pashchimi ghaat

Bhaarat ki pramukh parvat-shrunkhalaaeain ; ismein pashchimi tat ke lagbhag samaantar jo parvat-shreni hai, vahi 'pashchimi ghaat' kahalaati hai.

Bhaarat ke pashchimi tat par sthit parvat shrunkhala ko pashchimi ghaat ya sahyaadri kehte hain. dak‍aakani pathaar ke pashchimi kinaare ke saath-saath yeh parvateeya shrunkhala ut‍aatar se dakshin ki taraf 1600 kilometer lam‍aabi hai. vish‍aav mein jaivikeeya vivdhata ke liye yeh bahut mahat‍aavapoorn hai aur is drushti se vish‍aav mein iska 8vaan sthaan hai. yeh Gujarat aur Maharashtra ki seema se shuroo hoti hai aur Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu tatha Kerala se hote hue kanyaakumaari mein samaap‍aat ho jaati hai. varsh 2012 mein yoonesko ne pashchimi ghaat kshetr ke 39 s‍aathaanon ko vishv dharohar s‍aathal ghoshit kiya hai."[1][2]


pashchimi ghaat ka sanskrut naam sahyaadri parvat hai. yeh parvatashreni Maharashtra mein kundaaibaari darre se aarambh hokar, tat ke samaantar, saagaratat se 30 kimi se lekar 100 kimi ke antar se lagbhag 4,000 foot tak ooainchi dakshin ki or jaati hai. yeh shreni konkan ke nimn pradesh evam lagbhag 2,000 foot ooainche dakan ke pathaar ko ek doosare se vibhkt karti hai. ispar kai itihaasaprasiddh kile bane hain. kundaaibaari darra bharuch tatha dakan pathaar ke beech vyaapaar ka mukhya maarg hai. isse kai badi badi nadiyaaain nikalkar poorv ki or bahti hain. ismein thaal ghaat, bhor ghaat, paal ghaat teen prasiddh darre hain. thaal ghaat se hokar Mumbai-Agra-maarg jaata hai. kalasoobaai choti sabse ooainchi (5,427 foot) choti hai. bhor ghaat se Mumbai-poona maarg gujarata hai. in darro ke alaava jarasopa, kollur, hosangaadi, aagunbi, booaindh, manjaraabaad evam visaali aadi darre hain. ant mein dakshin mein jaakar yeh shreni poorvi ghaat pahaad se neelagiri ke pathaar ke roop mein mil jaati hai. isi pathaar par pahaadi sairagaah ottakamandu sthit hai, jo saagaratal se 7,000 foot ki ooainchaai par basa hai. neelagiri pathaar ke dakshin mein prasiddh darra paalaghaat hai. yeh darra 25 kimi chauda tatha sagaratal se 1,000 foot ooaincha hai. Kerala-Madras ka sambandh isi darre se hai. is darre ke dakshin mein yeh shreni pun: ooainchi haakar annaaimalaai pahaadi ke roop mein chalti hai. paal ghaat ke dakshin mein shreni ki poorvi pashchimi donon dhaalein khadi hain. pashchimi ghaat mein sundar sundar drushya dekhne ko milti hain. jangalon mein shikaar bhi khela jaata hai. praacheen samay se yaataayaat ki baadha ke kaaran is shreni ke poorv evam pashchim ke bhaagon ke logon ki boli, rahan sahan aadi mein bada antar hai. yahaaain kai jangali jaatiyaaain bhi rahati hain.

pashchimi ghaat ka upagrah se liya gaya chitr

anukram

pramukh parvat shikhar

kramaank naam ooainchaai (mi) sthaananirdesh
01 aanamudi 2695 eravikulam ,raashtriya-udyaanam, keralam
02 meesapuliml 2640 munnaar, keralam
03 doddabett 2637 ooti, tamilnaadu
04 kodaikyaanal 2133 kodaikyaanal, tamilnaadu
05. chembrashikhram 2100 vainaad, keralam
06 mullayyanagiri: 1930 chikkamagalooru, karnaatakam
07. chandradonaparvat: 1895 chikkamagalooru, karnaatakam
08 kudremukham 1894 chikkamagalooru, karnaatakam
09 agastyagiri: 1868 neyyar vaild laif syaanyachuchuri, keralam
10 biligirirङaganabett 1800 chaamaraajanagaramandalam,karnaatakam
11 tadiyaandamolparvat: 1748 kodagumandalam, karnaatakam
12 kumaaraparvat: 1712 dakshinkannadamandalam, karnaatakam
13 pushpagiri: 1712 pushpagiri vaild laif syaanyachuri, karnaatakam
14 kalsoobaayi 1646 ahamad nagar, mahaaraashtram
15 brahmagiri: 1608 kodagumandalam, karnaatakam
16 madikereeparvat: 1525 kodagumandalam, karnaatakam
17. himvadgopaalasvaamiprvat: 1450 chaamaraajanagaramandalam, karnaatakam
18. torabhadurg: 1405 Pune, mahaaraashtram
19 purandaradurg: 1387 Pune,mahaaraashtram
20. kutajaadri: 1343 shivmoggaamandalam, karnaatakam

pramukh aankade

  • in pahaadiyon ka kul kshetr 160,000 varg kilometer hai. iski ausat unchaai lagbhag 1200 meter (3900 feet) hai.
  • is kshetr mein foolon ki paanch hajaar se j‍aayaada prajaatiyaan, 139 s‍aatanapaayi prajaatiyaan, 508 chidiyon ki prajaatiyaan aur 179 ubhayachar prajaatiyaan pai jaati hain.
  • pashchimi ghaat mein kam se kam 84 ubhayachar prajaatiyaan aur 16 chidiyon ki prajaatiyaan aur saat s‍aatanapaayi aur 1600 foolon ki prajaatiyaan pai jaati hain, jo vish‍aav mein aur kaheen naheen hain.
  • pashchimi ghaat mein sarkaar dvaara ghoshit kai sanrakshit kshetr hain. inmein do jaiv sanrakshit kshetr aur 13 raashtreeya udyaan hain.
  • pashchimi ghaat mein sthit neelaagiri baayosfiyr reserve ka kshetr 5500 varg kilometer hai, jahaan sada hare-bhare rahane vaale aur maidaani pedon ke van maujood hain.
  • Kerala ka saaileint valley raash‍aatreeya park, pashchimi ghaat ka his‍aasa hai. yeh Bhaarat ka aisa antim ush‍aanakatibandheeya harit van hai, jahaan abhi tak kisi ne pravesh naheen kiya hai.
  • agas‍aat, 2011 mein pashchimi ghaat paaristhitiki visheshagya samooh ne poore pashchimi ghaat ko paaristhitikeeya roop se samvedansheel kshetr ghoshit kiya hai.

yeh bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. "'yoones‍aako' ki soochi mein s‍aamaarakon ko shaamil kiya jaana". patra soochana kaaryaalaya, Bhaarat sarkaar. 14 fravari 2014. http://pib.nic.in/newsite/hindirelease.aspx?relid=26880. abhigman tithi: 15 fravari 2014.
  2. somaadri sharma (16 July 2014). "baat johata pashchimi ghaat". Rajasthan patrika. Archived from the original on 25 sitmbar 2014. http://archive.is/79tkR. abhigman tithi: 25 sitmbar 2014.

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