parmaanu urja aayog

itihaas


Bhaarat ki pehli (apsara) reactor aur ek Plutonium punarsansaadhan suvidha, ke roop mein 19 1966 fravari ko ek ameriki upagrah dvaara photo. beeeaarasi 1954 mein shuroo kiya gaya tha, parmaanu oorja sansthaan traumbe (AEET) ke roop mein aur Bhaarat ke praathamik parmaanu anusandhaan kendra ban gaya hai, sabse adhik parmaanu vaigyaaniko ki tata moolabhoot anusandhaan sansthaan mein the ka kaaryabhaar le rahi hai. 1966 mein homi J bhaabha ki mrutyu ke baad kendra bhaabha parmaanu anusandhaan kendra ke roop mein naam diya gaya tha. bhaabha parmaanu anusandhaan kendra aur iske sambaddh vidyut utpaadan keindron par pehli riyektaron pashchim se aayaat kiya gaya. Bhaarat ka pehla oorja reactor, taaraapur parmaanu bijli sanyantr (teeepeepi) mein sthaapit sanyukt raajya America se the. beeeaarasi ke praathamik mahatva ke ek anusandhaan kendra ke roop mein hai. beeeaarasi aur Bhaarat sarkaar lagaataar banaae rakha hai ki riyektaron is uddeshya ke liye istemaal kar rahe hain keval: apsara (1956, Bhaarat ki tatkaaleen pradhaanamantri javaaharalaal Nehru dvaara naam jab vah apsaraaen ke saundarya ko neela Cerenkov vikirn banane ki koshish ki hai (Indra court) nartakiyon, (1960 Cyrus, Canada ki sahaayata se "Canada aur Bhaarat ke reactor"), ab mrut (1961 ZERLINA; shoonya jaali jaanch aur nyootraun parakh ke liye oorja reactor), poornima main (1972), poornima dviteeya (1984), (1985) dhruv, poornima III (1990) aur kaamini. Bhaarat ke 1974 ke parmaanu pokharan mein baahar Rajasthan (shaantipoorn parmaanu visfot) ke thaar registaan mein kiya pareekshan mein istemaal Plutonium Cyrus se aaya hai. 1974 pareekshan (aur 1998 ke pareekshan hai ki peechha) bhaarateeya vaigyaaniko diya pata hai ki kaise takaneeki aur na hi parmaanu indhan viksit karne ke liye bhavishya ke riyektaron mein vidyut utpaadan aur anusandhaan mein prayog ki jaane aatmavishvaas, lekin yeh bhi hathiyaaron mein hi indhan ko parishkrut kshamata gred ke indhan parmaanu hathiyaaron ke vikaas mein istemaal kiya jaaega. bhaabha parmaanu anusandhaan kendra bhi hai Bhaarat kalapakkam mein pehli PWR, aaienaes hai arihant parmaanu oorja ikaai ki ek 80MW bhoomi aadhaarit prototaaip, saath hi arihant shakti hi paik ke liye jimmedaar [1]. [sanpaadit karein] Bhaarat aur enapeeti


Bhaarat parmaanu aprasaar sandhi (enapeeti) ka ek hissa naheen hai, chinta hai ki yeh galat tareeke se sthaapit parmaanu shaktiyon ehasaan ka havaala dete hue aur poorn parmaanu nirstreekaran ke liye koi praavadhaan naheen pradaan karta hai. bhaarateeya adhikaariyon ka tark tha ki Bhaarat ko sandhi par hastaakshar se inkaar apne moolaroop mein bhedabhaavapoorn charitra se prabhaavit tha; sandhi nonnuclear hathiyaar raajyon par pratibandh sthaanon lekin bahut kam karta hai ke liye aadhunikeekaran aur parmaanu hathiyaar raajyon ke parmaanu hathiyaaron ke vistaar ko rokane ke. abhi haal hi mein Bhaarat aur America ek donon deshon ke beech parmaanu sahayog badhaane ke samjhaute par hastaakshar kiye aur Bhaarat ke liye sanlayan anusandhaan par ek antararaashtreeya sangh mein bhaag lene ke liye, aaiteeiaar (international tharmonyookliyr eksaperimeintal reactor) to vahaaain ke sanket hain ki pashchim mein laana chaahati hain parmaanu mainfold mein Bhaarat. Bhaarat keval ek mein apni parmaanu aprasaar ke bedaag record ke kaaran darja diye jaane ki desh hai. siviliyn anusandhaan [sanpaadit karein]


beeeaarasi bhi gaama garden mein jaiv praudyogiki mein anusandhaan aayojit karta hai aur kai rog pratirodhi aur uchch paidaavaar dene waali fasal kismon, vishesh roop se moongafali ka vikaas kiya. vahaaain bhi bhaapaa kendra mein satta generation.Recruitment ke liye taral dhaatu Magnetohydrodynamics mein ek anusandhaan ka ek bada sauda hai mukhya roop se samooh ke roop mein apne prashikshan school ke vigyaapan ke maadhyam se kiya hai India.Even ki sarkaar ke ek adhikaari haalaanki nae rangarooton ko achhi tarah se bhugataan kiya jaata hai ve sabhya darja ummeed naheen kar sakte yoopeeesasi chayanit samooh ke roop mein ek officers.No protokaul ka paalan kiya hai aur beeeaarasi prashaasan ek preveleged kuchh varishth adhikaariyon ke haathon mein hai. par 4 June 2005, buniyaadi vigyaan mein anusandhaan ko protsaahit karne ke lakshya ke saath, beeeaarasi homi bhaabha raashtreeya sansthaan shuroo kar diya. research baark (bhaabha parmaanu anusandhaan kendra) se sambaddh sansthaanon (parmaanu anusandhaan ke liye indira Gandhi kendra) aaijeeseeeaar, RRCAT (unnat praudyogiki ke liye raaja ramanna center) aur VECC (vairiyebal enarji saaiklotraun center) mein shaamil hain.

power pariyojanaaon hai ki beeeaarasi visheshajnyaata se laabh hua hai, lekin jo enapeeseeaaiel (India limited ke parmaanu oorja nigam) ke antargat aate hain (Kakrapar parmaanu bijli pariyojana) Kapp, Rapp (Rajasthan parmaanu bijli pariyojana) aur teeepeepi (taaraapur parmaanu bijli pariyojana) hain.