paryaavaran bhoogol

paryaavaran bhoogol (angreji: Environmental geography) paryaavaraneeya dashaaon, unki kaaryasheelata aur takaneeki roop se sabal aarthik maanav aur paryaavaran ke beech sambandhon ka adhyayayan sthaanik tatha kaalik (spatio-temporal) sandarbhon mein karta hai.[1]

yeh ek tarah ka sanshleshanaatmak vigyaan hai aur ise inteegreted bhoogol (samanvayaatmak bhoogol) ke roop mein bhi jaana jaata hai.

bhoogol ki yeh shaakha ek prakaar se bhautik bhoogol aur maanav bhoogol ke vibhaajan aur badhti dooriyon ko kam karne ka kaarya karti hai| bhoogol sadaiv hi maanav aur uske paryaavaran ka adhyayan sthaan ke sandarbhon mein karta raha hai lekin 1950-1970 ke beech bhautik bhoogol aur maanav bhoogol ke beech badhati dooriyon ne ise paryaavaran ke adhyayan se vimukh kar diya tha aur is dauraan paryaavaran ke jhandaabaradaar jeev vigyaani rahe.[2] baad mein tantr vishleshan aur paaristhitikeeya upaagam ke badhte mahatva ko bhoogol mein teji se sveekruti mili aur paryaavaran bhoogol, bhautik aur maanav bhoogol ke beech ek bahuaayaami sanshleshan ke roop mein ubhara.[3]

paryaavaran bhoogol ke adhyayan ka kshetr: (1) paryaavaran ka ek paaritantr ke roop mein sangathan aur usaki kaaryasheelata, (2) maanav-paaritantreeya sambandh vishleshan aur paryaavaraneeya avanayan, (3) paryaavaraneeya dashaaon aur maanav-paryaavaran sambandhon ka sthaanik sandarbh mein adhyayan, tatha (4) paryaavaran sanrakshan aur prabandhan se jude sthaanik pahaloo (5) bhaugolik soochana pranaali (jee॰ aai॰ esa॰) aur sudoor sanvedan takaneek ka paryaavaraneeya adhyayan mein anuprayog ki dasha aur disha nirdhaarit karna hai.

at: praakrutik ya bhautik bhoogol aur maanav bhoogol ke madhya samanvaya sthaapit karne aur inke bahu aayaami sanshleshan[4] ke kaaran paryaavaran bhoogol ko ek teesari nai shaakha ke roop mein bhi kuchh vidvaanon dvaara dekha gaya hai.[5]


yeh bhi dekhein

pustak soochi

  1. saveendr Singh, paryaavaran bhoogol, prayaag pustak bhavan, Allahabad.
  2. pruthveesh naag, Frontiers in Environmental geography
  3. Noel Castree, David Demeritt, Diana Liverman, Bruce Rhoads; A Companion to Environmental Geography, John Wiley & Sons, (Google eBook)
  4. William M. Marsh, Environmental Geography: Science, Land Use, and Earth Systems, John Wiley, 1996
  5. e-Study Guide for: Environmental Geography : Science, Land Use, and Earth

sandarbh

  1. William M. Marsh, Environmental Geography: Science, Land Use, and Earth Systems, John Wiley, 1996
  2. savindr Singh,paryaavaran bhoogol, prayaag pustak bhavan, Allahabad, pa॰ iii
  3. Noel Castree, David Demeritt, Diana Liverman, Bruce Rhoads; A Companion to Environmental Geography, John Wiley & Sons, (Google eBook)
  4. Arild Holt-Jensen (1999): Geography - History and Concepts: A Student's Guide. London: SAGE. ISBN 9780761961802
  5. David Demeritt (2009): From externality to inputs and interference: framing environmental research in geography. In: Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 34 (1), pp. 3–11, DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-5661.2008.00333.x.