paup myoojik

saaaincha:Genrebox

paup myoojik ya paup sangeet (yeh shabd moolat: 'paupyoolar' yaani "lokapriya" shabd se nikla hai) ko aamtaur par yuvaaon ke baajaar ke anukool aur vyaavasaayik taur par record kiye gaye sangeet ke roop mein samjha jaata hai; ismein apekshaakrut chhote aur saadhaaran gaane shaamil hote hain aur naveen takaneek ka istemaal kar maujooda dhunon ko nae tareeke se pesh kiya jaata hai. paup myoojik mein lokapriya sangeet ke adhikaansh roopon ke prabhaav ko dekha ja sakta hai, lekin ek shaili ke taur par ye vishesh roop se rock end rol aur rock style ke baad ke roopon se sambandhit hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

anukram

paribhaashaaen

haich aur milvard ne paup myoojik ko "ek aise sangeet ke taur par paribhaashit kiya hai jo lokapriya, jaij aur lok sangeeton se bhinn hai."[1] haalaanki paup myoojik ko aksar singals chaarts ki or adhik jhuka hua maana jaata raha hai, chart sangeet mein keval paup myoojik hi naheen balki hamesha se hi shaastreeya, jaij, rock aur nae gaanon sahit vibhinn sroton ke gaane bhi samaahit hote rahe hain jabki ek shaili ke taur par paup myoojik ki upasthiti tatha vikaas aamtaur par alag se hi hota raha hai.[2] isliye "paup myoojik" ko ek alag shaili ke sangeet ke taur par varnit kiya ja sakta hai jiska kendra yuva baajaar hota hai aur jise aksar rock end rol ke ek saumya vikalp ke taur par dekha jaata hai.[3]

shabd ki utpatti

"paup myoojik" shabd ko pehli baar 1926 mein "lokapriya appeal" vaale ek sangeet ke taur par istemaal kiya gaya tha.[4] haich aur milvard ke mutaabik 1920 ke dashak ke rikaurding itihaas mein country, blooj aur hilibili sangeet sahit aisi kai ghatnaaen hain jinhein aadhunik paup myoojik udyog ke janm ke taur par dekha jaata hai.[5]

grov myoojik online ke anusaar "paup myoojik" shabd ki "utpatti 1950 ke dashak ke madhya mein rock end rol aur usase prabhaavit hone waali yuvaaon ki nai sangeet shaili ke ek varnan ke roop mein hui thi. ..".[6] vaheen Oxford dikshanari of myoojik mein paup myoojik ke baare mein likha gaya hai ki pehle ise badi sankhya mein shrotaaon ko prabhaavit karne vaale kanasarts (sangeet samaaroh) ke taur par samjha jaata tha. haalaanki 1950 ke dashak ke aakhir se paup ko ek khaas prakaar ke gair-shaastreeya sangeet ke roop mein jaana jaane laga, aamtaur par beetals, the roling stons, aabba (ABBA) aadi jaise kalaakaaron dvaara gaaye gaye gaanon ke roop mein."[7] grov myoojik online ne yeh bhi likha hai ki "1960 ke dashak ki shuruaat mein shaabdik taur par paup myoojik shabd ki tulana England ke beet sangeet se ki jaati thi, jabki America mein isko 'rock end rol'ke samaan samjha jaata tha (jaisa ki abhi bhi hota hai)."[6]chainbars dikshanari mein "paup Art" shabd ke samakaaleen istemaal ka varnan kiya gaya hai.[8] grov myoojik online ke anusaar "aisa prateet hota hai ki paup myoojik shabd ki utpatti paup Art tatha paup kalchar shabdon se hui hai aur yeh ek poornataya nae aur aksar ameriki, meediya-sanskruti sambandhit utpaadon ko ingit karta hai.[6]

lagbhag 1967 ke baad se rock sangeet ki bajaay is shabd ka adhikaadhik upayog kiya jaane laga; is vibhaajan se donon hi shabdon ko saamaanya mahatva milne laga.[9] jahaan rock lokapriya sangeet[9] ki pramaanikta aur vistaar ki sambhaavnaaon ki aakaanksha karne laga, vaheen paup jyaada vyaapaarik, sulabh aur saamayik tha.[10] Simon frith ke mutaabik paup myoojik ko kala ke taur par naheen balki ek udyam ke taur par taiyaar kiya gaya hai, jise sabhi ko aakarshit karne ke liye design kiya gaya hai aur ye na to kisi vishesh jagah se aata hai ya na hi ye kisi vishesh pasand ki pehchaan bana. "kamaai aur vyaavasaayik safalta ko chhodkar iski koi anya mahatvapoorn mahatvaakaanksha naheen hai... aur sangeetamaya arth mein yeh moolat: roodhivaadi hai". paup myoojik ko kaafi unnat tareeke se (ise record companiyon, radio prograamars aur kanasart promotar taiyaar karte hain) taiyaar kiya jaata hai... paup myoojik khud se banaaya jaane wala sangeet naheen hai, balki yeh peshevaron dvaara banaaya aur taiyaar kiya gaya sangeet hai".[11]

prabhaav aur vikaas

apne poore vikaas ke dauraan paup myoojik lokapriya sangeet ki anya adhikaansh shailiyon se prabhaavit hota raha hai. shuruaati paup myoojik ki shaili bhaavanaatmak baile se prabhaavit rahi hai, ismein svar madhurata ka jo istemaal hota hai vo isaai kahaaniyon aur sol sangeet se liya gaya hai, vaadyasangeet ka istemaal jaij, country aur rock sangeet se, vaadyavrundakaran shaastreeya sangeet se, taal nrutya sangeet se, electronic sangeet se samarthan, hip-haup se sangeet laya aur haal hi mein raip shaili se shabdon ko grahan kiya hai.

ismein naveen takaneekon ka bhi istemaal kiya gaya hai. 1940 ke dashak mein unnat design ke maaikrofon se gaane ki shaili aur jyaada aatmeeya[12] hui aur fir das ya bees saal baad singals ke record ke liye saste aur tikaaoo 45 aarapeeem ne paup myoojik ke vistaar ke tareeke mein kraanti la di aur isse paup myoojik ko 'ek record/radio/filmstar system' mein tabdeel hone mein madad mili.[12] 1950 ke dashak ke dauraan ek aur bada takaneeki badlaav bade paimaane par television ki maujoodagi thi jahaan kaaryakramon ke prasaaran se paup kalaakaar logon ki najar mein aane lage.[12] 1960 ke dashak mein saste aur chhote traanjistar radio ke aane se yuvaaon ko ghar ke baahar bhi paup myoojik sunane ka mauka milne laga.[12] 1960 ke dashak se malti-track rikaurding aur 1980 ke dashak se digital sainpaling ko bhi paup myoojik ko srujit karne aur uske vistaar ke tareeke ke taur par istemaal kiya gaya.[3] 1980 ke dashak ki shuruaat mein emateevi (MTV) jaise sangeet TV channelon ke aane se paup myoojik ka prachaar sambhav hua. in channelon ne Michael Jackson, maidona aur prince jaise ati prasiddh kalaakaaron ko kaafi badhaava diya.[12]

paup myoojik par ameriki aur (1960 ke dashak ke madhya se) british sangeet udyog ka hi prabhaav raha hai, inhi ka asar raha hai ki paup myoojik ek antarraashtreeya monokalchar ki tarah ban gaya, lekin jyaadaatar kshetron aur deshon mein paup myoojik ki apni shaili hai, kai baar sthaaneeya visheshataaon ke saath bhi use pesh kiya jaata hai.[13] inmein se kuchh treinds (udaaharan ke liye yooropaup) ne is shaili ke vikaas mein kaafi aham bhoomika bhi nibhaai hai.[3]

grov myoojik online ke mutaabik "pashchim se praapt paup shaili duniya bhar mein faili, jisse vaishvik vyaapaarik sangeet sanskruti mein ek samaanata bani, chaahe vo sthaaneeya shailiyon ke saath mil gaye hon ya fir kuchh hatkar alag pehchaan banaai ho.[14] Japan jaise kuchh gair-pashchimi deshon mein pashchimi style ko samarpit falate-foolate paup myoojik udyog ka vikaas hua aur isne America ko chhodkar har jagah kai saalon tak badi sankhya mein sangeet taiyaar kiya.[14] pashchimi style ke paup myoojik ka jo vistaar hua hai use mote taur par amerikeekaran, sajaatikran, aadhunikeekaran, kriyaatmak chori, saanskrutik aupanivesh aur/ya vaishveekaran ki saamaanya prakriya ki tarah paribhaashit kiya jaane laga.[14]

visheshataaen

sangeet-shaastri paup myoojik shaili ki jin visheshataaon ka ullekh karte hain ve nimn hain :

  • paup myoojik ka maksad kisi vishesh up-sanskruti ya aadarshavaadi shrota ke bajaay saamaanya shrotaaon ko aakarshit karna hota hai[3]
  • aupachaarik aartistik gunon se jyaada shilp kaushal par jor diya jaata hai[3]
  • live performance ki tulana mein rikaurding, production aur takaneeki par jyaada dhyaan diya jaata hai[10]
  • pragatisheel vikaas se jyaada maujooda chalan ko dikhaane ki koshish hoti hai[10]
  • jyaadaatar paup myoojik nrutya ko protsaahit karne ke liye hota hai, ya ismein aise taal aur laya ka istemaal hota hai jo nrutya ko protsaahit karte hain[10]

paup myoojik ka mukhya maadhyam geet hai, jo aksar do se dhaai aur teen se saadhe teen minute lambe hote hain, jismein aamtaur par samaanaroop se aur aakarshit karne vaale laya, ek mukhyadhaara ki shaili aur ek saamaanya paaramparik sanrachana hoti hain.[15] is shaili ke saamaanya prakaaron ki baat karein to unamein vars-koras form aur thirty-too-baar form shaamil hai, jahaan madhur sur aur aakarshit karne vaale huks ke saath hi aisa koras bhi hota hai jo gaane ki laya aur taal ke saath chal sake.[16] seemit haarmonik sangat ke saath taal aur melodi saadhaaran hi hote hain.[17] aamtaur par aadhunik paup myoojik ke gaane saamaanya vishyavastu par keindrit hote hain, jo aksar pyaar aur romaani rishte ho sakte hain, lekin inke ullekhaneeya apavaad bhi hote hain.[3]

paup myoojik mein jo sureelaapan hai vo aksar "shaastreeya Europeeya shaili ki vajah se hai, haalaanki vah aur adhik saadhaaran hota hai."[18] ismein saamaanyat: baarbarashaup haarmani (arthaat, sekandari daumineint haarmani se daumineint haarmani tak jaana aur uske baad taunik tak jaana) tatha blooj skel-prabhaavit haarmani shaamil hoti hain.[19] "1950 ke dashak ke baad se circle-of-fifths pairaadaaim ke prabhaav mein kami I hai. rock end sol ki layabaddh bhaashaayein sabse prabhaavi kriya ke sampoorn prabhaav se door jaane lagi hai... kuchh anya chalan bhi hain (jinhein sanbhavat: ek kampojing upakaran ke roop mein gitaar ke istemaal mein dekha ja sakta hai) -- jaise pedal-point haarmani, daaitonik step dvaara root motion, modal haarmonik tatha melodik organaaijeshan - jo fankshanal toneliti se pare ek aise tonal bhaav ko ingit karte hain jo kam dishaaparak tatha mukt roop se pravaahit hota prateet hota hai.[20]

inhein bhi dekhein

luaa truti package.lua mein pankti 80 par: module 'Module:Portal/images/m' not found.

  • rock end rol ki utpatti
  • lokapriya sangeet shikshan

tippaniyaan

  1. di. haich aur S. milvaard, fraum blooj too rock: N enalitikl history of paup myoojik, Manchester university press, 1987), aaiesabeeen 0719014891, pi. 1.
  2. aar. sarj denisof aur William L. schurk, taarnishd gold: di rikaard industry rivijited (nai braaunashvik, nyoojarsi: traansaikshan prakaashak, teesara sanskaran, 1986), aaiesabeeen 0887386180, peepi. 2-3.
  3. a aa i E u oo "star profaail" in S. frith, dablyoo stre aur J. street, di Cambridge kampeniyn too paup end rock (Cambridge vishvavidyaalaya press, 2001), aaiesabeeen 0-521-55660-0, peepi. 199-200.
  4. J. Simpson aur E. venar, Oxford english dikshanari (Oxford: Oxford university press, 1989), aaiesabeeen 0198611862, seeef paup.
  5. di. haich aur S. milvaard, fraum blooj too rock: N enalitikl history of paup myoojik, aaiesabeeen 0719014891, pi. 49.
  6. a aa i aar. midlatan, eight all, "paup", grov myoojik online, 14 March 2010 ko praapt kiya gaya. (sabsakripshan aavashyak)
  7. "paup", [1] di Oxford dikshanari of myoojik, 9 March 2010 ko praapt kiya gaya.(sabsakripshan aavashyak)
  8. A.M. maikadonaald, Ed., chembars tveinteeeth century dikshanari (edinbarg: chembars herep, 1977), aaiesabeeen 0550102310, seeef. paup.
  9. a aa di Oxford kampeniyn too myoojik mein keneth gloeg, (Oxford: Oxford university press, 2001), aaiesabeeen 0198662122, pi. 983.
  10. a aa i E ti. vaarnar, paup myoojik: technology end kriyetiviti: trevar haurn end di digital rivlyooshan (eldarashot: eshget, 2003), aaiesabeeen 075463132X, peepi. 3-4.
  11. S. frith, "paup myoojik", in S. frith, dablyoo. strau aur J. street, eds, di Cambridge kampeniyn too paup end rock (Cambridge: Cambridge university press), aaiesabeeen 0-521-55660-0, peepi. 95-6.
  12. a aa i E u di. bakale, "paup" "II. impaleekeshans of technology", grov myoojik online, 15 March 2010 ko praapt kiya gaya.
  13. J. kun, odiyotopiya: myoojik, race, end America (barkali, CA: California vishvavidyaalaya press, 2005), aaiesabeeen 0520244249, pi. 201.
  14. a aa i pi. mainual, "paup. naun-western kalchars 1. global disemanaishan", grov myoojik online, 14 March 2010 ko praapt kiya gaya.
  15. dablyoo evaret, eksapreshan in paup-rock myoojik: A kalekshan of kritikl end enalitikl esej, (London: Taylor end Francis, 2000), pi. 272.
  16. J. shefard, kantinyuam ensiklopeediya of paupular myoojik of di world" paraformeins end production (kantinyuam, 2003), pi. 508.
  17. vi. kraamarj, di paup faurmoolaaj: haarmonik tools of di hit mekars (mel be prakaashan, 2007), pi. 61.
  18. vinklar, Peter (1978). "toovaard A theory of paup haarmoni", in theory onli, 4, peepi. 3-26.
  19. sargeint, pi. 198. vinklar mein uddhrut (1978), pi. 4.
  20. vinklar (1978), pi. 22.

sandarbhagranth

  • edorno, thiyodor dablyoo., (1942), "on paupular myoojik", saamaajik anusandhaan sansthaan.
  • bail, John L., (2000) di singing thing: A case for kaangagrageshanal saaaing, jeeaaie prakaashan, aaiesabeeen 1-57999-100-9
  • bindaas, keneth J., (1992) amerikaaj musical pals: paupular myoojik in tveinteeeth-century society, prejar.
  • Clark, donaald, (1995) di raaij end faul of paupular myoojik, seint maartins press. http://www.musicweb.uk.net/RiseandFall/index.htm
  • dolfasma, vilfred, (1999) vailyooing paup myoojik: institooshan, vailyooj end ikaunomiks, iburon.
  • dolfasma, vilfred, (2004) institooshanal ikaunomiks end di faurmeshan of preefareinsej: di edveint of paup myoojik, Edward elgar prakaashan.
  • frith, Simon, strau, vil, street, John, eds, (2001), di Cambridge kampeniyn too paup end rock, Cambridge university press, aaiesabeeen 0-521-55660-0.
  • frith, Simon, (2004) paupular myoojik: kritikl kaunsepts in midiya end kalchar stadeej, rootalej.
  • gillet, Charlie, (1970) di saaund of di city .di raaij of rock end rol, aautarabrij end diyeinstafre.
  • haich, David aur Stefan milvaard, (1987), fraum blooj too rock: N enalitikl history of paup myoojik Manchester university press, aaiesabeeen 0-7190-1489-1
  • Johnson, jooliyn, (2002) hoo needs klaasikl myoojik?: kalcharal chvauis end musical vailyoo, Oxford university press, aaiesabeeen 0-19-514681-6.
  • lonergan, David ef., (2004) hit rikaurds, 1950-1975, skekro press, aaiesabeeen 0-8108-5129-6.
  • maultsabaaya, portiya ke., (1996) intra- end international aaideintiteej in American paupular myoojik, trading kalchar.
  • midlatan, richrd, (1990) stadeeing paupular myoojik, open university press.
  • negus, keeth, (1999) myoojik jenares end kaurporet kalchars, rootalej, aaiesabeeen 0-415-17399-X.
  • pleejeints, henari (1969) seeriys myoojik end all dait jaij, Simon aur chastar.
  • rokson, liliyn, (1969) rock ensiklopeediya, groset aur Dunlop.
  • shukar, Roy, (2002) paupular myoojik: di ki kansepts, rootalej, (doosra sanskaran) aaiesabeeen 0-415-28425-2.
  • star, lairi end vautaramain, Christopher, (2002) American paupular myoojik: fraum ministri too emateevi, Oxford university press.
  • vaatakins, S. kreg, (2005) hip haup maitars: paulitiks, paup kalchar, end di struggle for di sol of A movement, beekan press, aaiesabeeen 0-8070-0982-2.

baahya kadiyaan

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