paryaavaran praudyogiki

paryaavaran praudyogiki (ऍnavaayarotek ke roop mein sankshepit) ya harit praudyogiki (greenatek ke roop mein sankshepit) ya svachh praudyogiki (kleenatek ke roop mein sankshepit) praakrutik paryaavaran aur sansadhaanon ke sanrakshan aur maanav hastakshep ke falasvaroop hue nakaaraatmak prabhaavon ko rokane hetu paryaavaraneeya vigyaan ka ek anuprayog hai. satat vikaas hi paryaavaraneeya praudyogiki ka sabse mahattvapoorn bhaag hai.

anukram

udaaharan

  • jaivanispandan (baayofiltreshan)
  • baayosfeeyar praudyogiki
  • jaivopachaaran (baayoremediyeshan)
  • mal se khaad banaana
  • vilvaneekaran (disailineshan)
  • dohare-sanbharan waali ilektrik masheenein
  • oorja sanrakshan
  • oorja ki bachat karne vaale maudyool
  • haaidrojan indhan sel
  • mahaasaagareeya ooshmeeya oorja roopaantaran
  • saur oorja
  • ooshmeeya dipauleemaraaijeshan

punarchakran

punarchakran ek vishvavyaapi ghatna hai, yeh harit praudyogiki ke antargat kiya jaane wala praathamik anuprayog hai. yeh logon ko pun: prayog ki ja sakane waali vastuon ka punarprayog pradarshit karti hai va unhein iske liye prerit karti hai. shaasakeeya sansthaaon dvaara bhojan athva peya ke dibbon va kaagaj aadi ki bachat ko protsaahan diya ja raha hai jisse ki unhein punarchakrit karke bhavishya mein anya upayogon mein liya ja sake. is prakaar se paryaavaran ki raksha karte hue pradooshan/kachare ko kam kiya ja sakta hai.[1]%akshay%

jal shodhan

jal shodhan: iska mool vichaar poore paryaavaran mein bahne vaale jal ko dhool/jeevaanu/pradooshan rahit karna hai. paani ke shodhan ki yeh avadhaarana kai anya ghatnaaon se utpann hui hai. jal pradooshan is avadhaarana ka mukhya shatru hai aur duniya bhar mein jal ko shodhit karne ke liye kai abhiyaan va gatividhiyaan aayojit ki gayi hain. vartamaan mein jal ke upayog ke parimaan ko dekhte hue, yeh avadhaarana ati mahatvapoorn hai.[2]

vaayu shodhan

vaayu shodhan: moolabhoot va saadhaaran hare paudhon ko vaayu ko svachh karne ke liye ghar ke andar bhi ugaaya ja sakta hai kyonki sabhi paudhe CO2 ko hata kar use okseejan mein parivrtit karte hain. iske sabse achhe udaaharan hain: daaipasis lyootesens, saanseveeriya treefaiseeyaata tatha epeepremnam oreyam .[3]

malajal prashodhan

malajal prashodhan ki avadhaarana jal shodhan ke bahut nikat hai. choonki yeh jal mein pradooshan ke star ko kam karta hai iseeliye malajal prashodhan ek bahut mahatvapoorn avadhaarana hai. jal jitna adhik pradooshit hota hai utana hi adhik anupayogi hota hai, jin kshetron mein paani ka adhik upayog hota hai, vahaan nyoonatam pradooshit jal ki aapoorti ki jaati hai. yeh paryaavaran sanrakshan, satatata aadi anya avadhaaranaaon ke liye maarg kholata hai.[4]

paryaavaran upachaarikran

paryaavaran ke saamaanya sanrakshan ke liye pradooshakon va sandooshakon ko hataaye jaane ko paryaavaran upachaarikran kaha jaata hai. yeh vibhinn raasaayanik, jaivik tatha bade parimaan ke antaran ki pranaaliyon ke dvaara kiya jaata hai, iske saath hi paryaavaran ki nigraani bhi ki jaati hai. (enasaaiklopeediya of medical kanasepts)[5]

thos apashisht prabandhan

thos apashisht prabandhan, thos apashisht ke shuddhikran, upabhog, punarprayog, prashaman tatha upachaar ko kaha jaata hai jiski nigraani sarkaar athva shahar/kasbon ki shaasakeeya ikaaiyon dvaara ki jaati hai.[6]

Akshay oorja

Akshay oorja vah oorja hai jiski poorti aasaani se ho jaati hai. varshon se ham oorja ke utpaadan ke liye lakdi, soorya, jal, aadi jaise sroton ka upayog kar rahe hain. aisi oorja jise praakrutik saadhanon jaise lakdi, soorya, hava jaisi vastuon ke dvaara utpaadit kiya jaata hai, use hi Akshay maana jaata hai.[7]

igen poorvaanumaan

igen poorvaanumaan vah prakriya hoti hai jisse bhavishya mein kisi imaarat par padne vaale mausam ke prabhaavon ka poorvaanumaan lagta ja sakta hai.[8] mausam ke poorvaanumaan par taap ke aadhaar ko samaayojit karke, yeh pranaali atirikt taap ke prayog ko samaapt kar deti hai, jiske kaaran oorja ka upabhog tatha greenahaaus gaison ka utsarjan kam ho jaata hai.[9]

oorja sanrakshan

oorja sanrakshan aise upakaranon ka prayog hai jo oorja ki kam maatra ka prayog karte hain jisse vidyut ka upabhog kam ho jaata hai. vidyut ke prayog ko kam karne se jeevaashm indhan ko jalaaye jaane ki aavashyakta kam ho jaati hai jinka prayog us vidyut ka utpaadan karne mein kiya jaata.

vaikalpik aur svachh oorja

siddhaant

  • green sindeekaalijm
  • nirantarata
  • sthaayi design
  • sthaayi abhiyaantriki

vaigyaanik hamaare vartamaan shakti utpaadan ke tareekon se alag svachh oorja ke vikalpon ki khoj mein lage hue hain. ainerobik daaijeshan (avaayaveeya paachan) jaisi kuchh takaneekein apashisht padaarthon se Akshay oorja utapann kar sakti hain. green house gaison mein vaishvik kami audyogik star par oorja sanrakshan takaneekon ke prayog ke saath hi saath svachh oorja ke utpaadan par nirbhar hai. inmein shaamil hain seesa-rahit petrol, saur oorja tatha vaikalpik indhan vaale vaahan, jinmein plag-in haaibrid va haaibrid vidyut vaahan sammilit hain.

kul utpaadit vidyut ka 60% bhaag vidyut motarein prayog kar leti hain,[krupaya uddharan jodein] viksit oorja saksham vidyut motor (tatha vidyut generator) takaneek, jo ki laagat ki drushti se prabhaavashaali hon, ke prayog ko protsaahit kiya jaana chaahiye, jaise ki bina brash ki vaaoond rotar waali dabali-fed vidyut masheenein tatha oorja ki bachat ke bhaag, inki sahaayata se kaarban daai oksaaid (CO2) va salfar daai oksaaid (SO2), jo ki jeevaashm indhan prayog kiye jaane se vaataavaran mein chaleen jaateen, ki maatra mein kami laayi ja sakti hai. greesastauk yaurkataaun haaits, New York mein aayojit hone wala ek kaaryakram hai jo paryaavaran praudyogiki ke liye sanyukt raajya America mein sabse bada pradarshan hai.[10][11][12][13][14]

aalochna

charam ativaadi paryaavaranavaad, jaisa ki green ainaarki jaise prakaashanon mein parilkshit hota hai, paryaavaran praudyogiki ki aalochna karta hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein] is drushtikon se, praudyogiki ko pranaali ke roop mein dekha jaata hai na ki kisi vishisht bhautik upakaran ke roop mein. tadanusaar, praudyogiki ko sansaadhanon ki utpatti va nishkarshan ke jriye paryaavaran ke dohan ki aavashyakta hoti hai, saath hi ise shram, visheshajnyaata tatha shram ke vibhaajan ke jariye logon ke dohan ki bhi aavashyakta hoti hai. is prakaar, praudyogiki ka koi "praakrutik" svarup naheen ho sakta hai; inki utpatti hamesha kisi sandarbh mein, kisi nishchit dhyeya tatha prakaarya ke saath hoti hai. harit praudyogiki ko isi dohan pranaali ke sudhaar ke prayaas ke roop mein asveekrut kiya gaya hai, jisko sirf satahi roop se paryaavaran maitrik roop diya ja raha hai aur iske baavajood arakshaneeya roop se maanaveeya tatha praakrutik dohan jaari hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

  • di all-arth ikobaut chaileinj

baahari link

sandarbh

  1. punarchakran 101
  2. punarchakran". 15 June 2009 ko pun:praapt. http://earth911.com/recycling/. "Recycle.gif". 15 June 2009 ko pun:praapt. http://library.uwf.edu/recycle_logo.gif "jal shodhan kya hai". 16 June 2009 ko pun:praapt, http://www.bionewsonline.com/s/what_is_water_purification.htm "nikaasi upachaar". 17 June 2009 ko pun:praapt http://www.euwfd.com/html/sewage_treatment.html "paryaavaran upachaar aur jal sansaadhan
  3. taaja hava ko kaise badhaane ke liye kamal miyetal ted (TED) (sammelan)
  4. "nikaasi upachaar". 17 June 2009 ko pun:praapt http://www.euwfd.com/html/sewage_treatment.html "paryaavaran upachaar aur jal sansaadhan
  5. laaivasaains. 27 June 2009 ko pun:praapt. 10 sheersh ubharate paryaavaran praudyogikiyaan .http://www.reference.md/files/D052/mD052918.html
  6. 16 June 2009 ko pun:praapt. http://www-esd.lbl.gov/ERT/index.html "shahari apashisht prabandhan". 16 June 2009 ko pun: praapt. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTURBANDEVELOPMENT/EXTUSWM
  7. 21 September 2009 ko pun:praapt. enaaaraiel (NREL) aadhikaarik website
  8. tesalar, aar. (1990-1991) jalavaayu aur bilding oorja prabandhan. oorja aur imaarat, khand 15-16, peepi 599 - 608.
  9. sanyukt raajya America peteint 6098893 mausam poorvaanumaan aankade ko shaamil karte hue suvidha niyantran pranaali aur aise pranaali ko pravartan karne ke liye ek vidhi (inventar stefan bargaland)
  10. naurman, jim. "kahaan tel ki kami kabhi naheen hai." New York times. 13 May 2007.
  11. tilmain, edriyen. "greejstauk festival returns, bigr end betar". 14 May 2008.
  12. "greejstauk 2008". greejstauk . 20 May 2008 ko pun:praapt.
  13. maiks, josh. "gas gajalars bikm veji dilaaits eight greejstauk in yaurkataaun haaits". daily news . 13 May 2008.
  14. "greejstauk 2008: vaikalpik indhan, maja aur French fraaij". praakrutik jaagaran . May 2008.