhod kar, sirf maataaon ka sammaan karke 40 saal tak pita ki anadekhi karne ka aarop lagaate hue ek prastaav likha.[6] 1966 mein, raashtrapati lindan Johnson ne pratham raashtrapateeya ghoshana jaari kar June maheene ke teesare ravivaar ko pitaaon ke sammaan mein, faadars de ke roop mein tay kiya.[3] chhah saal baad 1972 mein vah din aaya jab raashtrapati richrd Nixon ne is kaanoon par hastaakshar kiye aur yeh ek sthaayi raashtreeya chhutti bana.[3][6]

2010 mein, 'faadars de' ki smruti mein spokaane mein 'faadars de' shataabdi samaaroh [2] ek maheene tak chala.

faadars de ke alaava, kai deshon mein 19 November ko antarraashtreeya purush diwas manaaya jaata hai, aise purushon aur ladkon ke sammaan mein jo pita naheen hain.

vyaavasaayeekaran

1930 ke dashak mein associated mens viyr ritelars ne New York shahar mein raashtreeya faadars de samiti banaai, jiska 1938 mein naam badal kar faadars de ke protsaahan ke liye raashtreeya parishad rakh diya gaya tatha kai anya vyaapaarik samooh gathit kiye gaye.[7] is parishad ka uddeshya tha logon ke dimaag mein is chhutti ko vaidhata dilaana tatha chhutti ke din bikri badhaane ke liye ek vyaavasaayik kaaryakram ki tarah is chhutti ko badhaava dena.[7] is parishad ko hamesha dod ka samarthan mila, jinko chhutti ke vyaavasaayeekaran se koi samasya naheen thi tatha unhonne upahaaron ki raashi badhaane ke liye anek pretsaahanon ka samarthan kiya.[8] is pahaloo se dod ko enna jaaravis ke ulat maana ja sakta hai jinhonne madars de ke sabhi tarah ke vyavasaayeekaran ka virodh kiya tha.[8]

vyaapaariyon ne chhutti par nakal tatha vyangya karne ki pravrutti ko badhaava de kar pitaaon ke liye upahaar sambandhi vijnyaaapanon par hi chhutti ka majaak udaaya.[9] vyaavasaayik dikhaave ko samajhte hue bhi log upahaar khareedne ke liye majaboor hue tatha us diwas par upahaar dene ka rivaaj uttarottar adhik sveekaarya hota gaya.[9] 1937 mein faadars de parishad ne ganana ki ki is din chhah mein se keval ek pita ko hi upahaar milta tha.[9] haalaanki, 1980 ka dashak aate-aate parishad ne ghoshana ki ki unhonne apne lakshya praapt kar liye hain- ek din ka yeh kaaryakram, ek "doosare christmas" ke roop mein teen saptaah ke vyaavasaayik kaaryakram mein badal chuka tha.[9] iske kaaryakaari nideshak ne 1949 mein kaha tha ki parishad evam use samarthan dene vaale samoohon ke samanvit prayaason ke bina yeh chhutti gaayab ho gayi hoti.[9]

vartani

haalaanki is kaaryakram ka naam aamtaur par ek bahuvachan (arthaat "pitaaon se sambandhit din") ke roop mein samjha jaata hai, saamaanyat: jiski vartani ko "Fathers' Day" hona chaahiye lekin sarvaadhik prachalit vartani "Father's Day" hai, maano yeh ek vachan (arthaat- "pita se sambandhit din") ho. sanyukt raajya America mein dod ne chhutti ke liye apne mool praarthana-patra mein "Fathers' Day" vartani ka prayog kiya tha,[2] kintu vartani "Father's Day" 1913 se hi prachalit thi jab chhutti ko sthaapit karne ke pratham prayaas ke roop mein ameriki Congress mein pehli baar bill pesh kiya gaya tha[5] tatha yahi vartani 2008 tak chalti rahi jab ameriki kaaaingres dvaara iske janak ka sammaan kiya gaya.[10]

duniya bhar ki tithiyaan

faadars de ki aadhikaarik taur par maanyata praapt tithi alag alag desh mein alag alag hai. is hisse mein kuchh mahatvapoorn udaaharan diye ja rahe hain, tithi ke kram ke anusaar.

gregoriyn calendar
paribhaasha saimpal tithiyaaain desh
6 January सर्बिया Serbia ("petaris")*
23 fravari रूस roos (father land de ka pratirkshak)
19 March अंडोरा endorra (diya Dale per)
बोलिविया boleeviya
हौण्डुरस honduras[11]
इटली Italy (festa Dale paapa)
लिक्टेन्स्टाइन likteinsteen
पुर्तगाल Portugal(diya doo pai)
स्पेन Spain (diya Dale pedre, diya Dale pere, diya doo pai)
saaaincha:desh aaainkade Antwerp entavarp (Belgium)
May ka doosra ravivaar May saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2015
May saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2016
May saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2017
रोमानिया romaaniya[12] (jiyoo taataalui - Ziua Tatăalui)
8 May दक्षिण कोरिया dakshin Korea (paireints de)
May ka teesara ravivaar May saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2015
May saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2016
May saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2017
टोंगा tonga
aseinshan diwas 21 May 2009
13 May 2010
जर्मनी Germany
June ka pehla ravivaar June saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2015
June saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2016
June saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2017
June saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2018
लिथुआनिया lithuaaniya (tevo diaana)
5 June डेनमार्क Denmark[13] (samvidhaan diwas bhi)
June ka doosra ravivaar June saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2015
June saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2016
June saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2017
ऑस्ट्रिया ostriya
बेल्जियम Belgium
June ka teesara ravivaar June saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2015
June saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2016
June saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2017
June saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2018
अफ़्गानिस्तान Afghanistan
एन्टीगुआ एवं बारबुदा enteeguaa
अर्जेण्टीना Argentina[14]
बहामास bahaama
बहरीन bahareen
बांग्लादेश Bangladesh
बारबाडोस baarabaados
बेलीज़ beleej
बरमूडा baramooda
saaaincha:desh aaainkade Brunei Darussalam brunei daarusalaam
बुल्गारिया bulgaariya
कनाडा Canada
चिली chili
चीनी जनवादी गणराज्य people's ripblik of China
कोलोंबिया kolambiya
कोस्टा रीका kosta rika[15]
क्यूबा kyooba[16]
साइप्रस saaipras
चेक गणराज्य check ripblik
ईक्वाडोर ikvaador
saaaincha:desh aaainkade Ethiopia ithiyopiya
फ़्रान्स France
saaaincha:desh aaainkade Ghana Ghana
यूनान grees
गयाना guyaana
हैती haiti[17]
saaaincha:desh aaainkade Hong Kong Hongkong
हंगरी Hungary
भारत Bhaarat
आयरलैण्ड गणतंत्र Ireland
जमैका jamaika
जापान Japan
मलेशिया Malaysia
saaaincha:desh aaainkade Malta maalta
saaaincha:desh aaainkade Mauritius Mauritius
मेक्सिको maiksiko[18]
म्यान्मार barma
saaaincha:desh aaainkade Namibia naameebiya
नीदरलैंड needaralainds
saaaincha:desh aaainkade Nigeria Nigeria
पाकिस्तान Pakistan
पनामा panaama[19]
saaaincha:desh aaainkade Paraguay paaraague
पेरू peroo[20]
फ़िलीपीन्स fileepeens[21]
saaaincha:desh aaainkade Puerto Rico pyarto riko
saaaincha:desh aaainkade Saint Lucia seint loosiya
saaaincha:desh aaainkade Saint Vincent and the Grenadines seint vinseint aur grenejiyns
सिंगापुर Singapore
स्लोवाकिया Slovakia
दक्षिण अफ़्रीका dakshin Africa
श्रीलंका Sri Lanka
स्विट्ज़रलैंड Switzerland
त्रिनिदाद एवं टोबेगो Trinidad aur Tobago
तुर्की Turkey
यूनाइटेड किंगडम United Kingdom
संयुक्त राज्य sanyukt raajya America
वेनेजुएला Venezuela
saaaincha:desh aaainkade Zambia jaambiya
ज़िम्बाब्वे Zimbabwe
17 June अल साल्वाडोर al saalvaador[22] ग्वाटेमाला gvaatemaala[23]
21 June मिस्र misr लेबनान Lebanon saaaincha:desh aaainkade Jordan jaurdan सीरिया Syria saaaincha:desh aaainkade Uganda yugaanda
23 June निकारागुआ nikaaraaguaa पोलैंड Poland
July ka doosra ravivaar July saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2015
July saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2016
July saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2017
उरुग्वे urugve
July ka aakhri ravivaar 26 July 2009
25 July 2010
डोमिनिकन गणराज्य dominikn ripblik
August ka doosra ravivaar August saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2015
August saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2016
August saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2017
ब्राज़ील Brazil
समोआ samoaa
8 August चीनी ताइपे taaivaan
September ka pehla ravivaar sitmbar saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2015
sitmbar saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2016
sitmbar saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2017
ऑस्ट्रेलिया Australia
फ़िजी fiji
न्यूज़ीलैंड New Zealand
पापुआ न्यू गिनी paapuaa new gini
September ka teesara ravivaar sitmbar saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2015
sitmbar saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2016
sitmbar saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2017
sitmbar saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2018
युक्रेन Ukraine
buvaako mukh herne din

buvaako mukh herne din (kushe aunshi)

20 August 2009 नेपाल Nepal[24]
October ka pehla ravivaar Octobersaaaincha:Weekday in month, 2015
October saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2016
October saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2017
लक्ज़मबर्ग lakjmabarg
November ka doosra ravivaar November saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2015
November saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2016
November saaaincha:Weekday in month, 2017
saaaincha:desh aaainkade Estonia estoniya
फिनलैंड Finland
आइसलैण्ड aaisalaind
नॉर्वे Norway
स्वीडन sveedan
5 December थाईलैण्ड Thailand
26 December बुल्गारिया bulgaariya
islaam calendar
paribhaasha saimpal tithiyaaain desh
13 rajjab 18 June 2008 ईरान Iran[25][26] पाकिस्तान Pakistan

* roos mein aadhikaarik taur par is chhutti ke din roos ki sashastr senaaon mein kaaryarat athva kaarya kar chuke stri-purushon ka sammaan kiya jaata tha. lekin paaramparik taur se sabhi pitaaon tatha vayask putron dvaara raashtreeya star par badhaaiyaaain sveekaar ki jaati hain.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
** cheen mein 1949 se poorv ke ganatantr ke samay mein 8 August 1945 ko pehla 'faadars de' Shanghai mein aayojit kiya gaya tha.

antararaashtreeya itihaas aur paranparaayein

kuchh Catholic deshon mein ise seint Joseph ki daavat vaale din manaaya jaata hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

Argentina

Argentina mein June ke teesare ravivaar ko 'faadars de' manaaya jaata hai, lekin ise badal kar 24 August karne ke anek prayaas hote rahe hain jis din raashtrapita jos de sain Martin pita bane the.[14]

1953 mein meindoja praant ke schoolon ke mahaanideshaalaya mein yeh prastaav rakha gaya ki 24 August ko sabhi shaikshanik pratishthaanon mein 'faadars de' manaaya jaaye. is diwas ko pehli baar 1958 mein June ke teesare ravivaar ko manaaya gaya lekin kai samoohon ke dabaav ke kaaran ise school calendar mein shaamil naheen kiya gaya.[27]

meindoja praant ke schoolon ne 24 August ko 'faadars de' manaana jaari rakha aur 1982 mein praanteeya Governor ne is din praant mein 'faadars de' manaane ka kaanoon jaari kiya.[27]

2004 mein, tithi ko ekeekrut pariyojana ke roop mein 24 August karne ke liye anek prastaav 'arjeintaain camera de diputaados' ke saamane rakhe gaye.[27] manjoor hone par pariyojana ko Argentina ki senate ke paas antim sameeksha tatha manjoori ke liye bheja gaya. senate ne nai taareekh ko badal kar August ka teesara ravivaar kar ke manjoori ke liye prastut kiya. haalaanki, is pariyojana par senate ke satr mein vichaar hi naheen hua jiske kaaran yeh pariyojana asafal ho gayi.[28]

Australia

Australia mein, 'faadars de' sitmbar ke pehle ravivaar ko manaaya jaata hai aur is din saarvajanik avakaash naheen hota.

kostaarika

kostaarika mein yoonidaad social kristiaana party ne is utsav ka din June ke teesare ravivaar ko badal kar saint Joseph ke din, 19 March karne ke liye ek bill prastut kiya.[29] aisa seint Joseph (jinhonne kostaarika ki rajdhani ko sain jos naam diya tha) ko shraddhaanjali dene ke liye kiya gaya taaki parivaaron ke mukhiya seint Joseph ki daavat ke saath-saath 'faadars de' bhi manaaya ja sake.[15] aadhikaarik tithi abhi bhi June ka teesara ravivaar hai.

Denmark

Denmark mein, 'faadars de' 5 June ko manaaya jaata hai.[13] us din samvidhaan diwas bhi hai jis par saarvajanik avakaash rahata hai.

Germany

herenateg par haaiking/drinking tour

Germany mein, 'faadars de' (vetarataag) duniya ke anya bhaagon se alag dhang se manaaya jaata hai.[30][31] yeh hamesha eseinshan diwas (istar ke chaalees din baad aane vaale guruvaar) ko manaaya jaata hai jo ki ek sangheeya chhutti hai. kshetreeya roop se yeh din purush diwas (mainarataag) ya sajjan diwas, (herenataag) bhi kahalaata hai. paranparaanusaar keval purush haath se kheenchi jaane waali ek ya adhik gaadiyon (bolaravaigan) mein lambi paidal yaatra par jaate hain. in gaadiyon mein ilaake ke anusaar vaain ya biyr tatha paaramparik kshetreeya bhojan, haausamensakost jismein saumaajen, livravurst, blutvurst, sabjiyaaain, ande aadi rakhe jaate hain. kai purush is chhutti ka upayog khoob peene ke liye karte hain. aam taur par piye hue logon ke samoohon ko poore din sadkon par ghoomate hue dekha ja sakta hai.[30] in paranparaaon ki jad sanbhavat: 'krishchiyn esenshan diwas' ke kheton ki or jaate hue juloos mein hai,[32][33] inmein se kuchh ki sharaab peene ki parampara to 17veen shataabdi se hai.[32] shahari kshetr, visheshakar barlin ki galiyon mein 19veen shataabdi se jeintalamain paartiyaaain hoti rahi hain jinmein mahilaaon ko shaamil naheen kiya jaata tatha sharaab pi jaati hai.[32] haalaanki, kuchh pita apne parivaaron ke saath din vyateet karte hain aur nasha karna pasand naheen karte.[32][33]

hindu parampara

hindu parampara vaale deshon mein pashchim se prerit 'faadars de' ko pittaron ki maujooda hindu pooja ke roop mein August ke ant mein ya sitmbar ke praarambh mein amaavasya ko manaaya jaata hai. aisa hindu baahulya vaale Bhaarat tatha Nepal mein prachalit hai.[24]

Japan

Japan mein 'faadars de' June ke teesare ravivaar ko manaaya jaata hai aur ek saarvajanik avakaash naheen hai.

seshels

seshels mein 'faadars de' 16 June ko manaaya jaata hai aur ek saarvajanik avakaash naheen hai.

Nepal

Nepal mein hindu log August ke ant mein ya sitmbar ke praarambh mein gokarn onsi ('faadars de') par pittaron ki pooja karte hain.[34] ise 'bubaako mukh herane din ' (pita ke chehare ki or dekhna) ke roop mein bhi jaana jaata hai.[24][35] amaavasya ke din log kaathamaandoo ke upanagar gokarn sthit gokarneshvar mahaadev ke Shiv mandir jaate hain.[34]

Nepal mein pehle se maujood hindu utsav ko dhyaan mein rakhate hue pashchim prerit 'faadars de' ki taareekh 23 August tay kar di gayi hai.

New Zealand

New Zealand mein 'faadars de' sitmbar ke pehle ravivaar ko manaaya jaata hai aur ek saarvajanik avakaash naheen hai.

filipins

fileepeens mein 'faadars de' ko sarkaari avakaash naheen hota hai, lekin ise vyaapak roop se June ke teesare ravivaar ko manaaya jaata hai. 1960 tatha 1970 ke dashak mein paida hue adhikaansh fileepeenavaasi 'faadars de' ko naheen manaate hain, lekin ameriki aupaniveshik neetiyon ke prabhaav mein hone ke kaaran yeh sambhav hai ki fileepeenavaasi is parampara ko tatha anya ameriki chhuttiyaaain ko manaaen. Internet ka aagaman bhi fileepeenavaasiyon ko yeh chhutti manaane ke liye badhaava dene mein madad karega.

roman Catholic parampara

roman Catholic parampara mein pitru utsav 19 March ko seint Joseph diwas, jise aamtaur par 'seint Joseph ki daavat' kaha jaata hai, par manaaya jaata hai. haalaanki kuchh deshon mein 'faadars de' ek dharm nirpeksh utsav ban gaya hai.[36] Catholic logon ke liye yeh aam hai ki ve 'faadars de' par apne aadhyaatmik pita, paadari ka sammaan karein.[37]

romaaniya

2010 ki shuruaat ke saath romaaniya mein 'faadars de' May ke doosare ravivaar ko manaaya jaata hai aur ise aadhikaarik taur par raajya dvaara maanyata praapt hai. Europeeya sangh ke 27 raajyon mein se yahi ek raajya tha jahaaain 'faadars de' ko aadhikaarik taur par naheen manaaya jaata tha. pita ke saath bhedabhaav ke khilaaf ladne vaale gathabandhan (tata) ke prayaason ke parinaamasvaroop kaanoon 319 /2009 paarit hua.[12]

Singapore

Singapore mein 'faadars de' June ke teesare ravivaar ko manaaya jaata hai lekin ek saarvajanik avakaash naheen hai.

taaivaan

taaivaan mein 'faadars de' ek sarkaari avakaash naheen hai, lekin vyaapak roop se saal ke aathavein maheene ke aathavein din, 8 August ko manaaya jaata hai. mandaarin cheeni mein sankhya 8 ka uchchaaran ba () hai. yeh uchchaaran akshar "爸" "bà" se milta hai jiska arth hai paapa ya pita. isliye taaivaani log 8 August ko aamtaur par "Baba diwas" kehte hain.

Thailand

Thailand mein 'faadars de' raaja ke janmadin ke roop mein manaaya jaata hai. vartamaan raaja bhoomibol adulyaadej (Ram IX) ka janmadin 5 December ko hai. thai log apne pita ya daada ko bhang fool (dok put ta ruk sa), jo ek mardaana fool maana jaata hai, bheint kar ke utsav manaate hain. thai log is din raaja ke prati sammaan dikhaane ke liye peele rang ke vastr pahanate hain, kyonki peela rang somvaar ka rang hai, jis din raaja bhoomibol adulyaadej ka janm hua tha.

pradhaanamantri prem tinsoolaanonda dvaara Thailand ke shaahi parivaar ko badhaava dene ke ek abhiyaan se 1980 ke dashak mein pehli baar ise desh bhar mein lokapriyta praapt hui. 'madars de' raani sireekit ke janm din,[38] 12 August ko manaaya jaata hai.

United Kingdom

Britain mein 'faadars de' June ke teesare ravivaar ko manaaya jaata hai.[39]

sanyukt raajya America

America mein, 'faadars de' June ke teesare ravivaar ko manaaya jaata hai. pehli baar yeh utsav 19 June 1910 ko spokaane, Washington mein manaaya gaya.[40] feyaramont tatha krestan mein pitaaon ka sammaan karne ke liye anya utsav aayojit kiye jaate rahe hain lekin is aadhunik chhutti ka janm unase naheen hua hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

aadhunik 'faadars de' ki shuruaat krestan, Washington mein janmi sonora smart dod ne ki thi tatha unheen ki prerana se yeh sthaapit hua. unke pita, civil yuddh ke sevaanivrutt William Jackson smart ne akele spokaane, Washington mein apne 6 bachchon ki paravarish ki thi.[2] vah enna jaarvis ke 'madars de' ki sthaapana ke prayaason se prerit hui thi. haalaanki unhonne shuroo mein apne pita ke janm din 5 June ka sujhaav diya tha, kintu vah aayojakon ko vyavastha karne ke liye paryaapt samay naheen de saki isaliye utsav ko June ke teesare ravivaar tak khiska diya gaya. pehli baar, 'faadars de' 19 June 1910 ko spokaane, Washington ke spokaane vaayaemaseee mein manaaya gaya.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

William jenings Brian jaisi hastiyon se milne wala anaupachaarik samarthan taatkaalik aur vyaapak tha. 1916 mein raashtrapati voodro Wilson ka unke parivaar dvaara vyaktigat roop se utsavapoorvak sammaan kiya gaya tha. 1924 mein raashtrapati kailvin koolij ne iske liye raashtreeya avakaash ki sifaarish ki. 1966 mein, raashtrapati lindan Johnson ne June ke teesare ravivaar ko manaaye jaane vaale 'faadars de' ko ek chhutti ka din bana diya. richrd Nixon ke raashtrapatitv kaal mein 1972 tak is chhutti ko aadhikaarik taur par maanyata naheen mili thi.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

haal ke varshon mein, khudara vikretaaon ne greeting card tatha paaramparik roop se purushochit upahaaron jaise electronics aur upakaranon ko badhaava dekar apne ko chhutti ke liye anukoolit kar liya hai. schoolon mein aur bachchon ke anya kaaryakramon mein 'faadars de' ke liye upahaar taiyaar kiye jaate hain.

sanyukt raajya America mein 'faadars de' ki tulana mein 'madars de' par adhik phone call kiye jaate hain kintu 'faadars de' par collect calls ka pratishat bahut ooaincha hai, jisse yeh din collect calls ke liye varsh ka vyastatam din ban gaya hai.[41][42] iske alaava, 'madars de' aur 'faadars de' donon par calls ki avadhi lambi hoti hai.[41]

'faadars de' par 'madars de' ki tulana mein phone calls, greeting card tatha upahaaron ki sankhya kam hoti hai. yeh anumaan hai ki aisa sirf pita vaale gharon ki tulana mein sirf maataaon vaale gharon ki sankhya adhik hone, gharon ke avaitanik kaaryon mein maataaon ki bhoomika adhik hone tatha vibhinn vyaktigat ya saamaajik apekshaaon ke kaaran hota hai.[42]

ameriki companiyon (vishesh roop se kar aur lekha farmon) ki yeh parampara bhi sarvavidit hai ki 'faadars de' se pehle shukravaar ko ve apne karmachaariyon ko anaupachaarik kapde pahanane ki anumati deti hain.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

poorvapad

'faadars de' ka pehla aadhunik utsav 5 July 1908 ko feyaramont, pashchim varjeeniya mein Williams memoriyl methodist episkopal church dakshin (jise ab sentral United methodist church ke roop mein jaana jaata hai) mein aayojit kiya gaya tha. paas mein monongaah mein December 1907 mein hui monongaah Khan durghatana mein 361 purush maare gaye the jin mein se 250 pita the. unke peechhe hajaaron bachche anaath ho gaye the. kletan unheen ka shok mana rahe the. kletan ne apne paadari Robert Thomas web ko sujhaav diya ki un sabhi pitaaon ka sammaan hona chaahiye.[43][44][45] gres golden kletan ne apne pita methodist paadari Fletcher golden ke janm din ke najadeek vaale ravivaar ko chuna.

is utsav ka feyaramont ke baahar koi prabhaav naheen pada jiske kai kaaran the, jaise shahar mein anya ghatnaaon ki bharamaar thi, shahar ke baahar is utsav ko badhaava naheen diya gaya tatha city kaaunsil mein koi ghoshana naheen ki gayi. is ghatna ko do anya ghatnaaon ne bhi feeka kar diya tha. 4 July 1908 ko svatantrata diwas manaaya gaya jismein 12000 logon ne bhaag liya tatha garm hava ke gubbaare sahit kai sho hue jinki surkhiyaaain aane vaale dinon mein akhbaaron mein chhaai rahi aur 4 July ko ek 16 varsheeya ladki ki maut ho gayi. sthaaneeya church aur parishad abhibhoot the aur unhonne is utsav ko badhaava dene ke liye socha bhi naheen aur uske baad ise kai varshon tak naheen manaaya gaya. mool dharmopadesh press mein naheen chhapa tha aur log ise bhool gaye. ant mein yeh hua ki shaant vyaktitv waali kletan ne is parv ko badhaava naheen diya, yahaaain tak ki kisi se is ke baare mein baat tak naheen ki.[43][44][45]

do maheene pehle, feyaramont se 15 meal (24 kimi) door pashchim varjeeniya ke nagar graaftan mein jaarvis ne apni svargavaasi maaain ki yaad mein 'madars de' manaaya tha. ho sakta hai kletan enna jaarvis ke 'madars de' ki sthaapana hetu kiye gaye prayaason se prerit hui hon.[43]

inhein bhi dekhein

luaa truti package.lua mein pankti 80 par: module 'Module:Portal/images/h' not found.

  • baal diwas
  • antararaashtreeya purush diwas
  • madars de
  • raashtreeya daada daadi diwas (graandapaireints de)

sandarbh

  1. [1]
  2. a aa i leigh, 1997, pi. 276.
  3. a aa i E u oo "Father's Day -- The un-Spokane history of Father's Day", Daily American, 2007-06-13, http://www.dailyamerican.com/articles/2007/06/13/national_news/n_news794.txt
  4. a aa i E leigh, 1997, 246, 279-281 .
  5. a aa "Father to have his day". The New York Times. 1913-10-03. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9A0DE1DF133FE633A25750C0A9669D946296D6CF. "(...) a bill providing that "The first Sunday in June in each and every year hereafter be designated as Father's Day (...)""
  6. a aa i "Father Finally Granted A Day", Nashua Telegraph, part of The Telegraph, 1977-06-18, http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2209&dat=19770618&id=c6orAAAAIBAJ&sjid=Mv0FAAAAIBAJ&pg=6971,3560760
  7. a aa leigh, 1997, pi. 246, 286, 288-289 .
  8. a aa leigh, 1997, pi. 289, 355 (not 111).
  9. a aa i E u leigh, 1997, pi. 284-289.
  10. "H. RES. 1274. Commending Sonora Smart Dodd for her contribution in recognizing the importance of Father's Day and recognizing the important role fathers play in our families.". Library of Congress. 2008-06-12. http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c110:H.+Res.+1274:.
  11. "Se instituye el Díaa del Padre, Decreto Núamero 13". 1960-02-09. http://web.archive.org/web/20070809095817/http://www.honduraseducacional.com/Leyes/decretos.htm#SE_INSTITUYE_EL_DIA_DEL_PADRE_. abhigman tithi: 2008-07-19. (Spanish)
  12. a aa "Romania Celebrates Fathers' Day On Second Sunday Of May". Bucharest: mediafax.ro. May 4, 2010. http://www.mediafax.ro/english/romania-celebrates-fathers-day-on-second-sunday-of-may-6088334.
  13. a aa "Fars Dag" (Danish mein). Dansk Historisk Fæallesråad. http://www.historie-online.dk/special/farsdag/. abhigman tithi: June 20, 2010.
  14. a aa "Argentina, el origen del Díaa del Padre, ayer Google en españaaol lo tuvo en su Portal". 2008-06-16. http://www.diariocritico.com/mexico/2008/Junio/noticias/49169/argentina-el-origen-del-dia-del-padre-ayer-google-en-espanol-lo-tuvo-en-su-portal.html. abhigman tithi: 2008-07-12.
  15. a aa "Presentan en Costa Rica proyecto de ley para celebrar díaa del padre el díaa de San José". ACI Prensa. 2005-05-26. http://www.aciprensa.com/noticia.php?n=8655.
  16. "Principales efeméarides. Mes Junio". Unióan de Periodistas de Cuba. http://www.enlace.cu/efemeride/junio.htm. abhigman tithi: 2008-06-07. (Spanish)
  17. "6310.- Fêates et Jours Féariéas en Haiti" (French mein). http://www.haiti-reference.com/histoire/calendrier-fetes.php. abhigman tithi: 2010-06-20. (French)
  18. Notimex (2008-06-14). "Preparados los capitalinos para festejar el díaa del padre". La Cróanica de Hoy. http://www.cronica.com.mx/nota.php?id_nota=367293. abhigman tithi: 2008-06-23. (15 June 2008 June ka teesara ravivaar tha) (Spanish)
  19. "Díaas Festivos para el mes de Junio del 2008" (spanish mein). Biblioteca Nacional de Panamá. http://www.binal.ac.pa/buscar/festivos.php. abhigman tithi: 2008-06-23. (Spanish)
  20. "Calendario Cíavico Escolar" (spanish mein). Direccióan Regional de Educacióan de Lima Metropolitana. http://www.drelm.gob.pe/index.php?p=art&menu=49. abhigman tithi: 2008-06-07. (Spanish)
  21. Jerome Aning (2008-06-14). "Daughter of missing NDF consultant believes he's still alive". Philippine Daily Inquirer. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/breakingnews/nation/view/20080614-142699/Daughter-of-missing-NDF-consultant-believes-hes-still-alive. abhigman tithi: 2008-06-23. (15 June 2008 June ka teesara ravivaar tha)
  22. "17 de Junio, Díaa del Padre en El Salvador". Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de El Salvador. 1969-05-08. http://www.rree.gob.sv/comunidades/comunidades.nsf/pages/padre. abhigman tithi: 2008-06-07. "Asamblea Legislativa de la Repúablica de El Salvador. 08 de mayo de 1969" (Spanish)
  23. Marta Altolaguirre (2008-05-17). "Reflexiones en el Díaa del Padre". El Perióadico. http://www.elperiodico.com.gt/es/20080617/opinion/57992/.
  24. a aa i P. Ferguson (2007). World and Its Peoples: Eastern and Southern Asia. Marshall Cavendish Corporation. pa॰ 536. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 0761476318, 9780761476313. http://books.google.es/books?id=5ZBaVhmRvCkC.
  25. "Father's Day Celebration in different countries". http://www.tebyan.net/Events_History/Special_Occasions/2008/7/9/70112.html. abhigman tithi: 2008-07-19. "In Iran it is celebrated on the Birthday of First shiite Imam (Imam Ali (as)) on 13 of Rajab islamic calendar."
  26. Zahra Akbari (Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran). "Linguistic and Non-Linguistic Discourse Cues in Iranian Advertisements: a Critical Discourse Study". http://www3.telus.net/linguisticsissues/iranianadvertisements. abhigman tithi: 2008-07-19.
  27. a aa i "Sesiones ordinarias 2004 Orden del díaa nºa1798: Díaa del Padre. Institúayese como tal el díaa 24 de agosto de cada añao.". Cáamara de Diputados de la Nacióan. 2008-11-07. http://www.diadelpadre.org/docs/1798.htm. abhigman tithi: 2008-06-07. "la presióaan de diversos grupos determinó el “aolvido” de incluir esta disposicióaan en el calendario escolar a partir de 1957, y la omisióan fue aprovechada para imponer el tercer domingo de junio como el Díaa del Padre norteamericano, en homenaje a mister John Bruce Dodd (...) instituir el díaa 24 de agosto como el destinado a la celebracióaan del Díaa del Padre en homenaje al general José de San Martían, padre de la patria."
  28. "Díaa del Padre (Estado del tráaamite del proyecto de ley)". http://www.diadelpadre.org/body.htm. abhigman tithi: 2008-07-12.
  29. Rodolfo Delgado Valverde. "Proyecto de Ley. Celebracióan del 19 de Marzo como Díaa del Padre. Expediente 15911.". http://www.asamblea.go.cr/proyecto/15900/15911.doc.
  30. a aa Agence France-Presse. "German Minister Urges Fathers Not to Get Drunk on Father's Day!". http://www.medindia.net/news/German-Minister-Urges-Fathers-Not-to-Get-Drunk-on-Fathers-Day-36153-1.htm.
  31. "Father's Day and Vatertag". About.com. http://german.about.com/od/holidaysfolkcustoms/a/vatertag.htm.
  32. a aa i E "Himmelfahrt, Mäannertag: Was ist das eigentlich?" (German mein). Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk. http://www.mdr.de/mdr1-radio-sachsen/6377112.html. abhigman tithi: 12 May 2010.
  33. a aa "Von modischen Herrenpartien und der Erhöahung Jesu" (German mein). Der Stern. 12 May 2010. http://www.stern.de/panorama/vatertag-an-christi-himmelfahrt-von-modischen-herrenpartien-und-der-erhoehung-jesu-1565801.html. abhigman tithi: 12 May 2010.
  34. a aa Padmakshi Rana, Gokarna Aunsi (Father Day), NepalHomePage Travel Guide, http://www.nepalhomepage.com/society/festivals/gokarnaaunsi.html
  35. Gokarna Aunsi, the day for honouring fathers, nepalnews.com, September 8, 2002, http://www.nepalnews.com/contents/englishdaily/ktmpost/2002/sep/sep08/local1.htm
  36. Kerry Tilby (June 2007). "Fathers Day". Kiwi Families. http://www.kiwifamilies.co.nz/Topics/Festivals/Fathers+Day.html. abhigman tithi: 2008-05-23.
  37. "Catholics Come Home to launch organization to encourage priests". Catholic News Agency. April 2010. http://www.catholicnewsagency.com/news/catholics_come_home_to_launch_organization_to_encourage_priests/. abhigman tithi: 2010-06-12.
  38. Paul M. Handley (2006). The King Never Smiles: a biography of Thailand's Bhumibol Adulyadej. Yale University Press. pa॰ 288. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 0300106823, 9780300106824. (online version)
  39. http://www.fathersdaycelebration.com/when-is-fathers-day.html
  40. "Father's Day (United States)". http://www3.kumc.edu/diversity/other/fathers.html. abhigman tithi: 2008-05-30.
  41. a aa "We Love You: Call Collect". Snopes.com. http://www.snopes.com/holidays/fathersday/collect.asp. abhigman tithi: 2010-06-03.
  42. a aa gogoi, pallavi. "Father's Unspectacular Day." bijnesaveek. 14 June 2005.
  43. a aa i Smith, Vicki (June 15, 2003). "The first Father's Day". Martinsburg Journal (Martinsburg, West Virginia). http://www.wvculture.org/HiStory/miscellaneous/fathersday02.html. abhigman tithi: 2006-11-07.
  44. a aa Barth, Kelly (June 21, 1987). "First Father's Day service in 1908". Dominion Post (Morgantown, West Virginia). http://www.wvculture.org/HiStory/miscellaneous/fathersday01.html. abhigman tithi: 2006-11-07.
  45. a aa The First Father's Day Service occurred in Fairmont, West Virginia, on July 5, 1908, at Williams Memorial Methodist Espiscopal Church

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eksatarnal links (baahya kadiyaaain)