pashchim gang vansh

ಪaaಶaa್aaಚaaಿaaಮ ಗaaಂaaಗ ಸaaಂaaಸaa್aaಥaaಾaaನ
pashchim gang vansh
saamraajya
(350 E tak pallav vansh ke adheen)
Blank.png
350 – 1000 Blank.png
Location of पश्चिम गंग
mukhya pashchimi gang kshetr
rajdhani kolaar, taalakaad
bhaasha(eain) kannad, sanskrut
dharm jain, hindu
sarkaar Monarchy
raaja
- 350-370 konganivrman maadhav
- 986-999 raachamall pancham
itihaas
- sabse pehle gang lekh 400
- sansthaapit 350
- visansthaapit 1000

pashchim gang vansh (350-1000 E.) (kannad: ಪaaಶaa್aaಚaaಿaaಮ ಗaaಂaaಗ ಸaaಂaaಸaa್aaಥaaಾaaನ) praacheen Karnataka ka ek raajavansh tha. ye poorvi gang vansh se alag the, jinhonne baad ke varshon mein Orissa par raajya kiya. aam dhaaran ke anusaar pashchim gang vansh ne shasan tab sambhaala jab pallav vansh ke patan uparaant bahut se svatantr shaasak uth khade hue the. iska ek kaaran samudragupt se yuddh bhi rahe the. is vansh ne 350 E se 550 E tak saarvabhaum raaj kiya tha. inki rajdhani pehle kolaar rahi jo samay ke saath badal kar aadhunik yug ke Mysore jila mein kaaveri nadi ke tat par taalakaad sthaanaantarit ho gayi thi.

anukram

parichay

pashchimi gangavansh ka raajachihn (taamr plate par, 10veen shadi)

gangavansh (pashchimi) dakshin Bhaarat (vartamaan Karnataka) ka ek vikhyaat raajavansh tha. iska raajya 350 E se 1000 E tak astitvamaan tha.

kadaachit yeh vansh naagaarjuni kond ke ichhavaaku vansh ki shaakha thi jisne gupt samraat samudragupt ke dakshin abhiyaan kaal mein raajaneetik asthirta ka laabh uthaakar apna svatantr astitv sthaapit kar liya tha. kintu is vansh ne gang naam kyon aur kis prakaar dhaaran kiya, yeh agyaat hai. kintu kuchh log ganga nadi ke naam ke saath is naam ke sambandh ki kalpana karte hain. ye log kaanvaayan gotr ke the aur inki bhoomi gangavaadi kahi gayi hai. is vansh ka sansthaapak kongunivrman athva maadhav pratham tha. usaka shaasan kadaachit 350 aur 400 E. ke beech raha. usi rajdhani kolaar thi. uske pashchaat maadhav dviteeya (400-435 E.) shaasak hua. vah na keval neetishaastr ka jnyaaata tha varan upanishd ka bhi vidvaan tha. usane kaamasootrakaar vaatsyaayan ke poorvavarti dattak ke veshya sootr par ek vrutti bhi taiyaar ki thi. tadanantar harivrman (450-460 E.) ke samay gangaavaadi ki rajdhani shivsamudram ke nikat kaaveri tat par talavanapur (talakaad) bani. use pallav naresh Singh varman pratham ne baanon ko nirmool karne ki drushti se abhishikt kiya tha. usaka uttaraadhikaari maadhav truteeya (460-500 E.) dabang shaasak tha. usane ek kadanb Rajkumari se vivaah kiya tha. uske baad avineet (500-540 E.) shaasak hua. jab vah avayask tha tabhi usane raajya praapt kiya.

tadanantar durvineet (540-600) shaasak hua. usane punnaad (dakshin Mysore) aur kogu desh vijit kiye, chaalukyon se maitri ki aur pallavon se shatruta nibhaai. usane kaaainchi ke kaaduvatti ko paraajit kiya. vah kannad aur sanskrut ka prakhyaat vidvaan hua. swayam vah jain vaiyaakaran poojyapaad ka shishya tha aur usane shabdaavataar naamak granth ki rachana ki tatha praakrut bruhatkatha ka sanskrut mein anuvaad kiya tha. sanskrut ke prakhyaat kavi bhaaravi ka vah sanrakshak tha. bhaaravi ke kiraataarjuneeya ke 15vein sarg ke teekaakaar ke roop mein bhi usaki khyaati hai. is prakaar vah gang vansh ka ek mahaan shaasak tha.

saataveen shati mein is vansh mein mushkar, shreevikram, bhoovikram aur shivmaar (pratham) shaasak hue. ve log nirantar pallavon se ladte rahe. shivmaar pratham (670-713 i.) kadaachit durvineet ka prapautr tha. uske pashchaat usaka pautr shreepurush raajya ka adhikaari hua. kuchh dinon tak usane uparaaj ka bhaar sambhaala tha. apne uparaaj kaal mein usane baan naresh jagadekamal ko paraast kiya tha. uske raajyakaal mein raajya ki samruddhi charam seema tak pahuainch gayi thi. falasvaroop usaka raajya 'shreeraajya' kaha jaane laga tha. kadaachit is shreevruddhi se aakrusht hokar raashtrakooton ne gangavaadi par aakraman karna aarambh kiya. raashtrakoot Krishna pratham ne 768 E. mein us par aakraman kiya aur adhikaar karne mein safal raha. shreepurush ke pashchaat usaka putr shivmaar dviteeya (788-812 E.) raajyaadhikaari bana. raashtrakoot dhruv ne gangavaadi par aakraman kar use kaid kar liya aur apne putr stambh ko gangavaadi ka uparaaj bana diya. jab raashtrakoot govind (truteeya) ka apne bade bhaai stambh ke saath raajyaadhikaar ke prashn par jhagada uth khada hua tab govind ne use riha kar diya kintu riha hone par shivmaar ne stambh ka paksh liya. nidaan vah fir kaid kar liya gaya. baad mein is aasha se raashtrakoot naresh ne use chhod diya ki kadaachit usase unhein poorvi chaalukyon ke viruddh sahaayata mil sake. shivmaar vidvaan tha, usane tark, darshan, naatak, vyaakaran, aadi ka adhyayan kiya tha. kannad mein usane gajashatak ki rachana ki thi.

raashtrakooton ke samay gangavaadi raajya ki dayaneeya sthiti ka parinaam yeh hua ki gang raajya shivmaar ke bete maarasinh aur bhaai vijyaaditya mein baint gaya. maarasinh ne apna ek svatantr raajya sthaapit kiya jismein kram se maarasinh, pruthiveepati pratham, maarasinh dviteeya aur pruthiveepati dviteeya shaasak hue.

shivmaar dviteeya ke pashchaat usaka bhateeja (vijyaaditya ka putr) raajamall dviteeya (813-853 E.) mool vanshakram mein shaasak hua. uske shaasan kaal mein raashtrakoot amoghavarsh pratham ko apne prayaason mein safalta na mili aur shivmaar apne raajya ko akshun rakhane mein safal raha. raajamall pratham ke baad usaka beta neetimaarg pratham (853-870 E.) gangavaadi ka adhikaari hua aur usane vaanon aur raashtrakooton ko paraajit kiya. falasvaroop amoghavarsh pratham ko apni beti chandrobelabba ka vivaah neetimaarg pratham ke bete butug pratham se karna pada. butug pratham aur uske chhote bhaai raajamall dviteeya (870-907 E.) ne poorvi chaalukyon ke viruddh yuddh kiya. paandyon ke viruddh pallavon ki sahaayata ki. butug pratham ke asamaya mar jaane ke kaaran usaka putr neetimaarg dviteeya, raajamall dviteeya ke baad gaddi par baitha. neetimll dviteeya ne gangavaadi mein apni sthiti sudrudh ki. kintu usaka shaasanakaal atyant sankshipt tha. uske baad usaka beta raajamall truteeya raaja hua par uske bhaai bootug dviteeya ne use 937 E. mein maar daala aur swayam raaja ban baitha.

bootuk dviteeya se raashtrakoot Krishna truteeya ki bahan revaka byaahi gayi thi. butuk ne takkolam ke yuddhakshetr mein raajaaditya ko maar daala. falasvaroop Krishna ne puraskaarasvaroop use banavaasi ka praant pradaan kiya. is prakaar bees barso tak bootuk raashtrakooton ke adheen saamant ke roop mein suvyavasthit shaasan karta raha. booturk ke baad uske bete maarasinh truteeya ne gang raashtrakoot maitri sambandh ko banaae rakha aur Gujarat aur maalava ke abhiyaan mein Krishna truteeya ki sahaayata ki tatha nolanbon ki rajdhani uchchangi par adhikaar kar liya aur nolanb-kulaantak ki upaadhi dhaaran ki. jain hone ke kaaran usane sallekhana (upavaas kar marana) kar apni jeevanaleela samaapt ki.

bootuk ke baad raajamall chaturth aur uske bhaai rakkas kramash: raaja hue. rakkas ke samay 1004 E. mein cholon ne talakaad par adhikaar kar liya aur gangavansh ka ant ho gaya.

pashchim gang vansh ke raaja' (350-999)
konganivrman maadhav (350–370)
maadhav (370–390)
harivrman (390–410)
vashnugop (410–430)
maadhav tru tandanagal (430–469)
avineet (469–529)
durvineet (529–579)
mushkar (579–604)
polaveer (604–629)
shreevikram (629–654)
bhoovikram (654–679)
shivmaar pratham (679–726)
shreepurush (726–788)
shivmaar dviteeya (788–816)
raajamall pratham (816–843)
Ereganga Neetimarga (843–870)
raajamall dviteeya (870–907)
eregang neetimaarg dviteeya (907–921)
narasinh (921–933)
raajamall truteeya (933–938)
butug dviteeya (938–961)
marulagang neetimaarg (961–963)
maarasinh dviteeya satyavaakya (963–975)
raajamall chaturth satyavaakya (975–986)
raajamall pancham (rakkas gang) (986–999)
neetimaarg paramaanadi (999)
Rajaraja Chola I
(Chola)
(985–1014)

inhein bhi dekhein

tippani

sandarbh

sandarbh

saaaincha:madhyakaaleen Bhaarat ke raajya